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Carrollton Manor 

FredericK County, Md: 

/jjT IVING the names of the early settlers, 
I V Jk among them Charles Carroll of Car- 
\^ y ronton the first to sign the Declar- 
ation of Independence and the last 
man to die of those who signed it. 

Additions include many interesting hap- 
penings throughout Frederick County. The 
Revolutionary, Mexican, and the Civil War. 
Middletown Valley and the part it played in 
the early history of Western Maryland. The 
Grove family. A complete lineage of the Jar- 
boe family. 


WILLIAM Jf grove: 
Lime Kiln, Md. 




■ T O \' 


R 1931 L 


BY request of the Historical Society of Frederick 
County, I have written a historical sketch of 
Carrollton Manor. The research of the early 
history of this famous Manor is made doubly interest- 
ing by its close connection with Carles Carroll of Caroll- 
ton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Becoming interested in the work and believeing 
I could not leave to prosterity a greater heritage than 
the preservation of the early history of this section and 
the other matters that I have dealt with, I have under- 
taken this little history. While it has taken up con- 
siderable of my time, and I know it is not written in 
the style or as well connected as it should be, I have 
had to overcome many obstacles that were not at firsi 
apparent, nor anticipated by me. Though much that 
I have written has been handed down to me by tradition, 
I feel the facts have been fully established by the scraps 
of history obtainable from many sources since the time 
the early pioneers first entered the primeval forest and 
disturbed the Indians in their happy hunting grounds. 

William Jarboe Grove. 

THIS little History of Car- 
rollton Manor and the 
additions thereto is writ- 
ten to the memory of my moth- 
er* Susanna Jarboe Grove, whose 
greatest comfort and happiness 
was kneeling in prayer in Saint 
Joseph Church in Carrolltoii 
Manor surrounded bv her child- 


By the author, 
William Jarboe Grove 

The Author. William J. Grove. 

Carrollton Manor 
Frederick County Maryland 

By William Jarboe Grove, Lime Kiln, 
Maryland., March 29th, 1921 

Historical justice has never been 
given this beautiful Carrollton 
Manor, from the fact that the owner 
and the original grantee, Charles 
Carroll, of Carrollton, was a laige 
land owner in other parts of the 
State where he lived, entertained, 
and helped to work out the great 
problems of the State and Nation. 
Carrollton Manor was atthat time 
a part ofthe wild west and from that 
^fact this part of his estate was neg- 
fx^lected, but this neglect did not 
^stake from it the honor of holding 
^^exceptional title of forming a part 
^•^of the signing of the Declaration 
^of Independence. When Charles 
(^Cairoll ;igned that state paper and 
^ affixed the name of Carrollton it 
"^ meant this great landed estate 
V would live on forever in the history 
^of this Great Republic, 
^ It would be useless for me to at- 
-v tempt to describe the splendid judg- 
ement of this noted man when he 
i^selected this manor containing sev- 
^enteen thousand acres of land un- 
^ equaled in any part of our wide 
An country. Its fertile soil will grow 
^gra'n, grass and fruit of every kind. 
The climate is mild. The many 
streams insured the fertility of the 

soil and the forest trees of maernifi 
cent growth, white and black oak, 
poplar, hickory and the finest black 
walnut. I saw myself, on this 
manor sixty years ago, immense 
walnut trees over a hundred feet 
high, for fifty or sixty feet from 
the ground without a limb. These 
trees now would probably bring a 
thousand dollars each. It was said 
Charles Carroll, when selecting his 
land, was governed largely by the 
kind of growth of the forest trees 
on the land to insure its fertility. 

The seventeen thousand a -res of 
Carrollton Manor embraced all the 
land between Shoafs Creek on the 
North and the Potomac River on 
the South. The outlines of this 
Manor will show Mr. Carroll's 
excellent judgment of the quality 
ot land. The line selected by him 
followed the slate or shale land on 
the east and the red land on the 
west. Starting at the mouth of 
Shoafs Creek the line runs south 
with the Monocacy River for a 
distance of about three miles where 
the Monocacy makes a sharp turn 
to the east through Mutton Hill. 
The Manor line leaves the Monoc- 
acy at this point and runs nearly 

liorns made of oxen horns and army. One of our boys standing 
some shells were used that were where the troops were passing, had 
called conHi#- Ihese horns could a red bandana handkerchief A sol- 
be heard a lonjr distance and were dier saw it, he stepped from the 
immediately obeyed by the hounds. ranks and said. "I would like to 
Fox huntinijj at that time was very have that handkerchief, I may be 
l)opular. Women on horseback wounded and I can use it to draw 
would often lead the race. My it through or bind up the wound." 
mother, SusanEaJarboe, was recog- It was cheerfully given him. Gen- 
ni/.cd as an expert horseback rider, cral Jackson was the only officer 
The side saddle was then the only of either army of high rank that I 
one used by the women. Foxes remember having seen during the 
then were very plentiful and in the, war. General Jackson camped on 
early evening they could be heard Carroliton Manor near the Three 
barking in all directions, making Springs Farm over night. Tiiere 
their attack on the poultry yard, the was great rejoicing among the 
quack of the duck in distress meant Southern sympathizers of the Man- 
the fox had secured its prey and or many of whom had sons serv- 
was hurrying away with the duck ing in the Confederate Army and 
thrown across its back. many called at General Jackson's 
The Buckeystown road running headquarters to pay their respects, 
through the Manor was always the Among them were Richard Dud- 
scene of troops passing during the row, William Dudrow, Henjamui 
period of the War. Many skir- Snouffer, John Snouffer. Archibald 
mishes occurred during these raids. T. Snouffer, Benjamin F. Moffett, 
The Confederate calvary would George liready, Edward Nichols, 
make a dash to replenish their ra- Thomas Trundle, Captam Joseph 
tions which many times ran very N. Chiswell, William P. AUnutt, 
low and for this reason they would Col. John B. Thomas, George Kep- 
often take a desperate chance. I hart, Richard Simmons and others, 
had the pleasure of seeing General At this meeting an unusual inci- 
Stonewall Jackson when he with dent happened. Mr. Benjamin 
his army passed through BiiWfeys- Snouffer, who owned one of the 
town on his way North. He wore finest farms on the Manor, called 
a gray suit and slouch hat. He Carroliton, his son Archibald, one 
rode a sorrel horse leisurely along of the foremost citizens of the 
in the midst of his troops who were Manor still lives at the old home- 
infantry. General Jackson grace- stead, Carroliton, said to General 
fully acknowledged the cheers giv- Jackson: "General what is your next 
en him by raising his hat. He did move?" General Jackson replied 
not stop at the village although a quickly by saying, "Can you keep 
prominent Union sympathizer, Col- a secret?" Mr. Snouffer said "Yes." 
oiiel William Richardson, who General Jackson said "So can I." 
lived at Rocky Fountain, invited After the very cordial meeting Ben- 
lieneral Jackson to dinner but he jamin F. Moffett, a very prominent 
declined and kept moving with his farmer who lived where George 

Snouffer now lives, presented Gen- 
eral Jackson with a very fine ridinc^ 
horse. Stonewall Jackson with his 
army crossed the Monocacy below 
the mill then owned by Theo- 
dore C. Delaplane, the grand- 
father of the Messrs. Dela- 
plane of the New.s and Po:t, 
and camped for the night on the 
farm of William Graff, the father of 
John P. Graff, who now lives in 
liuckeystown. General Jackson 
then moved on via Frederick to 

General Doubleday of the Union 
Army soon followed and came up 
through the Carrollton Manor from 
the South. At Lime Kiln, Gen- 
eral Doubleday turned west and 
rushed his battery to Ann'etam 
overtaking Stonewall Jackson at 
this point where it is said the 
bloodiest battle of the war took 
place, and it may be possible the 
young soldier who asked for the 
handkerchief had use for it there. 
I remember, as a boy, the hurry of 
this artillery and I thought the can- 
non would never stop passing. 
Part of General Doubleday's army 
camped over night in the woods 
that belonged to the Manor on the 
farm tenanted by Samuel Grinder 
at that time. 

In 1862 General Robert E. Lee 
accompanied Stonewall Jackson 
with his army through Carrollton 
Manor but on account of his being 
injtired by his horse, was riding in 
an ambulance and was not seen 
when passing through the Manor. 
General iLee was also presented 
with a r ding horse by Thomas 
Claggett who at that time owned 
Arcadia and his son Thomas was 
serving in the Confederate Army. 

Generals Lee and Jackson with 
their troops forded the Potomac 
River at three points, Wl^te's Fer- 
ry, Cheeks Ferry and Noland's 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton was 
educated at Bohemia Manor, Cecil 
County where the Jesuits owned a 
large estate and founded a school. 
John Carroll, his cousin, afterwards 
the first Catholic Bishop in this coun- 
try, was his fellow student. Here was 
laid the foundation for a practical 
and useful education being trained 
in survej'ing, law and commerce. 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton went, 
at an early age, to England and 
P'rance where he remained some 
time. On his arrival at Annapolis 
in 1764 he fitted up Carrollton 
Manor with the idea of it becom- 
ing his home. He had built a race 
course and planted Locust 
trees on one side of the 
track.. The blooded stock, the 
book cases and furniture were 
transported there but conditions 
were not congenial at Carrollton 
and young Charles spent most of 
his time in Annapolis where his 
father maintained a city home. 

After his first venture Charles 
CarroUlBB never lived on his Car- 
rollton Manor Estate but he had 
erected a Manor house where he 
spent a few days or weeks at a 
time. The distance was about sixty 
miles or a day's travel from his 
other estates but he erected houses 
for his overseers and slaves first by 
the erection of a log house follow- 
ed by many additions of one or 
two room buildings until there 
were many additions in irregular 
order, sizes and shapes and the 
whole, includmg the slave quarters 

made up a little town of itself. 
There were many thatched roof 
buildings on the farms of the ten- 
ants made of rye straw and they 
served a splendid purpose of turn- 
ing the water and keeping out the 
cold. The farm where Charles 
Carroll made his head quarters 
when he came to look after Car- 
rollton Manor was the farm called 
Tuscarora, and this is one of the 
farms that still belongs to the orig- 
inal heirs of Charles Carroll of Car- 
roUton. As I understand, it 
was the custom of Charles Car- 
roll in his younger days to come 
for a few days at a time and after 
his family had grown up to quite 
often visit Tuscarora. It was then 
that improvements were made at 
Tuscarora to properly entertain his 

The mansion still stands, and the 
workmanship shows that it was 
well done by skilled mechanics. 
The buildings were most excellent, 
and they were all, including the 
slave and servant's quarters, barns 
and all the outbuildings built of 
limestone quarried on the property, 
while the wood work was all hard 
wood and the stairway finely fin- 
ished. Many of these old' build- 
ings have fallen down or have been 
replaced nearer the mansion by 
more modern ones. 

I might add right here, about 
forty )'ears ago Cardinal Gibbons, 
then Bishop or Arch Bishop, ad- 
mmistered the Sacrament of Con- 
firmation at St. Joseph's Clunxh, 
CarroUton Manor. My uncle, 
Thomas R. Jarboe, entertained the 
Cardinal and P^atner John Gaffiiey, 
who was with him. at dinner at his 
home. Gayfield, on the Manor. I 

was invited to accompany them. 
My Uncle, who was a lover of fine 
horses, drove the double team aft- 
er leaving the Church. The Car- 
dinal discussing this Historic Man- 
or said, "Mr. Jarboe, Charles Car- 
roll married a Miss Darnell. The 
Darnells once lived on CarroUton 
Manor in P'rederick County. Do 
you know where they lived? My 
Uncle replied he did not. I never 
forgot that remark and I started to 
investigate. It was sometime after 
I learned Mr. Darnell once lived 
at Rocky Fountain and at the time 
the Cardinal was asking the ques- 
tion we were passing by his old 
estate and could have easily seen 
the old historic man.sion practically 
as it was built by Mr. Darnell. The 
property is now owned by the O. J. 
Keller Lime Company. The house 
still stands and is one of the old 
landmarks clo.sely associated with 
CarroUton Manor. 

Robert Patterson who married 
Miss Caton, a grand -daughter of 
Charles Carroll, of CarroUton, lived 
at Tuscarora for many years. 
Other prominent gentlemen not 
connected with the Carroll family 
but leading families of Carroll - 
ton Manor who lived at the Carroll 
Mansion, Tuscarora. were, David 
Bready , whose family is .still a promi- 
nent one on the Manor; Hezekiah 
Floyd, a heavy muscular man and 
athlete, said to be the .strongest 
man in Maryland. Samuel Jarboe, 
a Southern gentleman of the old 
school, Archibald T. Snouffer, of 
the well known Snouffer family of 
the Manor. George W. Padgett, 
whose latch string always hung 
out for all comers. He and his 
family held several important 


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St. Josephs Church, Carrolton Manor. 

■^^^-uV :'^r 

County offices. Frank Cutsail is 
now livin<( at Tuscarora and owin^^ 
to the death of Miss McTavish this 
property is expected to be sold 

Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, 
true to his faith, he was a Catholic, 
provided a chapel at Tuscaiora for 
his tenants and servants. Mass was 
also said at the homes of the Catholic 
families when a Priest visited Car- 
rollton Manor. 

This brinys me up to the pres- 
ent St. Joseph's Catholic Church, 
Carrollton Manor, which was 
re-built in 1867. John K. Tay- 
lor, Emmitsbur^, was the con- 
tractor and every Catholic family 
for miles around aided in its con- 
struction while many members of 
other churches gave substantial 
help. Jacob Brengle at that time 
lived in the old rectory or Priest 
house, which was probably built 
by Charles Carroll. It stood on 
the opposite side of the road 
fiom the present rectory; this 
land was then a part of the 
church property. Soon after the 
Church was re-built a substan- 
tial brick rectory was built. The 
church stands nearly in the center 
ot Carrollton Manor on a high ele- 
vafcon and can be seen from nearly 
every point of the seventeen thou- 
sand acres, of Carrollton Manor. 
Here Charles Carroll of Carrollton 
gave the land for the church and 
grave-yard. The location for the 
church is another evidence of the 
splendid foresight of Mr. Carroll in 
supplying a place of worship for the 
faithful as convenient to them as it 
was possible to make it. The church 
originally built of limestone, 
faced the east and west with the 

entrance to the west. After stand 
inghere for years where the Catho- 
lics from Virginia and the southern 
end of Frederick County came 
many miles to Mass bringing their 
lunch with them. After the Civil 
War, sometime in the sixties, 
P'ather John Gaffney, who at that 
time covered a good part of Fred- 
erick County and who was pastor 
of the following churches: Liberty, 
Petersville, Middletown and St. 
Joseph's on the Manor. At that 
time service at the church was 
heJd once a month. Father Gaffney 
who was very energetic had to 
cover this large territory on horse 
back for many years, riding a 
small but spirited pony, his feet 
often nearly touched the ground, 
had his heart set on building a new 
church on Carrollton Manor. 
There was considerable objection 
to building on this site. The old 
church having served its purpose as 
a place of worship for Charles Car- 
roll, his tenants and slaves. New 
towns had sprung up. There was 
Buckeystown and Adamstown. 
Both had their friends. The old 
church still standing in a wilder- 
ness. The nearest house being 
this old Carroll Mansion and that 
occupied by a protestant, George 
W. Padgett who with his family 
gave every assistance towards the 
building of a new Church, but op- 
position became very great. Led 
by John and Thomas Jarboe, Igna- 
tius Jamison, James H. Besant, 
Thomas L. Thomas, Elias Spald- 
ing, Isaac and John Davis, and 
many others. Father Gaffney then 
sought the aid of the Carroll heirs 
who through Miss Emily Harper 
instructed him to build the Church 

on the old site for its historical 
and close connection with the fam- 
ily, collect what money he could 
from the conf:;re<^ation, and the 
Carroll heirs would pay the bal- 
ance which they did. The walls of 
the old church being in splendid 
condition, they were left standing 
and the church entrance changed 
to the north and the length of the 
old Church walls were used for the 
present width and the new church 
about thirty feet longer than the old 
church with a high steeple and a 
gilded cross about eight feet in 
length which can be seen for many 
miles. The site is a lovely one, 
and most commanding, surrounded 
by stately oaks on this fertile and 
historic ground stands a fine church 
first built by one of the signors of 
the Declaration of Independence. 
Some years after the Church was 
built, the beautiful altar was dona- 
ted by a saintly colored Catholic, 
John Belt, in memory of his good 
wife. The picture over the altar 
of Christ Crucified, by an eminent 
painter, said to be very valuable, 
was purchased in Rome by Miss 
Emily Harper. The two paintings 
on the side altar represent- 
ing the death bed scene of St. Jos- 
eph and the other Finding the 
Child Jesus in the Temple discuss- 
ing with the Doctors, also the 
paintings of the Klessed Virgin 
and St. Joseph and the Child Jesus 
are all masterpieces done by a 
Frederick County Artist, the late 
Miss Gertrude Stein er. These 
paintings are admired by ever}'one. 
Also a statue of the Sacred Heart 
of Jesus given by Miss Josephine 
Weaver who made so many sacrifi- 
ces for the church d'lring h :r ife 

There are also several very valuable 
paintings of considerable age that 
were in the old church, aNo two 
statues, one of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary and the other St. Joseph. 
Under both this motto is found in 
gold letters "Holy Mary, Mother 
of God, pray for us;" "Holy Pa- 
tron St. Joseph, pray for us." St. 
Joseph is the I^atron Samt of the 
Carrollton Manor Church. 

I remember well these statues 
with this simple prayer when they 
stood in the old church and they 
have been an incentive to me for 
more than sixty years to often 
raise my thoughts to God, 

The Catholic Church has always 
recognized pleasure when not 
abused was necessary for the hap- 
piness and enjoyment of its mem- 
bers. For that reason a recrea- 
tion ground for amusement is 
provided close by the Church. 
The members of St. Joseph's 
Church, about ten years ago, se- 
cured about five acres of land in 
the Manor woods from the late J. 
Ignatius Fitzsimmons, a prominent 
member of St. Joseph's Church 
who was an.xious the Church get 
possession before the property fell 
in other hands. The spot is an 
ideal one in the midst of vitgin 
forest in Carrollton Manor woods. 
The annual picnics held here are 
always a grand success. The man- 
agement has erected a large dan 
ing pavilion finely equipped and 
used in every way for the enjoy- 
ment of the people who come by 
the thousands from this and adjoin- 
ing States. 

The graveyard adjoining the 
Church was enlarged about thirty 
years ago by an addition of several 

acres. This is fast filling a up. 
There are hundreds of unmarked 
graves in this old graveyard. During 
the building of the Chesapeake and 
Ohio Canal sometime about 1832 the 
cholera broke out among the 
workmen. They were mostly Ir- 
ishmen and Catholics. They were 
buried here in large numbers but 
no marks are to be found now by 
which they could be identified. 
The marked tombstones bear the 
names of many prominent families 
still living on CarroUton Manor, 
others in the County and State 
and probably in all parts of the 
world can be found those whose 
ancestors lived on this fertile 
Manor. It seems to be a hobby 
to migrate no matter how pleasing 
and attractive our surroundings 
are. In order to show the families 
who were closely identified with 
the early history of CarroUton 
Manor I am giving a list of the 
names on the tombstones of those 
buried in the graveyard adjoining 
St. Joseph's Church: Adams, AU- 
nutt, Anderson. Appel, Beall, Ber- 
ry, Carroll, Copclin, Cunningham, 
Day, Dronenbui;^, Dutrow, Fitz- 
simmons, Grififin, Grinder. Grove, 
Hankey, Heater, Hendrickson, 
Hodges, Hoffiier, Jarboe, Kessler, 
Lynch, McDevitt, McKenna, Mi- 
chael, Mumma, O'Connor, Offutt, 
Osburii. Pickens, Reid, Roberts, 
Rogers, Rothenfieffer, Simmons, 
Snyder, Spalding, Steudrt, Ting- 
stroni, Thomas, Unseld, Wellen, 
Wenrich, White, Young. 

The family names ot Thomas, 
Day, Spalding, Jarboe, Dutrow, 
are the most numerous names ap- 
pearing on the tombstones. 

The colored people whose names 

appear on the tombstones are as 
follows: Belt,, Costley, Fra- 
zier, Garner, Hall, Hart, Harvey, 
Jones, Livers, Posey, Scoggins, 
Spencer, Waters, Weedon. The 
names appearing most often are 
Weedon, Posey, Hart. 

These families made many sacrifi- 
ces to attend Church and it often 
meant a day's travel. Church service 
was only held once a month and 
occasionally on holidays of obliga- 
tion and a great efYort was always 
made not to miss Mass on those 
days no matter what kind of 
weather or how bad the roads. 
The means of travel then was 
by horseback, often two or three 
on the same horse, or go in someold 
dilapidated vehicle or walk. Many 
times I have seen a mother strug- 
gling to church through the mud 
with a baby on her arm and two or 
three little boys or girls following 
along by her side. Whatan incentive 
this should be to us now to attend 
our religious duties when we have 
such good roads and every conve- 
nience to go in comfort no matter 
how disagreeable the weather. 
The Saintly Mothers attending St. 
Joseph's Church, CarroUton Man- 
or, were many and they left a 
splendid example for their child- 
ren. I will give the names of 
some- of the older ones as follows 
Mary Beall Adams, Helen Sr^iith 
AUnutt, Mary Hillbuscb A.nder- 
son, Margaret Ried B'='Sant, Eliza- 
beth Fenwick Be^il, Margaret Jar- 
boe Brosius, Caroline Stephens 
Condry, Fanaie Spalding Davis, 
Josephi'iC Spalding Davis, Ag- 
nus Riley Day, Mary Spald- 
ing iJutrow, Nannie Thomas Fitz- 
simmons, Faijnie Jarboe Fout, 


Mary Cooney Graham, Harriet 
Null Grinder, Susana Jarboe 
■Grove (my dear mother), Amanda 
Appel Heater, Cecilia Anderson 
Hendrickson. Jane Jones Jamison, 
Rebecca Lamar Johnson, Lau- 
retta Eagle Jarboe, Ellen Kee- 
fer Jarboe, Filizabeth Green 
Kessler, Margaret Jenkins 

Michael. Margaret Reid Os- 
burn, Anne Jarboe Ofifutt, Mary 
Thomas Roberts, Rosa Campbell 
Rogers, Teresa Jarboe Simmons, 
Ellen Howard Spalding, Sarah 
Mullen Snyder, Kate Thomas 
Thomas, Mary Ellen Jones Trun- 
dle; Regina Trundle Thomas, Nora 
Knott Taylor, Mary Jenkins Thom- 
as, Mary Jarboe Unseld, Jane Judy 
Wellen, Ann Jarboe Young. 

Misses Elizabeth and Georgia 
Condry deserve special mention for 
their untiring efiforts and many sac- 
rifices made. They walked more 
than two miles to Church under all 
weather conditions, every Sunday, 
and taught Sunday School. They 
both afterwards became Sisters. 

Miss Mary Pickens who always 
rode horse back six miles to Church 
was a shining example of true 

Miss Mary Appel, a beautiful 
character who lived in Virginia, on 
her way to Church, crossing the 
Potomac, got her riding habit wet, 
took cold and died. She rode 
horseback ten miles to Church. 

The old colored members de- 
serve special mention for it usually 
fell to their lot to walk to Church 
and they were always to be found 
at Mass no matter what the condi- 
tions were. The sacrifices they 
made and their piety was sufficient 
for me. They were true Soldiers 

of Christ, and I should be glad to 
have their chances of Heaven. I 
will mention particularly John Belt, 
William Harvey, Henry VVeedon, 
William Scoggins and their wives. 
Probably the most remarkable il- 
lustration of piety was displayed by 
a slave owned by John A. Trun- 
dle, a southern gentleman of the 
old school and a Protestant. This 
slave was familiarly known by ev- 
ery one as Uncle Tom. Church 
was held only once a month then 
and occasionally on Holidays. 
Notwithstanding his advanced age 
Uncle Tom always insisted upon 
attending Mass; and, if for any rea- 
son he did not get to Church on 
those days, he was greatly grieved. 
He always remembered the Church 
days and informed his young mas- 
ter in advance. Mr. Trundle nev- 
er allowed Uncle Tom to be disap- 
pointed, and the Ox Cart with two 
oxen brin»(nig Uncle Tom to 
Church was a familiar and inspir- 
ing sight. He died a happy death 
at the age of io6. John Hart, 
colored, one of the slaves of 
Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, who 
is buried in the graveyard at St. 
Joseph's, Canollton Manor, told 
me he knew his old master well 
and talked very interestingly of the 
whole Carroll family. He was with 
them a great deal and often spoke 
of trips to Annajiolis and other 
places. He would always tell of 
his trips across the Atlantic having 
gone twice with members of the 
Carroll family, each time taking a 
month to cross the ocean. The first 
time he went over John, who was an 
interesting character and at that 
time a very sprightly accommodat- 
ing youth and traveling with the 


aristocratic Carroll family, greatly 
attracted the captain who volun- 
tarily taught him the French lan- 
guage. This was a great help to John 
when he reached the great city of 
Paris, and he was amazed with its 
splendor. John spoke French 
fluently and he would often tell of 
his trips with the CarroUs to New 
Orleans, Baton Rogue, Natchez 
and other points where French was 
spoken. It seemed to be Jonh's de- 
light to tell, as he affectionately 
did, of Charley Carroll who was 
killed in the Confederate Army, 
how pretty he was fixed up in his 
uniform and how sad they all were 
when they heard of his death. He 
was also very fond of Johnny Car- 
roll and when John Lee Carroll 
was nominated for Governor he in- 
sisted upon seeing Johnny Carroll. 
My uncle, Thomas R. Jarboe, took 
him in his carriage to Frederick to 
the City Hotel where he saw the 
candidate for Governor. The meet- 
ing was mutual. He showed his 
gratitude and well wishes towards 
his young master by voting for 
him and it was a pleasure for 
him to tell about this to the day of 
liis death. 

The very early history of the 
Catholics of Carrollton Manor is 
not complete but St. Joseph's 
Church was a mission attended by 
th.e Jesuit and secular priest from 
Frederick until 1 902. Since then 
the pastor has resided at the rec- 
tory adjoining St. Joseph's Church 
and attends St. Ignatius Church, 
Urbana and St James Church, 
Point of Rocks. From the infor- 
mation I enn get Mass was often 
said at the homes of the prominent 
tenant Catholic families on the 

Manor, that about 1764 Charle* 
Carroll of Carrollton erected a 
chapel near the present site of St. 
Joseph's. I have several interest- 
ing letters furnished me from the 
historical archives of Woodstock 
College bearing on the early his- 
tory of St. Joseph's Church. 

The first says, "Fr. Maleve was 
allowed to take his last vows on 
the 29th of June, 18 15. He pre- 
pared him.self for this religious act 
with great fervor. He looked on 
it as the realization of long cher- 
ished hopes. On his return to 
Frederick he continued the work 
he had been doing so well. The 
next undertaking worthy of notice 
was the building of St. Joseph's 
Church, on the Manor, about sev- 
en miles from Frederick. The 
work was finished in 1820. The 
lot of ground for the church and 
graveyard with a portion ot the 
funds, no doubt, for the building 
itself, was a gift to the Father from 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton. 
There is, perhaps, not a piece of 
land in Frederick County that has 
for its size, more great names con- 
nected with it, than the St. Joseph's 
property. P'irst, the gift already 
mentioned; then another by the 
Pattersons, another by the Harp- 
ers and McTavishes; and finally, 
in 1853, Mary Ann, Marchioness 
of Wellesley, makes an offering. 
The document by which the Mar- 
chioness conveys the property has 
an international character, as it 
had to pass the office of the Amer- 
ican Consul in London, the Hon. 
Mr. Ingersol. St. Joseph's Con- 
gregation has always been under 
the charge of our Fathers, who 
have attended it from the Resi- 


dence in FKederick, or from the 

St. Joseph's Church has not been 
forgotten by the members of the 
Carroll family. Only a few years 
as:o. the old buildinc; was torn down 
and a new and much larger one 
erected in its stead, at a cost of 
seven thousand dollars. Of this 
sum, five thousand dollars were 
given by a great grand-daughter of 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton." 

The second says, "On Tuesday, 
the 23d of September, 1828, the 
Archbishop accompanied as be- 
fore, paid a visit to St. Joseph's 
Church, on 'Carroll's Manor,' 'six 
miles south of Frederick — it was 
not intended to meet the congrega- 
tion here, which is now small, as 
they came to Frederick on all ex- 
traordinary occasions, but merely 
to see the church and a few Cath- 
olic families. This church is built of 
stone,about 35 feet by 25, and was 
erected under the direction of the 
Rev, Francis Maleve, former pas- 
tor- of these congregations, about 
ten years ago. The lot ol ground, 
was given by the Venerable Char- 
les Carroll, of Carrollton — who has 
several thousand acres of excellent 
land in the neighborhood of the 
church.' On this land there were 
formerly a number of respectable 
Catholfc tenants. By their zeal and 
exertions, this church was built at 
an expense of about three thou- 
sand dollars, but we regret to say, 
that all, with the exception of one 
or two families have removed, 
some it is true by death, others to 
purchase lands- elsewhere. Thus 
in a few years the most respect- 
able Catholic neighborhood in the 
country has be«n-?€4uced to a very 

day. On 

the Arch- 

bv the Rev. 

small number. There are, not- 
withstanding a considerable num- 
ber of servants, and poor people, 
who are Catholics, and ought to 
be attended and on their account, 
if possible, the church should be 
kept in repair. Although the 
church is not long built, the floor- 
ing and other parts are decaying, 
which if not repaired shortly, must 
render it useless. 

This congregation has been at 
tended during the past year by the 
Rev, Mr. Grace — he has usually 
about thirty communicants, on the 
Sunday he visits them in each 
month, which is the third. After 
examining the state of the Church, 
&c. , the Archbishop, returned to 
Frederick the same 
Thursday the 25th, 
bishop, accompanied 
Mr. Grace, left Frederick for Mar- 
tinsburg, Virginia. Of this visit we 
hope to be able to give an account 

Referring to the different priests 
who were formerly connected. This 
is the only definite information 
bearing on St, Joseph's Church 
that I have been able to locate, but 
it is known that as early as 17 50 
Charles Carroll had settled Car- 
rollton Manor with a few English, 
German and Irish Catholic fami- 
lies; and, being himself a practical 
Catholic J^il. Mr. Carroll certainly 
made some provision for these 
early settlers that they could prac- 
tice their faith. The best evidence 
of this is: In 1775 the Acadians 
who were French Catholics, came 
to Baltimore from France at that 
time, there being no Catholic 
priest in Baltimore, or any 
pL'ice to worship, they were vis- 








ited once a month by the Rev- 
erend Mr. Ashton, resident priest 
at Doughoregan, "Carrolls" Man- 
or, who celebrated mass bringing 
with him the vestments and vessels 
used in the service. A temporary- 
altar of the rudest description was 
erected for each occasion. This 
shows conclusively that Charles 
Carroll who had settled Carrollton 
Manor as early as 1750 with En- 
glish, Irish and German Catholic 
families provided services for them 
at regular periods, from Doughor- 
egan Manor by the priest who 
resided there, as these Catho- 
lics would not have settled here 
unless they had some assurance 
that they would have the comforts 
of their faith. Many of them had 
left home on account of re- 
ligious persecution. It is very 
evident that mass was regularly 
celebrated on Carrollton Manor at 
least once a month. Since 1750 
and hve years before mass was 
regularly celebrated in Baltimore, 
which makes this extremely inter- 
esting to the Catholics of Carrollton 
Manor who were founders in their 
religion and have held on to 
their faith through many diffi- 
culties during this long 
period. Charles Carroll moved 
to Carrollton Manor in 1764, 
and it is probable the first Cath- 
olic families in Western Mary- 
land who located on Carrollton 
Manor, and as early as 1 7 50 some 
place of worship was provided for 
these pioneers. Father Malevc S. 
J. first served the Catholics of 
Carrollton Manor in 181 1. With 
St. Joseph's Church, I find the 
Rev. Father Maleve S. J. a Rus- 
sian by birth, returning to Freder- 

ick after an absence of some years 
completed St. Joseph's Church. 
Carrollton Manor in 1820 and 
these have served spiritually the 
parish since then. 

Reverend John McElroy. Wil- 
liam Grace, Father Peters, Joseph 
Enders, Michael Tufifer, George 
Villiger, Thomas Lilly, Aloysius 
Janalek, John B. Gaffney, John B. 
de Wolf. These were all Jesuits 
and served from the Novitiate, 
Frederick, and these Secular 
priests. Rev. Father Giraud and 
Monsignor Don Luig Sartori. Rev. 
John M. Barry was the first resi- 
dent priest and was appointed by 
Cardinal Gibbons, January, 1902. 
The following since then have re- 
sided at the rectory at St. Joseph 
and served: St. Ignatius, Ur- 
bana; and St. James, Point of 
Rocks; Rev. Philip B. Maguire. 
George H. Harrington, Stephen B. 
McCabe, Clement Jordan, Joseph 
Wedenhan, Leo L. Otterbien, John 
H. Eckenrode, J. R. Roth, Ed- 
ward J. Hanrahan, Philip L. Far- 

Fortunately the controversy over 
the change of location of St. Jos- 
eph's Church, Carrollton Manor, 
led to the building of two Catholic 
Churches, St. Ignatius at Urbana 
and St. James at Point of Rocks. 

The history ofSt. Joseph Church, 
Carrollton Manor, would not be 
complete unless special mention 
was made of the activities of 
Father John B. Gaffney, who so 
energetically and faithfully labored 
so long and traveled the valleys 
and mountain paths in search of 
those who had fallen by the way 
side. Besides rebuilding St. Jos- 
eph's Church, he built St. Ignatius 


Church. U.rbana. Father de Wolf 
also labored hard and was instru- 
mental in building St. James 
Church, Point of Rocks, 

The venerable patriarch, Rev. 
John McElroy, who after he had 
passed his 90th, year and was 
totally blind, wanted to continue 
preaching, especially to those he 
had guided in his younger days. 
When preaching at this advanced 
age, he sit in a chair, on one occa- 
sion at St. Joseph's, in order to 
prevent over exertion, Father Mc- 
Elroy was to stop preaching when 
the bell tapped. My brother, Ed- 
ward Grove, was serving mass, he 
tapped the bell at the end of fif- 
teen minutes as directed, but 
Father McElroy did not heed the 
bell, but kept right on and preached 
a s rmon that was not soon for- 
gotten by the congregation. Father 
McElroy died September 12, 
1.S77, aged 96 years. 

For Posterity's sake, I am giv- 
ing the names of the various fami- 
lies who now belong to St. Joseph's 

Richard J. Allnutt and family; 
George S. Allnutt and family; R. 
Frank Allnutt and family; William 
Percy Allnutt and family; Chas. 
T. Brosius, Jr., and family; The 
Frank Carlin children; J. Melville 
Cromwell and family; Richard N. 
Cromwell and family; Miss Neva 
Cromwell; Miss Vera Cromwell; 
J. Daniel Day and family; Rich- 
ard R. Day; Miss Elinor R. 
Bourke; Mrs. Howard Darr and 
family; Jacob L. Dudrow; H. A. 
Dronenburg and family; Mrs, 
Emma M. P^tchison! Mr. and Mrs. 
William J. Grove; P^ugene A. Grove 
and tamily; Robert Graham; Crom- 

well C. Kessler; Philiman C. Kess- 
ler; B. A. Mattingly and family; 
Mrs. Leo H. Michael and family; 
Miclwel Minnick; Patrick O Malley 
and family; Mrs. Mary Plant and 
family; Mrs. Janie Boone Padgett; 
Raymond C. Putman and family 
J. Allen Putman and family; Mrs. 
Emily Peugnet and family; C. 
Arunah Rogers and family; Miss 
Sarah C. Steiner; Dr. Joseph G. 
Thomas; J. O. E. Thomas; W. R. 
Titus and family. 

The colored members are: 

Stephen Bowie; Lloyd T. 
and family; C. T. Chase and 
family; \Vm. Dor.sey and fam- 
ily; Percy L. Gray; Nettie Howard 
and family; Joseph Hall; Caroline 
Hall; Pollen Harvey; James Spen- 
cer and family; Garfield Spencer 
and family; Jane Scoggins; Chas. 
T. Whimbs and family; Mrs. 
Weedon and family; Laura Cramp- 
ton and family; Fannie Young; 
James Weedon. 

I might right here for po.sterity's 
sake, give the names of those who 
served in the Great World War 
who were members of St. Joseph's 
Church, Carrollton Manor: 

Maj. Charles P. E. Peugnet, 
Engineer Corps; Died in Service; 
Louis Victor Day, Machine Gun 
Battalion; Bernard Day, Construc- 
tion Corps; James A. Rogers, Avi- 
ation Corps; William Percy All- 
nutt, Medical Corps; Raymond J. 
Allnutt, Marine Corps; T. Hardey 
Rogers, Student Army Training 

The heirs of Charles Carroll of 
Carrollton by their prominence 
were scattered over the whole 
world. The)' had agents or over- 
seers to look after their large in- 


terests. Their selections were al- 
ways gentlemen of the highest or- 
der, jeliable and responsible in 
every way. I have found some 
difficulty in getting their names 
but those I located were all prom- 
inent men in the community. 

The first was Joseph Smith, who 
was appointed in 1788 at the age 
of 24, and for forty years he was 
the agent of this vast estate and 
managed the farms to the entire 
satisfaction of Mr. Carroll. He 
had his confidence and when 
Charles C»'roll came to Carrollton 
Manor, Mr. Smith was his constant 
companion and advisor. Mr. Smith 
died March 30, 1828, aged 64 
years, and is buried in the Catholic 

Davis Richardson probably fol- 
lowed Mr. Smith as agent. Davis 
Richardson was a Justice of the 
Peace for Buckeystown as early as 
18 16, and Judge of the Orphans' 
Court in 1835. He was an aristo- 
crat and large slave owner, the 
father of Colonel William Richard- 
son who owned Rocky Fountain, 
and the old colonial home of the 
Darnells. He was also the father 
of Davis Richardson who owned 
"Eutaw Place," which he sold to 
A, S. Abell editor of the Balti- 
more Sun. C. A. Rogers is now the 
owner of this farm. Washineton 
Richardson, his third son, was a 
great horticulturist and planted ap- 
ple and pear orchards, also grapes 
and berries. He protected them from 
wind storms by planting shrub- 
bery, willow and pine trees, the 
pine trees are still standing as sen- 
tinels, some fifty or sixty feet 
high, so closely interwoven they 
make a solid barrier, and they 

have stood the blast of the heav- 
iest wind storms. The Washing- 
ton Richardson residence is still 
standing on the Rogers farm, but 
the large orchard that surrounded 
the house and for a long distance 
the trees were planted close by the 
railroad and was admired by many 
a traveler have all disappeared. 
Mr. Richardson's daughter mar- 
ried Thomas Campbell, who lived 
on the farm across the Monocacy, 
now owned by the Trail estate. 

A remarkable coincidence hap- 
pened with one of Mr, Richard- 
son's slaves. The mother had four 
sons; each one of a different father. 
They all grew to a very old age 
and were much above the average 
in intelligence and physique. They 
were James Caesar, Singleton 
Dean, Henry Middleton and Hen- 
ry Frazier. Mr. Richardson also 
owned Augusta Harris, the father 
of Richard, Rezin and Edward, 
who proved to be thrifty colored 
people. Some of the younger folks 
are now living around Greenfield 

James Caesar owned a one-room 
log house at Lime Kiln. He was 
a successful grower of strawber- 
ries, and it was always his delight 
to tell that his strawberries were 
eagerly sought by the first families 
of Frederick, and he would tell ot 
the Schleys, McElfreshs. Potts, 
Ross, Markells and McSherrys, 
and many others, all being his 
customers. He was industrious 
and lived to a very old age. 

The next was Richard Cromwell 
of the well known Cromwell fam- 
ily, so long closely identified with 
Carrollton Manor. Mr. Cromwell 
lived in Baltimore County — but 


was induced by the Carroll heirs to 
take charge of Carrollton Manor. 
Mr. Cromwell had a large family of 
boys and girls and being society 
people, the children lived a life of 
luxury and ease, they entertained 
royally. The boys were constant- 
ly in the saddle attending horse 
racing and chicken fighting, these 
were popular pastimes those days. 
After Mr. Cromwell's death, the 
family moved to St. Louis, during 
the time Richard Cromwell was 
agent for the Manor about 1840. 
Nicholas Cromwell, his cousin, 
moved to the farm now owned by 
Mrs. John H. Kessler, and tenant- 
ed by William Shook, this farm 
has been practically in the Crom- 
well family for eighty years. There 
were eight children, five boys and 
three girls, the boys were. Eld- 
ridge, Arthur, Clem, Melville and 
Philip. They were a hard work- 
ing but hospitable family. Melville 
is living in Adamstown, Clem in 
(^hio, and the others are dead. 
John H. Kessler married Lucy, by 
\s honi there were six children; his 
second wife was Elizabeth Green; 
there were eleven children by this 
union, making seventeen children by 
tiie two marriages, showing the 
scourge of race suicide was not 
prevalent those days. The second 
Mrs Kessler made a splendid step- 
mother, notwithstanding this large 
family, perfect bliss and happiness 
prevailed and the young people for 
miles around would gather here 
for a good time. Mr. Kessler 
would often be amused when 
strangers came to see him, and 
asked if they were school children. 

Cromwell C. and Philip C. Kess- 
ler, two of his children, are living 
in Adamstown, the others are in 
all parts of the United States. Mr. 
Kessler was of a kind jovial dispo- 
sition and was never happier than 
when surrounded by his children. 
The next was Robert Boone, he 
lived in Frederick and was the first 
agent who did not live on the 
Manor. Mr. Boone for many 
years had charge of the Manor and 
it was during his time many of the 
Carrollton Manor farms were sold. 
My uncles, John S. W. and 
Thomas R. Jarboe purchased their 
farms through Mr. Benedict Boone, 
a brother of Robert Boone and a 
prominent citizen of Merryland 
track; he and my uncles were 
members of St. Mary's Catholic 
Church, Petersville. My uncles 
were young men and Mr. Boone 
advised them to purchase farms on 
this beautiful Manor, which they 
did. My uncle, Thomas R. Jar- 
boe, immediately became dissatis- 
fied with his purchase and 
could not rest during the 
night. The next morning he went 
to Frederick, saw Mr. Boone and 
offered to give the five hundred 
dollars he had paid on the farm if 
he would release him. Mr. Boone 
said, "No you are a young man 
and there is no reason you can t 
make a success at farming and pay 
for the farm." My uncle at once 
realized his position. He pitched 
in, went to work, payed for this 
farm and several others and was 
one of the most successful farmers 
and substantial citizens on the 
Manor. Richard Cromwell was 
the last resident agent or manager 
of Carrollton Manor, after his 


death. This farm was sold by 
Mr. Boone.agent for the Manor to 
my uncle John S. VV. J.irboe. Mr. 
Cromwell's position entitled him to 
many conveniences not enjoyed by 
the tenants. He had a number of 
additions erected to the original 
dwelling in an irregular way with 
porches running in all directions, 
also many other houses including 
quarters for the slaves and serv- 
ants. One building that always 
attracted my attention, built of 
stone, near the center of the group 
of buildings was the ash house 
where ashes from every stove and 
fire place must be put to prevent 
fire. At that time there were no 
matches and they had to depend 
on live coals kept in the ashes to 
kindle the fires. Mr. Jarboe, many 
years after he purchased the farm, 
built a modern brick house and 
barn. Several of the old buildings 
are still standing and used by the 
help. The farm is now owned by 
Rufus Randolph Zimmerman and is 
considered one of the best farms on 
the Manor, if it is possible to de- 
cide, as all the land is of such a 
high productive character. 

Robert Boone was an especially 
polished gentleman of the old 
school. He was the father of 
Doctor Jerningham Boone who for 
many years was the leading phy- 
sician on Carrollton Manor. Dr. 
Boone was the father of Mrs. 
Janie Boone Padgett who is living 
at Adamstown and Miss Mar^jaret 
Boone, living in Baltimore. The 
next was James McSherry the his- 
torian and father of Judge James 
.McSherry. The ne.\t was John 
W. B.iughman, thcfounder of the 
Frederick Citizen, and father of 

General Louis Victor Baughman. 
At the death of Mr. Baughman, 
his son, J. William Baughman, was 
appointed agent in 1872, for 
the Manor he served a few years. 
Since then the management of 
the Manor farms have been un- 
er thecontrol of Alexander Yearly 
& Sons, Baltimore, Md. 

During this period the greater 
part of the Carrollton Manor land 
was sold off or leased. Among- 
the large purchasers was Louis 
McMurray who was the first to 
start the corn canning industry in 
Frederick County, which has since 
grown to considerable magnitude. 
Two very large canning plants are 
now located on Carrollton Manor, 
one at Buckeystown controlled by 
the Baker Brothers, the other at 
Adamstown controlled by the 
Thomas Brothers. After Louis 
Mc Murray's death the Baker in- 
terests had associated with them, 
George William Smith in the pur- 
chase of his farms consisting of 
about two thousand acres. The 
McMurray property is now owned 
by the Baker interests. Some of 
the Manor land is still held under 
a ninety-nine year lease. This 
was granted to some of the faith- 
ful tenants with the privilege of 
buying at a stipulated price when 
they were able to do so. Some 
have taken advantage of this clause 
and have bought the farms they 
had under lease. Unfortunately 
for this beautiful and fertile valley 
located between the Sugar Loaf 
and Catoctin Mountains, it has al- 
ways been owned by large land in- 
terest who were more interested in 
getting their share of the crops 
grown or the rental from the land 


than they were in keeping the land 
up to the highest state of cultiva- 
tion or were the necessary im- 
provements made to provide 
comfort for the tenants. This 
is the reason why this fair Manor 
has not kept pace with other sec- 
tions as an evidence of this. 

Nearly a hundred years ago, 
under date of the 23d of Septem- 
ber, 1824, the Archbishop on a 
visit to St. Joseph's Church, Car- 
rollton Manor, referred feelingly 
to conditions as he found them, 
that these thrifty and zealous 
Catholics, tenant farmers had re- 
moved elsewheae to purchase land. 
He says, "On this land there were 
a number of respectable Catholic 
tenants, but we regret to say, that 
all, with the exception of one or 
two families have removed. Some 
it is true by death, others to pur- 
chase land elsewhere, thus in a few 
years the most respectable Cath- 
olic neighborhood in the Country 
has been reduced to a very small 
number." This old Manor rich with 
historic interest from the tenants 
standpoint where they struggled 
along not in houses built with 
brick brought over from England 
with winding stairways and brass 
knockers on the door, but with 
single log rooms, chniked and 
dobbed with one door and two 
windows, the stone chimney and 
fire place being the most preten- 
tious. Where the cooking was 
done and beside which the family 
spent their long winter nights be- 
fore a log fire and a fat lamp for 
light. As years passed by, addi- 
tions were built to the old log 
houses, slave quarters were built 
nearby, fortunately Carrollton Man- 

or was practically free from Indian 
raids as the Indians when making 
their attacks rarely ever crossed 
South Mountain. 

Had this fertile Manor been sold 
off in small farms the owners would 
have improved the land so that they 
could have made two blades of 
grass grow where one is now 
growing. They could afford to 
look ahead, make improvements 
and conveniences for their families, 
beautify their homes, this would 
have made them satisfied and con- 
tented in this land of plenty. 

There still remains about twelve 
hundred acres of land in the hands 
of the original heirs of Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton, the McTav- 
ish Sisters living in Paris. All this 
land adjoins St. Joseph's Church. 
This includes the Manor Woods 
containing about four hundred 
acres. One of the Miss McTavish 
died recently. It is reported large 
land owners in this county are 
about buying the remaining twelve 
hundred acres. This is to be re- 
gretted. I hope this tract will be 
subdivided into small farms- and 
sold to those who intend to make 
farming their life work, the most 
independent, honorable and heal- 
thy profession to be found and no 
one should hesitate to engage in 
farming especially on Carrollton 
Manor where the possibilities are 
so great that only a little energy 
and thrift is needed to insure suc- 
cess and make this the garden spot 
of our country. 

This is what others think of our 
beautiful Carrollton Manor. A few 
years ago I heard a prominent road 
official who had been East and 
West, say that he could not recall 


any section that equaled Carroll- 
ton Manor in natural advantag^es. 
The land is level but rolling 
enough to make good drainage, 
the quality of the land with its 
clay subsoil could not be sur- 
passed, the immense forest trees 
was an evidence of its fertility. 
Limestone land is always recog- 
nized as the best with the finest 
springs and water flowing in every 
direction, made it the equal of any 
farming section in these United 
States. He further added, when 
this link is connected with a high- 
way from the Lakes to Florida 
with a line diverting to Washing- 
ton, it will take an eighty foot road 
to take care of the traffic and this 
brings me to the roads of Carroll- 
ton Manor. 

Charles Carroll always con- 
sidering the welfare of his ten- 
ants and the community was anx- 
ious to convert Carrollton Ma- 
nor from a tobacco growing to a 
wheat and corn raising section. 
Tobacco was a hard crop on land 
but an easy one to market. Mr. 
Carroll who had heard of the El- 
licotts being successful millers 
succeeded in getting them to come 
down from Bucks Coimty, Penn- 
sylvannia, attracted by the fine 
water of the Patapsco, with the 
assistance of Charles Carroll, they 
built a large flour mill at what is 
now EUicott City. For many 
years known as Ellicott Mills. 
The Ellicotts proved to be espe- 
cially active and energetic business 
men. They looked ahead to find 
a market for their flour. Boats 
were then coming up the Chesa- 
peake and its tributaries to trade 
with the early settlers and many 

landings existed then that are un- 
known now. Elk Ridge was 
then the nearest landing to their 
mill, but Baltimore was becoming 
a place' of some prominence as a 
shipping point. The Ellicotts in 
order to reach this market bui^t a 
wagon road to Baltimore, they 
then built a road from Ellicotts 
Mills to tap the road leading to 
Georgetown and Alexandria. The 
Ellicotts having succeeded in find- 
ing a market for their flour, want- 
ed wheat and through Charles 
Carroll, they learned of the rich 
lands of Carrollton Manor. The 
Ellicotts assisted by Charles Car- 
roll with the aid of the farmers on 
the route built a good wagon road 
all the way from Ellicotts Mill to 
Carrrllton Manor and by 1770 
wheat was being extensively grown 
and hauled by the farmers to 
Ellicotts Mills and by 1780 wheat 
had become the main crop on 
Carrollton Manor, and flour mills 
were being built on every stream 
that would afford any power and 
the building of mill races, dams, 
and mills were being built on every 
farm where there was any water 
power. Probably as early as 
1750, a wagon road reached from 
Doughoregan Manor, to Carroll 
Manor as in 1750 Charles Carroll 
induced a few English, Irish and 
Catholics to settle on Carrollton 
Manor, and they must have had 
some road to transport their goods 
over. Charles Carroll of Carroll- 
ton moved to Carrollton Manor in 
1764, as I understand, the road 
built by the Elliotts, Charles Car- 
roll and the farmers along the 
route came up from Elli- 
cotts Mills through Doughore- 


gan Manor by way of what is 
known as the Tnadephia Pike and 
the old Baltimore Road to Davis 
Mill to Buckeystown by St. Joseph 
Catholic Church to Tuscarora, the 
Carrollton Manor house of Charles 

The road ran through the 
Manor from East to West by way 
of Davis' Mill, later Delaplane's 
Mill, it was an important road and 
was used by the teamsters to Bal- 
timore, Georgetown and Alexan- 
dria. Mr. David Arnold who was 
more than eighty years of age, told 
me he hauled over this route 
taking a load of flour and bringing 
a load of goods back. He drove 
four horses in a long covered con- 
estoga wagon, they were also 
called Prairie Schooners. At the 
time Mr. Arnold did the hauling, 
he lived at Burkittsville, showing 
the road was then used by the 
lower section of Middletown Valley 
to Baltimore, Georgetown and 
Alexandria. This road was built 
before the Baltimore and Frederick 
road and was the road for traffic 
south and west by way of Harpers 
Ferry up the Shenandoah and Po- 
tomac Rivers, crossing the Catoctin 
Mountain near Jefferson, orignally 
known as Trap. 

In fact this was one of the first 
roads built this far West, and it 
naturally attracted traffic from all 
parts of Western Maryland. Dur- 
ing the early Spring it was the 
custom for the farmers to go from 
this section to Alexandria for fish. 
Potomac Herring and Shad were 
caught in large numbers and they 
were very popular, and it was no 
unusual sight to see all kinds of 
teams or t.he ro^ d loaded down 

with fish. 

My grandfather William Jarboe, 
who rented Davis' Mill had some 
trouble with Doctor Davis, the 
owner, and had removed to Middle- 
town Valley. He left home accom- 
panied by one of his slaves to go to 
Alexandria over this road for some 
fish. After he had purchased the 
fish , he met with an accident and was 
severely hurt just as he was start- 
ing home. The colored man 
reached home safely with the fish 
and reported the accident. My 
grandfather died about three days 
later and was buried at Alexan- 
dria. The distance at that time 
being a long one, the grave was 
never located by his children; they 
all being small at the time of his 

I remember well, as a boy 
sixty years ago seeing tobacco 
houses standing at many places 
on the Manor. The last one 
one I remember well stood at Mr. 
Darr's entrance on the Buckeys- 
town pike and belonged to David 
T. Jones. The land on the west 
side of the pike was still in Virgin 
timber and when new land was 
cleared it was planted in tobacco. 
Mr. Jones was one of the last to 
raise tobacco on Carrollton Manor. 
Houses were used to cure the to- 
bacco and pack it for market, it 
was cut green. The stalks were 
pierced and hung up on tobacco 
sticks, it was fired for three or four 
days and nights. Great care had 
to be used not to get it too dry as 
there was danger of setting it on 
fire. After it was thoroughly cured 
it was taken down during damp 
weather, stripped and tied in bun- 
dles and hung back to cure for 


packing when it is ready and the slaves and belonged to James 

weather conditions were favorable, L. Davis. They had both been 

it is packed in large hogsheads faithful servants and for a small 

weighing about a thousand pounds consideration bought their freedom 

each to be shipped usually to some from Mr. Davis, and lived in one 

foreign market. of the tobacco hoases that had 

David T. Jones, a big-hearted been changed to a dwelling. They 

gentleman, whose Southern hospi- were both getting old, did odd 

tality was always showered upon chores and lived by their wits. 

you at his ancestrial residence, Mr. They were familiarly called "Un- 

Jones was the father of the late cle Levi and Aunt Betsey," as 

Mrs. William G. Baker, James they were both fond of their 

Jones living in Montgomery Coun- toddy. (Jncle Levi would sing a 

ty and Charles Jones in Virgina. little ditty, which brought them 

This farm is now owned by William many a penny and in those days, 

G. Bakerand is tenanted by Mack wine could be bought for a penny 

Ball. a pint, whiskey for six cents a pint. 

Mr. Jones owned a number of Aunt Betsey was especially fond of 

slaves and had the reputation of her liquor and would always lead 

being easy, good natured and a in the singing and dancing when 

practical joker, it was stated his the "Oh! be joyful" could be had. 

slaves and others often took ad- The song Uncle Levi prized so 

vantage of his good-naturedness. highly, he would banter anyone 

Living close by the village of that the following words made 

Buckeystown, he was often asked thirty-two, he always earned a 

to do favors for the residents, for piece of chalk and was careful to 

instance. They would want to mark each word as he sang: 

borrow a horse to plow their gar- All day long, 

den, he would say, "Alright, you All day long, 

can have the horse, but plow my Lank a Lue, 

garden first." Sometimes they Lank a Lue, 

would want to grind an axe, he Is a wonderful tune 

would say, "grind mine first." Li I will bet any man, 

this way he put a check on those A pint of wine, 

who wanted favors from him. I There is no more than 

remember well two colored men Thirty-two. 

who lived in old tobacco houses on This song to him meant so much to 

Mr. Jones farm, along the Buck- bring him cheer in his old age, 

eystown pike. They both had would be a diversion that kept 

their peculiarities. Sam Mobley, him in a good humor and how 

walked on crutches, and made his heartily he laughed when he won 

living largely by playing the fiddle the wager, which he always did, 

at dances, the homes of farm- At that time liquor and wine was 

ers or gatherings of the col- to be had at nearly every cross 

ored folks; the other Levi Jones road. L^ncle Levi's enthusiasm 

and his wife, Betsey, were once would soon be brought to the 


highest pitch and he joined in 
singing with the other colored 
folks, while the banjo and fiddle 
made the feet of the colored peo- 
ple jump around like magic. They 
lost all thought of care and respon- 
sibiliiy and were at their happiest 
during these times. 

The Point of Rocks road which 
is practically the Western bound- 
ary of Carrollton Manor, has not 
been improved to any extent 
and the curves and hills 
remain about the same as 
when traveled a century ago. The 
New Designed road which runs 
north and south, beginning at No- 
land's Ferry on the Potomac River 
and running in a straight line north 
for a distance of about nine miles 
to a point where Richard Crom- 
well lived, the last resident over- 
seer of Carrollton Manor. 

The road probably derives its 
name from the fact that for nine 
miles it was run in a straight line. 
No barriers of any kind checked 
its straight course, although then, 
as now, objections arose. One of 
the most serious was that in pass- 
ing through the western edge ot 
the Darnell property, the road cut 
off the buildings and Monagoul 
Spring, which was not only one of 
the finest springs on the Manor, 
but its connection with the Tusca- 
rora Indians made it valuable from 
a historical standpoint. About 
this time Davis Richardson bought 
the Darnell farms and the Manor 
settled the dispute to the satisfac- 
tion of Mr. Richardson, who built 
a fine residence on the east side of 
the road, where C. Arunah Rog- 
ers now lives. 

The Buckeystown pike runs 

through the Manor on he east 
and was originally an Indian trail 
coming from the lakes down the 
Susquehanna River through Penn- 
sylvania and Maryland to the 
mouth of the Monocacy and on 
down through the Virginias to 
Florida. From a historical stand- 
point this road running north and 
south through Carrollton Manor is 
unequaled in the United States, 
first used by the Indians as a foot 
path between the lakes and Florida, 
then by the early pioneers in their 
travels north and south, then as a 
bridle path for the post carriers 
who at irregular intervals carried 
mails between the States, then by 
thrifty Pennsylvania Germans who 
sent their wares to the cotton plan- 
ters of Georgia over this trail on the 
backs of pack horses. Then by 
the planters from the Southern 
states who would travel this path 
on their way north to purchase 
slaves to work in the cotton fields. 
Then as the old United States road 
over which Braddock marched to 
his famous defeat, which was in 
1755, and before that date it was 
the great thoroughfare between the 
north and the south. The first 
election ever held in Frederick 
County was in 1749 and as Buck- 
eystown election district is number 
one, it is very probable that a 
polling place was held at Buckeys- 
town and the voters of West- 
ern Maryland traveled over this 
historic road, to cast their first 
vote. It was over this road dur- 
ing the Civil War, and through this 
beautiful Carrollton Manor that 
the armies of both the north and 
south marched to Antietam where 
the battle of the Civil 


War took place and again on to 
Gettysburg where the great battle 
that decided the fate of the Union and 
made this greatest nation on earth. 
This road was the first selected in 
Maryland to be built under Fed- 
eral aid and is known as highway 
No. I between the lakes and Flor- 
ida. The original plans calls for 
an eighty foot right of way, boats 
plying the Potomac River, during 
1700 stopped at this road to dis- 
charge and receive passengers and 
freight. Naturally thist rail was 
a crooked one. About this time 
the New Designed Road was sur- 
veyed and made perfectly straight. 
This was an incentive to some of 
the progressive residents who made 
an effort to have this old trail 
straightened. Of course they, met 
with opposition as no matter what 
you attempt to do for the public 
good there will always be someone 
to object somewhere. So deter- 
mined were these objectors that 
the road should not be made 
straight, with guns on their should- 
ers they guarded the curves in the 
road made crooked by the briar 
patches and worm fences along 
the Indian trail. But this opposi- 
tion was finally overcome and the 
road was made fairly straight from 
the mouth of the Monocacy to the 
Bridge at Dr. McKinney's. To 
give you some idea of the change 
of location the old road bed 
run about halfway between the 
present road and Charles Rohr- 
back's residence and crossed the 
railroad about one hundred yards 
east of the present railroad cross- 
ing at Lime Kiln. In connection 
with the changing of the location of 
this trail, later the old United States 

road where it crossed the Balti- 
more & Ohio Railroad, the car 
horses were changed here and fed. 
A very large elm tree stood at 
this point on the dividing line of 
the farms of Thomas R. Jarboe 
and Dr. D. F. McKinney. This 
tree was cut down some forty 
years ago and was always known 
as the horse car tree where the 
horses were fed and rested. Pas- 
sengers and freight was also ex- 
changed here and it was the regu- 
lar stopping point for all trains 
and this was continued until the 
ware houses were built at Lime 
Kiln, about a half mile west 
of the crossing on the old United 
States Road. At some points 
the road bed was changed about a 
quarter of a mile. About two 
miles of the old road below Licks- 
ville to the mouth of the Monocacy 
has been abandoned since the 
building of the bridge crossing the 
Monocacy at Furnace Ford. Dur- 
ing the Civil War this road had 
been neglected and was cut to 
pieces by the army traffic. Soon 
after the war better roads were 
being discussed by the progressive 
citizens of Carrollton Manor and it 
was decided to build a macadam 
road from Frederick through the 
Manor, a big undertaking at that 
time. The stone were hauled along 
the road and broken by hand and 
then scattered to be crushed and 
packed by the wheels of passing 

Then, as now, there were differ- 
ent kinds of traffic on the road, 
some of which was objectionable. 
The narrow tread wagon was the 
source of a great deal of trouble, 
as it cut up the road badly; while 


the broad tread served the double 
purpose of rolUiifr the road and 
hauling the load at the same time. 
Now we are troubled with traction 
engines and cleated wheels cutting 
and damaging the roads. 

In order to make this story com- 
plete and to do justice to the his- 
tori«_al part played by this section 
and its citizens, as I go along I am 
compelled to give a short sketch 
of the various characters as I reach 
their names. 

The most active in this import- 
ant road movement was James L. 
Davis, a highly polished Christian 
gentleman who owned Clifton. 
This old mansion, always filled 
with true Southern hospitality, 
burned down some years ago. The 
present house was built by John 
B- Graff, and is now' owned by J. 
Dean Zeiler. The location of Clif- 
ton, about midway between Fred- 
erick and the Potomac river, made 
it the scene of many stirring events 
(luring the Civil War. Mr. Davis 
h id a son in the Confederate Army, 
and his daughters, just passing the 
bloom of youth into womanhood, 
were intensely Southern in their 
views and did not hesitate to so 
express themselves. P^or this rea- 
son, when an opportunit\' present- 
ed itself to some dashing young 
officer or private of the Southern 
Army to cross the line, when they 
reached Clifton they felt safe. It 
was really the haven of security 
and rest. The Clifton Farm run- 
ning back to the Monocacy river, 
and the opposite bank being a 
wooded and rocky hill, it afforded 
e.xcellent protection when the 
Union Army or scouts were seek- 
ing the blockade runners. For 

days and weeks at a time these 
confederates were fed in the hills 
or at the mansion until an oppor- 
tunity to escape presented itself. 
On one occasion a young officer 
on Jackson's staff whD had been 
stopping at Clifton, wh;n threaten- 
ed with capture by the Union 
troops, was rushed o it by one of 
the hidden paths. The Federal 
troops were so watchful that fin- 
ally Mr. Davis succeeded in taking 
him from his hiding place to 
Rocky Fountain — the residence of 
Colonel William Richardson, who 
was a staunch Union man, but a 
true friend of the Davis family, and 
who consented to protect the 
young soldier at his home. After 
keeping the young officer a few 
days, he succeeded in getting him 
back across the line, and he then 
joined his command. This young 
officer, after the war, became a 
Presbyterian Minister, the Rev. 
James Smith, was located in Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia. A strange 
coincidence happened in the late 
si.Kties Mrs. F. Granville Thomas, 
now living in Frederick, nee Fan- 
nie, the youngest daughter of 
James L. Davis, while at school in 
Fredericksburg attended his 
church. The Reverend Smith was de- 
lighted to see Fannie Davis, whose 
father had protected him from cap- 
ture during the Civil War. 

Dr. Slaughter, who ran the 
blockade often taking drugs to the 
Southern Army usually stopped 
over night at Clifton, and on one 
of his trips was watched so closely 
that he was forced to stay at the 
Davis home for several weeks. 
After waiting his chance, he con- 
cluded he would start during the 


night, and sent a young man ot 
the neighborhood, Lewis Baer, 
ahead of him to avoid capture. 
They reached the Potomac River 
and Dr. Slaughter got across safely. 
Young Baer returning was cap- 
tured, taken to Bradley Johnson's 
house in Frederick, which had 
been confiscated and was used for 
military purposes by the Union 
forces. General Johnson had 
raised a company and was serving 
in the Confederate army. Mr. 
Baer after being held a prisoner 
for about thirty days was released. 
On another occasion, Miss Ame- 
lia Murphy, a beautiful Southern 
girl about eighteen years of age 
was arrested as a spy at Clifton 
about eleven o'clock at night. Mr. 
Davis asked of the soldiers 
that Miss Murphy be allowed 
to remain until morning. This 
they refused. Mr. Davis then in- 
sisted that his daughter Mannie 
should accompany her, and the 
soldiers consented to this. The 
soldiers accompanied by Miss Mur- 
phy and Miss D wis then came to 
my father's house about one 
o'clock in the morning. They 
ra[)ped at the do)r and stated that 
they wanted to search the house. 
My father immediately objected 
stating tiiat his hou-;e was his cas- 
tle The soldiers answered by 
pushing their bayonets through 
the door, and my motlier, to pre- 
vent any trouble, threw her arms 
around my father's neck The sol- 
diers searched the house, barn and 
outhouses but did not find anything. 
Miss Murphy and Miss Davis came 
into the house and remained until 
about four o'clock. They then 

left with the young ladies go- 
ing to Harpers Ferry. From Har- 
pers Ferry they were put in a car full 
of rough soldiers and taken to Balti- 
more, were put in a guard house 
and after a few days Nannie Davis 
was told she better disappear or 
she would be arrested. In some 
way she got clothes and disguised 
as an old woman, she left Balti- 
rnore on a train. She walked from 
the station at Lime Kiln, and was 
not recognized by the family when 
she reached home. Her disofuise 
was so perfect. Miss Murphy was 
sent back across the lines, and 
soon after married Captain Hull of 
the Confederate Army. 

Mr. Davis was a large land 
owner and lived at Mt, Hope, 
where nearly all of his children 
were born. This farm he sold to 
David T. Jones after he moved to 
the large mansion he built at Clif- 
ton. Mr. Davis also sold a farm 
to Thomas R. Jarboe. Mrs. Arm- 
strong Cunningham, a daughter of 
James L. Davis, who is eighty-six 
years of age, said she could never 
forget a remark made at the funeral 
of her father by my Uncle Thomas 
R. Jarboe, who was a Catholic; 
and then, as now, there was some 
feeling against Catholics. When 
Mr. Jarboe said to the family, 
"your father was a good neighbor, 
a splendid character and a true 
Christian gentleman," she said 
since that time she always had 
great respect for Catholics. Mr. 
Davis owned a number of slaves 
who were always loyal to him. 
The Davis family has been promi- 
nent on the Manor since probably 
as early as 1732, the foll<nving is 
the family record 


Mcredyth Davis came to Amei- 
ca in 1732 from Wales, married 
Ursula Bur<^css. TMieir son Mere- 
dyth married Sarah Clagett, Their 
son, Ifi^natius, uiio built the man- 
sion andalvvays livedat "Mt. Hope" 
Carrolltop Manor was born Novem- 
ber 23rd, 1759 and died May 4th, 

He was married four times and 
was the father of seventeen children. 
His first wife was Francis Briscoe 
of Berkely County, Virginia, no 
children. The second wife was 
Rebecca VVillson of Montgomery 
County, Maryland, no children. 
The third wife was Margaret Woot- 
ten of Montgomery County, 
Maryland. They had four child- 
ren, Richard. VVoottcn, Ann, Fran- 
cis, and Rebecca, who married 
Mr. Read of Georgetown, D C. 
The fourth was Catherine Lynn 
Lackland, daughter of James Lack- 
land who came from Scotland be- 
fore the Amerioan Revolution and 
settled in that part of Frederick 
County which is where the town of 
Rock V ill e stands — said county, 
Montgomery was created in 1776. 
Kitty, as she was familiarly called, 
was only nineteen years of age when 
she married Mr Davis, his fourth 
wife, November 23rd, 1806. They 
had thirteen children, she died 
about 1850. Mary Ann married 
W. H. Thomson, Catherine Lack- 
land married Dr. Albert Ritchie, 
she was the mother of Judge John 
Ritchie and Judge Albert Ritchie, 
and grandmother of the present 
Governor of Maryland, Albert C 
Ritchie John Ignatius married 
Rose L. Nelson. George Lynn 
Lackland married Laura Chambers. 
J.imc.^ Lynn married Elizabeth Gar- 

land Hamner from Virginia, they 
had nine children, all born at Mount 
Hope before Mr. Davis built his 
new home at Clifton. They were: 
Samuel Hamner married Elizabeth 
Caruthers. Mary L. married Wil- 
liam A. Cunningham, Marthy C. 
Davis married J. A. H. Cunning- 
ham J(jhn Ignatius, surgeon in 
the Confederate Army with rank of 
major. Elizabeth Garland married 
Thomas Roger Johnson. Kathe- 
rine Ritchie married F. Granville 
Thomas. Nannie Hamner. James 
Lynn, Jr., married Jane Brewer. 
Fannie W. married F. Granville 
Thomas, Ann, daughter of Charles 
Davis and niece of Ignatius, mar- 
ried William Richardson, son of 
Robert Richardson. His son, 
Davis, married Betsy Lynn of Al- 
leghaney County, parents of Davis, 
William, Washington and Ann, 
who married Thomas Campbell. 
Ignatius 1 )avis' will is very long, 
mixed up and mentions owning 
much land in many places. His 
will is a real curiosity, it may be 
due to a lot of quick marrying, and 
his numerous wives. 

The Davis family have lived on 
Carrollton Manor since 1732. The 
following record compiled by Geo. 
L. L. Davis, the historian, a son of 
Ignatius Davis, .says "Meredith 
Davis from Wales, married in 
America to Ursula Burgess of an 
ancient respectable family, they had 
issue two girls who died children,, 
and one son, Charles Meredith 
Davis, was born 8th day of No- 
vember, 1744. Charles Meredith 
Davis of "Mount Hope", Carroll- 
ton Manor, married Sarah, the 
daughter of Thomas Clagett, the 
thinj in line of Captain Thomas 


Clagett, the emigrant who came 
to the province of Maryland about 
the year 1670 and resided upon St. 
Leonard Creek, a branch of the 
Patuxentin Calvert County. Charles 
Meredith Davis and his wife Sarah 
Clagett lived at "Mount Hope", 
Carrollton Manor. They had two 
sons, Thomas Ignatius and Ignatius 
Thomas, Ignatius Thomas Davis 
married Anna Marbury, they had 
a daughter and son. Thomas 
Ignatius, who represented the 9th 
generation of Sir Thomas Adams, 
the Lord Mayor of London, died 
early in life, and the line of descent 
was broken." Charles Meredith 
Davis built the mill long known as 
the Deleplaine Mill before 1740, 
during this long period the mill has 
burned down twice, it is now run 
by Leo Michael. Mr. Davis built 
two brick houses facing the Mo- 
nocacy River near where the old 
Davis burying ground still stands 
about 1740. Ignatius Thomas 
Davis lived in one of these houses 
and had charge of the mill and the 
farm now owned by J. Melville 
Cromwell. Mr. Davis moved to 
Georgetown, D. C, where he ope- 
rated large flouring mills. George 
L. L. Davis has this to .say about 
his father, Ignatius Davis, taken 
from the Davis collection, which 
shows a remarkable and really a 
valuable record." Ignatius Davis 
was born on the 23rd of November, 
1759, and was married to Francis 
Briscoe, 28th of January, 178 1, 
then 2 I years, two months and five 

Francis Davis departed this life 
June 2ist, 1795, 14 years, four 
months and 23 days married. Tiien 
married Rebecca VVillson, 2 2ntl 

March, 1796, nine months and one 
day single. 

Rebecca Davis departed this life 
22nd February, 1797, u months 

Then married Margaret Wootten 
22nd May, 1798, I year, 3 months 

Margaret Davis departed this life 
23rd August, 1804, 6 years, 3 
months, i day married. 

Then married Kitty Lackland 
23rd, November, 1806, 2 years, 3 
months single. 

Ignatius Davis departed this life 
45 minutes past i o'clock in the 
morning of the 4th day of May, 
1828, 21 years, 5 months, 12 days 
single. In all, he was married 43 
years, 6 days, and lived single 25 
years, 5 months and 6 days, mak- 
ing his age 68 years, 5 months and 
12 days." 

James L. Davis was one of the 
leading citizens of Carrollton Manor 
nearly a hundred years ago, reared 
his family at "Mt. Hope," the old 
mansion built in virgin forest by 
his father, Ignatius Davis, whose 
reputation for social entertainment 
ranked high among the first families 
of Maryland and Virginia. The 
beauties of this old forest home 
have been blasted by the recent dis- 
appearrnceof the immense oak trees 
that stood silent sentinels to the 
festivities at "Mt. Hope" for nearly 
two centuries. 

Very active in this road move- 
ment was John Amos Hoselbock 
Cunningham, who married Mar- 
tha, daughter of James L. Davis- 
Mr. Cunningham was a man of 
leisure with a happy jovial dispo- 
sition, and a true gentle nan of the 
Southern type, lie owned j^uck- 


ingliain, where the I^uckingham In- 
dustrial Scliool is now located and 
maintained by the liiker lirothers. 
Mr. Cunnin<^ham b)' a special act 
of the Legislature had his name 
chanij^ed to John Amos Hoselboch 
Cunningham When the change 
of Mr. Cunningham's nam.^ was 
under consideration, an amusing 
incident occurred. One of the 
members of the Legislature in- 
quired if it was Mr Cunningham's 
wish to take up the whole alphabet. 
But it was in gratitude for the gift 
to him by his grandfather John 
Amos Hoselboch of the Bucknig- 
ham farm containing more than 
three hundred acres of land, and 
also all the stock, farming imple- 
ments and household furniture, 
that Mr. Cunningham had his 
name changed Mr. Hoselboch 
was a very successful farmer, who 
died and left all this by will to 
Mr. Cunningham. Mr. Hoselboch 
iiad three children; one son and 
two daughters. He provided well 
for his daughters, but his son 
George who had been very suc- 
cessful, and whom he had already 
helped financially was not remem- 
bered by his father's will The 
daughters were twins. One mar- 
ried Tiiomas Davis, the ovyner ot 
Greenfield Mills, and the other 
married Judge Benjamin Amos 
Cunningham. A remarkable oc- 
currence was their death on the 
.same day, and the messengers 
bearing the news of their deaths 
met on the road between BLickin<r- 
liam and Greenfield Mills. They 
were both buried on the same clay 
in the family burying ground on 
i^ickingharm fam. Mr. Hosel- 
boch and nianv others were buiied 

in this old grave yard, which was 
then enclosed by a post and rail 
fence. About the year 1870 a 
substantial brick wall was built by 
Benjamin Cunningham, a son of 
John Amos Hoselboch Cunningr- 
ham L as a boy, hauled lime in 
a cart from my father's lime kiln 
to put up this wall, and I remem- 
ber very well how difficult it was 
for the horse to hold the cart back, 
as the hill which it was necessary 
to go down was especially steep. 
It was the custom then for every 
farm to have its burial ground, 
which was usually in the center of 
the field or some prominent place 
on the farm. During those days, 
many of the leading citi/,ens and 
early frontiersmen were buried in 
these lots. Nearly all of old 
grave yards have been farmed 
over, very few having been enclos- 
ed or protected; and, while this 
looks like deseciating the graves 
of these early people, still we have 
the consolation as my mother al- 
wa)s .said: "No matter where the 
body rests, so the soul is safe." 

Buckingham farm has always 
been consiilered one of the show 
places of the Manor, on account of 
its fertile Monocacy bottom land 
and the splendid view of Carrollton 
Manor. The school here accom- 
modates about fifty boys, and be- 
sides giving them a good practical 
education, teaches them farming 
and general work. The disciphne is 
good, and it has proved a very 
worthy institution. Clinton Gard- 
ner, a very capable and genial 
gentleman, is the present superin- 

The first President in this road 
movement was Captain Joseph N. 


Chisvvell, a typical Southern plan- 
tation farmer, affable and congen- 
ial, whose hospitality was un- 
bounded. He owned EUerslie and 
several other fine farms, now the 
property of the Baker Brothers. 
As was the custom in those davs. 
Captain Chiswell had a large fam- 
ily of children — six boys and six 
girls. Nine lived to be married. 
A daughter, Mrs. John Ball, is 
living in Buckeystown and Mrs. 
Maurice Dade in Jefferson, and the 
others in all parts of the United 
States. One son, William T. Chis- 
well, now living in Washington, 
served in the Confederate army. 
I do not think it will be out of 
place to print the splendid tribute 
written by Mr. Chiswell to one of 
his comrades in arms, the late 
George Albert Lamar, who died at 
the home of his brother. John C. 
Lamar, at Adamstown, on the four- 
teenth day of February, 1922. I 
knew these two brave soldiers all 
my life. They were as <-rue as 
steel. It was my good fortune to 
count them among my most loyal 
aud substantial friends. During the 
Civil War EUerslie, the home of 
Captain Chiswell, (ed many a hun- 
gry confederate soldier, and pro- 
tected them in their raids, as the 
manor woods was directly in the 
rear of the farm, and in the event 
of 'an attack they had a natural 
barrier in the rear through which 
to escape. 

I wish to pay a tribute to an old 
Confederate veteran, Abb Lamar, of 
Adamstown, whom I have known 
s nee boyhood. He was a school, 
mate of mine. As a boy he was noble 
and unselfish; as a man firm and de- 
termined in what he kncv/ to be 
light; as a soldier there was no brav- 
er man who ever li/ed or died. I 

know whereof I speak for we left our 
homes when we were still in our 
teens anj^ joined General Early's 
forces when he passed through Fred- 
erick county and Frederick City, Md , 
and after crossing the Potomac River 
info Virginia we joined Company B., 
White's Battalion. 

I wish to relate a 'ittle war inci- 
dent which occurred shortly after we 
lauded in Loudoun county. There were 
a lot of White's men locared around 
in the county, and we heard In a pri- 
vate way of a company of Federal 
cavalry. 100 strong, near LovettsviUe. 
We and these scattered men of 
White's decided to raid this com- 
pany to capture some horses, so about 
30 of the boys met together one very 
cold night to make the raid, but one 
thing we were not aware of that the 
company had been reinforced that 
day by 500 cavalry. At any rate we 
made the raid and when we were 
within 200 yards of the camp the or- 
der was given to charge. Lamar and 
mvself being in the front rank soon 
reached the camp. We had passed 
some th^ee or four rows of tents be- 
fore we came to a stop. I had al- 
ready secured a n'ce looking horse, 
when suddenly my frend Lamar ca'l- 
ed my name and said he was shot and 
to come take him back. I just turn- 
er] m'- horse loose and started to go 
to his aid, and iust before I got to 
him I saw a so'dier rising from his 
kneps with a gun in his hand to take 
anothpr shot at Lamar, v/hen sudden- 
ly he dropped dead, shot through tlie 
head. I never knew who shot him. 
[ caught Abb's horse bv the bridle an,i 
tu'-ned and started back with him. T 
asked hm ;f he could stav in the sad- 
dle and he said he could. He was 
shot clear through the body. I led 
his horse for 15 miles before we 
reachOf] a safe p'ace to leave him. 

I relnte this to show the gameness 
and will power of the man. I left him 
in the care of a good old farmer and 
doctor nearby and inside of 30 days 
he was back in the company healed of 
hi': -yound. We were in many en- 
gn^emerts after this, where he al- 
ways displaved great gallantry. I of- 
fpr tnis tribute of respect to h's mem- 

No. 1842 California St., N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 


Josiah Thomas was very active 
in this road movement; he was one 
of the real substantial farmers and 
owned a splendid farm, "Manor 
Heights," now owned by Curtis 
W. Thomas, who married Abbie, 
Mr. Thomas's oldest daughter. 
She proved to be a wonderful 
helpmate and they made a great 
success in farming. Mr. Thomas 
had nine children, besides Mrs. 
Thomas named above. Mrs. 
Clinton Thomas, near Brad- 
dock, is a daughter, Cephus M., 
Braddock. and George, Frederick, 
Clarence, Washington. D C. 

Richard Dutrowa large land own- 
er was especially active in this road 
movement, a Southern gentleman 
of the old school, broad minded 
and liberal in his views. He had a 
host of friends and was one among 
the many Frederick Countians, 
who were killed in the collision 
near Point of Rocks. June 12. 
1877. Mr. Dutrow married Lu- 
cretia Lakin in 1849, and left one 
son R. Claude Dutrow who died 
April 18, 19 1 9 Claude was about 
my age and a friend of mine. He 
was active in public affairs, a great 
Democrat, ran once on the Legis- 
lative ticket, but like myself was 
defeated. One of the farms is now 
owned by J. Bowers Myers, the 
other by James H. Hilton. An- 
other promoter in this ro:id move- 
ment was Samuel Dutrow, a very 
thrifty intelligent farmer, who 
owned Red Hill. The farm is now 
owned by Joseph C Thomas Mr. 
Dutrow felt the necessity for bet 
ter roads as it was his custom to 
leave home several times a week 
at a very early hour to reach Fred- 
erick in time for the si.x o'clock 

market. He did, this, during all 
seasons of the year, knew the im- 
portance of good roads. While he 
lived several miles from the Buck- 
eystown road, he was anxious to, 
and did subscribe liberally towards 
building this pike. One of his 
sons, Richard S. J. Dutrow, is a 
popular confectioner in Frederick. 
Samuel Dutrow, another son, is 
living in this County. 

Charles S Simmons, who also 
gave his aid towards building this 
road was one of the leading farm- 
ers on the Manor, he owned 
Springdale, the farm now tenanted 
by J Allen Putman, and owned by 
the M.J Grove Lime Co. Mr. Sim- 
mons was a laige slave holder and 
an enterprising citizen in connec- 
tion with his farm, he bought the 
Delaplaine Mill on the Monocacy, 
and besides grinding flour, he 
probably was the first in the United 
States, to grind limestone to apply 
on the land. He like all the early 
promoters, was laughed at, and it 
was thought ridiculous that lime- 
stone in the raw state was in any 
way beneficial to the land, the 
prejudices against it prevented his 
efforts from being a success. But 
today, ground limestone is highly 
recommended by our Agricultural 
Colleges. Mr. Simmons married 
Elizabeth Miynard. they had eight 
children. Pan. lie, the youngest 
diughter, m irrie J Jo'in DjLash- 
uinett. the popular merchant and 
lived in Buckeystown many years. 
Mrs. DeLashumett is now livingr 
in Biltimore. Mr Simmons was 
intensely Southern in his views. 
The friction existing between those 
who sympathized between the 
North and the South duriiifr the 


Civil War became so intense that 
it led to the building of another 
Methodist church in Buckeystown. 
The land was given by Mr. Sim- 
mons, and the Church was built 
on a part of the Springdale Farm. 
One of Mr. Simmons' slaves, Is- 
rael Timothy, who was an inter- 
esting character, he was the team- 
ster and the roads then would al- 
most become impassable on ac- 
count of the heavy hauling over 
them many times, Israel would 
have troubles on the road, Mr. 
Simmons who was constantly in 
his saddle, overseeing the work, 
would find the team stalled, he 
would inquire the trouble, Israel 
would invariably reply, "Moss 
Charles, Buck (which was his lead 
horse) throwed up here and I 
can't pull out, Buck Throwed up, 
eh!" Give me the whip, was Mr. 
Simmons'reply. Israel, understood 
by that, the whip would be used 
on him instead of Buck. He im- 
mediately used his tongue and ap- 
plied the whip on Buck with such 
vigor, that the stalled team would 
soon pull away. 

Other promoters in this road 
movement were Daniel Baker and 
William G. Baker, father and son, 
the heads of the Baker interests, 
and among the leading business 
men in Maryland. Daniel Baker 
moved to Buckeystown in 1832 
buying the Buckey tannery, from 
which the town derives its name, 
Mr. Baker married Catherine Fin- 
ger. There were four children: 
Sarah, who married Charles F. 
Thomas, and is living in Buckeys- 
town; William G., in Buckeystown; 
Joseph D., living in Frederick, and 
Daniel in Baltimore. One son, 

John, died when about twelve years 
of age. Mr. Baker was engaged 
in the tannery business for a num- 
ber of years, and as the children 
grew to manhood they were asso- 
ciated with him. Mr. Baker gave 
close attention to business and 
was wonderfully successful. The 
Baker interests are certainly the 
largest land owners in Maryland. 
Mr. Baker was a quiet unassum- 
ing gentleman, and always had in 
mind his responsibility as a Chris- 
tian and a father. As a reminder 
to his children, who have been so 
prosperous, he had the following 
beautiful words of alvice placed in 
his office: "My children let not the 
World ever lead You from Your 
Savior." Mr. Baker living on the 
border during the Civil War, a 
man of prominence, and his sympa- 
thies with the South, was watched 
very closely, as this section was 
usually occupied by the Federal 
forces. On one occasion Mr. 
Baker, James T Day. a prominent 
farmer. Mr. D ly's son William 
and Thomas Saman, the two latter 
about sixteen years of age, were 
arrested by the Federal troops, for 
some alleged indignities to a 
U.iited States flag that was hanging 
in front of Mr. .Arthur DeLash- 
mutt's store where Mr Webb Nico- 
demusnowlives. Mr. Bakerand Mr. 
Day were released, but young Day 
and Suman were sent to jail for ten 
days. Mr. Baker was a man of 
force and character, strong-- minded 
and would not be driven against 
his convictions. For this reason, 
he was largely instrumental in 
having the Methodist Protestant 
Church built in Buckeystown in 
1866. This vVa^ a brick church 


which stood where the present Judge Ritchie and Mr. Jarboe were 
handsome stonecliurch now stands, the only two elected on the Uem- 
The first Methodist Church built ocratic ticket. A jollification in 
in Buckeystown was commenced honor of this event was held at | 
about 1835, largely through the Gayfield, a torchlight procession 
efforts of Ignatius Davis, but was with a band heading the proces- 
not completed until 1839. It sion. with delegations from Point 
was a large stone church and of Rocks, Doubs, Adamstown, 
stood nearly opposite the residence Buckeystown, Lime Kiln, and 
of Charles Thomas. After the Feagaville. Feagaville was then 
Methodist Protestant Church was in Buckeystown district. The pro- 
built it gradually lost its member- cession was more than a mile in 
ship, and was sold. It was used length and it was estimated at a 
for a library, but some years ago thousand people, to feed this large 
was torn down. The graveyard gathering was no easy task. Mrs. 
.still stands in the rear of the old Jarboe's father, Mr. Eagle, owned 
Church site but, has not been used more than one hundred slaves, and 
as a i)lace of burial for miny years. up to the time she was married all 
Probably Thomas R. Jarboe. her wants had been provided for 
de.serves more credit in the build- by others The slaves had gotten 
ing of the Buckeystown pike than their freedom, Mrs. Jarboe, made 
any one person. He stuck to the a wonderful success in her house- 
construction and helped to quarry hold duties, a great help to her 
the stone and put them in place, husband, was equal to every occa- 
being interested and a man of sion. Mr. Jarboe always a liberal 
means with push and energy, built provider, furnished the beef, pigs, 
a good road at a moderate cost. Mr. hams, and Mrs. Jarboe, with a 
Jarboe married Lauretta Eagle, bevy of pretty Southern girls, 
daughter of William Eigle, they baked ham biscuits and bread by 
had^one daughter, Margaret, who the barrel, until enough was 
married Charles Rohrback, who is cooked to feed the multitude, and 
living at the old home.stead Gay- then some left over, but the 
field. The mansion and grounds remarkable part of it all, and if 
are the finest on the manor.bcsides. such an occurrence would happen 
Gayfield, Mr Jarboe owned several today, every last one of the best 
other farms. He was well liked citizenship of Frederick County, 
by his neighbors, was popular for would be arrested for violating the 
his ability, and was elected most drastic and obno.xious law 
as Democrat twice in a Republi- that was ever forced upon any peo- 
can County, and proved to be a pie. Mr J irboe. as I stated be- 
most excellent County Commis- fore, a good provider and 
.sioner It may not be out of place since the foundation I might say ot 
to .state right here at the .second the world, a man's house was his 
election when Mr. Jarboe was castle. Now it can be entered by 
elected CountyCommissioner. John a gang of thugs, and you have no 
Ritchie, was elected to Congress, redress. Mr. Jarboe had two bar- 


rels of rye whiskey made at Hor- 
sey's distillery for home use. Mr. 
Jarboe was also an adept on mak- 
ing wine and his cider had a repu- 
tation far and wide. The night of 
this jollification, Horsey's rye whis- 
key was handed to everyone to 
drink all they wanted, wine and 
cider was in abundance every- 
where. Basil DeLashmutt headed 
the procession, he was chief Toast- 
master, John Ritchie delivered 
probably the most stirrng ad- 
dress he ever made, Mr. Jarboe 
followed with a few remarks. The 
enthusiasm was unbonded, there 
was good cheer, but no drunk- 
ards. After the speaking, dancing 
and cards were indulged in by 
those who cared for this amuse- 
ment; all voted it a most joy- 
ous and happy occasion, and 
best of all, there was no viola- 
tion of the law, and no one died 
from the effects of what they ate 
or drank, or did any suicides, hold- 
ups, or murders follow. 

Manasses J. Grove, my father, 
whose soul was filled with gener- 
osity was always interested in the 
public welfare, and did all in his 
power to help build this road. He 
was broad minded and liberal in 
his views and was twice elected to 
the Legislature as a Democrat 
from a Republican County. He 
was very energetic until the day of 
his death. He was founder of the M. 
J. Grove Lime Co., and died at the 
age of eighty-three years. Mr. 
Grove married Susanna Jarboe, 
and they had twelve children; 
eight boys and four girls, seven of 
whom are now living. Willam 
Jarboe and Eugene Ashby at Lime 
Kiln; Edward Dawson and James 

Henry at Frederick, and Bernard 
Lee, Washington, D. C; Carrie 
Estelle, who married J. C. White^ 
is living at Kansas City, Missouri, 
and Laura Regina, who married 
George C. Biser, at Bedford, Pa. 
My father was intensely Southerrt 
in his views, but treated both ar- 
mies with consideration. My 
mother with her slaves cooked for 
them as long as the rations lasted. 
The soldiers appreciated this and 
usually paid for what they got, 
and my father always tried to see 
an officer and have him station a 
guard at his house, as the soldiers 
who were in line or under proper 
command hardly ever gave any 
trouble. It was the stragglers and 
those who fell out of line that 
were very troublesome and caused' 
unnecessary hardship on the peo- 
ple. My mother during the war- 
had to make many sacrifices for 
her children. I might add here 
that my opportunities for an edu- 
cation were very limited, and I prob- 
ably did not go to school during 
my life a year. I never analized a 
sentence nor worked a fraction at 
school. The practical education t 
gained with the assistance of my 
father, I think has been equal to a 
College education. 

Another who gave his ripe ex- 
perience and financial aid toward' 
building this road was William C. 
Trego, a successful iron manufac- 
turer who came here from Balti- 
more to spend the remaining days 
of a busy life amid the beauties and 
quiet of Arcadia. Mr. Trego was 
a gentleman of the old school, one 
who.^e respect and esteem it is a 
distinct pleasure to know I had. 
Mr. Trego was the father of Mrs. 


McKinticx'.and with his grandsons, 
William 11. and Tit\i,^o McKimicy, 
are livin<^ on this plantation. In 
order to add to the charms of this 
old southern homestead, I will . 
give a Ijricf history of some of our 
most distinguished citizens: 

The Keys lived near the Monoc- 
acy, not far from where Mount St. 
Mary's College was afterwards built, 
at a village then called Keysville; 
and, on January 6th, 1806. P'ather 
Dubois, of St. John's Church in 
Frederick and the founder of Mount 
St. Mary's College and its President 
from 1806 to I 826, married Roger 
Brooke Taney, who afterwards be- 
came Chief Justice of the United 
States Supreme Court, to Anna 
Phebe Charlton Key, sister of Fran- 
cis Scott Key, author of the Star 
Spangled Banner, the ceremony 
taking place at tlie Key residence. 
The Chief Justice was, at his own 
request, buried in Frederick in the 
old graveyard in the rear of the old 
Jesuit Noviate alongside of his 
mother who died in 1814. Subse- 
quently in 1902, at the transfer of 
the Noviti.ite from I'rederick to New 
York State, the remains of the Chief 
Justice and his mother were re- 
moved to St. John's Parish Ceme- 
tery, where they sleep in the shadow 
of the "clustered spires of P^red- 

The Brooke family mentioned in 
connection with the Chief Justice 
claimed kindred with "Robert" 
called in Scotland "The Bruce," 
the hero of Bannochburn. They 
used as a motto "Fuimus" and 
Bruceville, now Key mar Junction, 
where the Northern Central con- 
nects with the Western Maryland 
Railroad, about ten miles from 

Mount St. Mary's College is on 
their plantation. Chief Justice 
Taney spent many summers recup- 
erating from his arduous duties at 
Arcadia, owned by Arthur Shoaf, 
and now the home of Mrs. Dr. D. 
v. Mc Kinney. 

Another who gave his help gen- 
erously toward the building of this 
road was George Markell, one of 
the best business men in the 
county, who owned several farms j 
on the Buckeystown Pike, now ' 
owned by his daughter, Mrs. 
Thomas Chapline. | 

The last but not least among 
those who gave substantially to- 
ward this pike was Jacob Lewis, a 
successful farmer, who owned Lo- 
cust Level, and whose soul was 
filled with Southern hospitality, and 
who was a great friend of the South | 
during the Civil War. The farm is 
now owned by his son R. Rush 

There were some other subscri- J 
bers toward building the Buckeys- 
town Pike of small sums, especially 
in Frederick. 

The first ofificers of the Buckeys- 
town Pike Company were Capt. 
Joseph N. Chiswell, President; 
James L. Davis, Secretary and 
Treasurer; Directors: Thomas R. 
Jarboe, John A. H. Cunningham, 
James L. Davis, George Markell 
and Manasses J. Grove. This road 
served its purpose for over forty 
years, and was largely instrumental 
in bringing the national highway 
over this route, which has been 
completed nearly the whole length 
through Carrollton Manor for a 
distance of twelve miles from Fred- 

As a matter of history and for 


posterity's sake; and, as an incent- 
ive to others, it may not be out of 
place to mention here the faithful 
service of John Barber, the toll- 
gate keeper on the pike at Lime 
Kiln, for a period of about forty 
years, and until he was long passed 
eighty years of age. Mr. Barber 
reported that the last person to 
pass through the gate to pay toll 
was J. Fenton Thomas, Jr. The 
first to pass through after the free 
schedule went into effect was Dr. 
Ira J. McCurdy. They both used 
automobiles. The toll-gate was 
thrown open to the public Novem- 
ber 24th, 1 9 16. 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 
always foremost in every progress- 
ive movement was closely identi- 
fied with the building of the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad which 
runs through the heart of Carroll- 
ton Manor. The first station, Lime 
Kiln, about three miles west of 
Frederick Junction was a great 
shipping point for the flour mills 
then all depending on water for 
power. There was a great de- 
mand for flour for foreign ship- 
ment; not only to Europe but in- 
to South America. Flcur was 
shipped direct from here to Rio 
de Janeiro and other points in care 
of some vessel via Baltimore or 
New York. The flour was all 
shipped in strong wooden barrels 
with the heads branded showing 
the kind of flour each barrel con- 
tained. This brand often carried 
with it future sales, and each miller 
guarded his brand very carefully 
as well as the quality of the flour. 
I remember a popular brand here 
was the Monoquacy, the Indian 
nam£ for the river now spelled 

Monocacy. The followmg mills 
delivered their flour here for ship- 

Culler's Mill owned then by 
Philip Culler, Dixon's Mill, by 
William H. Dixon, Phleeger's 
Mill by John Phleeger, Keefer's 
Mill, by Michael Keefer, all located 
on Shoaf or Balhnger Creek. This 
was a small stream of water but 
by the erection of a dam, it afford- 
ed a great amount of power at little 
cost. I remember well the first 
coal burning boiler that was erect- 
ed on this stream in connection 
with water power by Charles 
Floecker at the Keefer Mill, when 
John Phleeger who was operating 
a mill on the same stream said it 
would break his competitor, as 
every exhaust of steam meant a 
cent lost, the amount was small. 
Mr. Phleeger was right. Mr. 
Floecker failed a few years later, 
what seemed to be a strange coin- 
cidence all the mills on this stream 
burned, except the Dixon Mill, 
which fell down a few years ago. 
I remember as a boy going to this 
mill where they had an eel pot 
and caught great numbers in the 
fall of the year, with James W. 
Dixon who was with my father in 
business. He was a son, William 
H. Dixon and served in the Con- 
federate army during the entire 
war; he was a conscientious and 
brave soldier. Mr. Dixon was the 
uncle of Mrs. J. W. L. Carty, Mrs. 
Albert L. Pearre, and Mrs. Charles 
P. Levy Frederick. This water 
power, which was very valu- 
able those days, is allowed now 
to go to waste, we prefer to pay high 
prices for coal and run t'he risk of 
strikes and poor railroad deliveries. 


The mill on the Monocacy owned 
by Doctor Meredith Davis, shipped 
large quantities of flour and had a 
ware house here to store flour at 
that time, the mill was run by my 
grandfather, William Jarboe, who 
lived in a small stone house in the 
lot facing the Monocacy, east ot 
the mill where the old well, which 
was used by the family still stands, 
and is now used by several tenant 
families. The house was torn 
down about twenty years ago. 
The old Cooper sh.p where Con- 
rad Buchheimer made flour bar- 
rels some seventy years ago and 
stood very near the road was torn 
down only a few years ago. My 
grandfather, William Jarboe, mar- 
ried Margaret Shafer, they had 
seven children. Henry who mar- 
ried Evoline Flook moved to In- 
diana about 1840 over land; it 
took him six weeks to make the 
trip, when he reached the Ohio 
River, he went by boat to Cincin- 
nati. He had one-four horse team 
and one ox team. My uncle said the 
oxen though slow, he could always 
depend upon them to help pull 
the horses out a.s there were many 
treacherous places in the road. 
They took a dog with them that got 
separated from them near Cumber- 
land, the dog returned to his old 
home. John Jarboe married Ellen 
Keefer, Thomas married Lauretta 
Eagle. Margaret married William 
Brosius, Susanna married Manas- 
ses J. Grove, the other children died 
when they were young. The mill 
is now owned by Miss Stiner and 
run by Leo Michael, the water 
power here is probably the best on 
the Monocacy. The mill is a large 
one and has always done a big busi- 

ness. Mr. Michael lives in the large 
mansion overlooking the Monocacy 
River, built by Theodore Dela- 
plaine, some sixty years ago. 

Mr. Delaplaine who was active 
and full of energy added up-to-date 
machinery and pushed the Monoc- 
acy mill to its full capacity making 
a good market for the farmer's 
wheat, largely through Mr. Dela- 
plaine's efforts probably the first 
community stone road was built 
in the County, from the mill to 
Buckeystown. The expense was 
small to the County, the farmers 
and others doing a lot of free haul- 
ing and work. ' So interested was 
Mr. Delaplaine when he could 
spare the time he would go on the 
road and help with the work. The 
stone were quarried and broke in 
sizes that they could be broken 
by hand. A small round hammer 
was then used, the breakers would 
sit on a sack of straw and break 
the stone with one hand. Mr. 
Delaplaine lost an eye while break- 
ing stone in this way, a sharp 
stone hitting him in the eye. 

Mr. Delaplaine was a strong 
Union man during the war; at one 
time when the Confederates were 
in control of this section he had in 
the ware house here about one 
thousand barrels of flour for ship- 
ment; the Confederates had blown 
up the railroad bridge crossing the 
Monocacy and no trains were run- 
ning. My father was the railroad 
agent. He opened the ware house 
for the troops, he explained to 
them the conditions. An officer 
at once placed a guard to protect 
the flour; my father stated they 
would bake all the bread they could 
to help feed the army while passing 


u'hich they did. My mother had sev- 
eral good cooks who were her 
slaves, they baked for the soldiers 
night and day, generally shoit take 
without any lard or salt, but it 
was eaten ravishly by the hungry 
soldiers. Not a barrel of this flour 
was taken or destroyed by the sol- 

Mr. Delaplaine married Hannah 
Edmonson; there were three chil- 
dren. Theodoshia, is living near 
Adamstown; Mrs. Dudrow is dead 
as well as his son William T. the 
founder of the Frederick News. I 
would like to pay a tribute to this 
young man who .was called away 
so early in life. To start his busi- 
ness along the lines he had planned, 
meant that he must have financial 
assistance. To my surprise, Mr, 
Delaplaine whom I had known 
from a little boy, I shall never for- 
get him as he appeared before me 
that day, I was helping to select 
the lime as it was drawn from the 
kiln, he called me aside and stated 
frankly his business. What he 
wanted was even a greater surprise 
than his presence. He wanted us 
to buy the Schley Lime Kilns, 
stating that it was necessary to 
make this sale to aid his plans, he 
seemed so in earnest, I promised 
when my father came home I 
would take it up with him and my 
brothers, as we had no idea then, of 
buying the property. After talk- 
ing the matter over, we concluded 
Sunday after we had gone to 
church, we would walk and in this 
way we could look over the prop- 
erty the distance being about five 
miles. After looking the property 
over carefully, we concluded unless 
we could purchase the Hoke Kilns 

adjoining the Schley property, it 
was not desnable to us. We so 
informed Mr. Delaplaine in less 
than ten daj's, he had arranged 
the purchase of both properties, 
worked out all the details, show- 
ing his pluck and energy. He 
then asked us if we wanted any 
stock in his company he was then 
starting; we took the small amount 
of fifty dollars, which we will al- 
ways hold in his memory. Mr. 
Delaplaine made a successful start 
in the business, which is being well 
managed by his four sons. 
Through Mr. Delaplaine's fore- 
sight, we were enabled to increase 
our business. The John Sifford 
Mill on Rocky Fountain also 
shipped from here. The mill was 
run by Charles Millard for many 
years; it has been out of use for 

There were several mills located 
on Bennett's Creek, om.- a Woolen 
mill called Fleecy Dale and the 
Ordeman Mill at Park Mills, which 
also hauled their products here. 
Herman D. Ordeman who owned 
this mill had been a sea captain, as 
a boy it was very interesting for 
me to hear him tell my father his 
experiences on the ocean. He was 
a jovial character and a splendid 
talker. His son, Fred and grand 
children live in Frederick. Mr. 
Ordeman was a Southern sympa- 
thizer and his son, John served in 
the Confederate army. 

On Bennett's Creek, near Park 
Mills, in 1789, Frederick Ameling, 
a German, established a glass works 
and for many years supplied to the 
trade a good quality of glass for 
windows, flint glass, decanters, wine 
glasses, tumblers and all sorts of 


table glass. He called the place 
New Bremen, and is said to have 
done well. lie had a warehouse in 
Frederick City in charge of Abso- 
lom Faw. His agents in Baltimore 
were Thomas & Samuel Hollings- 
worth. Ruins of the old glass 
works can yet be seen. 

The Sumac industry was an im- 
portant one at that time; it was 
gathered, dried and ground and 
shipped in sacks; it was used for 
coloring purposes. Hay and straw 
was hauled loose by the farmer, 
was baled and shipped from here. 

As I remember sixty years ago 
probably half the Manor was in 
wood — all virgin timber, 
*' The shipments from here were 
large, the timber from this sec- 
tion was especially fine, white 
and black oak, walnut and hickory 
and was sent as far as England. 
Large quantities of shingles were 
shipped from here, the black oak 
trees were used for making shin- 
gles. The trees were sawed down 
close to the ground, these were 
sawed off in shingle lenths, then 
they were split in blocks shingle 
size and rived out as near as pos- 
sible to get them the size wanted. 
They were then sawed and shaved 
down to the proper size, then piled 
in sections to dry and cure straight. 
This was all done by hand in the 
woods where houses made of shav- 
ings and spoiled shingles were 
used to build these houses at con- 
venient places in the woods. There 
were a number of men who fol- 
lowed making shingles among them 
was Adam Poole, rather eccen- 
tric, but a splendid shingle maker. 
He lived here in the little one 
room house, where James Ceasor 

died. The boys here played pranks 
on him, so he moved to Buckeys- 
town, there they were even worse. 
It was the rule for Mr. Poole to 
always bring a bundle of shavings 
with him; coming down the tan 
bank someone set his shavings or» 
fire, a.s he was crossing the branch, 
he was pushed off the foot bridge 
in the water to put the fire out. 
The boys after tiiat called him 
Poole in the branch. James Ford 
who lived here in the house oppo- 
site the store, had a large family, 
one of his boys was killed 
by the cars in his attempt to 
run across the track, when 
he saw a train approaching. 
Mr. P'ord was a good shingle 
maker and a hard worker, but he 
had his weakness for liquor, when 
on his periodical drunks, which 
occurred every few months, he 
would become very happy, he 
would give as a reason for his over 
indulgence that he wanted to get 
rid of his cares and drown his sor- 
row, and feel as big as James L. 
Davis, who was the most promi- 
nent man in the neigborhood. 

There were several large ware- 
houses built here as soon as the 
railroad was completed this far. 
This was a great center for the 
railroad construction men, and a 
number of houses were built of 
slabs for their accommodation, and 
the town was called Slabtown. 
Among the railroad men occupy- 
ing these slab houses was the father 
of James C. Clark. Mr. Clark at 
that time was a water boy in the 
employ of the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad. A widow living in the 
best house in town, a«id whose 
name was Baldwin, had a beautiful 


daughter by the name .of Mary. 
James C. Clark fell desperately 
in love with Miss Baldwin and 
pressed his suit, but Mary had 
another lover, James Fulton, also 
employed by the railroad who 
was a foreman and like James 
Clark was a handsome and fine 
looking fellow. Miss Baldwin mar- 
ried James Fulton. They raised a 
large family of children but Mr. 
Fulton never advanced further than 
a track foreman and finally moved 
to Iowa. James C. Clark rose 
rapidly and became President of 
one of the leading railroads in the 
United States. Many other people 
said Mary made a mistake, but .she 
always seemed happy with her 
family. The old house where 
James C. Clark lived has long been 
gone, except for the remaining cat- 
nip, tansey and mint, from which 
it is said the Clark family made 
Cat-nip tea, Tansey Bitters and 
Mint Juleps. 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 
knowing the value of Lime as a 
fertilizer and its use for building 
purposes, had three kilns built 
here by one of the Manor tenants. 

About the time of the Revolu- 
tionary War, lime was hauled from 
here by wagon for many miles, and 
as far as Georgetown and Wash- 
ington, D. C. The lime was burnt 
by wood and for that reason it 
was very superior for building and 
plastering purposes. Michael 

Koozer burnt lime here during the 
war of 1 812; he lived to be a very 
old man and laid down on one of 
the kilns, was overcome bv gas, 
and died. 

Samuel Grinder burnt lime here 
and furnished large quantities for 

building the Capitol at Washing- 
ton. Due to the large amount of 
business done here at that time, 
the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road Company opened an of- 
fice and appointed Job Dix 
Eichelberger its first agent, and 
changed the name of the town 
to Lime Kiln. Mr. Eichelberger 
built and owned the large stone 
house near the station which was 
afterward bought by Judge B, 
Amos Cunningham, who lived 
there a number of years. It is now 
owned by Daniel Baker. Follow- 
ing Mr. Eichelberger, my father, 
Manasses J. Grove, was appointed 
B. & O. agent in i8q8. The .same 
year he built his first Lime Kiln 
here. Soon after this the famous 
John Brown raid was made. I re- 
member as a child seeing the 
troops from Frederick pass on tneir 
way to Harpers Ferry. 

They were under the command 
of John Ritchie, Captain of the 
Junior Defenders who notified Pres- 
ident Buchanan of this insurrection 
and at the same time offered the 
services of his company which was 
accepted. Captain Ritchie with 
some volunteers left immediately 
for Harper's Ferry, leaving the 
train at Berlin, now Brunswick, they 
crossed the bridge to the Virginia 
side of the Potomac and continued 
their march on foot; crossed the 
Shenandoah River and found John 
Brown fortified in the engine house. 
They were among the first troops 
to reach Harper's Ferry. During the 
night. they had aparley with Brown, 
but he would not agree to surren- 
der. The next morning. Colonel 
Robert E. Lee who commanded 
the marines, arrived and the attack 


was made. James H. Gambn'll, 
one of our oldest and most hon- 
ored citizens who was then Hving 
at Arahy told me his brother Hor- 
ace Gainbrill, and I'^rank Clin<jjan 
went as volunteers from his house 
•with Captain Riichic's Compan}'. 
l-5eing anxious about tiiem he had 
prepared a basket of food consist- 
ing of a ham, two chickens, Mary- 
land biscuit and a bottle of whis- 
key. At Monocacy, now hVeder- 
ick Junction, he got on a train that 
•was full of soldiers; he found they 
"were the Marines conmianded by 
Colonel Robert E. Lee, later Gen- 
eral of the Confederate Army. The 
train stcjpped for sometime at 
Sand)' Ho(.)k, the troops were be- 
coming impatient and hun^^^ry. Mr. 
Gambrill with his basket was invi- 
ted into the car containin^r Colonel 
Lee and his staff, where tht- con- 
tents were greatly enjoyed by Col- 
onel Lee and his men. Mr. Gam- 
brill said they were very grateful 
and esj)ecia]ly so for the whiskey. 
When they reached Harpers Fejry, 
Mr, Gambrill .said with his friend 
Kdward Shriver who came up on 
the train from Baltimore they were 
'given a place where they could see 
the fight. Mr. Gambrill said the first 
attack was made by the marines 
who used a long ladder by which 
they forced the large transom over 
door; the ladder was then placed 
against the building. A marine 
ascended as soon as he reached 
the top he was shot. The second 
3narine immediately followed and 
lie was shot. The third reached 
'the top of the ladder and he was 
sliot. The attack then ceased. 
They then secured a heavy skid 
-that was used for transferring hogs- 

heads of molasses and sugar from 
the cars by the railroad Company 
with this as many marines as 
could get hold of the heavy skid 
after several rushes, the strong 
doors and baracades gave way. 
Brown who was an abolitionist, had 
been successful in Kansas, espec- 
ially on the Pottawthotmie Creek in 
committing some of the most hor- 
rible murders, preferred as he 
thought, by his insane sense of duty 
to make a martyr of himself. The 
result was this soon brought on the 
civil warand plunged the country in 
one of the most cruel wars when 
fathei- fought against father, brother 
against brother, and sister against 

The means of getting news was 
then limited. A train had stopped 
at the station, and I heard the con- 
ductor tell my father that the rebels 
had fired on Fort Sumpter. Sam- 
uel Grinder, who was standing near, 
remarked "Now Hell is to play." 
I have never forgotten these words. 

Mr. Grinder lived here a number 
of years. Was one of the Manor 
tenants and married Harriet Null. 
There were eight children. Scott 
is living in Urbana; Joseph, Mar- 
garet and Capitola, in Frederick; 
Mrs. Emma Hackett, Howard 
County. Mr. Grinder and his fam- 
ily were intensely Southern in their 
views, and often had trouble with 
the Union forces. Mr. Grinder 
was arrested twice, and was put in 
prison. He was released oncethrough 
the influence of Captain Cortiff and 
Lieut. Knight, who were in com- 
mand of a small body of troops sta- 
tioned here to guard the warehouses 
and protect the railroad switch from 
being tampered with. These officers 


found the Grinder family an ex- 
tremely hospitable one. Mrs. 
Grinder cooked for the troops, and 
the young ladies, while they showed 
their preference by wearing red 
and white ribbons and singing 
Southern songs, treated the Union 
soldiers courteously. The Grinder 
home always protected the Con- 
federate soldiers from capture when 
it was within their power to do so. 
On one occasion John Orderman, 
who was in the Confederate Army, 
reached his father's home in safety, 
by some means, the Union forces 
learned that he was at home. 
Captain Orderman arranged to get 
John to Mr. Grinder's where he 
remained in the garrett two days. 
Under disguise he boarded a train 
and orot back to his command 
safely. Captain Orderman always 
thanked Mr. Grmder for saving his 
5on from capture. Raids and cav- 
alry skirmish were not unusual. 
On one occasion four Confederate 
cavalrymen who were pressed 
closely disappeared in the woods 
with their horses just back of Mr. 
Grinder's house. The Union cav- 
alry kept on to Frederick. The 
Confederates then came out of the 
woods, and Mr. Grinder gave them 
something to eat and fed their 
horses. They left during the night; 
one of them leaving behind his 
sword, which is now in the posses- 
sion of the Grinder family. 

John Pettingall who lived here 
had two sons. John served in the 
Union Army, and Carleton in the 
Confederate Army. Mr. Pettingall 
was a great Union man. It was 
said during the battle of the Mon- 
ocacy, two brothers fought on op- 
posite sides, one in the Union 

Army, and one in the Confederate 
Army. The Confederate was killed 
during this fight. 

William H. Mossburg married 
Dorcus Keller in December, 1852. 
They had eleven children, the last 
born being triplets; three girls, two 
of whom are living. The children 
living are Florence, in Washington; 
Mary, Annie. Rosie, Emma and 
Charles at Lime Kiln, and Inez at 
Brunswick. Mr. Mossburg was a 
track foreman and moved in Jan- 
uary 1853 into the house he after- 
wards bought from Joseph Wes- 
tendorff; this house is supposed 
to be the oldest in Lime Kiln, 
from the deed which is now 
in the possession of Miss Rosie 
Mossburg. The first deed is from 
Henry Millicent Wearing to Davis 
Richardson under date of 1835. 
The deeds describe the property as 
being on the main road leading 
from Fredericktown to Nolands 
Ferry. It is witnessed by James 
Bartgis and Charles Cole. The 
next deed is from Davis Richard- 
son and Elizabeth Richardson to 
Joseph Stimmel witnessed by Rich- 
ard H. Marshall. The next deed 
is from Joseph Stimmel and Sus- 
anna Stimmel to Joseph Westen- 
dorff under date of September 6, 
1848, witnessed by Christian Thom- 
as and David Thomas. The next 
deed is from Joseph Westendorff 
and Catharina Westendorff to Dor- 
cus Mossburg, under date of Jan 
uary, 1855, witnessed by Jonathan 
Keller. The deeds are all written 
in a plain legible hand. Mr. 
Westendorff then built the corner 
house, which he sold to James 
Fulton. This house now belongs 
to John D. Plummer. Henry 


Stewart built the liouse where ardson. He and his wife lived and 

Jacob Bacr lives lie was a cooper died here, they were both very in- 

by trade and made both Hour and diistrious and after they passed the 

lime barrels. Christian Sauerwine a<^e of ninety years, could be seen 

built the corner house where sitting on their chairs, working the 

Thomas Webster now lives. Wil- garden and picking strawberries. 

Ham I*". Keller lived in this house They sold cakes and beer here in 

and was the first toll gate keeper the early fifties. 
on the Buckeystovvn road. Thomas Norris, colored, in the 

Another very old building which forties made a specialty of growing 
has been repaired several times, is strawberries and early vegetables; 
the stone house built by Job Dix he was very successful, and being 
Eichelberger. This was one of frugal owned property and saved 
the show places of the Manor with some money. Conrad Buchheimer 
its wide porch running the full and his son, familiarly called Billy, 
length of the house, terraced walks were wonderfully^ successful truck- 
and box wood leading down to the ers. The Buchheimers' cante- 
old well, which stood in the center loupes were noted for their un- 
of the yard surrounded by four equalled flavor and sweetness, 
immense moss covered trees with Solomon Scoggins, colored, who 
a network of lovely vines. This lived here all his life, raised a 
old well was filled up some years large family of children, they were 
ago, the yaiil had a circular drive industrious and intelligent. Uncle 
way lined with flowers and sur- Sol, as he was familiarly called, was 
rounded by forest and other trees, a noted coon hunter, and to the day 
These have all fallen by the wood of his death his dog was his con- 
man's axe; among those who lived stant companion, and he was never 
here was Judge B. A. Cunning- happier than when his faithful dog 
ham, Benjamin F. Mofifett, Judge would bark up the tree where there 
Samuel D. Lieb. The property is was a coon or a 'possum. Uncle 
now owned by the Baker interest Sol was especially fond of whiskey 
and has been under tenancy for a and a pint a day was his regular 
number of years. ration; he was never seen drunk, 

Zachariah Shaw sold groceries and was respected by all. 
and liquor here before 1840. His But he always seemed the hap- 

son Charles is now living in Fred- piest when he was singing his fav- 

erick. Mr. Shaw was followed by orite song, which runs something 

Jacob I'unkof the well-known Funk like this: 

family; Mr. Funk also owned and 

1 . ti r'l 1 J Possum meat am good to eat, 

ran a boat on the Chesapeake and you will always find him good and sweet. 

Ohio Canal. My father, M. J. My dog dig bark. I went to see 

Grove, opened a general store here There was a possum up that tree. 

001 1 r 1 I- T I dim s up to pull him in 

m 1858; he also sold liquor. James The possum he begin to grin. 

Ceaser, a .slave, was given the little They took him home and dressed him up, 

log house which stood by the town J^^^ ^""^ '""\""t ^^^^ "*^*^^ '" the frost 

^ T^ • T. • I ^"e way to cook a possum is 

well, by his master, Davis Rich- First par-boil and bake him brown 


Lay sweeten taters in the pan, 
The bestest eaten in the land. 

Chorus — Carve that possum, carve that 
possum children, carve him to the 

A son, William Scoggins, died 
here a few years ago at the age of 
St,- He was honest, industrious 
and accumulated considerable prop- 
erty. His wife, Jane Scoggins, 
who was owned by Jacob Wirts, is 
living here, at the age of 93, 
and is in good health; she is one of 
the few old and honored slaves still 

James Waters and his wife, 
Matilda. Meredith Alexander and 
Caroline Barber. William Merritt 
and his wife Elizabeth. The Goings 
were a large family, all of these 
were once slaves. Some bought 
their freedom, others who had 
proved worthy were given their 
freedom by their masters. They 
all lived to an old age and were 
much respected colored people. 

Among the blacksmiths and 
wheelwrights were Townsend Bar- 
ber, Joseph Welty, William, Lee, 

A. J. Rideout. 

The corner stone of the B. & O. 
was laid by Charles Carroll of Car- 
rollton July 4th, 1828. Mr. Carroll 
was then 90 years old. John H. 

B. Latrobe who built the B. & O. 
Railroad and probably at the sug- 
gestion of or in honor of Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton built the Elli- 
cott Mill Station. The very first 
in America and just beside it 
erected the stone arch bridge the 
pioneer of that style of construc- 
tion in the railroad world. He 
also built the large .stone hotel at 
Ellicotts Mill where all trains 
stopped for meals for many years. 

These old buildings were well con- 
structed; they stand now as a mon- 
ument to the Engineer and also 
show the splendid workmanship of 
the stone masons of these early 
days. It is said it was largely 
through the influence of Charles 
Carroll that the B, & O. Railroad 
passed through the heart of Carroll- 
ton Manor instead of going by way 
of Frederick. Mr. Carroll gave the 
right of way free and practically all 
the grading was done through the 
Manor during 1830 before the 
branch to Frederick was started. 
The Frederick branch was rushed 
through immediately following the 
litigation with the Chesapeake and 
Ohio Canal over the right of way 
along the Potomac River. At 
Point ot Rocks, railroad construc- 
tion was halted for five years dur- 
ing that period passenger and 
freight trains ran as far as Point of 
Rocks and also to Frederick, both 
became great freight and passen- 
gers centers. In 1832 the Rail- 
road commenced to run trains car- 
rying passengers from Frederick to 
Point of Rocks on the following 
schedule. A car leaves the ticket 
ofTfice on Market Street for Point 
of Rocks at 5 ^ A. M. Two cars 
for Point of Rocks at 1 1)^ A. M., 
Stopping at Monocacy, Lime Kiln, 
Buckeystown, Davis' Warehouse, 
and Calico Rock. The cars were 
first pulled by horses, then by 
steam. The old engines were called 
the "Tom Thumb," built by Peter 
Cooper, the first locomotive in 
America. Its first trip was made 
in 1830 from Baltimore to Ellicott 
Mills; the "Atlantic," called the 
"grasshopper," the York and Ara- 
bian, the "Camel Back," a very 


strong entwine was built by 'Ross 
Winans; the first engines weighed 
about five ton and the cars 
cars would haul about the same. 
Now the engines weigh over 200 
tons and a loaded car 75 tons. 
The rails used in building were but 
a strap of iron nailed on long run- 
ners of the best yellow pine. I re- 
member these old rails well, the 
long nails would often draw out 
and cause the strap iron to coil up. 
Then followed the U. Rail, then 
T. Rail. 

At that time there was two j)as- 
senger trains from Frederick to Bal- 
timore, one at twenty minutes past 
nine, another one at 4:30. This 
train also carried mail. All cars 
stopped at EUicott's Mill to break- 
fast and dine at the Patapsco Hotel. 

This was an old tavern built 
many years before the railroad, and 
was popular with the teamsters, the 
travelers and the early settlers. To 
give an idea of the importance of 
this railroad and the advancement 
made m transportation I will give 
two news items taken from the 
Baltimore papers in March, 1831. 
The Baltimore American says: 

"Our country friends who are in 
the habit of employing a driver and 
team of five or six horses in send- 
ing a wagon load of sixteen barrels 
of flour to market at the rate of 
about twenty miles a day, over the 
best turnpike roads will perhaps be 
a little surprised when we inform 
them that on the railroad last week, 
loads of seventy- five barrels of flour 
were repeatedly brought from EUi- 
cott Mills to Baltimore by a single 
horse only. The distance was 
traveled with ease in two hours, 
being at the rate of 6)i miles an 

hour. In a visit to the depot we 
found that Cooper's model locomo- 
tive engine with which it will be 
recollected experim<.nts were made 
last fall, had been in operation for 
some days past under the manage- 
ment of Mr. W. Ward. It has a 
passenger carriage attached to it, 
and works admirably well. In an 
excursion which we made beyond 
the Carroll Viaduct, it carried 
us by accurate measurement at the 
rate of eighteen to twenty miles an 
hour. Another article about the 
same date from the Baltiinore Ga- 
zette says: "Four cars carrying. 
100 barrels of flour were drawi: by 
one horse from EUicott Mills to the 
Relay House, a distance of six 
miles at the rate of seven miles an 
hour. Another horse was then 
substituted which drew the same 
load at equal speed to the depot at 
Pratt street. We are assured by 
several gentlemen who witnessed 
the spectacle that neither horse was 
the least distressed and that there 
is no doubt that either of them 
could have drawn double the load. 
This result is the effect of the almost 
entire annihiliation of friction in the 
machinery of Winans improved 
cars. The demonstration now af-» 
forded on the railroad inconverta- 
bly prove that when steam power 
shall be used the transportation 
upon the railroad will be scarcely 
less economical or efificient than by 
open river navigation if indeed it be' 
any less than by tide water. We 
understand that it is intended to in- 
crease the load of a single horse 
until the amount of horse power 
shall have been practical by exper- 
iment fairly ascertained." 

Charles Carroll of CarroUton- 


when he laid the corner stone July is a most inteUigent and agreeable 

4th, 1828, of the Baltimore and companion. He dines at the table 

Ohio Railroad, said: "I consider with company, drinks his two 

this among the most important acts glasses of champagne and two or 

of my life, second only to that of three more of claret and Madeira, 

signing the Declaration of Inde- Before he retired to bed had family 

pendence, if indeed second to that." prayers as usual at which all the 

Robert Gilmore in his diary servants appeared." 

graphically describes Charles Car- "January 29th, 1827: Nothing 

roll of Carrollton a hundred years material occurred to mark this day. 

ago. Mr. Carroll was then in his After tea, Mrs Meredith, Mrs. 

ninetieth year and lived in Balti- Somerville, Mr. and Mrs. Howard 

more: "At that age he took a and Mr. and Mrs. Hoffman came 

morning ride daily of five miles on to spend the evening with us. We 

h'orse back; he was a most agree- gave a supper of pheasants, canvas 

able companion, he drank cham- back ducks, partridges and terrapin, 

pagne, claret and Madeira when he with Madeira, champagne, whiskey 

dines, and as was his custom be- punch and Curacoa. The evening 

fore retiring. He had family pray- was a very jovial and lively one." 

• ers at which all the servants ap- This dinner certainly shouldbe an 
peared." Mr. Carroll, who was a incentive for us to partake of some 
large slave holder, it is stated was of the luxuries so generously pro- 
anxious to own one thousand slaves, vided for us by Divine Provi- 
but never reached more than nine dence. 

hundred and ninety-nine. He was The Methodist Protestant Church 

truly one of the nations most distin- at Lime Kiln, was built in 1888; 

guished citizens, the first man to the first pastor was Rev. J. M. Sher- 

sign the Declaration of Independ- idan; the present pastor is Rev. J. 

ence and the last to die of those W. Kirk. 

who signed it. The following is The school house was built in 

taken from Mr. Gilmore's diary 1899 largely through the efforts of 

4Jnder date of "January 28, 1827: Charles H. Mosburg who married 

After tea at home I went to see old Rosa Kiser; they had sixteen chil- 

Mr. Carroll, the last survivor of the dren; there was no race suicide in 

signers of the Declaration of Inde- this family; they are a wonderfully 

pendence, now in his ninetieth year, preserved couple. The first teacher 

He shook me cordialiy by the hand was Cora Hargett, followed by Ber- 

♦and told me he had rode in the tha Weiner, P^dna Neighbors, Rosa 
morning five miles on horseback, Wachter, Cora Duvall, Hattie Bell, 
which "was his daily ride, on the Morris DeLaughter, Granville Mich- 
Havre de Grace turnpike, and that ael, Blanche Dosh, Margaret Drone- 
his horse knew the distance so well burg, Mamie Keller,CharlotteMoh- 
from habit that without guiding ler, Elizabeth Michael and P^dna 
him, he always turned at the fifth Roelkey. 

milestone. The old gentleman re- May 17,1915, Lime Kiln loomed 

tains his spirits and animation and up through the United States when 


Miss Clara May McAbce was se- 
lected as the prettiest i^irl in Mary- 
land, and was (,nven a trip to Cali- 
fornia wiiere she entered the nation 
wide beauty contest, and there came 
out .second after a close contest. 

In a letter written May i8th, 
191 5, by William J. Grove to the 
Baltimore News, he says: "The 
beauty contest put the little village 
of Lime Kiln, Frederick County, 
on the map, nestled as it is on his- 
toric ground, Carroliton Manor, 
once owned by Charles Carroll, 
the signer of the Declaration of 
Independence. Why should not 
this beautiful girl win out, sur- 
rounded by the beauties of this old 
liistoric manor and softened by 
the souhtern breezes from the 
Potomac?" S. C. Malone, The 
Leading Fine Art Fngraver 
of America says of Miss McAbee, 
"I am frank to admit as an artist of 
international reputation that she is 
indeed very beautiful in every sense 
of the word. It seems as if 
Mother Nature has enveloped her 
in all the poetic panorama that has 
made the natural .Scenery of Fred- 
erick County famous." 

Honors were heaped upon Miss 
McAbee; one concern offered here, 
free of charge, a traveling gown to 
be worn on her trip to the San 
Francisco Exposition. Newspapers 
all over the country sent requests 
for copies of her photograph. 

The poet, Laureate Geddes was 
inspired by the victory of Miss 
McAbee in the following burst of 

Maryland's most beautiful girl; 

Twin stars seem thine eyes, Love in them 

God had created a maiden divine; 
Angehc grace, with the sweetest face 

Maketh a picture more tempting than 


Clara, Adieu! Good time to you! 

From "Maryland, My Maryland," speed 

thee away — 
To where great throngs wait at "Golden 

To California's matchless display. 

Be ever true, we beg of you — 

And if dark shadows around thee should 

We'll grasp thy hand in old Maryland, 
And comfort and hail thee the loveliest 

of all. 

The next point opened by the 
railroad as a station was Buckeys- 
town about a mile from the vil- 
lage and surrounded by the Manor 
woods. The first agent was John 
Hosselbock, son of the wealthy 
farmer previously mentioned. Wil- 
liam R. Suman followed Mr. Hos- 
selbock and was the efficient agent 
for many years, Mr. Suman mar- 
ried Harriet Cromwell, they had 
ten children. The town of Buck- 
eystown is probably the oldest 
town in the County, as Buckeys- 
town district is the oldest district 
in the County, being enumerated 
as number one. This is probably 
accounted for by its being part of 
Carroliton Manor on the old trail 
between Virginia and Pennsylva- 
nia. And later was the United 
States road over which Braddock 
marched to his famous defeat, 
which at that time was the great 
thoroughfare between the North 
and the South. The road built by 
Charles Carroll between Dougho- 
regan Manor and Carroliton Man- 
or, made two important highways 
cross each other at this point, 
one running north and south, and 
the other east and west. The 
early settlers took advantage of 
the cross roads to establish some 


kind of business in fact the old 
Baltimore road leading up to 
Davis' Mill and the west, through 
Buckeystown was built long be- 
fore the public road betvVeen Bal- 
timore and Frederick, which was 
built about 1 760. Charles Carroll 
brought the first settlers to Carroll- 
ton Manor in i 750 and Charles Car- 
roll himself moved to CarroUton 
Manor in 1764, which points to 
the fact that Buckeystown was one 
of the first settlements in the Mo- 
nocacy Valley. 

A stone tavern was built here 
long before the Revolutionary War, 
and as an evidence of the good 
mason work done at that time, the 
old tavern is standing without a ' 
defect in any of the walls. The 
basement had an arch built suffi- 
ciently large for a vehicle to go in. 
The old tavern has been used for 
many years as a dwelling. We find 
an advertisement under date of the 
year 1816, calling attention to 
Nicholas Turbutts Tavern in Buck- 
eystown. "His liquors shall be 
good, his table furnished with the 
choice of the market with a place 
for carriages, a wagon yard and a 
good lot for Droves of any kind." 
The taverns then were known by uni- 
que signs such as the "Blue Ball," 
"Sheaf of Wheat," "The Plow." 
They all advertised "A. good table 
the best wine and liquor served." 
Liquor was usually part of the 
meal. Mr. Turbutt must have 
been a man of prominence as I find 
his name often mentioned besides 
being a membej' of the Legislature, 
several sessions he was also a 
judge of the Orphans' Court. 

The stone house where A. W. 
Nicodemus lives was the second 

hotel built in Buckeystown, prob- 
ably before the Revolutionary war, 
and was also used as a store. The 
work shows remarkable skill in 
stone masonry; the stone store di- 
rectly opposite where Herbert 
Grimes keeps, was built about the 
same time the hotel was built 

Buckeystown at that time was the 
centre for the sporting gentry, 
where horse racing, chicken fight- 
ing and card playing flourished. 
It was also the center of consider- 
able business activity. Two well 
kept taverns, two stores, two har- 
ness makers ahops, two blacksmiths, 
two wheelwrights, two butchers, a 
cooper shop, a tailor, two shoe- 
makers, two physicians, a tannery 
and other industries. 

The town was named for George 
and Michael Buckey, who estab- 
lished a tannery here in 1775, the 
tannery remained in the family un- 
til 1834, when it was sold to Dan- 
iel Baker, The site of the old 
tannery is now occupied by the 
brick and tile plant of the Baker 

Among the older residents, we 
find the name of Ignatius Davis, 
who was closely associated with 
the early history of Buckeystown. 
Mr. Davis was elected to the Leg- 
islature in 18 1 2, 1 8 17, 1820, and 
to the Orphans' Court in 18 13 and 
181 5. Among Mr. Davis' sixteen 
children four of his sons, James L., 
Doctor Meredith ,Thomas and John, 
became very active and prominent 
men in affairs. Mr. Davis' plantation 
bordered on the Monocacy for a dis- 
tance of about four miles, he had 
two brick houses on this land, both 
facing the Monocacy. The view 
was a pretty one, overlooking the 


gor<^e, the wooded hills and the 
mill dam. • These houses being 
back from the main road, Mr. 
Davis built the mansion, Mt. Hope, 
where he lived until his death. Mr. 
Davis was buried in one of the 
burial grounds on the plantation, 
he had separate graveyards for the 
white and colored. Mr. Davis 
owned many slaves and was a large 
tobacco grower. 

At that time what was known as 
the old Monocacy road leading 
from Davis' mill passed by these 
houses, it continued up the Monoc- 
acy to an old house where Elias 
Cumbash, a colored man lived, and 
where the tenant house of Dean 
Zeiler now stands Then below 
the old house of Job Dix Eichel- 
berger, where Thomas R. Jarboe 
first lived when he moved to the 
Manor. Then on directly in front 
of the house where Michael Morn- 
ingstar lived the road continued on 
up the Monocacy, passing the 
house where Enoch Louis Lowe 
was born, August loth, 1820, at 
the "Hermitage," a beautiful es- 
tate of 1 ,000 acres on the Monocacy 
adjoining Carrollton Manor. This 
is another lost road which used to 
reach all these old plantations. 
There were many dilapidated out 
buildings surrounding these homes 
as all the early settlers, especially 
farmers, were slaveholders and 
buildings had to be erected for 
their care. These old houses have 
all disappeared. This part of the 
country was a .slaveholding section. 
While much has been said about 
the hardships of the slaves, there 
was a deep affection existing be- 
tween slave and master, especially 
was this the case with the older 

ones; every confidence was placed 
in them and the tender affection 
they displayed to children in their 
care was wonderful. I can say my 
own mother often allowed her 
children to drink from the breast 
of one of the colored mamies who 
fondled and loved these little ones 
dearly. It was not unusual that 
some respected colored slave was 
buried beside their master. I will 
mention one, Easter Houston, who 
was owned by William Eagle, she 
was given to his daughter, Lau- 
retta, the wife of Thomas R. Jarboe, 
who is buried by their side in Mt. 
Olivet Cemetery. 

Judge Henjamin A. Cunningham 
married Miss Hosselboch, had three 
children, John, Mary and Arm- 
strong. Judge Cunningham was 
a merchant at Buckeystown before 
he was elected j udge of the Orphans' 
Court, he then lived in the large 
stone house built by Job Dix Eich- 
elberger. Grafton Duvall succeed- 
ed Judge Cunningham. Mr. Duvall 
was a merchant at Buckeystown 
for some years. He died in 1868; 
his son, Samuel G., is a popular 
banker in Frederick. Arthur De- 
Lashmutt married Sallie Michael, 
they had six children, Ann, Daniel^ 
Margaret, John, Edward and Janie 
DeLashmutt. Mr. DeLashmutt 
was an auctioneer, he was a great 
Union man and lived in Buckeys- 
town many years. 

John William, known as Jack 
Brosius, married Margaret Jarboe, 
had four children. John is living 
in Baltimore, Charles in Montgom- 
ery County, Alonza and Margaret 
are dead. Mr. Brosius was a 
butcher and a harness maker and 
lived and kept his shop where A. 


A. Webh Nicodemus, Jr., lives. 
Mr. Brosius was killed by his horse 
falling on him. A young man 
gave a sudden side pull of the tail 
and threw the horse. Conrad Buch- 
heimer, a cooper, married Elizabeth 
Brengle, they had seven children. 
Emma married Arch Mossburg, 
and is living in Buckeystown; Cath- 
erine and Caroline in Frederick. 
William, the noted cantaloupe 
raiser and trucker, who lived in 
Lime Kiln, is dead. William 
Kreig married Mary Martell, they 
had twelve children, Catherine, 
Elizabeth, and Ella live in Buck- 
eystown, Jesse at Adam.stown, 
John in Ohio, Malinda, Bethesda, 
Mollie and Louisa at Martinsburg. 
Mr. Kreig was a wheelwright. 

Charles Lerch married Elizabeth 
Martell. They had three children. 
Mary and Malinda are living in 
Buckeystown, and Charles is dead. 
Mr. Ltrch was a shoemaker. 

Robert Fowler was probably 
the oldest man in Buckeystown. 
His occupation was firing tobacco. 

Nace Whitter was a saddler. 
He was married twice and had six 
children. Although a Union man, 
his son George joined the Confed- 
erate Army and was killed in the 
early part of the war. One of his 
daughters married Amos Wellen 
who served in the Union Army. 

Dr. Mead and Dr. Bushrod 
Poole were physicans. 

Albert Grimes who was a lime 
burner lived to a very old age. 

Miss Lizzie Heater, the oldest 
resident of Buckeystown, is eighty- 
six, lives alone and does her own 

Jonathan Keller married Jane 
Springer. They had nine sons and 

one daughter; Thomas Springer, 
Howard, George, William, John, 
Otho, Franklin, CharLs, Edward 
and Annie, Mr. Keller was a tailor. 

The following names taken from 
the books of Jonathon Keller for 
work done during the years 1839 
and 1840, giyen me by his son^ 
Edward L. Keller, will be of in- 

Henry Nyman, John Ringer, 
Charles M. Peny, Joseph C. West, 
James L. Davis, Jacob Schetchter, 
Peter Thomas, Dr. E. L. Boteler, 
Samuel Schaeffer, Robert Fowler, 
David Gilbert, Samuel Horine, 
Jacob C. Keplinger, Thomas Nic- 
odemus, Peter Zittle, Septimas 
Stephens, Nimrod Garretson, 
George Nykirk, John F. Hei.ster, 
Frederick Wagner, John Patter- 
son, Jacob Kesler, William Wen- 
rich, John Kesler, Frederick Kro- 
mer, John A. H. Cunningham, 
William Richardson, Adam Schaef- 
fer, Joseph N. Chiswcll, Dr. R. H. 
Thompson, James T Day, David 
T. Jones, Dr. Bushrod Poole, 
Henry A. Funk, Jacob Crist, Wil- 
liam Funk, Daniel Baker, George 
Blessing, A. L. and J. VV. Condry, 
David Thomas, Arthur DeLash- 
mut, William Kreig and George 
W. Padgett. 

Otho J. Keller owned Rocky 
Fountein, where he burned lime 
many years and was very success- 
ful. He was the founder of the 
Otho J. Keller Lime Co. Mr. 
Keller married Margaret Barnett 
They had seven children; Lillie, 
Mattie, William O. , John, Otho, 
Bertha, one died in infancy. 

Buckeystown boasted of having 
two brass bands; one just before the 
Civil War, the Director of which 


was Prof Hurley from Clarksburg, 
and the Icaelcr Richard Siniiiions. 
The other members of this band 
we^e: John A. H. Cuningham, 
William Kreig. Charles Wcllen, 
Lewis Bacr, Benjamin F. Funk, 
Alonza Grinder, Thomas Suman, 
Samuel Suman, J. L\nn Davis, 
Eldridge Cromwell, Armstrong 
Cunningham, John H. Kessler, V. 
Granville Thomas, J. Fenton 
Thomas, William T Chisvvell. 
Sometime after the Civil War an- 
other band was organized. Prof. 
George F>dward Smith was the 
Director, and the other members 
were: Jesse Krcig. Leader, John 
Kreig, Claude Dutrow, George 
Thomas, Robert E. Kanode, Clay- 
ton E. Cutsail, Charles Cutsail, 
Cornelius Dutrow, Richard R 
Day, PLdward Keller, Daniel Wil- 
liard, Clint Williard, Charles Cla- 
baugh, Lewis Clabaugh. William 
•Clabaugh, William Dutrow and 
Edward Suman. They made a 
fine showing with their uniforms 
and band wagon, and dispensed 
music for political and other occa- 
sions. bands were very 
much in evidence m those days. 

Buckeystown also had a .string 
band about 1870, the members 
were: John W. Condry. violin; 
George T. Trundle, second violin; 
Daniel T. Padgett, third violin; 
William Suman, bass violin; Mel- 
ville Cromwell, guitar; Thomas 
Suman, lead horn; Professor Story, 
clarinet and teacher. 

The following is a certificate of 
■my grandfather under, date of De- 
cember II, 1830: "I hereby cer- 
tify that I purchased one of George 
Hofifman's patent wheat fans, and 
on trial found it to exceed any I 

ever saw in operation; and I, there- 
fore, do not hesitate to recommend 
it to farmers generally." (Signed) 
Wm. Jarboe. 

In 1830 George Snouffer. James 
Simmons, David Richardson and 
John Hosselbock recommended 
Gideon Davis' improved plough 
and the same was on sale at the 
store of B. A. Cunningham, Buck- 
eystown. Whiskey was advertised 
at twenty-eight and thirty cents per 
gallon, and champagne and brandy 
as a medicine was advertised for 
sale. Distilleries for the manufac- 
ture and sale of whiskey seemed, 
according to the advertisements, to 
be in evidence everywhere — like 
moonshine is now. Public sales 
were numerous and negroes were 
sold at most every sale. On Dec. 
22, 1830, George Kephart offered 
for sale 30,000 feet of yellow pine 
at Noland's Ferry. Wm. Eagle, 
Noland's Ferry has an a.stray no- 
tice for a red roan horse found. 
Lotteries were advertised for the 
construction of all kmds of public 
conveniences. In 1830 the Balti- 
more market was: Flour, per bbl. 
$5 00; corn meal, per hundred 
weight, ^3.00; wheat, per bushel, 
$1.20; corn, 70c.; clover seed, 
$4.75; Maryland tobacco 5c. to 7c, 
per lb.: bacon, 7c. to 8c.; sugar, 
7c.; coffee, I2C.; molasses per gal., 
37i^c. and apple brandy 37c. 

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal 
gave way at the 23rd section oil 
Thursday last, June 15, 1 831, and 
has been entirely useless since. 
There are above the breach mor.c 
than 3,000 bbls. flour for the Balti- 
more market. 

Buckeystown District meeting of 
the National Republicans was held 


Saturday, June 4th, 1831, at Peter 
Sticher's Tavern. Major James 
Simmons, chairman; George Kess 
ler, assistant chairman; WiUiam 
Murphey, secretary; David Ruckey, 
assistant secretary. At the meet- 
ing it was resolved that Captain 
Daniel Duvall, Samuel Thomas, 
Jr., Jacob Lambert, Capt. George 
Kephart, Lewis Kemp, Geo. Hos- 
selbock, James a Johnson, Joseph 
L. Smith, Dr. James W. Pryor, 
Henry Kemp, Capt. Otho Thomas, 
Samuel Jarboe, Elisha Howard, 
Conrad Dudderow, Joseph A. 
Johnson, Z T. Windsor, Alexander 
H. Brown, John F. Simmon.-i, Dan- 
iel J. Krammer, William Grafif and 
P. S. McElfresh be a committee to 
represent this district in the Gen- 
eral Committee to beheld at Fred- 
erick on the iith inst. Resolved 
that the following persons, William 
Murdoch, Samuel Thomas, Jr., 
Joseph A. Johnson, David Ruckey 
and Dr. Jonathan Munro, be ap- 
pointed a committee of correspon- 
dence with power to confer with 
the Central or District Committee 
and to call future meetings if nec- 

The judges of election in 1831, 
Backeystown, were John Hossel- 
bock, Otho Thomas, Peter Brown, 
The vote was National Republicans 
210, Jackson 1 76. Constables Pe- 
ter Sticher, James Stephens, John 
Carey, Addison White, F. J. Kram- 
mer, George W. Windsor, David 

Dudderow, Arthur Delashmutt and 
George Stone. 

Advertised underCdatc of M ay 2 

i'83i, proposals will be received 
for laying a single track of wooden 
rails on the 5th Division,extending 
from Monocacy River to the Point 

of Rocks, a distance of about eleven 
miles and for laying a single track 
of wooden rails upon the lateral 
road to Frederick City, a distance 
of about three and a half miles. 
Jacob Small, Supt. of Construction 
of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
Company; then spoken of as the 
'.'Great Railroad." 

The next shipping point on Car- 
rol ton Manor was Davis' Ware- 
hcuse, so called for the reason that 
Dr. Meredith Davis, the owner of 
Greenfield Mills on the Monocacy, 
built this warehouse to store his 
flour. Dr. Davis was the first B. 
& O. agent, and at that time there 
was no other building at this point. 

Dr. Davis never married. Be- 
sides being a large land owner he 
was the leadingmillcrinthecounty, 
and had the confidence of the farm- 
«rs and the pubUc generally. At 
that time banks were not so num- 
erous, and it was the custom to 
keep your money at home or in 
the hands of the millers or busi- 
ness men, and when you wanted to 
borrow you generally called on 
those parties to make you a loan. 
In this way large sums of money 
would lead to speculation or deals 
that would not be profitable. Dr. 
Davis was unfortunate. He failed 
and many farmers were practically 
ruined by his failure, including his 
brother, James L. Davis, who 
lo St heavily. Davis Warehouse con- 
tinued as the railroad name until 
1840 when Adam Kohlcnburg 
went there to live, and about the 
same time he was appointed sta- 
tion agent, and the name was 
changed to Adamstown. It is a 
most remarkable fact that during 
this period of over eighty years 


father and son have bcrn the only- 
agents. George T. Kohlenbiirg 
holds the great record of fifty- two 
years service, having been appoint- 
ed agent at Adamstown in 1869. 
Mr. Kohlenburg is stiil young in 
his business capacity, attentive, 
obliging and a true gentleman 
of the Southland. May he 
be spared to us many more 
years. During the Civil War 
this town was often ■ raided 
and Cavalry Skirmishes were not 
unusual. One of the earliest in- 
dustries was the shipment of Lo- 
cust for ship building from this 
point to England. Thomas Sinn 
secured a tract of Locust land near 
Park Mills, and there was also 
considerable Locust on the Manor 
farms. The Locust was of good 
quality and attracted the attention of 
ship builders on its arrival in Eng- 
land, and they sent over four ex- 
perts with machinery from Eng- 
land to work out the Locust in the 
size and shapes wanted. Some were 
called pins, and they were worked 
out about four inches square and 
about four feet long. Then others 
were worked out in the shape of a 
knee. They were called knees, 
and others in the shape of a boot, 
which were called boots. Jacob 
Baer who lived on the Eagle Farm 
assisted in making and loading on 
the cars the finished Locust. His 
son, Jacob F. l^aer, is still livng 
at Lime Kiln. 

Another industry started by the 
railroad found its way to Davis' 
Warehouse for shipment was that 
of peeled bark. Thomas Burl e wa.s 
very largely engaged in this busi- 

The Three Spring.^ furnished 

power for another mill owned by 
William Eagle, who owned about 
eighteen hundred acre.s of land 
and about one hundred negro 
slaves. It will be seen that all the 
water power \vas taken advantage 
of at that time. Mr. Eagle was 
the grandfather of Mrs. Charles 
Rohrback. The previous mention 
of Mr. Sinn -would not be com- 
plete without stating that Mr. Sinn 
owned and built the modern man- 
sion where William H. Hersperger 
now lives, and which is now one ot 
the show places on Carrollton 
Manor. The farm is now owned 
by the Baker interests. Mr. Sinn 
was also a slave dealer when they 
were sold on the block to the 
highest bidder. 

The first settler at Adamstown 
was Robert Palmer, a respectable 
colored man; he was a post and 
railer and in connection with set- 
ting up fence, ran a general store. 
David Rhodes came down from 
Pennsylvania and was impressed 
with the location, bought a tract 
of land and laid it off in building 
lots on the south side of the Rail- 
road about 1840. A few years 
later Edward Hebb laid off lots on 
the north side of the railroad. 

The Reformed Church was built 
in 1869, Rev. W. F. Colliflower. 
the first pastor, served for eight 
years. He was succeeded by Rev, 
Simon S. Miller, who was the pas- 
tor for eight years. Rev. Miller is 
living in Frederick at the advanced 
age of 82. The Episcopal Church 
was built in 1882. Rev. Dr. Ba- 
con was the first pastor, and Rev. 
Barker Turner is the present pastor. 
C. E. Poole & Son, and R. K. Wach- 
ter are the merchants at present. 


John Chisolm Osburn married 
Margaret Reid, was a very 
early settler and successful farmer, 
and lived on the farm where 
Thomas Thomas lived for many 
years; the farm is now owned by 
William H. Renn, who is one of 
Adamstown most active business 
men. Mr. Renn is also postmas- 
ter, president of the bank, a whole- 
sale and retail dealer in farmers 
supplies. He is also extensively en- 
gaged in farming^ and dairying. 

Gabriel Whitter, was the first 
blacksmith and settled here in 
183S His son John C. succeeded 
him and is still keeping tune with 
the old anvil. John is one of the 
old land marks, has a jovial dispo- 
sition and is liked by everyone. 
Jesse Krieg is the skilled wheel- 
wright, following in the footsteps 
of hid father. 

Adam Kohlenberg was the first 
merchant and kept store on the 
west side of the railroad where E. 
R Plummer is now merchandis- 
ing. Curtis Crown was the first 
merchant in the brick store on the 
east side of the railroad, where 
"VVilliam H. i<enn has his hard- 
ware store. Mr. Crown had three 
brothers in the Confederate army, 
Joshua, John and Frederick. Both 
Mr. Kohlenburg and Mr. Crown 
lost heavily by raids during the 
civil war. On one of these raids 
the entire stock of Mr. Kohlenburg 
was taken. The Adamstown bank 
was established in 1917. 

The Thomas family is so numer- 
ous that I could not attempt to 
give a separate list of the families, 
but they stand first among the real 
substantial citizens of Carrollton 
Manor. Doctor Jacob D. Thomas 

was the first physician at Adams- 
town; he married Anna Maria 
Wolf, they had five children. One 
of his daughters, Mrs. R. R. Day, 
lives in Adamstown. Doctor 
William H. Johnson married 
Laura Brashear. Dr. Johnson was 
a grandson of Major Roger John- 
son of Revolutionary fame and 
grand nephew of Governor Thomas 
Johnson. Doctor Johnson served 
in the Confederate army during the 
whole period of the war and was 
very successful as a physician. 
His son, Thomas, was associated 
with him at Adamstown. Dr. Tom 
Johnson, as he is familiarly called, 
is the leading surgeon in Western 
Maryland. The other children are 
William H. and Mrs. Moffet, 
Washington, and Louise, Freder- 

George A. Bready, one of the 
early settlers and leading citizens 
of Carrollton Manor owned the 
farm near Adamstown where Wil- 
liam H. Renn now lives. Mr. 
BVeady married Annie Butler, they 
had thirteen children, eleven boys 
and two girls. Large families were 
then looked upon with favor and 
honor. Of this large family, only 
three are now living, Calvin and 
Luther at Adamstown, Tobias, 
Frederick. Two of Mr. Bready's 
sons, Calvin and Edward served 
with credit through the entire war 
in the Confederate army. Calvin 
was wojnded four times. 

Thomas N. Harwood was one 
ot the largest land owners and 
most successful farmers on Car- 
rollton Manor. Mr. Harwood 
married Emma Plummer, they had 
four children, Henrietta^ who mar- 
ried George Mohler is living near 


Harper's Ferry. Clinton near Ad- 
anistown, Mr. Harwood's son 
Thomas, served gallantly through 
tlic Civil War in the Confederate 
army. Mr. Harwood's second 
wife was Jane Clajftrctt, one 
dau<j;hter, Noble, lives in Wash- 
inj^'ton. Mr. Haiwood owned the 
farm now tenanted by his grand- 
son, Thomas N. Mohler, which 
included all the land c.n the n.>rth 
side of the public road. Mr. Har- 
wood built the brick storehouse, 
so long occupied by Robert H. 
Padgett in Adanistown. Mr. Har- 
wood also owned the City Hotel 
in Frederick; he was recognized as 
a good business man and fond of 

Osburn Beck was one of the 
earliest settlers at Adamstown; he 
was a carpenter by trade. He built 
most of the subs'iantial houses and 
barns on Carrollton Manor, as 
well as the upper end of Montgom- 
ery County. Mr. Beck married 
Ann Rebecca Gill; they had five 
children. Mrs. Ida Dudrovv. Fan- 
nie and Gertrude live at Adams- 
town. Piercein New York. Edward 
Hebb who owned the Jacob Cline 
farm, was a great character who 
took a particular fancy to raising 
fine stock and always bragged on 
having tlie best team of horses in 
the neighborhood. He was in- 
tensely Southern in his views, he 
owned a large number of slaves, 
and married Oliva Johnson, they 
had two children. 

'Ihc Ihomas family forms so 
large a part of the earl> history of 
Carrollton Manor, that I am com- 
pelled, on account of space, to 
give only a brief account of this 
large family; who, by their indus- 

try and thrift, have prospered 
and left a splendid name and re- 
cord for posterity. These pioneers 
were among the very first set- 
tlers of Carrollton Manor. About 
1 7 SO three brothers emigraj:ed 
here from Germany; John. Peter 
and Valentine. John was born in 
1 73 I and settled on the old home- 
-stcad near Adamstown. His de- 
scendants still hold the land. John 
had four children, among whom 
was Henry Thomas of J., born Oct. 
iS, 1765 on the old homestead. 
His whole life was spent in clear- 
ing the timber and cultivating the 
lanrl. Mr. Thomas married No- 
vember 22, 1790 Ann Margaret 
Ramsburg. They had five chil- 
dren. Their .son, George Thomas 
of H., was born May 3, 1798 and 
lived on the old homestead during 
his entire life, and by his industry 
and frugality acquired several other 
farms. He was a self-made man 
and took up at home the study of 
mathematics, and was recognized 
as an expert surveyor, all of which 
he taught himself through persever- 
ance and practice. Mr Tliomas 
married March 15. 1827. Rebecca 
Rogan. They had two children. 
Mrs. Thomas died Jan. 29th, 1829. 
On May 30th, 1830 Mr. Thomas 
married Ann Mary Thomas, and 
they had three children. Mrs. 
Thomas died April 23, 1836 Mr. 
Thomas married his third wife 
Julia Ann Hargett, and they had 
nine children, two of whom died in 
infancy. who lived proved 
to be remarkably successful and 
useful citizens. They were Charles, 
Zachariah, John, Franklin, Cephas 
M., Stephen A., all of whom are 
now dead and Samuel C, who is 


living at Adamstown, and Curtis 
W. , near Adamstown. George 
Thomas of H., built the substantial 
brick mansion on the old home- 
stead before the Ci\ il War, and it 
stands as a model of convenience 
and construction under the original 
plans of Mr. Thomas 1 find that 
George Thomas acted as one of 
the judges at the ploughing match 
held by the Cattle Show and Fair 
under date of May 26th and 27th, 
1825. Mr. Thorn is was also 
awarded the first premium for a 
cow he had on exhibition at this 
fair. Mr. Thomas was greatly in- 
terested in the raising of fine stock. 
William H. Thomas, was born 
September 24, 181 i. He resided 
near St. Joseph Church, wa^ a 
large and successful farmer, he 
owned a number of slaves. Mr. 
Thomas was the son of George 
Thomas, oneof theearly pioneers of 
CarroUton Manor. Mr.Thomasmar- 
ried Mary Harding, they had four 
childcn, Charles living at Buck- 
eystrwn, Franklin, Sarah and 
Annie are dead. Mr. Thomas was 
killled by a shell picked up off the 
battlefield, the cap had been re- 
moved and it was placed in the 
blacksmith shop and was exploded 
by a spark from the anvil. Among 
Mr. Thomas' slaves whose descen- 
dants live in the neighborhood 
were Elias Merritt, Dennis Gray, 
John Williams. Colonel John B. 
Thomas, who owned a fine farm on 
CarroUton Manor and built the 
palatial mansion. He was a prom- 
inent citizen, was elected to the 
House of Delegates, and was a 
member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1867. He also served 
as a magistrate, was a great South- 

ern sympathizer. His son, Frank 
served in the Confederate army. 
Mr. Thomas married Charlotte 
Thomas, they had six children, 
John B., Frank, David, Amos, 
Elizabeth and Nellie. 

George Snouffer, a native of 
Holland, was one of the early set- 
tlers of CarroUton Manor, he and 
two brothers emigrated to Amer- 
ica, one settled in Westminster and 
the other in Kmmitsburg. Mr. 
Snouffer proved to be a very suc- 
cessful farmer and was a large land 
owner, he built the first house in 
Point of Rocks, a stone house, it 
is still standing. Miss Fisher was 
killed by a rebel sharp .shooter 
while standing on the porch of this 
house during the civil war. Mr. 
Snouffer owned about six hundred 
acres of land here, he also owned a 
great many slaves. He was awarded 
a silver cup as being the best farmer 
in Maryland; he was also a promi- 
nent member of the Frederick 
County Agricultural Society as 
early as 1825, then known as the 
"Cattle Show and Fair." The fol- 
lowing clipping from "The Reser- 
voir and Public Reflector" under 
date of June 6, 1825, says: 

"The Frederick County Agri- 
cultural Society held its Cattle 
Show, Fair and Exhibition, ac- 
cording to previous notice, on 
Thursday and Friday the 26th and 
27th of May, 1 82 5, at the Monocacy 
Bridge Hotel, on the Baltimore 
and P>ederick Turnpike Road." 
This was an old tavern that stood 
whore Dr. Jamts Long has trans- 
formed it into a handsome home. 
These old road houses are fast dis- 
appearing where once rest, mirth 
and good cheer was so pleasing to 


the sta<:je coach, the teamster, the 
traveler and the pioneer of the early 

I mi^'ht add right here the old 
stone Jug liridge was built by a 
well known Frederick county name, 
Leonard Harbaugh, for the turn- 
pike company at a cost of $55,000. 
This bridge will stand until the 
hill.^ around are torn to pieces. 
Mr. IJarbaugh was recognized as 
being one of the best stone masons 
"of his time. He had the confidence 
and esteem of Gen. George Wash- 
ington. He built the three locks 
at the Great Falls of the Potomac 
to make the river navigable for 
long boats; the undertakiiig at that 
time was thought to be an impos 
sibility He made the Potomac 
navigable for boats up above Cum- 
berland. From Harper's Ferry he 
made the Shenandoah River navi- 
gable by building locks and cutting 
canals for upward of a hundred 
miles above the Ferry. Mr. Har- 
baugh built many stone buildings 
in Baltimore and Georgetown and 
the public buildings in Washington 
including the President's house be- 
fore it was burned by tlie PLnglish 
in 1814. 

"the Society congratulates itself 
on its increase of numbers, flour- 
ishing prospects of success, the 
very respectable collection of Stock 
of all kinds, as well as the excel- 
lence and variety of Domestic Man- 
ufactures, which far exceeded their 
most sanguine expectation, the 
promj^tness ol the judges appointed 
on the occasion, the attention to 
their respective charges of all the 
officers of the Society, as well as 
the general good order that pre- 
vailed, especially taking into con- 

sideration the vast concourse of 
spectators assembled, including the 
largest collection of the county's 
best citizens, perhaps ever conven- 
ed on any former occasion, all was 
truly gratifying." Mr. Snouffer 
served at this fair as one of the 
Committee on Heifers. The Com- 
mittee ap[)ointed to award the 
premium offered by the PVederick 
County Agricultural Society, for 
the best heifer, Report: "That the 
one owned by Mr. John Walker, is 
entitled to said premium; and that 
the one owned by Mr. Daniel 
Hughes, aged 13 months, and Mr. 
Graff's, aged twenty-one months, 
deserves the attention of the So- 
ciety." Lewis Kemp, James C. 
Atlee, George Snouffer, John 
Stoner were the judges on 
the committee. "A cow 

owned b}' George Thomas is 
entitled to first premium." A cow 
was presented by Thomas Davis 
with the character supported by 
certificate of respcctabl persons to 
have yielded two lbs and one ounce 
of butter per day." The two lat- 
ter were residents of Carrol Iton 

As will be noticed by the above 
Mr. Graff was one of the exhibit- 
ors. Further on among the 
awards, we find the name of ".Se- 
bastian Graff" exhibiting a coun- 
try ram remarkably large, weigh- 
ing (fleece included) two hundred 
and fifty pounds." I also find 
"Mrs. Sebastian Graff's also mer- 
its the attention of the society for a 
pair of yarn stockings." Mr. and 
Mr.s, Sebastian Graff were grand 
parents of John P. Graff, living in 
Kuckeystown. "Sebastian Graff 
was a candidate for the Legislature 


in i8i2." I also find where "Phil- 
eman, Cromwell's Bull as well 
worthy of notice being a fine ani- 
mal which excited the admiration 
of the Committee." Mr. Crom- 
well was the grandfather of Mel- 
ville Cromwell, living at Adams- 
town. Josheph M. Cromwell, who 
was a merriber of the Legislature 
in 1825, was a great uncle. Among 
other awards, "Mr. James Cunning- 
ham, exhibited five yoke of oxen at- 
tached to a wagon, their good con- 
dition and subjection to the driver 
received the commendation of the 
committee." Mr. Cunningham was 
an uncle of Judge B. A. and John 
A. H. Cunningham on the Manor. 
^'Referring to the Ploughing Match, 
the respectable number of Ploughs 
entered to compete for the prem- 
ium, the excellent manner in which 
the work was performed, the ap- 
pearance of so many fine teams of 
horses, as well as a team of mules, 
entered by Mr James Cunning- 
ham, which performed its work 
with great neatness, was highly 
gratifying. Joseph Kenege, James 
Simmons, David Kemp, John Dud- 
derar, Samuel Douglas, Daniel 
Creage'r, George Thomas, Com- 


"The Committee appointed to 
award the Volunteer premiums of- 
fered by the Ladies of the first dis- 
trict 'Carrollton Manor,' under the 
direction of the Frederick County 
Agricultural Society, Report. That 
they do award to Mrs. Jane With- 
erow. of the fifth district, for the 
best Gr Bonnett, plate the value 
of ^12.00. The bonnet presented by 
Mrs. Dr. Davis, of the first di.strict, 
claimed the consideration and com- 
mendation of the Committee and 

which they have submitted to the 
particular attention of the Com- 
mittee on discretionary premiums. 
That they award to Miss Louisa 
Johnson, of the first district, for 
the beautiful bonnet presented by 
her, the premium for the best 
Down Bonnett, the plate value of 

"And that they award to Mrs. 
Pool, of the second district, the 
premium of the best work basket, 
and to Mr. C. Reberger, of the 
third district, for the second best. 
Anthony Kimmell, Horatio Mc- 
Pherson, Thomas Neill, Eli Dor- 
sey, Jr., Ed. B. McPherson, Com- 

"The wines and cider presented 
to the Committee by Mrs. Benjamin 
Johnson, Major John Adlum, L. 
Smith and John Hughes. They 
pronounce to be excellent, tasteful 
and highly commendable. Signed 
John Ritchie, David Scott, Moses 
Worman, William Pool, T. W. 

It will be seen by these awards 
that Buckeystown District and Car- 
rollton Manor were first in agricul- 
tural production during this early 

George Snouffer married Dor- 
cus Thomas They had three 
children; Benjamin John, and John 
Benj.imin, who were twins, and 
Archibald T. Mr. Snoufifer's first 
wife died in 1 82 1, and he married 
her sister Elizabeth Thomas. They 
had four children; George VV., 
Michael, Henry and P^lizabeth. 
Mr. Snouffer, although a large 
land owner, was anxious to farm 
some of the rich land of Carrollton 
Manor. He rented what was aft- 
erwards known as the William 


Dutrow farm; fcJiis farm bein;^ very 
productive, and with Mr. Snouf- 
fer's tact and encrtjy he was recog 
nized as one of the be^t farmers in 
Maryland. Mr Snouffcr died in 
183 I at the early a^e of 39 on the 
William Dutrow farm, and is bur 
ied in the old Snouffer burying 
ground. His son. Benjamin John 
Snouffer, was born Jan-iary 24th, 
18 16. He purchased adjoinini^^ the 
old homestead, "Carr >llton," 
a farm of 250 acres. Mr. Snouffer 
built the large brick mansion and 
the barn. The l.iiul was in a hi^^h 
state of cultivation, and has all 
ways been recognized as one of the 
show places on the manor. Mr. 
Snouffer was always interested in 
Stock, and brought the first Per- 
cheon horse into F'rederick Coun- 
ty. Like his father, after the Civil 
War, he helped to organize the 
Frederick County Agricultural So- 
ciety. Mr. Snouffer owned a large 
number of slaves, and was a great 
friend of the South. He married 
Ellen Moffet, and their son, G. A. 
T. Snouffer, who is a prominent 
farmer, owns "Carrollton. " His 
sister Susie lives at Carrollton. 
Mary, who married Rev. Sykcs, is 
dead. Archibald T. Snouffer 
bought a wonderfully productive 
farm from Benjamin Moffctt called 
"VVaverly," on which he built a 
very beautiful brick residence. He 
married Rebecca Alhuitt, and they 
had one child that died \n infancy. 
Mr. Snouffer followed the footsteps 
of his father; was thrifty and 
energetic and took great mterest 
in public affairs. Mr. Snouffer sold 
"Waverly" to his nephew, George 
W. Snouffer, who kept up the 
Snouffer reputation of being a 

skilled farmer. Mr. Snouffer was 
of the true t)'pe of Southern gal- 
lantry, with a big warm heart, al- 
ways true to his friends, and it 
gives mc pleasure to say that I 
always had his friendship. Mr. 
Snouffcr married Klizabcth Allnutt 
and they had seven children. Ashbey 
is living on the old homestead 
"Waverly," Benjamin. A. T . Paul 
and Mrs. Phillips are in Washing- 
ton, and Mrs. Mainhart in Ken- 
tucky. Jacob Dutrow bought the 
farm where the first George Snouf- 
fer died, and built the large brick 
mansion and barn. His son Wil- 
liam lived their until his death. 
The farm has been m the Dutrow 
family for many years, and it is re- 
cognized as being one of the best 
Carrollton Manor farms. Mr. Dut- 
row was intensely Southern in his 
views, and was on several occa- 
sions arrested and put in prison. 
Mr Dutrow married Mary Spald- 
ing. They had four children: 
Charles, William, Nannie and Ja- 
cob, all of whom are dead except 
Jacob, who sold the home farm 
about two years ago to C. E. Shipe. 
F^dward Nichols owned and tilled 
probably the best producing farm 
on the Miinor. Mr. Nichols was 
an exceptionally good farmer. He 
had a happy jovial disposition, and 
was very fond of all kinds of sport. 
Mr. Nichol's sympathy for the 
South was unbounded, and he suf- 
fered arrest several times durin- 
the Civil War; he and William 
Dutrow being imprisoned at the 
same time. Mr. Nichols married 
Annie Trundle. They had eleven, 
children; Jacob, Sarah. Edward, 
Willi, im, Otho, Charles at Buck- 
eystown; PLstelle at Adamstown, 


and Hattie, Sophia, Linvvood and Trundle was married twice There 

Willie. were eleven children. His first wife 

William P. Allnutt died Septem- was Miss Hays, and they had nine 
ber 29th. 1888. He was seventy- children: Hester, Elizabeth, Chris- 
eight years of age, and was a prom- tic, Nannine, Hattie, Virginia, John- 
ment farmer and resident of Carroll- nie,Samuel and George. Theyareall 
ton Manor. He was married twice, married and are all living except 
there were sixteen children; seven Elizabeth and Samuel. His sec- 
by his first wife, Miss Jewell, and ond wife was Martha Plummer. 
nine by his second wife, Helen They had two children. His son^ 
Smith. Those living are Richard Samuel, served throughout the war 
J., George S., Mrs. Emma Drone- in the Confederate army. He was 
burg on the 'Manor, Lee, Robert, a brave soldier. When he re- 
Virginia and Mrs. Mary Fisher, turned from the army he brought 
Montgomery County; Howard, who his cavalry horse with him, a hand- 
was a son and prominent in affairs, some sorrell with a blaze face. He 
died a few years ago. During the called him Star. At that time 
Civil War Mr. Allnutt owned the tournaments were popular. Sam, 
old tavern and .^tore at Licksville. just fresh from the war, with his 
He lost heavily by raids of both spirited bay, when the call rang 
armies. out, "charge Sir Knight," Star 

James T. Day, was born October could not be held, but rushed 

23, 1914. and died November 11, through with his rider regardless 

1885. Mr. Day, always a farmer, of the rings. A cheer always 

was a Southern gentleman of the went up from the crowd and the 

old school, a man of high character, Southern girls clapped vigorously, 

quiet and dignified, his sympathies His dash and fine appearance were 

were with the South during the civil admired by everyone. What Star 

war, and he with his son, William, had learned in War had not been 

were arrested. Mr. Day married forgotten in Peace. Mr. Trundle 

Agnes Riley; they had eleven child- married Alice, a daughter of Cap- 

ren, nine reaching maturity. J. tain Joseph N. Chiswell. 

Daniel and Richard live in Adams- Thomas N. Trundle was born 

town; Lola, F'ountain Mills; Eli- March6, 1822. He died November, 

hugh, William, Joseph, Fannie, 1892 Mr. Tnmdle was a large 

Abbie and Ida are dead. J. Daniel, farmer and for twenty years farmed 

a son, who married Laura Spald- the famous Three Spring farm, 

ing; they have eleven children, He owned a number of .slaves, and 

eight boys and three girls, all liv- was a great fric iid of the South, 

ing. They have my congratula- Mr. Trundle was married twice, 

tions His first wife was Mary P21inor 

John A. Trundle was a promi Jones, and they had seven children; 
nent and successful farmer and those living are C. Newton, Fea- 
slave holder. He owned the farm gaville; Sallie, Gaithersburg; and 
near Huckeystown Station now John A., at Centerville. His sec- 
owned by the Baker interests. Mr. ond wife was Sophia Reich. They 


had one child. Probably the ex- 
perience of Mr. Trundle during 
the Civil War exceeded many 
other Marjlandcrs, so far as troops 
camping on their land and the en- 
tertainment of officers is concerned. 
In June 1863 when the Confeder- 
ate army crossed the Potomac 
River into Maryland at Noland's, 
Cheek's and White's Ferries, their 
hne of march toward Frederick 
was through CarroUton Manor, up 
the Huckeystown road past the 
"Three Spring" farm; which, as 
the name applies, was well sup- 
plied with water. The Confeder- 
ate Army camped here over night. 
Generals Lee and Longstreet 
camped on the Three Spring farm, 
while General "Stonewall" Jackson 
camped on the farm then owned by 
Benjamin F. Moffctt,and now own- 
ed by George SnoLiffer. Mr. Trundle 
invited Generals Lee and Long- 
street to spend the night in his 
home. They accepted Mr. Trun 
die's .invitation and slept in hi' 
house during the night. Mr. Mof- 
fett invited General Jackson to 
spend the night in his home, but 
General Jackson declined Mr Mof- 
fett's invitation. He preferred to 
stay with his men, but he did stop 
over night in a tenant house on 
the Moffett farm, wiiich is still 
standing elose by the road to Ad- 
anistown. Here General Jackson 
met a number of gentlemen o( the 
Manor who called upon him. The 
Union Army camped on the "Three 
Spring" farm on several occasions, 
and practically every panel offence 
on that three hundretl acre farm 
was burn't by the camping armies 
Mr. Newton Trundle, a son of Mr. 
Trundle, tells his experiences a sa 

lad of seven years He remem- 
bers many foot sore and weary 
soldier dropping down upon the 
grass in his father's yard under 
the shade to rest, and they often 
got him to take their canteens to 
the spring and fill them with the 
cool and rcfreshin;^ water for which 
these springs are noted. Mr. 
Trundle was sometimes rewarded 
with a (cw pennies, but most gen- 
erally with "Hard Tack" as their 
crackers were called, and they well 
deserved the name. 

Augustus W. Nicodemus and 
his brother Eli. after their marriage 
moved to their father's farms on 
CarroUton Manor. The farms ad- 
joined each other. They were re- 
cognized as being two of the best 
farms on the Manor. Augustus 
Nicodemus after retiring from 
farming was elected a County Com- 
missioner and a Judge of the Or- 
phans' Court. Mr. Nicodemus 
was a strong Union man Mr. Nic- 
odemus married Barbara F"ulton; 
they had twelve children. Those 
living are Harry O., Augustus W. 
Jr., Mamie F. , and Edgar R. Eli 
Nicodemus was married twice; his 
second wife was Mary Sharer. 
There are four children living; 
Charles, Carrie, Mary and Dora. 

Benoni Lamar was born in 18 19. 
He was a very successful farmer 
and while standing in the door 
leading on the porch, was killed 
by lightning. Mr. Lamar married 
Mary Kephart; they had eleven 
children. His son George A. 
served in the Confederate army; 
John C. is living in Adamstown, 
the others are deceased. 

About a mile west of Adams- 
town, a Mr. Doub owned a mill. 


The railroad put in a switch along 
side of the mill for use in the ship- 
ment of flour. It was called 
Doub's Switch. George W. Cope- 
land, who ran the mill for Doctor 
Davis at Greenfield Mills bought 
this mill from Mr. Doub in 1852. 
Mr. Copeland ran the mill a num- 
ber of years, his son, M. D. Cope- 
land, also operated this mill a long 
time. Mr. Copeland's daughter, 
Alice, married Marion S. Michael.' 
The mill is now owned by Ira 
Smith. Grcenbury Fout owned 
another mill near here at Flag 
Pond; this mill was built by George 
Late; it has since fallen down. 
Greenbury Fout married Fannie 
Jarboc; they had seven children; 
Greenbury, John, Charles, Wil- 
liam, Virginia, Fannie and Clara. 
Clara married Judge Ellis and is 
living in Kansas City, the others 
are dead. John was a lieutenant 
in the Confederate army. He was 
a splendid soldier. 

About 1885 the Biltimore and 
Ohio Railroad Company established 
a Station here and called it Doub. 
Daniel Willard was appointed the 
first agent. Soon after Joshua C. 
Michael who kept store here was 
appointed freight and express 
agent. The same day a postoffice 
was established and Mr. Michael 
made Postmaster. Lewis Specht 
was the first merchant here about 
1879; he sold liquor and groceries; 
he was followed by Daniel Fout. 
M. W. Hickman and J. W. Carey 
are the merchants now. The 
Methodist Episcopal Church was 
established here in 1879; Rev. 
Reuben Kolb was the first pastor. 
Rev. William T. Johnson is the 
present pastor. The Lutheran 

Church was built in 1882; William 
H. Settlemyer was the first pastor; 
it is now vacant. Ezra Michael 
was the son of Andrew Michael 
who settled near Doubs in 1773. 
This farm has been owned by the 
Michael family since that date. 
Ezra Michael was born November 
9, 181 3, and was a highly success- 
ful farmer and a very large land 
owner. He served as a magistrate 
for twenty-eight years. He was 
very conscientious and had the re- 
spect of all who knew him. Mr. 
Michael married Sophia Thomas, 
who with their only child died a 
few days apart, and was buried jn 
the same grave. Mr. Michael's 
second wife was Margaret Dud- 
derar; they had seven children, 
Anna, Alice, William, Eugenia, 
Marion, owns and lives on the 
home farm, Harvey, Martinsburg, 
Ella and Martin, deceased. 

John Carey was born in Ireland 
and was one of the earliest settlers. 
He owned the farm where Charles 
Walters now lives. He was the 
first man to open a road between 
Point of Rocks and Frederick, fol- 
lowing practically what is known 
now as the Point of Rocks road. 
He was for years a constable in 
this district and a man of consider- 
able prominence. He married Lu- 
cinda Bircz; they had three chil- 
dren, James, John and Jacob, the 
latter two never married. James 
married Mary Specht, there were 
eleven children, seven are now liv- 
ing, John, James, Joseph, Jacob, 
Jesse, Ada and Laura near Doubs. 

Frederick Stunkle came from 
Germany in 1838, and was em- 
ployed as a track walker by the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. 


for many years. He was very in- 
dustrious • and made a good sub- 
stantial citizen and purchased a 
farm on which he died at the age 
of seventy-three. Mr. Stunklc 
married Mary Hoogcy. She was 
born in (iermany. He first met 
her in I-Vederick; she died at the 
age of eighty-nine. They had 
twelve children, eight of whom are 
living. Ciiarles Stunklc married 
Klizabeth Burch; they had six chil- 
dren; Luther married Jane Lar- 
man, they had three children. 
Clara married James Hurch and 
had seven children. Henrj- mar- 
ried Klla Larman, and had two 
children. Kate married John Mer- 
cer and hid one child. Ella mar- 
ried Albert VVarficld. and had three 
children. Ida married Charles Hill 
and the\' had ten chiUlren. Wil- 
liam married Earl Wright and had 
five children. Edgar Stunkle a 
grandson is living on the home 

Richard Thomas who wa.s very 
prominent in his time, lived on the 
farm where W.H. McKimmeynow 
lives. Besidesbeinga very successful 
farmer, he was active in business 
affairs, he was also a member of 
the Manor home guards, an organ- 
ization that flourished before the 
Civil War. Mr. Thomas married 
Miss Dutrow, they had six chil- 
dren. Their son Byron served in 
the Confederate army, he was se- 
verely wounded. After the war, 
he studied medicine and was a 
very successful doctor; he is buried 
in the old Snouffer burying ground. 

William Trail Snouffer lived on 
what was known as the Miss 
Phoeba Thomas farm, now owned 
by Robert Ranneberger, Mr. 

Snouffer married Catherine Shaffer; 
they had five children. John lives 
in Bradciock, Edward in Buckeys- 
town, Oscar dead, Sallie and Mar- 

John I-5enjamin Snouffer who 
lived on what was called the "Frog 
Hollow" farm and later known as 
the Frank and Arthur White farm, 
now the property of the Baker in- 
terest, was married three times and 
was the father of twenty-two chil- 
dren. His first wife was Abbie 
Trail, his second wife was Malinda 
Moffett, his third wife was Annie 
Shrecve. Archibald and George 
live in Oklahoma. Daniel in Colo- 
rado, Fannie in Kansas and Ashton 
on the Manor. 

George Snouffer of George lived 
on what was called the Snouffer 
Mill farm, near LicksviUe. This 
mill was built by Charles Carroll 
of Carrollton before the Revolu- 
tionary War, on the farm that now 
belongs to Carlos De Garmendia. 
Mr. Snouffer married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Captain Otho Thomas, 
they had seven children. Otho, 
George and Hattie are dead. Ben- 
jamin, Fannie, Nellie and Ida live 
in Washington, D. C. 

This farm was bought by tlie 
present owner, Carlos de Garmen- 
dia in 1886 from Miss Emily Har- 
per a direct desccndent of Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton. The mill 
was run and the plantation farmed 
for more than a hundred years by 
tenants of Mr. Carroll and the land 
was largely cultivated by slaves of 
the tenants. Mr. de Garmendia 
has greatly improved the place. 
He has built a fine residence over- 
looking the placid waters of the 
Potomac River, as well as the hills 


of Virginia, the view is a pretty 
one. Mr. De Garmendia when 
buildini{ hi.s home, was careful to 
have it situated that he could al- 
ways see the race track, where his 
thoroughbreds were trained. Mr. 
De Garmendia is an enthusiast in 
horse racing, he built his own half 
a mile track according to his own 
design and by his skill and perse- 
verance. "Tuscarora Stock Farm" 
which derives its name from Tus- 
carora Creek, running through 
the farm, has produced some of 
the best racers in the Country. 
Mr. De Garmendia trained his own 
colts and his fascination for racing 
and to always get the best out of 
his horses in whom he had every 
confidence, his harscs knew him so 
well. It was seldom he did not 
pass the homestretch, in the lead. 
Mr. De Garmendia had a local 
pride in hi-^ horses as the names he 
gave them will imply. Monocacy, 
the head of his strain by Seaking a 
son of Lord Russell who was a 
brother of Maud S. the champion 
of her day. Louis Victor, named 
for General Louis Victor Baugh- 
man, like his namesake, was always 
popular and loved by his many 
admirers, Frederick, Catoctin,Kcep 
Sake, Patuxent, Skidoo, and many 
■others, the sons of Monocacy 
whose records for fast and true 
trotting were unequaled. They all 
showed thorough and careful train- 
ing by a gentleman who is a lover 
of horses and a clean sport. 

Licksville is another very old 
town on the road to the mouth of 
the Monocacy, Noland's Ferry and 
Point of Rocks. It is near the 
Potomac River and Canal, and at 
•one time considerable business was 

done here. The name, it is said, 
was derived from the fact that a 
visitor here had to be a pretty 
good man if he didn't want to get 
licked; that is, provided he didn't 
behave himself. Being on the old 
United States road leading from 
Virginia to Pennsylvania, Braddock 
on his way to Cumberland, passed 
through this village. Licksville, 
being the first place after crossing 
the Potomac river where the ac- 
commodation of a tavern could be 
had, made it a popular stopping 
place for the traveler, in those days. 
Two taverns, several stores, black- 
smith and wheelwright shop ma'de 
it a place of considerable business. 
The sporting fraternity also gath- 
ered here in large numbers, as 
there were several race tracks here. 
Licksville was probably the 
greatest slave market in Maryland, 
It was here the buyers from as far 
south as Alabama would come to 
purchase slaves. They were sold 
from the block on regular .sale days. 
This being a large slave holding 
section many owners would sell 
their slaves, some for the want of 
money, others because they become 
unruly, others were sold into 
slavery for crime, and others whose 
moral sense considered slavery 
was wrong, these generally after 
they had sold their slaves iaecame 
abolitionists. There were many who 
ran away to Pennsylvania and the 
North. If they were captured 
these were generally sold to South- 
ern dealers. The' old slave bar- 
racks have long disappeared, they 
.stood on the north side of the road 
running to Point of Rocks, directly 
opposite the old tavern, which stood 
at the intersection of the mouth of 


Monocacy and Point of Rocks road. 
Durin<j theCivil War, Licksville so 
near the Potomac river, the raids 
by both the Union antl Confederate 
troops were nunicrous and the 
stores lost heavily as well as the 
farmers throughout the Manor. 
Both hrorses and cattle were taken 
by both armies. Gardens and bee 
hives were often raided b)' the 
troops as the soldiers seemed espe- 
cially fond of honey. 

John C. Lamar was a successful 
merchant and grain dealer here. 
Count}- Commissioner, David Oland, 
is a resident of the town. A. L. 
Deflry is the present merchant at 
this place. 

Tuscarora is a station on the 
Metropolitan l^ranch ot' the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad and derives 
its name from the Tuscarora Creek 
which empties into the Potomac 
River near that point. C. H. La- 
mar is a large grain and implement 
dealer here. 

George Kephart a Southern gen- 
tleman of the old school lived near 
Licksville on the farm now owned 
by the Thomas Brothers, where 
George S. Allnutt once lived. Mr. 
Kcphart owned a large number of 
slaves and entertained royally. 
Two of Mr. Kephart's sons were 
killed in the Confederate army. 
George C. Mercier, who served 
gallantly in the Confederate army 
married one of his daughters. Mr. 
Mercier was a prominent grain 
dealer at Point of Rocks. Mr. Kep- 
hart was probably the largest slave 
dealer in the County. He had 
two underground jails built where 
he kept the unruly, as well as a 
brick jail above ground. Thomas 
Sinn was associated with him for a 

while and sold slaves all over the 
far South, many of whom had run 
away from their masters and after- 
wards captured, were sold, others 
were convicted of crime and were 
sold into slaveryf or a certain number 
of years. Mr. Kephart although a 
slave dealer was a man with a kind 
heart and treated his slaves well, 
as long as they were in his hands, 
and they would conduct them- 
selves properly as it was also to 
his interest to take good care of 
them as they were valuable prop- 
ert)' and he could not afford to 
mistreat them. 

Horse racing in Maryland from 
the early colonial days has been 
one of the leading sports and it 
was very po])ular in P'rederick 
County from 1745 to 1776. After 
the Revolutionary war, it was in- 
dulged in again, in every commu- 
nity there were a number of race 
tracks that were perfectly straight. 
Some more pretentious than others 
from a quarter to a half mile tracks 
were the most popular. Though 
there were a few tracks a mile in 
length, notably the track near 
Licksville on the farm of CoUing- 
ton Beall on the road leading to 
the mouth of Monocacy. Doctor 
Charles Unseld, was one of the 
leading lights in horse racing, he 
li\ed on a farm near Licksville 
which was a centre for the sport- 
ing fraternity all over the Manor, 
fi-om Montgomery via of the mouth 
of the Monocacy and from Vir- 
ginia where they crossed the river 
at Noland's P'erry, which was a 
popular and much used ferry at 
that time. After the horse racing, 
chicken fighting and card playing 
would continue through the night 


and for several days at a time; po- two brothers emigrated from Ger- 

litical issues would often come up many, John settled on the farm 

on these occasions. It is said the where George Specht novt lives, 

friends of James K. Polk for Pres- about 1770. One brotlier settled 

ident marked their chickens with in Pennsylvania, the other died 

polk berries and the stain would soon after landing. Mr. Specht 

make a bright red color, beautify- had three sisters; they married 

ing the appearance of the fighters. and went to Ohio. David was 

The polk-stained chickens winning born in 1796; he was married three 

so many battles. The rooster was times but had no children. Mr. 

finally selected as the emblem of Specht was killed during a storm, 

success and victory for the Demo- a tree blew against the house, he 

cratic ticket. went out to see the damage, when 

Doctor Unseld was a prominent a brick was knocked off the chim- 
citizen and social sport; he owned ney, strking him on the head, 
a race course on his farm, which Jacob Specht was born in 1804. 
was the meeting place for the He also was married three times, 
sporting fraternity from many his first wife was Catherine 
States. Fighting chickens was a Whisner, they had two children; 
very popular sport at that tmie, Susie married David Myers; they 
and gambling now as then seemed had seven children. Michael mar^ 
to be indulged in some form or ned Elizabeth Copeland; his sec- 
other, even with the slaves, crap ond wife was a widow, Mrs. Bat- 
was unknown then. "Six old cop- son, they had six children. Jane 
per cents were used; they were put married William Michael, they 
in an old slouch hat and well had seven children. Mary mar- 
shaken and blown several times by ried James Carey, they had eleven 
the enthusiast and experts before children. David married Aurelia 
they were thrown cnit. "Heads I Kessler, they had six children, 
win. tales you lose, and the lucky Jacob married Virginia Renn, they 
six heads when thrown was a time had seven children. Lewis mar- 
of joy and enthusiasm among the ried IHizabeth Michael, they had 
players. Liquor was to be had ^ix cliildren. Frank married Alice 
then in all the villages and every Cartzendafiier, they had two chil- 
crossroad and while of course dren; his third wife was Mrs. 
some broils occurred, much happi- Sophia Hergesheimer. they had no 
ness and joviality was indulged in, children. Mr. Specht was intensely' 
especially by the colored folks Southern in his sympathies; he 
whose fiddles and banjos played suffered considerable loss during 
many times better than by the pro- the Civil War in horses, cattle and 
fessionals of today, while their fencing, during a dash by the 
strong voices were full of melody Confederate cavalry through the 
and those singing would bring Manor. The Federal forces were 
forth peals of laughter or often stationed at Point of Rocks and 
tears to your eyes. hearing the Confederates were at 

John Conrad Specht, and his Adamstown, left Point of Rocks 


not takinf:^ the main road but 
across the country, they pulled 
down the fences as they passed 
through the farms, among them was 
Mr. Specht's farm. They pulled 
down his fence as soon as they 
passed through, Mr. Specht put 
up the fence, in less than half an 
hour they were retreating back 
toward Point of Rocks. Mr. Specht 
heard firing and before he could 
get away, the retreating Federal 
troops were upon him. The first 
barrier in their way after they had 
run into the Confederate Cavalry, 
who were returning from Adams- 
town was the fence they had only 
a short time before pulled down. 
The\' were being closely pressed 
by 1 le Confederates, they came 
pell aiell in full retreat. The first 
barri jr was i gate, this did not 
.•seriously step them as their horses 
were forced oxer the gate, which 
was knocked down, throwing some 
oi ihc horses and riders, but when 
the fence was reached the horses 
could not be made to attempt to 
jump over. The soldiers were 
forced to dismount, and Mr. 
Specht was ordered to help open 
the fence which he promptly did. 
The soldiers threatened to shoot 
Mr. Specht for putting up the 
fence, which they had pulled 
down, but as they were in full re- 
treat and their guns had all 
been emptied with the first skir- 
mish, with the Confederates, they 
had not time to reload their guns 
which probably saved the life ot 
Mr. Specht. A very touching 
scene, and what terminated in a 
marriage of a Union soldier to a 
Southern girl, was enacted by this 
skirmish, one of the Federal sol- 

diers who was badly wounded, 
was brought back to the home of 
John White, who with his family 
were great friends of the South. 
One of his daughters, Gertrude, 
went to the assistance of the young 
wounded soldier to comfort him. 
She laid his head in her arm.s 
where he soon died. -Gertrude 
was criticised by some of her 
Southern friends for allowing a 
Union soldier to die in her arms. 
She said he was a brave man and 
died the death of a soldier. 
Gertrude after the war, married 
Captain Henry Henshaw of the 
Union Army. Mr. White married 
Sarah White, they had fourteen 
children, they lived at Mooreland, 
which they bought after the death 
of Beuoni Lamar in 1858. one of 
the show places of the Manor, 
where they entertained hospitably. 
Mr. W^hite owned a very large 
number of slaves. He was a 
Southern gentleman of the old 

Richard Stallings marriied Kla- 
nor Reed, they had five children. 
J. C. Stallings, Benjamin F., James 
R. , Nora A., and J. William. Mr. 
Stallings lived where his son, 
Philip now lives. Mr. Stallings 
served in the Confederate army 
and was a good soldier. 

Richard Simmons married Miss 
Kinzer, they had four children. 
Mrs. John P. Graff living in Buck- 
eystown is a daughter. Mr. Sim- 
mons owned the farm where Emory 
C. Remsburg lives, he was a .sub- 
stantial citizen and a great friend of 
the South; he was a slave holder. 

This being a slave holding sec- 
tion, it is necessary for me to refer 
to the colored people, as I go 



along, who are a considerable per- as well. They were fond of all 

tion of the population, and helped kinds of fun; it was remarkable how 

to develop and make the history of well they played on any kind of 

this fair Manor. The peculiarities instrument, but the fiddle and the 

of the slaves of this section were banjo seemed t be their favorite, 

not different from those on the but the jews harp, bones and 

large plantations of the cotton fields mouth organ were equally popular 

further South, and while the num- with them. Free from all cares, 

bers owned by each family were they seemed satisfied and happy 

not so large, still it is said, Wil- during this joyous season. They 

liam Eagle whose plantation con- liked to dance, especially jigs, 

sisted of more than a thousand being good mimics, they were ala 

acres, had a mill erected to grind ways comical, keeping perfect time 

feed for his slaves, as he owned with their hands and feet. Mr. 

about one hundred. It was the Eagle owned a slave, Jonah Hous- 

custom then among the slaves to ton, who I remember well, large 

stop all work during the festive and a powerful man who was 

time of Christmas, they visited looked upon as being the cham- 

each other and practically had their pion fighter in the neighborhood, 

freedom as long as the old yule or He was quite an athlete, fond of 

back log would last in the fire dancing and fond of liquor, for a 

place. This log was selected with drink he would sing and dance the 

great care by the slaves, not to get following which usually brought 

a free burning piece, usually a down the house, 

round sycamore, gum or hickory This way buzzard and where you 

was selected, as large as it was 'gwine crow, 

possible to get in the fire place. It I am 'gwine up the river to jump 

was first rolled in the water prob- just so 

ably a month before Christmas, so First upon my heel tap, then upon 

that it would become thoroughly my toe 

water soaked and would burn very Every time I jump around, I jump 

slow, the festivities would continue Jim Crow, 

ten days or more. • j^ is remarkable how well they 

One of the binding rules be- played, many times on old dis- 

tween the master and slave, was carded instruments, but they seem- 

the Christmas log always be ed to have the power and magic to 

kept burning during the holiday bring music out of the instruments 

period, and the ma.ster had the to harmonize with their strong un- 

privilege to visit the slave quarters trained voices. They truly followed 

and examine the old back log in the Nero who fiddled while Rome 

open fire place night or day, which burnt, they fiddled and many times 

he often did. He was expected at made merry while their masters 

any time to make his appearance wept. They had no cares. (I might 

and enjoy their music, and danc- give Mr. Eagle as an example 

ing; their singing was wonderful among slave owners; he had so 

not only for volume, but melody many that it was with great diffi- 


culty he could keep them employ- 
ed and they had an easy time and 
often loafed on the job. Mr. 
Kaglc was a man with a kind heart, 
married three times, lie lia<J three 
sets of children, and like many 
men of the South allowed his big 
plantation to be neglected and his 
slaves to take advantage of his 
good nature. Mr. Ivigle was a 
character that always attracted at- 
tention of an aristocratic appear- 
ance, tall and spare with long flow- 
ing white hair, and often when 
away from home, he would wear 
his long black frock tail coat and 
his beaver hat. He made a per- 
fect picture of Uncle Sam, as we 
often see him cartooned in the pa- 
pers. There were quite a few 
negroes who were born free, some 
given their freedom by their mas- 
ters, others bought out their time. 
Tips from visitors and the beaux 
of the girls was always expected, 
when the horse or team was 
brought out for the departing 
guest, or some other favor was 
performed by the slaves, this was 
often considered an evidence of 
the visitors or beaux wealth and 
helped in determining the se- 
lection of a husband, as the slaves 
were always to inform their j'oung 
mistresses of their liberality. As 
a rule the colored people were not 
very thrifty, preferring idleness to 
,hard work, living largely on their 
\wits or hunting and fishing. They 
always kept several dogs, they 
were especially fond of coon and 
possum hunting. I remember very 
well a colored man, Solomon 
.Scoggins, he was very old. but 
would follow his dogs for miles at 
night. When persimmons were 

ripe, he would visit a persimmon 
tree where he usually found a pos- 
sum or two, but coons were more 
difficult to catch and it took a good 
dog to whip them. Uncle Saul, 
as he was familiarly called, valued 
his dogs very highly; he said they 
would not only tree a coon "he 
meant by this they would stand 
and bark up the tree wherever 
they located a coon," but whip 
him when the coon was shaken 
from the tree to the ground 
Among the early settlers, the col- 
ored men always played the fiddle 
for the dancers, and they were 
held around among the neighbors' 
houses several times a week dur- 
ing the fall and winter. The Jazz 
and waltz was unknown then. Be- 
sides a couple of fiddlers there 
was always a colored man who 
would call out' each movement of 
the dancers. As a child I remember 
among the colored fiddlers whoplay- 
ed at the dances, were Isaac Tyler, 
Dennis and Sam Mobley, Elias 
Riggs, Joshua Bowens, who then 
belonged to Jacob M. l^ushey, 
who lived on the farm near Lime 
Kiln that now belongs to the 
Baker interest. He was very pop- 
ular among the dancers; he had a 
strong voice and as I remember, 
Josh would beat the triangle, 
would start the dance by call- 
ing out honor your partners, all 
swing corners, forward and back 
cross right to left, ladies in the cen- 
ter, gentleman hand around back 
and turn your partners, grand 
change, ladies to the right; the 
tlancers were all merriment, and 
the music would not allow your 
feet to keep still. The music 
stopped when Josh would call out, 

get your partners for the lancers, 
then he would call the next is the 
Coquette, it was then the young 
couples would have an opportunity 
to show a preference for each 
other, or to trifle with their love 
affairs through the dance. After 
refreshments, which were always 
abundantly served and of a sub 
stantial character, the dance would 
end in the small hours of the 
morning with the Virginia reel, all 
were expected to join in this popu- 
ular dance, then it was announced 
when and where the next dance 
would be held. Dances in the woods 
and tournaments were very popular 
then, good riders and horses were 
plentiful and riders showed much 
skill in handling the lance and 
taking the small rings, which 
meant to the winner the crowning 
of the Queen of love and beauty 
and to the fortunate young lady, 
the honor of love, respect and dis- 
tinction durinCT the dav's festivities, 
were bestowed upon her. To be 
crowned a maid of honor, was al- 
ways looked forward to and the 
riders were closely watched how 
many rings each one took by the 
expectant young ladies, who were 
sure they would be crowned if 
their lover.s were successful. The 
crowns always carried with them a 
prize of some kind. I can only 
recall one man, Clinton B. G. Har- 
wood near Adam.stown, who is now 
living, in these very early days of 
tournament riding, was considered 
a real expert and rode a little gray 
horse called "Fly," that ran so 
even that the ring would not hit 
the spear until it hit the hand of 
little "Clint," as he was then called 
by his admirers. The reason the 

horse was called "Fly" was be- 
cause the horse was a great jumper 
and could jump over the fence 
without pulling it down. 

The colored folks did not only 
have a fondness for music and 
dancing but they were great 
gamblers and very fond of 
liquor. While their opportu- 
nities for making money was 
small, they did at harvest and 
other times get an allowance of a 
few dollars. Many of them were 
never satisfied until they had lost 
it. gambling or drinking, they 
never grieved over their loss and 
seemed contented and happy un- 
der all conditions. All kinds of 
games of chance were indulged in 
by them. Cards was the .most 
popular with the experts, while 
pitching horse shoes and old hun- 
dred, the latter was similar to a 
black board with numbers marked 
in the squares from five up to one 
hundred. The hundred was in the 
center of the board and a large 
copper cent was used to pitch in 
the square. It required a great 
deal of skill to land the cent in the 
hundred square; those games were 
played by both white and colored 
and the loser usually had to pay 
for the drinks. The fig mill was a 
popular game, especially with the 
slaves who being short of money 
would use grains of corn; playing 
tee total during the winter nights 
was largely indulged in. A small 
piece of wood cut square, pointed 
at the end with the head of a pin 
protruding, a handle cut on the 
end with which to spin the square, 
each side contained a letter A, 
take all, T, take one, P, put one, 
N, for none. After it had been 


spun and fell over the letter that now. The negro is naturally re- 
appeared up indicated the result, ligiously inclined and of a kind 
pins were often used in the game, temperament, but the contented 
The slaves were large users of to- and happy slave would be made 
bacco, which was grown cxten- dissatisfied and desperate to the ex- 
sively on the Manor, and the home tent they would kill their masters 
weed was often used. When their for some imaginable grievance, 
allowance ran short, it was the There were uprisings when whole 
custom of the owner to furnish families and even communities were 
them both tobacco and snuff, many wiped out, in these early days when 
older colored women used snuff or communications were difficult. We 
smoked tobacco. They were quiet find a slave insurrection in North 
and good natured and were never Carolina and Virginia in 1830. The 
ha[)pier than when they were sit- negroes headed by Nat, a slave, 
ting before the fire place in the a preacher and a pretended prophet, 
quarter, smoking the old clay corn was the first contriver and actual 
cob or any kind of pipe, in fact, leader when they went from house 
among the early settlers, the use of to house killing everyone in sight, 
snuff or tobacco was not confined A similar insurrection took place in 
to the colored, many of the old Delaware the same time. Had they 
white women enjoyed a pinch of been let alone this uprising would 
snuff or a smoke of the pipe. The not have occurred, 
cigarette was unknown then. The old cooks could always be 
There were some very respectable depended upon to serve a good 
colored people, who were good, meal and they were well supported 
reliable, thrifty and could be de- by their maids who were often 
pended upon as an illustration. It their own children. The separa- 
is said Ned Jason who belonged to tion of families was the worst part 
John A, Trundle, would go in the of slavery; as a whole the negroes 
fence corners and other places, cut are thriftless, still they live in their 
the heads off the timothy and way and everybody is happy that 
clover stalks, rubbed them out by slavery is no more, 
hand, then sold the seed. He also James P. Rogers, who served 
gathered sumac, he made quite a gallantly in the Confederate army 
bit of money, many others made was severely wounded. Mr. Rog- 
money in the same way. As a ers married Rose Campbell, they 
whole the slaves were well treated had seven children, and lived on 
by their masters and they would the farm now owned by his son C. 
not allow them to be mistreated by Arunah Rogers, "Eutaw Place," 
others. There was a fond attach- two daughters. May and Nannie 
ment between the old mammies are still living. Mr. and Mrs. 
and the children of their masters, Rogers died less than two weeks 
the children being perfectly happy apart. The following appears on 
under their care and protection. the monument erected to them in 
It is true there were evangelist St. Joseph's Cemetery: "Of your 
uplifters and troublemakers then as charity pray for the souls of Rose 


Rogers, who died January 9th, 
1892, and of her husband, James 
P. Rogers, who died January 21st, 
1892. Grant them eternal rest. O, 
Lord and let perpetual light shine 
upon them." 

Charles E. Keller married Val- 
letta Weagley, they had five chil- 
dren, Weagley, Helowise, Charles, 
Minnie and James. Mr. Keller 
was in the lime and orchard busi- 
ness and was successful. He 
lost his life while returning home 
from one of his orchards by an 
automobile accident. 

Samuel Jarboe was born April 
27, 1804, he died April 3, 1883. 
He was marrried twice, his first 
wife was Sarah Maria Gibson; they 
had ten children. Anne married 
Collington Offutt, they had two 
children; Harriet married Howard 
Gittinger, they had one child. 
John married Margaret Bunting. 
Mary married Doctor John Un- 
seld, they had one son. Raphael 
married Mrs. Offutt. Eugene mar- 
ried Mary Jones, they had seven 
children. Mr. Jarboe's second 
wife was Margaret Pickens, they 
had one child, Mrs, Jodie Hodges, 
who is living in Shepherdstown, 
West Virginia. 

Nathan Clabaugh who lived on 
the farm where Carlos de Gar- 
mendia now lives, was a great 
sport, he was the leading politician 
on the manor and was usually 
consulted on everything political. 
lie was a great Democrat and 
James K.Polk man for president, and 
being also a great chicken fighter, 
he originated the idea of painting 
the roosters with polk berry stain. 
Mr. Clabaugh said the polk berry 
stained chicken seemed to fight 

with more energy and it helped to 
enthuse the Democrats. The roos- 
ter was the emblem on the Demo- 
crat ticket. Mr. Clabaugh was 
a brother of Norman Clabaugh 
who lived in Buckeystown and 
had a large family of boys. 

The Kephart and Clabaugh fam- 
ilies were great friends of the Jarboe 
family. My mother would often 
tell of the social affairs she attend- 
ed at their homes. The children 
would visit each other. I have in 
my possession a small painting of 
Mary Clabaugh presented to my 
mother in 1848. My mother al- 
ways spoke of her as being an ac- 
complished and beautiful girl, and 
her picture shows it. Nathan Cla- 
baugh was the inventor of the 
sausage grinder, before that the 
meat was cut on a block by a 

Philip Ranneberger married Cap- 
tain Otho Thomas's sister about 
1790. They lived on what was 
called the "grave yard farm," 
where Joseph Carey now lives. 
The improvements there then were 
good for that early day, a substan- 
tial log and weather boarded house, 
slave quarters and other buildings, 
a very large barn. Mr. Ranne- 
berger was recognized as being one 
of the greatest social sports on the 
Manor, he had a large tract of 
land and a great many slaves. He 
entertained Charles Carroll of Car- 
rollton, his family, his friends and 
other guests for often as long 
as a week at a time. Mr. Ranne- 
berger was recognized as one of 
the greatest sports of his day, he 
did not confine himself to horse 
racing and card playing, but was 
the leader in chicken and bull 


figlitiii^. They had a race course, 
bull riiif^ and cock pit, all near 
Licksville, they also had a race 
course on what was then called 
DeLasiinuitt's Island, now Heat- 
er's Inland. Charles Carroll of 
CarroUton was a lover of horses 
and racing and to get away from 
his many cares and for rest and 
recreation, he would attend these 
various amusements, which usually 
lasted for several days. Mr. Car- 
roll and his friends always stopped 
with Mr. Ranneberger during the 
races, for this reason he was looked 
upon as the leader of the social 
affairson CarroUton Manor. Mr. 
Ranneberger had six children, 
Stephen, Eleven, Philip and Eliz- 
abeth who married George Snouf- 
fer, two of his sons and one 
daughter went west. 

Among Mr. Ranneberger's chil- 
dren who remained on the manor, 
was Philip Ranneberger, who was 
born March 12, 1805, and died 
Nov. 9, 1867. His sister Martha 
R. Ranneberger was born March 
27th, 1809. Mr. Ranneberger was 
married three times. His first 
wife was Martha R. Hill, and they 
had six children. His second wife 
was Sarah t^leanor Beall, a sister 
of Doctor Beall; they had no chil- 
dren. His third wife was Mary 
Ann Stover, and they had five 
ctiildren. P'ollowing are the names 
of the eleven children: Robert 
Spencer Ranneberger, born June 
II, 1832; Joseph Hill Ranneber- 
ger, born Nov. 23rd, 1833; Sarah 
Jane Ranneberger. born Aug. 8th, 
1835; Susan Margaret Ranneber- 
ger, born Sept. i ith, 1836; Martha 
Rebecca Ranneberger, born Nov. 
17th, 1837; Alice Catharine Ran- 

neberger, born Sept. ist, 1844; 
Sarah Eleanor Ranneberger, born 
Dec. 2ist, 1845; John Henry Ran- 
neberger, born May 24th, 1847; 
Charles Philip Ranneberger, born 
Oct. 25th, 1848; Clarence Ranne- 
berger, born July i6th, 1855. 
Charles Ranneberger is the only 
survivor of that family. He was 
born Oct. 25, 1847 and is in his 
75th year. He is well preserved, 
industrious, well and favorably 
known throughout the county; a 
staunch democrat with a strong 
voice, and he always attracts at- 
tention. Mr. Ranneberger has a 
remarkable ancestry, and comes 
from sporting parentage. He has 
in his po.ssession a book with his 
mother's side of the familv; con- 
taining, besides the record of the 
Stover's, some very interesting in- 
formation. A great part of the 
writing is plain, and while the 
leaves are yellow with age, for the 
most part it can be easily read. 
The following was taken from this 
book, the spelling not being cor- 
rected: "John Stover was born 
on the 28th day of June 1 788. John 
Stover was married on the 28th 
day of January 1813 to Catherine 
Kephart. Catherine Kephart was 
born on the loth day of June 1786. 
George Stover was born on the 
26th day of December 1 8 1 3 at about 
3 o'clock. George Stover dide the 
17th day of January i8i4on Mon- 
day. Maria Roberts Stover was born 
on 29 day of March 181 5 at boat 
10 o'clock att night. John Wil- 
liam Stover was born on the loth 
day of Septch 18 16 at bout six 
o'clock. Elinor Juson Stover was 
born on the ^6 day of July 1817. 
Soloman Stover was born on the 9 


of Febry 1820 at bout 3 o'clock in 
the day. Caroline Elisabeth Stover 
was born on the 19 of Febry 1822, 
depe snow & a bad nite. George 
Washington Stover was born the 
25 day of Febry 182 15. John Wil- 
liam Stover dide September 19, 
1826, I o'clock at nite." There 
are quite a few other names in the 
book, and some interesting notes. 
I will give a few: On the inside 
cover is written, "John Stover's- 
book, don't steal this for fear of 
the gallis, July 25, 1813. " "1816 
we had a grate frost in April and 
May, and we had a grate frute 
year. Harvist began the i day of 
July on the 17 day of July we had 
a very hard hale storm, grate crops 
of grain, wheat, ry, oats, corn 
looks fine. August 7 of this 
month, the hale hirt the corn very 
much. Had dri wether until Sep- 
tember 9. Monday morning the 
rain began and lasted until Friday, 
and rained very hard. There was 
a grate fresh as was known for 
forty years. Cloudy the 15 day of 
Sept. Corn this fall was ^5 per 
barrel. 18 1 9. January there was 
as fine whether, warm and dry as I 
ever saw in May and June and con- 
tinue so untill I 3 day of Feby, then 
there was a deep snow and hale 
and grane in these two months 
looks very fine. Peple was plow- 
ing these two months. They sowed 
backer beds on the 20 day of Jan- 
uary." From the above, it may 

'V we that will have some fruit this 
1922, notwithstanding the 
^^ar recent heavy frosts and ice. 
^^^o le s P. Ranneberger married 
^harha C. Knouff January^ ist, 
Mat They had seven children; 


Lee, George, Kate, Nellie, Bessie, 
Jane and Sarah. Robert Spencer 
Ranneberger married Virginia Ea- 
der, Feb. 22, 1866, and they had 
nine children; W'illiam, Lillie.Mary, 
Robert, Charles, Raymond, Viola, 
Carrie and Alonza. John W.Knoufif 
married Rebecca Ranneberger May 
27th, 1869. 

The following school houses 
that stood on Carrollton Manor a 
century or more ago that have dis- 
appeared, probably the oldest 
school house on the Manor that 
was abandoned more than seventy- 
five years ago stood in the woods 
about half a mile west of Lime 
Kiln, and about an equal distance 
east from where Richard Cromwell 
lived. A road then passed close 
by, very liitle of the land was 
fenced in then, roads and paths 
run in every direction. Some of 
the older people said the brick 
was brought from England, at the 
time when the house at Arcadia 
was built. The school house was 
used as a community meeting 
house for political, social and 
church affairs; pieces of brick and 
mortar can still be seen on the old 
site. Two colored people now liv- 
ing remember this school house. 
Jane Sc<)ggin?, who is living at 
Lime Kiln, and is now ninety-tw» 
year's old, says she remembers the 
school house well. The road ran 
through the woods past the door. 
She was a sla\-e and belonged to 
Jacob Wirts. John Stanton, novr 
at Montevue Hospital, says he re- 
members this school house, he is 
eighty-four years old and was a 
slave and belonged to Jacob M. 
Bucke)', The reason given for 


abaiuloniii'T the school was, it was 
fenced in "where the road was 
chan<:^ed and beingaloiifr way from 
other houses. Jacob Keefer who 
had a lar^e family of ^irls ac^reed 
to i^ive the land where the present 
White Oak Sprinj^s School now 
stands. The following families at- 
teiuled this old brick school: 
Cromwell, Taylor, Biicke)-, Kemp, 
Thomas, Keefer, lialdwin, h^ord, 
Michael, Fulton and Shaw. 

The old log school house in the 
late Edward Zimmerman's woods on 
the Manor was called Tad Pole 
Academy. This school was abandon- 
ed over fifty years ago. I attended 
school here with my sister, Carrie, 
we had more than three miles to 
walk. Among the others who at- 
tended this school were the Zim- 
merman family, Myers, Detrick, 
Castle. Brosius, Drill, Ogle, 
Schaeffer, Renn, DeGrange. Among 
the teachers were Anna Snoots, 
Matilda Winters, and John J. 
Biser. The Manor school near 
Adamstown on the New designed 
road was changed into a dwelling 
some thirty years ago. Among the 
families who attended school were: 
Snouffer, Thomas, Harwood, 
Bready, White, Dutrow, Moffett, 
Jarboe, Specht, Kohlenberg, Beck, 
Whitter, Plummer, Johnson, La- 
mar. Among those who taught 
school here were: William C Ott, 
Mr. Labordy, Mr. Marriott. John 
R. Crown, who was a soldier in 
the Confederate Army. Gertrude 
W^hite, the Southern girl who com- 
forted the Union soldier when 
mortally wounded. Daniel Lakin 
also taught school here; he after- 
wards became County School Su- 
perintendent and was the first 

cashier of the Citizens National 
Bank, Frederick. The Calico Rock 
School house was very substan- 
tially built, many years ago of the 
famous c.dico rock surrdunding it 
on the road leading to Point of 
Rocks. This school house was 
abandoned some twenty years ago 
and was sold to Marion Michael 
May 1 2th, 1961, for one hundred 
dollars and he at once tore it down. 
This school house was an old land 
mark and was used as a church 
and a community building. 

The Lutherans held service in 
this school house once a month 
for many years, and the Methodists 
held service also in this school 
house twice a month for many 
years, until they built a church at 
Doub. The early settlers of Point' 
of Rocks were educated at this 
school, showing the distance they 
had to walk over bad roads 
and HI winter weather. Among the 
families from Point of Rocks and 
other sections who attended school 
here were: Besant, Stauffer, 
Fisher, Hickman, Stunkle, Dean, 
P^lliott, O'Brien, Michael. Trundle, 
Walling, West, Duvall. Belt, 
Thomas, Shellman, Sigafoose. 
Among the pupils who have been 
prominent in business and their 
professions: G. Mantz Besant, 
Dr. Bryon Walling, Poolesville; 
Dr. Levin West, Brunswick; W. 
Burns Trundle, a prominent attor- 
ney, Baltimore and David O. 
Thomas, Washington. Among 
those who taught at Calico Rock 
School were: Wellington South, 
David Lewis, Mr. Staunton, who 
was a large and powerfully built 
man.* The boys steered clear of 
the rod in his hands, he was a 


good teacher, kind and gentle. 
He taught there before and during 
the Civil War. Henry K. Biser 
taught for about twenty yearsfrom 
1865; he was well known on the 
Manor where he lived nearly all 
his life. The Flag Pond School 
went into discard when the two 
room school house was built at 
Doub. The Flag Pond school house 
was a comparatively new build- 
ing, but had to give -way to im- 
proved school conditions. Among 
the families who attended the Flag 
Pond School were: Michael, Myers, 
Smith, Copeland, Williard, Krantz, 
Hargett, Carey, Hickman. Ranne- 
berger, Walter. Among those 
who taught here were: Sallie Tur- 
ner, Maggie Myers, Ella Kreig, 
and Kate Working. 

The first school house at Buck- 
eystown stood a few hundred yards 
from Rocky Fountain beside a cal- 
imus patch near the old Quaker 
burying ground. It was built of 
logs and probably by Mr. Darnell 
as it was not far from his mansion, 
and on his land I have found one 
person now living at the age of 
eighty-six who attended School 
there about eighty years ago. 
Mrs. Armstrong Cunninghani, she 
is now living in P'rederick, a 
daughter of James L. Davis, 
Mollie Davis, as she was then 
known, says she went to school 
there one year. It was then a very 
old log house as she remembered 
it. The next year the school 
house was built along the mill 
race on the road to Davis Mill, 
she thinks about 1840. Mrs. 
Cunningham does not remember 
anyone who went to school in the 
old log school house, but it is 

probably the Davis. Darnell, 
Richardson, Buckey, Meade, Hos- 
elboch, Cromwell, Thomas fami- 
lies attended school there. Both 
the school house and grave yard 
have long disappeared. The school 
house which Airs. Cunningham 
refers to, on the road to Davis 
Mill, is where the present colored 
school house now stands, which is 
a frame building. The first school 
house was built of stone. Those 
who attended school there were 
the following families: Anderson, 
Baker, Brosius, Baer, Cromwell, 
Clabaugh, Chiswell, Condry, Cun- 
ningham, Day, Delaplaine, Davis, 
Dutrow, DeLashmutt, Funk, 
Grinder, Crove, Hildebrand, Pleat- 
er, Jarboe, Jones, Kessler, Keller, 
Kreig, Lerch, Mossburg, Morn- 
ingstar, Nicodemus, Poole. Sim- 
mons, Richardson, Schaeffer, Trun- 
dle, Thomas, Thompson. The first 
teacher in the new school house 
was Aaron Davis, he was a highly 
educated man and a remarkable 
character in many ways, having his 
peculiarities. His last years were 
spent on his garden farm near 
here. He lived to be nearly a 
hundred years old. The next 
teacher was Frank Cassidy, he 
afterwards became a preacher. A 
Mr. Gorsuch followed, he only 
taught about one year and on ac- 
count of his health went to the 
Alleghaney Mountains and settled 
at Frcstburg, where he started the 
manufacture of fire brick and was 
very successful. Originally from 
Westminster, he remembered his 
home folks in the distribution of 
his wealth. The ne.xt was Mr. 
Cronise. an Irishman fresh from 
the old Sod. he was a great scholar 


and well cducitcd ni;ui, a thoroui^fli 
greek and latin scholar. William 
G. Bak-er who is past ei<j[lity went 
to this school soon after it was 
first opened and to all the teachers 
named above. Charles McGill 
Luckett followed, he was reco;^- 
nized as beint^- a good teacher, but 
was a little eccentiic. for instance; 
he would send two boys with a 
bucket for water, the sprine^ was 
in the tan yard some distance from 
the school, these boys would be 
slow returning, he would start two 
boys after them and kept this up 
until he would have the whole 
school out after each other. His 
way of punishing was to call the 
boys to get their oats. Sometimes 
the boys coats were heavy and the 
stick was not felt, then he would 
draw the pants leg tight and a few- 
lashes would make the boys dance. 
To keep a supply of switches was 
difficult, as it was the custom to 
whip some of the boys or girls 
everyday. Mr.Lucl^ettwhen he first 
taught this school planted locust 
trees around the school. He took 
great pride in them and on a cer- 
tain day each year these trees must 
be trimmed of anything 
else. Mr. Luckett also had a cer- 
tain day each year. Hewould dis- 
miss school to go squirrel hunting, 
John Dudrow, the old wheelright 
always had to accompany him, the 
da)' he went squirrel hunting. 
James Anderson was the next 
teacher, he was the son of Talbott 
Anderson and a I.fe long resident of 
Carrollton Manor. Two ladies fol- 
lowed him, they were from the 
North, they were secured through 
the influence of Col. William Rich- 
ardson, who was a strong Union 

man. The of the Commu- 
nity was largely \\\ih the South, for 
that reason they had a troublesome 
time. The patrons of the school 
did not want yankee women to 
teach their children, they did not 
like the yankee.s, and a woman was 
not capable of teaching school. 
They stayed the year out, after a 
hard struggle, and then left for 
their northern homes. If the same 
prejudices against women as teach- 
ers still existed today, we would be 
i.i a bad wa}-. 

Carrollton M mor did not con- 
fine its talents to the old log school 
house, or the private home. Some 
forty years ago it boasted of a 
theatrical troupe, probably super- 
ior to man)* now travehng on 
the road who make a profession of 
acting. While these were all am- 
ateur perfoi mers many of them had 
a real talenL and made fine actors. 
Mrs. Robert Padgett, then Janie G. 
Boone had charge, and trained the 
actors. Miss Boone, herself, a 
natural borne actor, took the lead- 
ing part and trained the other act- 
ors to fill the parts assigned them. 
It was really remarkable how she 
woulc^ go out amoiig the "clod 
hoppers," the name then for farm- 
ers, and choose those s'le thought 
would measure up to the part se- 
lected for them. To think of it 
at this time with the man)'' ad- 
vantages of years of school train- 
ing, I doubt if a similar troupe 
could be organized on the IManor. 
The difficulties of getting around 
to rehearse their parts were the 
dirt roads and coming from many 
directions and miles apart to prac- 
tice, but not withstanciing this fact, 
they persevered and it is remarkable 


how well they performed their var- 
ious parts. I will give the program 
that was first rendered in Judge 
Samuel D. Leib's home. Judge 
Leib bought this property from 
Benjamin F. Moffett and as the 
rooms were large, dances were often 
held in his mansion. The first en- 
tertainment was given here, the 
play was so well rendered it was 
repeated several times on the Manor 
and for two nights, they played at 
the City Opera House in Freder- 
ick. Thanks are due Thomas J 
Rohrback, who had this old pro- 
gram in his possession. For pos- 
terity's sake the program is reprint- 
ed m full, givingthe names of those 
taking the leading parts, the actors 
l^en had to arrange their own cos- 
tumes, and it is remarkable how 
perfect they portrayed the var- 
ious characters. I will mention 
one to show how well Miss Boone 
as she was then familiarly called, 
selected the characters. Thomas 
L. Thomas, a farmer with a 
large family, truly a South- 
ern gentlema n of the old 
school, was selected as the Indian 
Prince, very dark complected with 
long black flowing hair, over si.x 
feet tall, handsome and command- 
ing in appearance, he made a per- 
fect Indian, with his flowing robe, 
crown of feathers, and tomahawk 
hanging to his girdle, his appear- 
ance was striking indeed. The 
■whole troupe was made up of char- 
acters who filled their places to per- 
fection and while the program shows 
the of characters in the three 
plays at the City Hall, there were 
mrny others of the Manor, who 
took part in the many entertain- 
ments held by this troupe, who 

deserve to be mentioned. Program 
of the Dramatic Entertainment for 
the Benefit of St. Joseph's Church, 
Carroll's Manor, on September 26 
and 27, 1882, at City Hall, Fred- 

septembp:k 26th. 



Oast of Characters 

Sir .Solomon Solus Mr. W. C Keller 

Capt. MoLiser Mr. Edward Grove 

Mr. Dimple Mr. John DeLashmutt 

Walker Mr. J. U. Markell 

Joseph Mr. Thomas Haden 

John Thong Mr. J. H. Kessler 

Digits Mr. Robert Padgett 


Mrs Flowerdew Miss Livingstone 

Miss O' Leary Miss Kate Boone 

Miss Desperate Miss Sophie Graff 

Mrs. Crisp Miss Janie Boone 

Susan Miss Joe Weaver 

Bettie Mrs. John Kessler 

To be followed by the popular Farce, 


Oast of Characters 

Victor Dubois Mr J. Rohrback 

Major Rattan . . . .Mr. John DeLashmutt 
Mr Spriggins, (a Would be 

Frenchman) Mr. Ed. Grove 

Mrs. Spriggins Miss Kate Boone 

Angelina Miss Carrie Grove 

Mrs. Major Rattan. . . .Mrs. Will Grove 
Anna .Marie (Maid of All- 
work) Miss Laura DeLaihmutt 

SEPl-EMBER 27x11. 


Oast of Charactera 

Countess Isaura de Castro 

Miss Janie Boone 

Lady Beatrice. . Miss Laura DeLashmutt 


Donna Marina, (Superintendent of 

Household,) Mrs. Will Grove 

Catalina Miss Mamie Livingstone 

Celesta Miss Nora Hardey 

{Mrs. John Kessler 
Miss Sophie Graff 
Mrs. D. J. Lee 

Zuma and Italca.Clndun Princesses < ,-. ,-.' ^ j .. 

( Miss R. Padgett 

Alonzo Mr. George Hardey 

Haravaca Mr. T. L. Thomas 

Pedro, (a Page,) Mr. R. H. Pr-dgett 

Music by Frederick Oity Orchestra. 

For posterity we are printing sev- 
eral invitations to a picnic held on 
the Manor nearly fifty years ago, 
a majority composing the commit- 
tees are still living. Dancing in 
the woods was popular then, and 
commenced as early as ten o'clock 
in the morning. The dancing floor 
was made of rough boards, but the 
dancers enjoyed it all the same. 


The pleasure of pour company is re- 
quested at a Basket Pic-Nic, to beheld 
in Grinder's Woods, near Lime Kiln, 
Md., on Saturday, September 4th, 1875. 

Oommittee of Arrangements: 

Thos, R. Jarboe Philip Cromwell 

Robt. H. Padgett Jos. S. Grinder 

Committee of Invitation: 

C. Newton Thomas Wm. J. Grove 

Glenmore Castle Frank E. Thomas 

Floor Managers: 
Chas. T. Brosius, Jno. H, Kessler 

N. B — Should the weather prove un- 
favorable, the Pic-Nic will take place on 
the Monday following. 


The pleasure of your company is so- 
licited at a Basket Pic-Nic to be held at 
White Oak Springs on Friday, August 
22d, 1879. 

If not fair, next day. Dancing to be- 
gin at 10 a. m. 

Y.. Glenmore Castle, J. Jarboe Castle 
George E. Smith, Henry C. Thomas 

Wm. J. Grove, Ollic B. Drill 


You are respectfully invited to attend 
a Basket Pic-Nic to be held in Mr. Curtis 
Thomas' Woods, near Adamstown, on 
Wednesday, September 3d, 1879. 


G. Fenton Snouffer, W. T. Chiswell, 
Frank E. Thomas George Snouffer, Jr. 
Mrs. Wm. T. Chiswell. 


R. D. Allnutt, C. N. Trundle, 

McGill Belt, Miss Julia Belt, 

Miss Anna Chiswell. 


Robert Moffet, Mrs. David Thomas, 

Miss Nellie Snouffer, Mrs. G. F. Snouffer, 

Miss Helen M. Thomas. 

G. Y . Snouffer, F E. Thomas, 

W. T. Chiswell. 
8®"Music by Price's String Band. 
Dancing to begin at 10 o'clock a. m. 

Leap year dances were held by the 
ladies of Carrollton Manor, forty years 
ago, according to this old postal card: 

The pleasure of your company is re- 
quested at a Leap Year Party to be held 
at Mr. Louis McMurray's house. Lime 
Kiln, Tuesday evening, Jan. 6, 1880. 


Johnnie Trundle, Carrie E. Grove, 

Ella Condry, Sophie E. Castle, 

Emma Thomas. 

Addressed to .Miss May Hardey and 

friends, Burkittsville, Md. 


Probably the geatest event 
that ever took place on Car- 
rollton Manor was when Gov. 
Edwin Warfield, his staff and 
Troop A. visited the St. Joseph 
Church picnic in the Manor 
woods, August 13th, 1907. 
Although this picnic was for 
the benefit of St. Joseph 
Catholic Church, everybody 
helped to entertain the dis- 
tinguished guests. The fol- 
lowing account of the picnic 
appeared in the Baltimore 
Sun, August 14th, 1907. 


Soldiers Have a JoHy Time at the 
Buckeystown Outing. 


The Soldier Boys Prom Baltimore 
County Were a Center of At- 
traction — Greatest in Years. 

[From a Staff Correspondent.] 

Frederick, Md., Aug. 13, 1907. 
Take 15,000 people, 1,000 car- 
riages, one Governor of the 
State, 35 husky young mem- 
bers of Troop A, a tournament, 
a dance, unlimited merriment 
and jollification, not to men- 
tion hundreds and hundreds 
of fried chickens and other 
edibles, mix them together 
and "add some" and it is as 
near a description of the great 
farmers' picnic occurring to- 
day near Buckeystown as it is 
possible to get. The great 
gathering is one of the events 
of Frederick county. It is held 
in what is known as Manor 

Woods and is for the benefit 
of St. James', St. Ignatius', 
and St. Joseph's Catholic 
Churches, of Point of Rocks, 
Urbana, and the Manor par- 
ishes, respectively, of whick 
Rev. Stephen McCabe is in 

Long before daybreak the 
farmers' wives were up and 
doing. While the women were 
frying fowls in sputtering lard 
brewing coffee, husbands and 
sons were tramping dewy 
grass, lanterns in hand, pre- 
paring to hitch up vehicles of 
every sort and description. 
That a farmer lived 25 miles 
away deterred him not; there 
was the Governor to be seen 
and Captain Rogers and troop 
attractions never before on 
the program. 

Long before the troop broke 
camp at Rose Hill, roads were 
deep with dust of horses 
"beating it" for the picnic. By 
12.30, when the company rode 
in, there were fully 10,000 peo- 
ple lining the roads. The Gov- 
ernor, riding ahead, received 
an ovation that was a fitting 
culmination of the day's greet- 
ings along the road. 

With the people of the coun- 
ty it has long been a supersti- 
tion that it will rain every pic- 
nic day, and Col. E. A. Baugh- 
man, a native of the soil, 
spread the tale. Sure enough, 
before having ridden an hour 
big drops soaked through the 
flannel shirts of the troopers 
and ponchos were unstrapped. 
Looking like a funeral proees- 


sion, the black-cloaked riders 
marched on. Before the woods 
were reached the sun broke 
through the clouds. But just 
as it was reached down poured 
a drenching- storm. Back to 
shelter ran the girls like 
eoveys or startled partridges, 
their finery bedraggled. Gov- 
ernor Warfield and the troop 
sat waiting for a cessation. 
The storm stopped and all 
were happy, though wet. 

Throughout the woods hors- 
es were tethered and the peo- 
ple were putting luncheons in 
places where they were calcu- 
lated to do the most good. To 
accommodate the troop many 
of the merrymakers were for- 
ced to move their carriages, 
which they did goodnatured- 
ly. Governor Warfield, follow- 
ed by his staff, rode forward, 
and there was a grand rush to 
see him. By twos, fours, in 
bunches and in groups they 
jumped the brush piles like 
bunches of steeplechasers. The 
bark was literally torn from 
the trees and wheels almost 
knocked from carriages. 

Accompanied by Mr. Joseph 
D. Baker, one of the promi- 
n e n t personages present, 
Father McCabe and others. 
Governor Warfield's progress 
was truly a triumphal march 
and ended for a few brief mo- 
ments only when he ate din- 

Mr. J. D. Baker introduced 
the Governor from the plat- 
form at the dancing stand in 
a pleasant speech, laughingly 

saying in conclusion in refer- 
ring to the recent fight of hi-s 
friends to secure the Guber- 
natorial nomination for him. 
*T don't know Governor 
Warfield's ability as a soldier, 
so I refer you to Adjt-Gen. 
Clinton L. Riggs, but I can say 
that he is a valiant leader in 
a losing convention fight." 

Responding, the Governor 
in a general way spoke of the 
hospitality of the people and 
the wealth of the county and 
mentioned that he noted with 
pleasure the esteem in which 
Mr. Baker was held by Fred- 
erick countians, and spoke of 
his fitness and ability. He 
pointed him out as a model cit- 
izen and an example that the 
young men present might well 
follow. He also dwelt at some 
length on his services to the 
community and State. 

Governor Warfield made his 
formal address at 4 o'clock. 
He dwelt at length upon "Civ- 
ic Duty." In referring to the 
responsibilities confronting 
young men he said all should 
pay particular attention to the 
affairs of State, become fam- 
iliar with them and thus fit 
themselves for future duty,. 
He also spoke of the advan- 
tages and independence of 
country life, and named prom- 
inent Marylanders of the past 
and present who had attained 
high positions in life. The 
Governor advised young men 
to stay on the farms until they 
were grown. 


There was no dimunition in the 
number of arrivals late in the after- 
noon and they kept coming until long 
after dark and remained, dancing 
until long after midnight, when the 
troopers were recalled and taps 

Camp Broke Late. 

Camp at Rose Hill, on the other 
side of Frederick, broke late on 
account of the short march to be made, 
and the Governor and General Riggs, 
who had slept and broken fast at 
the old Johnson mansion, appeared 
after Captain Rogers, Captain Hill 
and Lieutenant Baughman had risen 
and eaten at the camp table. Through 
Frederick the troop passed, and for 
the first time the official standard 
of the Governor was unfurled and 
was carried by Sergeant Wernsing. 
Along Market street there was a con- 
tinnous ovation. The first stops were 
made at the M^illiams and Shriver 
homes, Vv-here the Governor wished 
to meet some old friends. 

On the way to the picnic the 
Governor made a stop at the home 
of Dr. McKi.nney. The Doctor 
and Mrs. McKinney invited him to 
take a cup of iced tea and he accepted. 
After the visit the Governor said he 
was delighted with the hospitality 
shown him and also with the colonial 

When Buckeystown was reached the 
troop was halted and the Governor and 
General Riggs made a stop at the 
beautiful home of William G. Baker. 
There was one ovation after another, 
for the Governor and the troop all the 
way from Frederick to the picnic 

The approach of the troop was an- 
nounced by Bugler Suter, who had his 
bugle to his lips nearly all the time 
blowing calls and quicksteps at the re- 
quest of the Governor. A short dis- 
tance from Buckeytown the Governor 
and the troop were met by a mounted 
committee from the picnic grounds. 
G. A. T. vSnouffer was the chief mar- 
shal, and he had 20 aids, all mounted 
and wearing yellow sashes. Each 
man in the delegation also wore a 
badge with the printed inscription 
"Welcome to Our Governor." They 
also wore buttons with the Governor's 
photograph. Similar buttons were 
displayed on the picnic grounds and 
the Governor appreciated the compli- 

ment, and so did Captain Rogers and 
the members of Troop A. 

One of the features of the after- 
noon was the tournament. The only 
representative of the troop in the lists 
was Lieut. W. B. Cockey, mounted on 
his game sorrel mare and riding under 
the title of 'Knight of Garrison." 
He was under a disadvantage on ac- 
count of the long march and because 
his horse went down the lists as a 
racer. The first time he missed one 
and took only two out of three rings. 
The second and third runs he made 
three out of three and was perm.itted 
to ride with the professionals in the 
tie-oft" — a compliment to the troop, 
although he was one ring short. Dur- 
ing his final run, however, he again 
missed one, and was thus forced to 
leave the lists. 

The winners in the professional 
class were, in the order named: 
H. R. Mercer, Knight of Pleasant 
Valley, who crowned Miss Lillie Eyler 
queen of love and beauty. 

Vernon N. Garber, Knight of Locust 
Grove, who crowned Mrs. Garber first 

O. W. Montgomery, Knight of Oak 
Grove, who crowned Miss D. L Phillips 
fourth maid. 

L. Amos, Knight of Locust Lawn, 
came in second, but did not select a 

The winners in the amateur class 

Bruce Thompson, Knight of Red- 
land, who crowned Miss Nellie Etzler 
queen of love and beauty. 

Leo Lu.row, Knight of Idlewood, 
who crowned Miss Maranda Stupp 
first maid. 

Others who entered were: H, L. 
Davis, Knight of Fountain Mills, in 
the professional class, and Paul 
Snouffer, Knight of Waverlv, and 
Frank Allnutt, Knight of ' Three 

Paul Snouffer crowned Miss Johimie 
Mainhart, of Montgomery County 
second maid of honor, and Frank 
Allnutt crowned Miss Hannah Snouf- 
fer, third maid of honor. 

Phillip F. Lee delivered the charge 
to knights and Edward J. Smith made 
the coronation address. Miss Capitola 
Grinder was the gippsy queen, and 
made (luite a hit as a fortune-teller. 

After the tournament the troop 
"mug" of mint julep was brewed and 
Miss Lola Motter, daughter of Judge 


J. C. Motter. was elected "Daughter 
of the Trooji," she, with her sister, 
Miss Amy Motter, and Miss Pauline 
Gilbert, being; voted as among the 
most popular girls at the picnic. 
The officers of the tournament were: 

Chief Marshal— G. A. T. Snouffer. 
Aids to Chief Marshal— J. E. O. 
Thomas, Arthur McKenna, Leo Fitz- 
simmons, Richard Cromwell. 

Heralds — J. I. Fritzsimmons, Jr. 
Paul Snouffer, George S. Allnutt, 
Harry Dronenberg, McGill Belt, 
Charles Miller, Robert Thomas, Bern- 
ard Day, James Rogers. 

Judges — Col. L. T. Brien, John C. 
Padgett, George Snouffer, Daniel Z. 

Time Keeper — Kemp Buckey. 
The committee in charge of the 
picnic were: 

Committe on Arrangements — Eu- 
gene A. Grove, Thos. Fisher, Richard 
R. Day, William Murphy, G. W. 
Tucker, Robct Hendrickhon, Crom- 
well Kessler, Chas. Heater, Harry 
Davi-, John Graham, Arunah Fitz- 

Cf:nmittee on Grounds — J. D. Day, 
R. n. Padgc:.t, C. A. Rogers, J. S. 
Grinder, Raymond G. Ford, J. R. Hen- 
drickson, Ernest Nichols, Richard All- 
nutt, Issac Davis, Lee Davis, John 

Dancing Committee — Dr. C. H. Con- 
ley, Claude E. Thomas, Melville 
Cromwell, Clark Thomas, Lindsay 
Day, Dr. Joseph Thomas, Spalding 
Davis, William Steiner, Charles Fitz- 

Executive Committee — Jacob S. 
Dutrow, Baker Lamar, John .F Davis. 
Chairman — J. Howard Allnutt, Licks- 
ville, Md. Secretary — William J. 
Grove, Lime Kiln, Md. 

Dinner Tables — Mrs. A. J. McKenna, 
Mrs. Thos. L. Thomas, Mrs. E. Morn- 
ingster, Mrs. Richard Cromwell, Mrs. 
Dronenburg, Mrs. Lamar, Mrs. Rich- 
ard Allnutt, Mrs. Lee Davis, Mrs. 
Spalding Davis, Mrs. Wm. J. Grove, 
Mrs. A. Fisher, Mrs. E. Nichols, Mrs. 
R. Heater, Mrs. H. Fisher, Mrs. 
Haines, Mrs. Melville Cromwell, Sr., 
Mrs. Melville Cromwell, Jr., Mrs. O. 
Kershaw, Mrs. J. D. Day, Mrs. A. L. 

Knott Misses Rachel Davis, Hattie 
Murphy, Neva Cromwell, Joe Weaver, 
Maggie Grinder. Aids — Mrs. Garner, 
Johanna ,Weeden, Martha Spencer 
Caroline Hart, Wm. Socggins, Wm. 

Fancy Tables— Mrs. R. H. Padgett, 
Mrs. Eugene Grove, Mrs. Etchison, 
Misses Fanny Day, Steiner, Etchison, 
Anie Murphy, Lottie Murphy. 

Candy and Lemonade — Miss Ida 
Hendrickson, Mrs. A. Rogers, Mrs. 
Conley, Mrs. George S. Allnutt, Miss 
Nellie Day, Miss Ellen Allnutt, Mrs. 
Stanley Davis, Miss Bessie Dronen- 
burg, Miss Janie Fitzsimmons. Aids: 
Frances Thomas, Fanny Young, Mary 
Chase, Martha Murphy. 

Ice Cream Table — Miss Oma 
Grinder, Mrs. Harry Davis, Mrs. 
Mulliuix, Mrs. M. W. Lee, Miss Agnes 
Cromwell, Mrs. Hughes, Nora Taylor. 
Aids: Charlotte Spencer, Julia Russell, 
Nettie "Howard, Mrs. C. Whimbs. 

Doll Stand— Stanley Davis, .F A. 
Knott, Victor Day. 

Cane Rack— Philip C. Kessler, 
Roger Day. 

Shooting Gallery — William Knott, 
William, Frank and Charles Murphy. 

Governor Warfield and General 
Riggs spent the night at the hos- 
pitable home of Mr. William G. 
Baker, at Buckeystown. The Gov- 
ernor was also invited by Mr. Charles 
Rohrback to spend the night at his 

The Charlestown Program. 

Captain Rogers received a telegram 
at camp from his cousin, Mr. A. S. 
Allen, of Charlestown, asking him to 
arrive early as arrangements had 
been made for a serenade to the 
troop and because the Governor and 
the men were invited to the home of 
Senator Campbell and later to a re- 
ception Thursday evening. 

The Governor will hold a reception 
at camp at night, and there will be a 
ball at the hotel. Friday night's pro- 
gram is yet to be arranged. To- 
morrow's march will probably be the 
hardest of the trip, the troopers hav- 
ing to march 38 miles. 



The old singingschool, the spell- 
ing bee, the debating societies, all 
helped to bring out and develop the 
young on Carrollton Manor. As a 
small boy, I remember the debat- 
ing society at Buckeystovvn, it was 
then held in the old Tavern among 
the older members was William H. 
Funk, he was a good debator, he 
would bring out his strong points, 
by saying "these are stubborn facts 
that can't be denied." His hand 
would land heavily on the table. 
Frank Waltz was also a good de- 
bator. Among the others were, 
Daniel T. Ordeman, James H. 
Jones, Charles E. Keller, Joseph 
D. and Daniel Baker, the Suman 
boys, Lynn Davis, J. Fenton 
Thomas, Cyrus Bascom and Em- 
ory Poole. Very often, amusing 
tilts between the debator would 
occur, this was especially so with the 
Poole Brothers. They were good 
talkers and rather sarcastic toward 
each other, they were all a little 
eccentric. Cyrus, the oldest who 
served in the Maryland Home 
Guards during the Civil War had 
some oratorical ability was a fluent, 
flowery speaker. He always used 
what we term big words, and his 
burst of oratory wouldbecome very 
loud. The speakers were all lim- 
ited in the time for discussion, this 
was never pleasing to Cyrus, who 
had a wonderful flow of language. 
His brother, Bascom would follow, 
starting in a very low voice, "after 
a storm there is generally a calm." 
Soon Bascom would warm up and 
his flights of oratory would 
be louder than Cyrus. Emory 
would follow, their sister Jinnie' 

and Amy who were interested list- 
eners, would take sides with one 
or the other brother, and would 
get into the discussion. On one 
occasion, a rather amusing incident 
occured, Cyrus who had beem 
studying law for sometime, also wore: 
a high stovepipe hat, the room be- 
ing crowded, someone stepped on' 
his hat and mashed it. When Cy- 
rus found his hat in badshape, he 
immediately resented it and said, 
"Mr. Chairman, I arise to a quest- 
ion of privelege that demands im- 
mediate attention, someone has 
mashed my beaver, I claim to have 
been brought up in a home and ed- 
ucated in a school of refindment,and 
I demand that the rowdy who 
mashed my hat, be immediately 
expelled." The meeting adjourn- 
ed by deciding the debate in favor 
of Cyrus, which helped to heal the 
wounds made by the flat beaver. 
These debates were usually inter- 
esting and very hotly contested, 
and helped to bring confidence to 
the speakers. 

I have in my possession a com- 
plete copy of the qualified and dis- 
qualified voters when I first regis- 
tered in 1875 nearly fifty years 
ago. The form used then is 
still in use. It is simple and 
complete in every detail. I 
find quite a few who registered 
at that time are still living, 
then there was only one registra- 
tion officer, the printed notice is^ 
about the same during this long 
period. I am glad to say I have 
always voted at the primaries and 
general election. There was only 
one voting precinct, it was at 
Buckeystovvn. Feagaville then was 


apart of Buckeystown District, peo- 
ple from that' section as well as 
Point of Rocks came to Buckeys- 
town to vote, they came lon^ dis- 
tances then on their own accord. 
Now they can vote at Feagaville, 
Point of Rocks, Adamstown, Buck- 
eystown and with all these conven- 
iences, it is difficult to t^et many to 
vote. The women took no part 
in politics then, they are now vot- 
ers. The mode of votin<^ has 
changed \er\- much, now you go 
into a booth and place a (.x) 
mark afterthe name ofeach candidate 
for whom you want to vote. It is 
called the secret billot. I have in 
my possession a ticket, the same 
kind that was used when I first 

voted, and as I under.stand, was the 
same kind of ticket always used 
until the present change was made. 
Then the tickets were in the hands 
of the party workers who used their 
influence with the voter, if you 
wanted to vote for any candidate 
that was not on the party ticket, 
you had to run a line through the 
name you wanted off and then 
write with pen or pencil on the 
face of the ticket the name of the 
person you wanted to vote for. 
There was not many marked or 
split tickets then. The ticket was 
small and simple to vote. Now 
the ballot is large and so arranged 
that the party is not so closely fol- 
lowed and there is a great deal of 
independent voting, it also prevents 
interference with voters, which 
many times led to trouble at the 


List of Qualified and Disqualified 
Voters of 

Biickeystoivn District, No. /, 

As Registered September 6t.h, 7th 
and 8th, 1875. 


IJurdett, Charles M.; Kemp, George C; 
Bell, Oeorge R. ; Legsj, John C; Butch- 
er, Theodore S. ; Munrow, Peter C; Bet- 
son, Wm. H.; Poole, Wenter .S. ; Baker. 
]r,^. D : Remick. Joseph; Bowman, Sy- 
Iv'r, col'd; Shaffer, Newton R.; Cope- 
land, Meredith D.; Stiinkle, Lewis F.; 
Fisher, Geo. W., Jr.; Slayman, John 
W. ; Fouch, Temple; Smith, Charles A., 
col'd; Fout, Clayton E. ; Thomas, Amos; 
Gross, Charles \V. ; Taylor, Hamilton; 
Grnve. Wm. J ; Williams, Samuel L. 
Grinder, Joseph S.; Walter, John W. ; 
Hickman, Samuel L. ; Wise, Joseph, 
col'd. Johnston, Wm. R. 

D EA o 

Delashmutt, Arthur Condry. John 


Davis, Jesse; .Maritt, Henrs', col'd; Cal- 
aman' Philip, col'd; Norm in, Daniel, 

col'd; CoUiberry, John W. ; Rimsburg. 
Geo. P. of J.; Green, John, col'd; Stan- 
ton, John, col'd; Jarboa, [ohn S. W. ; 
Snoots, Jacob; Luckett, Chas, McGill; 
Taneyhill, Wm. H.; Lucas, John, col'd. 
Williams. Jno, H. col'd; Maritt, Elias, 
col'd; Williams, Chas. E. col'd. 


Degranye, David J. Weaden, Joseph 

The above is a correct list of the 
Qualified and Disqualified Voters of 
Buckeystown District, N ). i. of Freder- 
ick county. Md.. as Re.;isiered Septem- 
ber 6th, 7th, and 8th, 1875. 



I also have the registration list for 1879 which I am sure 
will be of interest to posterity. 

List of Qualifed and Disqualified Voters of 

P)iickeystown District No. 1 

As Registered September 1st, 2nd. 3rd, 4th and 5th, and October 6th 

and 7th, 1879, 

AS REGISTERED SEPTEMBER 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and 5th, 1879. 

Bell, George R. 

Adams, Richard A. 
Baker, Daniel, Jr. 
Beard, Harlem J. 
Booze, Lynn 
Belt, Joseph 
Butcher, Richard A. 
DeLashmutt, Lynn 0. 
Doy, Basil Augustus, col'd. 
Diggs, Clayton C, col'd. 
Enniss, William T. 
Eagle, Chas. W. 
Fulton, James William 
Harrington, G. W. 
Hildebrand, David M. 
Hildebrand, Lewis A. 
Keller, Edward L. 
King, Elisha, col'd 
McAbee, Charles W. 
McDivitt, James H. 
Musser, Francis T. 
Oland. Carlton E. 
Procter, Augustus C. col'd 
Parnes, Frederick col'd 
Patterson, John M. 
Rodenhoefer, Bernard 
Scarff, James W. 
Simms, Walker, col'd 
Shellman, Louis E. 
Swan, Samuel, col'd 
Williams, Wm. R. J. 
Whalen, Wm. Henson, col'd 
Weagly, C. W. C. 
Zimmerman, Cornelius F. 
Zimmerman, Robert C. 

Clappen, Hiram, col'd 
Corbet, Danl. 
Fout, Clayton E. 
Hall, John William, col'd 
Jones, Danl. F. 
Trundle, Samuel H. 
Winpegler, Josiah 
Zimmerman, John M. 


Anderson, Talbot B. 
Buckheimer, Conrad 
DeGrange, John 
Hargate, F. A. 
Heeter, Elbert 
Keller, Jonathan 
Moritt, William, Sr., col'd 
Moberly, Samuel, col'd 
Roberts, James L. 


Bick, J. F. P. 
Brown, Edward, col'd 
Clemm, John 
Carter, Chas. H., col'd 
Johnson, Richard 
Jackson, Jerry, col'd 
Kennedy, John 
Larch, Charles 
Larch, Charles L. 
List, John 

Phleeger. William M. 
Ramsburg, P. A. W. 
Seoneburner, Sampson 


AS REGISTERED OCTOBER 6th and 7th, 1879. 

Beal, James H. 
Basford, Geo. M. 
Belt, Frank T. .col'd 
Biggs. Milton E. 
Craver, Lewis J. 
Carr, Moses, col'd 
Cain. Francis T. 
Dutrow. Daniel J. 
Dody. Robert, col'd 
Fosler, James Montg. 
Fulton, Joel R. 
Garner, Chas. A., col'd 
Harper Alfred, col'd 
Hanley, Joseph 
Jarboe, E. E. 
Kolb, Rubin 
Lamar, J. C. 
Layman. Charlfs W. 
Mahoney, John H. 
Myres, Francis M. 
Perry, James 
Shawen, David L. 
Shawen, Richa/d 
Smith, Vince, col'd 
Smith, James B. 


Smith, Horace H. 

Scoggings, Wm. Henry, nol'd 

Wimbs, Charles H. 

Whisner, Christian 

Whisner, Charles 

Walter, G B F 

Washington, Prince Albert, col'd 

Young, Hillery 


Beaner, Robert. Col'd 
Brady, Luther M 
Brady, Joshua H 
Clabaugh, Charles B 
Hein, Edward L 
Jones, James 
Lee, John, col'd 
Powel, Aquila, col'd 
Smith, James H 
Shaffer. David L 

Davis, J Lynn 

McPherson, Samuel 

The above is a correct list of the Qualified and Disqualified Voters of Buck- 
eystown District, No. 1, of Frederick County, Maryland, as Registered Sep- 
tember 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th and 5th, and October 6th and 7th, 1879. 

O. J. KELLER, Regr. 

Baughman Bros,, Steam Printers, Frederick, Md. 

You will notice by these registra- 
tion lists quite a few are marked 
Col'd, and it can be said to the credit 
of the negroes they always make it 
a rule to vote, but unfortunately, not 
always to their best interest. For 
years they put a cross mark in front 
of Abraham Lincolns nose, as that 
was the party emblem appearing on 
the Republican ticket, until a trick 
was played by placing Lincolns nose 
opposite the Democratic ticket, and 

his head next to the Republican tickets 
The change in the placement of the 
nose fooled the negroes into voting 
the Democratic ticket. This caused 
consternation in the Republican ranks 
and the emblem for voting was aban- 
doned and the party affiliation was 
printed after the name of each can- 
didate. But after sixty years, since, 
they were given the right of fran- 
chise, they have advanced very litis 
politically and are still voting solidly 
the republican ticket. 


Forty-Six Years Ago. 

Democratic Ticket 

State and County Ticket Voted 

Three Years Before Civil 


The following letter written 
by my father with this ticket 
appeared in the Citizen under 
date of July 28th, 1904, which 
was voted at the election in 
1858, three years before the 
Civil War. 

Editor of the Citizen: — 

It may be some historical in- 
terest to your readers, to have re- 
printed the Democratic Ticket 
nominated at Frederick in 1858. 
It had been intended to nominate 
as Surveyor our old honored and 
gallant confederated friend Adol- 
phus Fearhake, who had been 
cm] oyed in the office of Thomas 
H. Oneal for many years County 
Surveyor of Frederick County. 
It being found however upon the 
assembling of the convention, 
that Mr. Fearhake was under the 
legal age, he was substitued by 
the writer who was then Merchan- 
dising in Burkiitsville, and per- 
formed considerable surveying 
in Middletown Valley after the 
death of that prominent Surveyor 
David Bowlus of Middletown. 
The Ticket was composed of the 
following well known prominent 
and responsible Democratic Gen- 
tlemen of tliat period all of whom 
are now dead with perhaps two 
or three exceptions. 

M. J. C.rove. 

For Comptrollej' of the 

Abraham Lingan Jarrett. 

For Congress. 
Jacob M. Kunkel. 

Fo ihe House of Delegates J 

John Smith, of M., 
Outerbridge Horsey, 
Andrew Kessler' Jr., 
John F* Elder, 
William E. Salmon, 
John A. Johnson. 

For Coutity Coimyii ssioners 
Frederick W. Kramer, 
Benjamin F. Brown, 
William Metzger, 
George P. Fox, 
Daniel Root, of R. 

For Judges of the Orphans' 
John McPherson, 
John Alexander, 
James H. Steele. 

For States's Attorney 
John Ritchie. 

For Sheriff, 
Michael Keefer. 



For Count ij Siirveyor, 
ManassesJ. Grove 

Fo7' Justices of the Pence, 

Nrederick district No. 2 

Micliael Baltzell, 
vSaiiiiiel Carmack, 
William Mahoiiy, 
John Z innieniian, of N. 

For Con st ((hies: 
Frederick, District. No. 2, 

Haniian Holeler, 
Absalom Hncres, 
Z. O. Simmons, 
Henry A. Hao^er. 

Fo7^ B/xul Su^pervJsor, 
Frederick District No. 2, 
Nathan O. Neio-libors. 

Democratic Ticket. 







For State Senator 

For House of Delegates 


For Judges of Orphans' Court. 

For County Commissioner, 

For State's Attorney, 

For Sheriff, 

For County Surveyor, 

Election — First Tuesday and 6th 
day of November, 1883. 

Democratic Ticket 



Of Wicomico County. 


Of Frederick County. 



William Pinkney Whyte, 

Of Baltimore City. 

Republican Tcket. 

For Chief Judge of the Sixth Judicial 
Circuit of the State of Maryland, com- 
posing the Counties of Montgomery 

gomery & Frederick, 


For State Senator, 

For House of Delegates 




For State's Attorney, 



For Sheriff, 

For Judges of the Orphans' Court, 




Republican County Ticket. 

For Chief Judge of the Sixth Judicial 

For County Commissioners, 


For Sheriff, 

For Surveyor, 

For County Commissioners, 



Election on the second Tuesday and 
8th day of November, 1887. Polls 
open from 8 o'clock, a. m. till 6 
o'clock p. m. 

For State's Attorney, 

For State Senator, 


For House of Delegates, 


For Judges of Orphans' Court, 


For Surveyor, 


Democratic Ticket. 







Electors -at-large, 


District Electors, 

1st Dist. W. SCOTT ROBERTS, 

2nd Dis. JAMES G. BARRET, 


4th Dis. I. GORHAM MOALE, 



For Congj-ess — Sixth District 


Of Washington County 

Grover Cleveland for Presi- 
dent and Allen G. Thurman 
for Vice-President were elect- 
ed in 1888. Cleveland was the 
first democratic president 
since the Civil War, my 
first vote cast in 1876 for 
Samuel J. Tilden, ca'ndidate 
an the democratic ticket 
who was elected on the 
face of the returns but the re- 
publicans had been in power so 
many years by making contests 
in three States which caused 
intense feeling, almost brought 
on another Civil War, and 
finally led to the appointment 
of a partisan board consisting 
of 8 republicans and 7 demo- 
crats. They declared Ruther- 
ford B. Hayes elected by the 
famous and much criticised 
vote of 8 to 7 and by these 
manipulations, Tilden was 
counted out and my first vote 
for president was lost. 


Family Record from the old 
Jarboe Bible. 

William Jarboe was married to 
Margaret Maria Shafer. August 
i8th, i8i6. Their issue was born: 
Henry Joseph Jarboe, i8th of June 
1817: JohnS. William Jarboe ist 
of May; 1822, died December 20th, 
1904, Marf^aret Ann Maria Jarboe 
1 2th of May 1825 died 5th of Jan. 
1854, Thomas Randolph Jarboe, 
15th of May I828, died September 
7th, 1894. Susan Jarboe, 1 8th of 
October, 1830, died May 31st 
1889. Charles Jarboe, 9th of 
November 1833, and died 4th of 
September 1837, William Jarboe 


died 2nd of May 1836, Margaret 
Maria Shafer Jarboe died 4th of 
October 1874. 

Henry J. Jarboe was married to 
Evoline Flook, November 12th, 
1840. Their issue was born: 
Martha Virginia Jarboe i8th of 
December 1841, Charles WiUiam 
Jarboe September 15th 1843, and 
died 25 th of February, 1852 Henry 
Jacob Jarboe, 20th of December 
1844, John Hanson Jarboe 12th 
of May i8s2. Henry Jacob Jarboe, 
20th of December. 1844. Mary 
Josephine Jarboe, November 1858. 

Margaret Ann Maria Jarboe was 
married to John S. Brosius April 
1 6th, 1844. Their issue was born: 
John William Brosius, 26th of Jan- 
uary 1 845., Charles Thomas Bros- 
ius, 1st of October 1847, Alonzo 
Jarboe Brosius 28th of January 
1850 and died May 13th, 1873, 
John S. Brosius died 4th of Jan- 
uary 185 I, Margaret Ann Jarboe 
Brosius died 5th of January 1854. 

Thomas R. Jarboe was married 
to Margaret Lorretta Eagle Octo- 
ber 28, 1850. Their issue was 

Margaret Eagle Jarboe, November 
8th, 1 867, Thomas R. Jarboe died 
September 7th, 1894, Margaret 
Lorretta Eagle Jarboe died, March 
lOth, 1900. 

Susan Jarboe was married to 
Manasses J. Grove, March 22, 
1852. Their issue was born: 

Charles Franklin Grove, 4th of 
February 1852, died December 
25th, 1853. William Jarboe Grove, 
24th of May 1854. Mary Minnie 
Grove, iith of November 1856, 
died September 21st, i860. Carrie 
Estelle Grove, 27th of April 1859. 
John Thomas Grove, 4th of June 

1861, died June 5th, 1861. Ed 
ward Dawson Garrot Grove, 5th 
of June 1862. Margaret Ellen 
Grove, 27th of August 1864, Died 
March i8th, 1865. Bernard Lee 
Grove, iithofjune 1866. George 
Washington, 20th of October, 
1868, died January 31, 1869. 
James Henry Grove, 4th of De- 
cember, 1869. Eugene Ashby 
Grove, ist of March, 1872. Laura 
Regina Grove, 2nd of September, 
1876. Manasses Jacob Grove died 
February 2nd, 1907. Susan Jar- 
boe Grove died May 31st, 1889. 
John S. W. Jarboe was marired to 
Ellen S. Keefer November i6th, 
1852. John S. W. Jarboe died De- 
cember 20th, 1904. Ellen S. 
Keefer Jarboe died May i 5th, 191 1. 

Colored Children Born Slaves. 

Eliza Nelson, ist of April 1832, 
Manzilla Carpenter loth of Sep- 
tember 1838, Cerener Carpenter 
9th of November 1840, Henry 
Matthews Nathaniel Carpenter ist 
of Jan. 1844, Rachael Cecelia Car- 
penter 23d of March 1846, Daniel 
Gilton Carpenter May 26th, 1848. 

A copy of the original letter 
which is in the possession of Mrs. 
ChArles Rohrback, written more 
than one hundred years ago show- 
ing the hardships and suffering the 
early pioneers with their families 
emigrating, settling and opening up 
a new Country, the sacrifices they 
made will never be appreciated by 
those who have followed them. Jos- 
eph Jarboe was Mrs. Rohrback's 
and my great grand father, who 
with his family and slaves were 
leaving Maryland for his Kentucky 
home he had purchased several 
years before. His son William 


wno was so seriously injured by 
the wagon upsetting in the riv- 
er, who he was forced to leave be- 
hind at a tavern, when a Mr. Ma- 
gini.s through pity took him to his 
home and my great Grand father 
tells so pathetically when he heard 
the voice of Billy, his child, the re- 
lief and happiness brought to him 
through Mr. Maginis when he re- 
turned to him, his boy only shows 
what a blessing it is to make some 
sacrifices for the happiness of others. 
His son, Billy, stayed in Kentucky 
about two years when he returned 
to Maryland, this was my grand- 
father, William Jarboe who lived 
here until his early death at Alex- 
andria, Virginia, where he had gone 
on business. My grand father was 
the only one of the Jarboe family 
to return from Kentucky after 
leaving their Maryland home. Some 
went to other States, but many of 
their descendents are still living in 
Nelson County and other parts of 
Kentucky. The letter is written 
on both sides of unruled paper in a 
small but plain hand. The letters 
are well formed and follow straight 
across the paper, the ink holds its 
color well and owing to its value 
from a family standpoint the letter 
is kept in a glass trame by Mrs. 
Rohrback. The letter follows 
without corrections. 

Nelson County state of Kentucky, 
Feb. 4th, 1813. 

Raphael Jarboe, 

Frederick County, Maryland. 

Dear Brother: 

I gladly embrace this o[)portun- 
ity of writing )-ou these few lines, 
hoping they will find you and fam- 
ilv in efood health. I shall wish to 

acquaint you of my Journey to 
Kentucky. We arrived at Browns- 
ville, or Red Stone Old Fort, the 
fifteenth day after the commence- 
ment of our Journey. It was there 
agreed by Mr. Honel and myself to \ 
take water, which after five days we 
agreed with two gentlemen who 
was bound down the Ohio to Lime 
Stone. We unloaded our wagons, 
sent them on by land and the fam- 
ilies goes on board the Boat, except 
Mr.John Philpot,my sons John and 
William, Mr. Honel's son who 
went with the wagon, but I think I 
must not forget to inform you that 
my hoisesran down Brownsville hill 
ran unto the stone bank, my Wife 
and several of the children in the 
wagon. John who was driving, fell 
off the saddle horse by the side of 
an old tree, the wagon ran over him, 
but the tree prevented the wagon 
from mashing him to pieces. He 
was much hurt for awhile. This 
was the first accient that happened. 
We start in our boat, Rubbing on 
every Ripple and the second day 
she got quite fast on a Rock. My 
poor Wife, and Ann Philpot, negro 
Margaret, and six children remaining 
in her in a freezing condition. All 
the larger ones, we set on shore to 
travel on foot to Wheeling and to 
get to Lime Stone as they could. 
You must understand this is in the 
Mongahala about thirty six miles 
above Pitsburgh. I then hired a 
small boat to take my company to 
Fort Pitt, you must now under- 
stand we are divided in three com- 
panies. We arrived at Pitsburgh 
the second morning after leaving 
the boat, and then continued ten 
days before I could get a passage, 
and when I got a passage it 


was in a Reel bottom boat, deep- 
ly laden with merchandise. No 
fire except some coals in a Kittle, I 
expected we should all freeze to- 
gether, to inform you of every dis- 
agreeable circumstance going down 
this river would be too tedious. We 
arrived at Lime Stone in two weeks 
after leaving Pitsburgh on Monday 
morning about two hours before 
the appearance of day. I goes up 
into the town inquiring of every 
person I saw respecting my poor 
scattered family. I croes into a Mr. 
Lee's Tavern speaking as I went 
in at the door, my poor distress- 
ed children cried aloud. "That's 
my falhei," I began to inquire of 
them how they got to that place, 
they inlormed me they got into an 
open l^oat some part of the way 
down the River in a freezing situ- 
ation as my party has been. Im- 
mediately beheld my son Wilh'am 
in bed, his collar bone and 
shoulder bone broke, his leg 
dreadfully wounded by Mr. Phil- 
pots wagon, upsetting with twelve 
barrels of flour going down the 
River bank the wagon went over 
three times before it stopped. A 
doctor and surgeon of that town 
was attending on him. Mr. Lee 
informed me that my family had 
been at his house thirteen days and 
that he could not with propriety 
render me a bill of the expense to 
do himself justice in my unfortun- 
ate situation. Light barrels of the 
flour to pay for, but since the dam- 
aged flour sold for twenty dollars, 
the loss of the flour is 
about twenty, as the 
whole was estimated at forty 
dollars. Hut just before I arrived 
at this place, my son Harry with 

six of my negroes set off" down to 
Bardstown one hundred and four 
miles below Lime Stone. The re- 
mainder of my family left Lime 
Stone Tuesday evening with our 
wagons, excepting my poor child 
which I was obliged to leave to the 
care of Mr. Lee, and the doctor. 
We arrived at Samuel Gatton's the 
twenty-third day of December. In 
a few (lays after our arrival, I re- 
ceived a letter from Mr. Lee inform- 
ing me that my poor child William 
was attacked with a violent pleur- 
sy. and extremely dangerous. I 
thought I would go up to Lime 
Stone at any risk in hopes I might 
see him ,ili\e. You may guess 
what m\- feelings must be respect- 
ing my poor child, no Priest to 
come near him, but my journey 
Wc,s prevented. My Wife was tak- 
en also with a violent pleurisy, 
both Priest and Doctor called to 
her, both agreed there was lit- 
tle or no hope of her Recovery. 
Thanks be to God she is now like- 
ly to recover. Now I am eoine 
to inform you of oui uncommon 
circumstance and the greatest fa- 
vor I may say I ever had done 
me. One night as I was 
distracted witli grief as I was al- 
most at all times, I heard it spoke 
Billy was come. I started up and 
saw him personally before my 
eyes with young Cornelius Ma- 
ginis who had taken his wagon and 
carried Billy to his fathers house 
and there was nursed till this 
young man brought him down 
to me, one hundred and hfty 
miles, as severe weather as I ever 
felt in Maryland. I do and ever 
shall respect the name of Maginis, 
he would not have one cent from 


me. You may guess the expenses of Kentucky and I am satisfied my 

my unfortunate journc)- to Ken- 
tucky but the uncommon favor 
of Mr. Maginis saved me many 
dollars. Dear Hrotlier, I hope y«u 
have sold Jack or taken him your- 
self, I received four hundred and 
seventy five dollars from you, the 
wages or hire of Jack and Lewis 
was one hundred and six dollars 
and two thirds for the last year, 
except you sold Jack before the 
year expired. I hope you are safe 
from the two gentleman respecting 
the hire, suppose you are. Then I 
have received of your money, 
three hundred and sixty eight and 
two thirds. What little may be 
coming to me I hope you will 
send bv Mr. Medcalf, who brings 
you this letter, sorry I m, you 
should know mv distress for mon- 

idea was tolerably correct. If I 
was to inform you in this letter 
what I thought of Kentucky you 
might say I had not been in the 
County long enough to be a Judge^ 
there-fore, I will send you my 
opinion of that State in my next 
letter, but be assured I have paid 
dear for my arrival to Kentucky. 
Be pleased to hand this letter to 
Mr. James Stevens after you have 
read it. Dear Brother, you will 
treat the gentleman who hands you 
this letter the same as you would 
me, he being a Respectable Char- 
acter and useful member of Nelson 

Am with sincere affection, your 
lovmg Brother till death, 
Joseph Jarboe. 

Evevryone of my family send 

ey. I was obliged to borrow sixty their love to your family and Mr. 
dollars before I got to Pitsburgh, Stevens. 

am now owing the doctor that 
attended Billy. My case is de- 
plorable on account of my misfor- 
tunes. I hope you'l send every 
cent that is coming to me, for 
God's sake send me some if I have 
to come to Maryland to repay you. 
I cannot expect one cent from 
Montgomery County, till the 
expiration of nine months, if you 
should do me the favor of sendingf 

N. B Dear Brother: You will 
be friend to the utmost of your 
power to this worthy gentleman, 
Mr. Medcalf, Respecting any busi- 
ness he may have to do in your 
neighborhood. Your compliance 
with my request will greatly 

Your B. J. J. 

Mrs. Emma Thomas, widow of 

more money, then due me ask my J. Frank Thomas, has in her pos- 
son Joseph who waits to settle my session some valuable papers bear- 
business in Montgomery County ing on the early history of Charles 
and he will repay you. I shall not Carroll. Mrs. Thomas is a daugh- 
say anything Respecting Kentucky ter of Edward Zimmerman who 
in this letter, I expect the land lived on the farm of his fatlier, 
you Requested me to inquire of, is John Zimmerman bought from the 
not to be found in any Office in heirs of Charles Carroll of Carroll - 
that State. And I surely believe ton, the fourth day of November 
there is no such land, I even eighteen hundred and thirty one. 
thought I, knew the situation of Father and son have owned and 

, ^ ii<fc ^ 

L.i». JL 


lived on the farm about ninety 
years. Albert F. Zimmerman who 
farmed the land until his death, 
the farm was recently sold to his 
wife. Mr. Edward Zimmerman 
died a few years ago at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety two years, 
he was a life long resident of Car- 
rollton Manor and a good citizen. 
The deed for this tract of 1 5 1 
acres is described as a part of 
Carrollton and addition to Carroll- 
ton. The deed is written on 
splendid parchment in large bold 
letters, showing fine penmanship. 
The ink is well preserved, there 
are three wax seals uiterlaid with 
silk, Mr. Zimmerman also bought 
from John W. Ross and William 
Garrett, Phleegers Mill. Mrs. 
Thomas also has in her possession 
two grants of land to Charles Car- 
roll written on parchment, 20 by 
30 inches in very large plain let- 
ters. The first on the fifth day of 
March, Anna Domini seventeen 
hundred and forty six granted unto 
a certain Charles Carroll Esq. two 
thousand seven hundred acres land 
called "Addition to Carrollton." 
The second says "he had discov- 
ered some vacant land contiguous 
to his part," a special warrant for 
that part was granted on the sev- 
enth day of May, seventeen hun- 
dred and seventy one to Charles 
Carroll, one hundred and fifty one 
acres, and this is the tract of land 
that was bought from the heirs of 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton by 
John Zimmerman on the fourth 
day of November 1831. Probably 
the most interesting from a his- 
torical standpoint, is the original 
grant which is also written in a 
v^ry large legible hand, the head- 

ing at many places intertwine with 
large Roman letters. The parch- 
ment is very large, about 24 by 30 
in. size. Black ink which holds 
its color remarkably well, although 
over two hundred years old, the 
parchment and writing is perfect. 
It would be interesting to print this 
grant in full, but space will not 
permit. "At London, the twelfth 
of September, seventeen hundred 
and twelve. Granted unto George 
Gump six hundred and sixteen 
acres of vacancy called "Hufifin- 
hart" for the sum of thirty pounds, 
sixteen shillings sterling. Caution 
for the same accordingly to Charles 
Lord Baron of Baltimore, our great 
Father of Noble memory his in- 
struction to Charles Carroll, Esq. 
his agent bearing date at London, 
the twelfth day of September, 
seventeen hundred and twelve." 
The deed is signed in a large plain 
hand by Charles Carroll at Annap- 
olis, and is witnessed by Thomas 
Diggs and William Baker. There 
is a large wax seal attached to a 
silk jibbon. This paper is partic- 
ularly interesting from the fact it 
shows Charles Carroll was acting 
as agent for Lord Baltimore at 
this early date and for that reason 
I have often heard it said Charles 
Carroll was granted or had 
charge of all the land west of 
Doughorean Manor. The land that 
was granted Mr. Gump was the 
land on the west side of the Point 
of Rocks road from the Edward 
Zimmerman farm, and was later 
purchased by the Zimmerman fam- 
ily. I remember myself sixty years 
ago Horace and Peter Zimmer- 
man lived on part of this tract of 
land called "Huflfinhart." Charles 


Rciin, Samuel Zimincriiian, Leslie 
Ziniinciniaii and Willis Dcrr are 
now livins^ (M1 this Grant. 

In tin- fall of i<sr)0 L\)lonel Will- 
iam MclMicrson who then owned 
the hand -omc estate afterwards 
owned by Colonel Georf^e R. Den- 
nis, now by the Dennis boys, John 
M. who is promini-nt in Deniocrat- 
in State affairs and George who is 
prominent in Republican County 
affairs. I mention this to show at 
the bcijinning of tlie Civil War fam- 
ilies were divided on this great 
question as they arc in politics 
now. Colonel McPherson one of 
the most prominent citizens in the 
Southern section of the County had 
invited the Manor Mounted Guards 
to drill in a field on his farm then 
to be entertanied at a big feast at his 
old colonial home. A great crowd 
from the neighborhood and all 
over the Cot-'^ty was present. The 
parade and drill by the "Manor 
Mounted Guards" was a brilliant 
affair, they never drilled better or 
made a handsomer military appear 
ance in their uniforms, high plum- 
ed hats, bright shining epaulets, 
brass buttons, their side arms pol- 
ished and trim, while their beauti- 
ful horses pranced as they had nev- 
er done before. This military scene 
just before the beginning of hostili- 
ties between the North and South 
had the effect to still further en- 
thuse the ardor of those present 
whose sympathies were largely 
with the South. The Southern 
girls showered comp'iments and 
words of good cheer on the troops, 
whose enthusiasm for the South 
had been brought to its highest 
pitch. Soon after this successful 
military drill the next regular meet- 

ing of the "Manor Mounted 
Guards" was held in the field ad- 
joining the old stone school house 
at ]^uckevst<nvn. /\fter the drill 
a meeting was held in the hall 
above the school room, it was very 
exciting. Immediately after the 
assembling of the troops, a reso- 
lution was offered by Newman 
Johnson, a brother of Otis John- 
son who served in the confederate 
Army with distinction and was so 
well and favorably known after the 
war as one of the leading business 
men in h'rederick. Newman John- 
son's resolution was as follows; 
"Resolved the Manor Mounted 
Guards as a body offer their ser- 
vices, horses and equipment to the 
Southern confederacy and the troop 
as a whole prepared for immediate 
departure." This resolution received 
an almost unanimous vote. Among 
the (cw who made a strong protest 
was Colonel WMlIiam Richardson, 
a staunch union man, some of the 
older men were not just prepared 
to leave their homes and aftera hot 
discussion a resolution was offered 
and carried to disband the Com- 
pany. Newman Johnson and a 
few others, Malilon Myers, Clinton 
Adams, John b'out of the younger 
members of the Manor Mounted 
Guards left the next day taking 
their uniform-., horses and side 
arms with tliem, crossed the Po- 
tomac and joined the Confederate 
forces that were then forming in 
Virginia. Great excitement and 
contusion existed, JMaiyland was 
preparing to secede and those in 
sympathy with the Union were 
very active. Troops from the 

North were arriving and they were 
sent in search of arms, all homes 


of the members of the Manor 
Mounted Guartls were searched 

and where found, their side 
arms and uniforms were 

In several instances, blood 
come near being shed ; at the 
home of William H. Funk, who 
was a corporal in the Manor 
Mounted Guards and a man of 
determined character when his 
house was searched, his uni- 
form and side arms were 
found. Mr. Funk who was 
working in the field was in- 
formed by one of his children, 
soldiers were searcliing the 
house; he hastened from the 
field and found they had al- 
ready secured his uniform, 
sword and pistol. Mr. Funk im- 
mediately demanded the mili- 
tary equipment and declared 
he would never surrender them 
to anyone except his comman- 
der. Captain Chiswell. The 
soldiers threaten. ed to shoot 
Mr. Funk, and during the scvif- 
fle in their attempt to tal:e 
the arms by force, Mr«. Funk 
who had a babe in hor arms 
which was then two months 
old, with six or seven little boys 
and girls clinging to then* 
mother's skirts and she v/eep- 
ing with her arms around the 
neck of her husband fainted 
and dropped the babe to the 
ground. This had the effect to 
stop hostilities and after a con- 
sultation the soldiers agreed 
to accompany Mr. Funk to 
Captain Chiswell, the uniform 
and arms were turned over to 
Captain Chiswell who had no 

other redress but to allow the 
soldiers to take the military 
equipment with them. Mr. 
Funk could never forget the 
loss of his uniform and arms 
which he prized so highly they 
were always in order the 
sword and scabboard was 
so bright that the reflection 
from the st«i acted as a mir- 

The soldiers the same day 
went to the home of S^imuel 
Dutrow who had henrd that 
they were taking the uniforms 
He buried his in the garden. 
The soldiers searched every- 
where, but they were not 
found, after threatening to 
arrest him they left and 
searched the homes 
of other members. This 

inceiiseu the people very much 
and a bitter feeling began to exist, 
among ncinrhbors who were divided 
between the North and South. 
This search for arms had the effect 
to stn- up the old Manor Mounted 
Guard and they met at Adams- 
town to resent what they consider- 
ed was an infringmcnt upon their 
rifjhts. Hot speeches were made, 
resolutions were passed protesting 
against theso unwaranted acts. A 
new organization was formed called 
tlie "Minute Men" led by a young 
ph)'sician, Doctor Boteler. who was 
then practicing medicine at Adams- 
town, and had come from Harris- 
onburg, Virginia, a recent gi-adu- 
ate of the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, whose southern blood was 
boiling. The "Minute Men" or- 
ganized by electing Doctor Hotelcr 


captain and Doctor Jacob G. Thom- 
as, Lieutenant. They planle 1 a poll 
and hoisted the Confederate flag on 
the lot adjoiniPi^ the railroad where 
J. D. Day n<nv lives. They 
selected three men for guard duty 
each nii;ht. The first nit^ht two of 
the guards, Grafton Jenkins, and 
Frank M. Whitler whose patriot- 
ism began to falter owing to the 
rain and water, they were com- 
pelled to stand in, reported to 
Captain Boteler to be relieved. The 
captain ordered them back to their 
posts to halt anybod)- that came, 
count one, two, three, then to 
shoot and run if necessary. Things 
were getting pretty hot, Doctor 
Boteler left and joined the South- 
ern army, many of the Minute Men 
and the Manor Mounted Guards 
followed him. cros.sed the Potomac 
and joined the Confederate army; 
they all made good soldiers and 
soon ever\^ young man of fighting 
age in the army, and for 
n:arl\' five \ears along this section 
bordering on the Potomac was the 
scene of constant warfare. Those 
most active in forming the Minute 
Men and hoisting the Confederate 
Flag be.sides those mentioned were 
Major A. T. SnoufTer, Colonel 
John B. Thomas, George A. 
Bready and Samuel Dutrow. All 

who took part in the flag 

raising tiicii' liomes were immedi- 
ately seai'ched, those who did 
not go South, buried their uniforms 
and arms or placed them with 
their friends or where they could 
not be found. 

The Manor Mounted guards 
was a crack cavalery Company 

organized before the ,Civil 
War, composed of the promi- 

nent Carrollton Man*or f a r- 
mers. I have not been able to 
get a complete roster, but the 
Company is well remembered 
by some of the older folks 
and their doings during the 
exciting times just before and 
at the beginning of the Civil 
War in this section bordering 
on the Potomac River. 

Mr. Joseph H. Trundle, com- 
mander of Alexander Young 
Post Confederate Veterans 
was a member of the Manor 
Mouned Guards and is the ofily 
living member that I have been 
able to find. Mr. Trundle gave 
me a lot of information about 
their movements. He was a 
one of the youngest members 
and he himself joined the con- 
fedate army when he^ was 
very young. His mind is not 
clear and he is confused as to 
those who were members of 
||he manor mounted guards 
and those who served in 
the Confederate Army, But 
I believe the nearly complete 
roster of the Manor Mounted 
Guards a* it existed in 1860 is 
as follows: 

Joseph N. Chiswell, Captain. 
Jacob M. Buckey, 1st Lieut. 
Richard Thomas, 2nd. Lieut. 
William Richardson, 3rd. Lieut 
Richard Simmons, 

Ordei'ly Sergeant. 
Benjamin MofFett, Corporal. 

William H. Funk, Corporal. 

l^ruce Thomas, Surgeon. 

John A H. Cunningham, Bugler. 

George A. Bread)-, color bearer, 

David Bready. 

John A. Trundle. 

Samuel Trundle. 

Joseph H Trundle, when a member of the Manor Mount- 
ed Guards about 1860. 

Henjainin Chiswel, 

iohn Ordcman, 

I'Vank Sellman, 

Newman Johnson, 

John Font, 

Mahlon Mj^ers, 

Qinton Adams, 

George Whitter, 

Joseph H. Trundle, 

Thomas Harwood, 

Thomas Peters , 

John Simmons, 

Samuel Dutrow 

John Maxwell 

Otho Thomas 

Eleven Thomas 

Luther Schaeffer 

William F. Gatton 

Doctor Charles Unseld 

Thomas Beall 

Nicholas Dorsey, 

Collington Offutt 
Lewis G. Kemp 

Mr. Trundle referring to the 
exciting times at meetings 

where they drilled just before 
hostilities begun between the 
North and South, he remem- 
bers especially the last meet- 
ing held in the old school house 
at Buckeystown where the 
Company disbanded ; of which 
I have already referred. Mr. 
Trundle said a large majority 
and especially the younger 
men, insisted they offer their 
services as a body. Among 
the objections from the older 
and married men was one 
made by Richard Simmons; 
who stated "we are not pre- 
paired to go at once. We hav- 
n't any blankets to lie on, or 
head bags for our horses to 
eat out of. "John A. H. Cun- 
mingham, who was of a hum- 

orous nature, replied, "You 
will all want tail bags before 
you get back." The discus- 
sion waxe#. hot, Bruce Thom- 
as who was the surgeon said 
he was against seceding and 
was a strong union man, but 
if the Company decided to go 
as a body, he would follow the 
wishes of the majority and 
stay with his comrades, re- 
gardless of his feelings. His 
remarks enlisted great en- 
thusiasm. It was then pro- 
posed "we offer our services 
as a whole to Governor Flet- 
cher of Virginia," Thomas 
Harwood, then stated, regar- 
less of what was decided up- 
on by the Company, he would 
be in Virginia before sun 
down. He was true to his 
word and left immediately 
after the meeting, taking his 
side arms, horse and uniform 
with him, and made a brilliant 
record as a soldier and was 
wounded several times. Mr. 
Trundle said the drill meet- 
ings were usually held at the 
homes of officers, each gave a 
dinner; they were largely at- 
tended and neighborly affairs, 
Mr Trundle said the three last 
drills were held at Lieuten- 
ant Jacob M. Buckey, Lieu- 
tendant Richard Thomas and 
Lieutenant William Richard- 
son. At these affairs, brandy 
and wine was served and 
toast offered and drank. Mr. 
Trundle said one that he re- 
membered well when all drank 
standing that caused great 
enthusiasm when Richard 
Thomas offered and drank a 


532453 A 

toast, "To South Carolina the 
*Game Coek' of the South, the 
first state to secede." The 
Union was fast dividing- state 
after state was seceding and 
great excitement existed 
everywhere under P r e s - 
dent Lincohi's call of May 3rd, 
1861, the Hon. James Cooper 
of Frederick City w^as ap- 
pointed a brigadier-general 
and assigned by the Secretary 
of War to the duty of raising 
and organizing the volunteers 
from Maryland This Order 
resulted in immediately forc- 
ing many young men to join 
the confederate army, espec- 
ially those bordering- on the 
Potomac River. For that rea- 
son most of the young r»en 
from Buckeystown district en- 
listed in the Southern army. 

Amiong those who were 
memb ers of the Manor 
Guards, I cannot find any that 
enlisted in the Union army, 
but to show how strongly this 
section sympathised with the 
south, the following members 
of the Manor Mounted Guards 
enlisted in the Confederate 
army and were recognized as 
brave soldiers who fought 
with wonderful va 1 o r and 

K. represent- hilled, W. rep- 
r95.ents wourded, C. repre- 
sents captured 

William Adams, Clinton Adams, 
Thomas Keall, Nicholas Dorsey, W.; 
John Fout. W.; William F. Gratton. 
Newman Johnson. K.; Mahloti Myer.s. 
John Maxwell. .John Ordeman. W.. 
George Orrison, W.; Frank Sellman, 
W.; Luthfr Schaffer. SamuW Trundle, 

Joseph H. Tru*dlo, Eleven Thomas, 
W; George Whitter. killed in the first 
battle of Manasses. 

Besides the members of the 
Manor Mounted Guards, al- 
ready mentioned the follow- 
ing fro mthis section served in 
the Confederate army. 

Calvin Brady, W.; Edward Bra- 
dy, W.; William T. Besant, W.; Tom 
Pitt Brashear,C. William F. Boland, 
C; Charles M. Boyle, W.; James O- ' 
Boyle, Joshua Crown, W.; John R. 
Crown, W. Frederick Crown, Williana 
T. Chiswell, Thomas Clagett, Brook 
Hays, K, James W. Dixon, Charles 
Elliott, Doctor William H. Johnson, 
George A. Kephart, K.; Charles Kep- 
hart, K.; George A. Lamar, W.; Eli- 
hu Washington Mercier, Charles Or- 
deman, K.; Thomas Peters, James P. 
Rogers, W.; James F. Reid, .K; Joseph 
T. Reid. K.; Richard Stalling, Frank 
'^homas, Byron Thomas, W.; Joseph 
Trapnell, Edward Thomas, Jacob 
Thomas, Carlton Pettingall, K. 

The following- from this sec- 
tion served in the Union 

Army : 

Thomas D. Bond, Benjamin D. 
Chamers,W.; Thomas Ingram, Doc- 
tor D. F. McKinney, Henry Hanshaw, 
George H. C. Hickman, John C. Kis- 
er, John Pettingall, William Tings- 
rom, David O. Welling, Amos W.el- 
len Cyrus W. Poole. 

It is a strange coincidence 
the two Kepharts and two 
Reids who were brothers all 
were killed in battle in the 
Confederate Armv. Carlton 
Pettingall served in the Con- 
federate army and John Pet- 
tingall in the Union army; 
they were brothers. Carlton 
was killed. 

Colonel William Richardson, 


a strong Union man manied 
Newman Johnsons sister, they 
were both members of the 
Manor Mounted Guards. News- 
man Jehnson was killed while 
fighting in the Confederate 

Mrs Joseph H. Trundle, Nee 
Emily Thomas, daughter of 
Charles E. Thomas, a promi- 
nent citizen and slave holder 
of Carrollton Manor. Mrs. 
Trundle at the beginning of 
the war was a young girl in 
her teens, she has given me 
some very interesting inci- 
dents of the war between the 

"In the early days of the war, 
the first troops to camp on the 
farm of my Father. Charles 
E. Thomas, who lived within 
a mile of the Potomac River, 
near Point of Rocks were a 
regiment from New Jersey. 
They had the idea that the 
slaves were very unkindly . 
treated and to see them as 
they did, in the harvest season 
so bountifully fed and after 
the days work was done frol- 
icking like boys, singing and 
playing the banjo, so happy 
and carefree, was a revelation 
to them. They said the slaves 
had it much Itetter than the 
poor white men of the North. 
I recall that one Sunday , a 
colored man belonging to my 
Uncle, Richard Thoma-s, came 
riding in on a fine horse to vis- 
it his brother who belonged to 
my Father. Several soldiers 
were sitting on the porch, 

they asked who was the man 

so well dressed, even to an 
old style silk hat and they 
were told by Mr. Thomas that 
he was one of his brothers 
slaves. One soldier exclaimed 
'T thought it was the Duke of 
Wellington." They had no 
idea such priveleges were al- 
lowed the slaves. My Father 
was wholly in sympathy with 
the South and aided the cause 
in every way possible. This 
became known to the I 
soldiers when the Home Brig- 
ade, (Cole's cavalry) were 
camping in the neighbor- 
hood and had a picket posted 
at St. Pauls' P. E. Church, 
near Point of Rocks, they com- 
mitted all the depredations 
they could such as se.arching 
his home, killing cattle, etc. 
They attem.pted to kill my fa- 
ther and came riding through 
the farm with pistols firing 
right and left, came very near 
killing our faithful old color- 
ed mammy who happened to 
be in the yard. My Father had 
gone to his brother for the day 
and about the time he was ex- 
pected home, one of our color- 
ed men went to meet him to 
warn him not to come home. 
Some of the soldiers saw him 
start out and struck him with 
a sabre, telling him they would 
kill him if he dared to go. To 
show the loyalty of the slaves, 
later on he clipped off again 
walking up a "stake and rid- 
er" fence which hid him from 
view, met my Father who de- 
layed his return to the house. 
Jefferson Weeden, the color- 


ed man who was struck by the 
soldier carried the sabre scar 
as long as he lived and would 
always talk about it, when he 
came to see his old mistress, 
Miss Slizer, as he called her, 
(she being Mrs. Eliza Thom- 

"These same soldiers arrest- 
ed Dr. Lloyd T. Duvall who 
was an ardent southerner as 
he was returning from a pro- 
fessional call. They held him 
all night at the Picket Post 
and this exposure so affected 
his health, that he only lived 
a few years after the war. 
These same soldiers used St. 
Paul's Church as their quar- 
ters, damaging it to such an 
extent that after many years, 
the U S. Government paid the; 
Parish $600.00, through the 
efforts of Rev. George W. 
Thomas, who was the rector of 
the Parish." 

Mrs. Trundle's description 
of the loyalty and willingness 
of the slaves to pretect their 
masters is further e\'idence of 
the good feeling existing then 
and this feeling is still shown 
by the few old slaves now^ liv- 
ing. The attchment and fond- 
ness for each other was really 
almost as near as father and 
son and mother and daught- 
er. This was one of the rea- 
son why at the beginning of 
hostilities between the North 
and South, Carrollton Manor 
was practically solidly with 
the South and and this condi- 
tion continued until the Union 
forces crossed the Potomac in- 

to Virginia when all men be- 
tween the age of twenty and 
forty-five w^ere drafted in 
the Union Army. It was then 
every Southern Sympathizer 
who could reach the Confed- 
erate army without being cap- 
tured, crossed Potomac, there 
were many reason why they re 
sponded so quickly to the call 
of the South ; this was a slave 
holding section. Slavery was 
being adgitated by the abcfll- 
tionist of the North, they were 
generally of the narrow mind- 
ed type who w^ere not quali- 
fied to judge the rights of oth- 
er people or the value of their 

Only a year before the in- 
surrection of John Brown oc- 

» cured on Maryland soil. 

'- Mrs. Stowe's "Uncle 
Toms Cabin" which was an 
appeal to senimental emotion 
and other measures of the 

* same kind that had no merit 
were used against slavery. 

States rights so dear to the | 
people of the South was being 
jeopardized by the fanatics of 
the North and West General 
Robert E. Lee considered 
State's Rights more vital to 
the welfare of the nation than 
slavery. This is why when 
Francis P. Blair bore a mes- 
sage to Lee at Arlington from 
President Lincoln, offering 
him the supreme command of 
the armies of the ¥nion; he 
refused to accept this great 
honor, resigned his commis- 
sion in the army and left for 
Richmond Lee preferred to 


lose his beautiful estate at Ar- 
lington rather than the stain 
of State Rights should be 
wrested from old Virginia the 
mother of the Constitution 
through Thomas Jefferson ; 
the State that had given us 
Washington, Jefferson, Madi- 
son, Monroe and Tyler. These 
Presidents also helped to make 
this great State "Paper un- 
equaled in the history of the 
world until it was poisoned by 

Many men from this County 
had served under Colonel Rob- 
ert E. Lee during the John 
Brown insurrection who as 
commander at Harpers Ferry 
showed the spirit of a true sol- 
dier and offered Brown the op- 
portunity to surrender his en- 
tire force being less than 
twenty, but instead he prefer- 
red recourse to prayer, he 
prayad at all his meetings. 
But John Brown had a Puri- 
tan conscience; they must by 
law attend church, witch 
craft was one of the sports of 
these fanatics and Brown ra- 
ther than surrender felt he 
was justified in advising his 
followers not only to kill ttieir 
masters, but the women and 
children for this reason when 
the cry of Virginia backed by 
Lee rang through their hearts 
as Marylanders and de- 
voted neighbors, they were 
willing to leave their homes 
and State, many ordered their 
horses and were off to Virgin- 
ia. To show the spirit of the 
women as well as the men of 

this section, a Maryland Flag 
was presented by them at the 
out-break of the Civil War to 
the Frederick Volunteers, an 
organization which afterward 
became part of the first Mary- 
land Regiment, C. S. A., and 
it was carried from the first 
Battle of Manassas, July 21, 
1861 to the surrender at Ap- 
pomattox, April 9, 1865. 

An old book of the Har- 
baugh family says Elizabeth 
who lived at Bethlehem, Pa. 
about 1775 had a daughter 
who met with an accident 
when she was about six years 
old. "A negro man who lived 
there had a gun which he one 
day placed perhaps in haste 
in the barn; not having time 
to take it to the houfee. T-he 
little gk-l, not knowing the 
danger connected with it, ac- 
cidentally discharged its load 
and laid her low in death." 
This book also says but does 
not give the date it must have 
been sometime in 1750, "Pe.t- 
er Harbaugh on the eve of be- 
ing married and when on his 
way to the residence of his in- 
tended bride on arriving at 
the Creek, he iound it great- 
ly swollen from late rain. He 
left his horse on the si^e of 
the creek and attemnted in 
cross in a small boat. The roll- 
ing current was too strong for 
him, carried him violently 
down the stream. He was aft- 
erwards found bv a negro in a 
drift of wood. I give these 
facts to show at this early 



date quite a few negroes were 
North of us. 

Quakers in Philadelphia 
formed the first anti-slavery 
Society in the United States 
on April 14th, 1775. I find 
published under date of March 
17th, 1796 in Rights of Man 
published in Frederick, Md. 
John Garrott offers for sale 
April 13th, 1796 on his plan- 
tation to the highest bidder 
three likely young negro wom- 
en each with a child. They 
have been used to work in a 
kitchen and are very good 
house servants; at the same 
time the plantation furniture, 
cattle and horse will be sold. 
Sale of this kind were common 
occurence. Not many years 
ago parents- would T/acethei: 
children in bondage until they 
reached the age of tw^enty- 
one during this time they had 
to learn a trade. In fact it was 
the custom, in the early days 
for everyone to have a trade. 
Now everybody tries to get a- 
way from w^ork. Bondap-e of 
some kind has existed since 
the time of the first settlers 
and it was not, confined to the 
Nef>-ro race. Sfv cents seemed 
to he the prevailing reward of- 
ferpri for runaway apprentices 
in 1831. 

Imnrisonmeht for debt in 
r'ounty Jail applied to all cit- 

In the first copy of the 
Maryland Journal, now the 
Baltimore American, printed 

under the date of August 20th, 
1773, I find the following ad- 

Showing Owen McCarty 
I. ad the dic-*^inction of being 
a sodier but that did not re- 
lease him from servitude. 
Ten Pounds, Reward 

Ran away, on the 6th of 
July last, from the subscriber, 
living in Bond's Forrest with- 
in eight miles of Joppa, in Bal- 
timore County, an Irish Ser- 
vant Man, named Owen Mc- 
Carty, about 45 years old, 5 
feet 8 inches high, of a swar- 
thy complexion, and a remark- 
able scar under the rio-ht eye. 
He had on, and took with him. 
when he w^ent away, a short 
brown coat, made of country 
manufactured cloth, lined with 
red flannel, with metal buttons 
oznabrigs trousers patched 
on both knees, a white shirt, 
an old pair of shoes and an 
old felt hat. He was a sold- 
ier in some part of America a- 
hout the time of Braddocks's 
defeat, and can gwe a eood 
description of the country 
Whoever takes up the said 
Servant, and brines him to Al- 
exander Cowan, or John Clay- 
ton. Mevcha^^"«; in Jopna or 
to the 'juhacriber. if b*^ is tpk- 
f nin the Countv. shall receive 
Five Pounds, and if ont of thf 
Tonnf-vr. thp above rn^^Ti Honed 
Tfk-n PoiTnr'<?. pc- 3 rPTX'P^-f' p^(l 

consideration for his tr,®uble 
and expense 

Barnard Reily. 


Quite a few happenings have 
been broLi<:^ht to niy attention tha^ 
I think would be of interest to 
mention. Wilson Trundle, the 
father of Joseph H. Trundle, who 
is one of the few old confederate 
soldiers still living and is now com- 
mander of Alexander Young camp 
of Confederate Veterans. Mr.Trun- 
dlewho lived on CarroUton Manor 
when his son Joseph joined the 
Confederate army, was anxious Joe 
should have a fine young riding 
horse and followed the Confeder- 
ate forces who were moving north 
to the battle of Gettj'sbu rg hoping 
to overtake Jt)e, who was niaich- 
\n<z with the arnn- near Frederick. 
Instead of leading the liorse, he 
tied the strap to tlie punimci of 
the saddle, on the road near hred- 
erick the horse frightened and 
pulled the saddle, tuiniiig' it threw 
Mr. Trundle between the horse*^, 
batily injuring him. Mr. Trundle 
was taken to the City Hotel where 
he remained several weeks before 
he could be removed home. 

Mr. Trundle said while in 
the Confederate service, he 
ran the blockade twice, once 
with Lieutenant Nicholas Dor- 
sey and once with Edmond 
Thomas. They spent about a 
week each time in the Sugar 
Loaf Mountain and along Ben- 
netts Creek. On one occasion, 
the patrol between Nolands 
Ferry and the m®uth of the 
Monocacy who were riding on 
the tow path of the Canal, pas- 
sed them; they were talking 
and said they expeced to be 
captured by the rebels. Not 
knowing then two rebels were 
so near, Mr. Trundle said dur- 

ing the night they would call 
on their friends and relatives 
getting supplies. Among 
them, he mentioned George 
Hays, Frank White and Ed- 
ward Nicholas 

Thomas R. Jarboe always a 
lover of fine horses, had purchased 
in Virginia a colt called Andrew 
Jackson, a beautiful dark gray. 
The confederates just before the 
battle of Monocacy went to Mr. 
Jarboe's barn, they of course pick- 
ed this as one the horses they 
wanted. The Confederates had 
strict orders not to take any stock 
on tlie Manor without paying for 
it. so they paid Mr. Jarboe several 
hundred dollars in Confederate 
money. Mr. Jarboe in that way, 
saved his other horses. This young 
mare was saddled and bridled and 
the soldiers at once started for the 
brittle field as cannonadmg had al- 
ready begun, in less than three 
hours, the horse riderless with sad- 
dle and bridle on, came back hav- 
ing crossed the Monocacy and was 
making its way back home when 
she was caught on the railroad 
and taken back by some of the 
soldiers who had followed her. 
They said, the young soldier who 
had ridden her away had been shot 
and killed soon after he reached the 
battle field. The slave holders 
during the C i v' i War had 
trouble to hold theit slaves. My 
uncles, John and Thomas Jarboe 
had two that left them the same 
night, theirnamcs were Daniel Car- 
pentree.and Frank Speaks, thinking 
they might be with the union sold- 
'iers who were camped along the 
Monocacy near Delaplaine Mill. 
With John Detrick, a neighbor farm- 



■er, they visited the camp to inquire 
about tlicfn, the soklicis were from 
Wisconsin and very roupjh. They 
were told to get out of camp or 
they would shoot them. My uncle 
Tom said "skoot the devil." The 
soldiers did not shoot, they never 
heard from the negroes. Many 
of the slaves left their masters be- 
fore the emancipation issued by 
President L-incoln became effective 
some going with the army, but most 
of them ran away going to Pennsyl- 
vania and some as far north as 
Canada. The older men and wom- 
en and children remained and seem 
ed loath to leave their old homes 
where they had been well treated 
and cared for. Towards the 
of the war, the federal forces had 
erected small forts and block houses 
at many places. William Dutrovv, 
Edward Nichols and Benjamin V. 
Moffutt were arrested and locked 
up in the block house at Tuscaro- 
ra near Nolands F'erry. 

We fuid the minds and doings 
ofthe folks on Carrollton ]\Ianor 
one hundred years ago are about 
as now only the forms of amusement 
are different. Base ball, golf, 
prize fightiug, moving pictures 
were unknown then. While Dar- 
ius had triedout the flying machine 
the automobile was not thought 
of The dry toast would liave 
cau.sed as much consternation then 
as a bull fight would now, even 
among the sporting fraternity, 
Buekeystown would look on with 
wonder if the old taverns of one 
hundred and fifty years ago would 
open their doors to the thrifty Ger- 
man.s from Pennsylvania, with pack 
horses on their way to Georgia to 
trade with the cotton planters and 

they would be served with a meal 
tliat included liquor, as part of 
bill of fare. For the amusement of 
these visitors while their pack hor- 
ses were re^^ting, a horse race would 
take place on the level road just 
south of Buekeystown, or a man 
would race with a horse a hundred 
yards for a wager. It was said of 
Horace Brewicr, a young colored 
man who was very fleet footed, he 
would race with a horse for a hun- 
dred yards and return before the 
horse could be stopped and «iake 
the turn, Brewer wouldtum quick- 
ly and win the race. Or if these 
sturdy Quakers from Pennsylvan- 
ia or the sporting slave holders 
from the South would come to 
Licksville to buy slaves from their 
northern brethern and stop at the 
cock pit at dry Branch Hollow to 
see the chicken fight, or stop at 
George Kephart's to see the dog 
fight, or at Nathaniel Kidwillers to 
.see the bear fight, or at Solomon 
Stovers to see the efephant, or 
at Wesley McAbees to have 
your foot measured for a pair 
of boots, or at Peter Leaply's 
blacksmith shop to get a horse 
shod, or to stop at one of the 
Taverns to ^t a drink ef 
liquor, or to sroj) at the Slave 
Market to buy a man or wom- 
an. The good people now of 

Carrollton Manor would shake 
wjth holy horror and say was this 
fair Manor ever made up of such 
worldly and souless people. The 
stock market was unknown, the 
state police patroling our high- 
ways, to keep you from being 
robbed were unknown then. 
Tourist's parks, prohibition 
and bootlegging, one of the 


chief industries now, was un- 
known then. Peace plenty and 
contentment existed every- 
where temptation and idleness 
were unkTiown then, farming 
was considered the leading 
profession. So much could be 
said pertaining to this old 
Manor, rich in historic interest 
where the very early settlers 
attracted by this level and 
rich valley through which the 
Monoquacy River flowed 

bound 111 by the Kittoctin and Su- 
garloaf Mountains when early ex- 
plorers and frontiersmen came up 
the Potomac and reached this val- 
ley, they were loath to go any fur- 
ther and many settled here. 

While I have named a few of the 
amusements and diversions on the 
Manor, the early settlers were nat- 
urally fond of a hunters life, the 
forest' and stream affording an 
abundance of game, both hunting 
and fishing were popular, and 
materially help to to keep supplies 
for the household, while fur bear- 
ing animals not only made sport 
for the hunter, but were a source 
of considerable revenue to the pi- 
oneer as the foreign traders were 
always anxious to exchange their 
goods for furs. The hounds and 
fox hunting were always popular 
later, cattle shows, horse racing, 
dancing and tournaments, the oth- 
er amusements were many and var- 
ied. They were real community 
and neighborly affairs for instance: 
The Turkey dinners with plum 
pudding, brandy sauce and egg 
nog with cake. The ham dinner, 
with saur kraut, mince pie and 
sherry wine. The cabbage dinner 
with boiled middling, pumpkin pie 

an J hard cider. These dinners 

were always the pride of the ser- 
vants, who vied with each other in 
their efforts to please the appeti- 
tes of their guests. They brought 
real joviality and good will among 
neighbors, the co- mingling of the 
old and young. The men would 
tell of their crops, horses, cattle, 
shearing of the sheep, carding of 
the wool, stripping tob«cco, and 
their improved cider presses. The 
women would tell of the new flax 
weaving machine, the spinning 
wheel, the full Hnsey dress, the 
new stitch for knitting stockings, 
the shaker and slat bonnett, while 
the younger folks would arrange 
their love affiirs Other Neighborly 
modes of meeting and helping each 
other were hog killing, corn husk- 
ing, which carried with it, the priv- 
ilege of kissing the girl of your 
choice, should you be the lucky 
finder of the red ear of corn. Ap- 
ple butter boiling, coon and pos- 
sum banting, house and barn rais- 
ing, quilting parties, generally after 
these meetings a big meal was served 
and a dance then followed, joined by 
young and old. There was really 
greater happiness and contentment 
then with these neighborhood enter- 
tainments, home surroundings, and 
large families of children, the glare 
of the world was unknown by these 
contented families. The extrava- 
gances of today did not exist with 
them, they wore home spun dress- 
es, home made shoes, the girls look- 
ed sweet in their gingham aprons, 
they were free from the influence of 
today, the organizer, the promoter 
and the fellow who advises you 
how to live while he takes it easy 


at your expense were un- 
known then. 

This ()j(l Manor, rich with 
historic interset from the ten- 
ants stand point where they 
struggled along, not in houses 
built of brick brought over 
from England with winding 
stairsways and brass knock- 
ers on the door, but with sin- 
gle log rooms, chincked and 
dobbed with one door and two 
windows. The stone chimney 
and fire place being the most 
pretentious, where the cooking 
was done and beside which 
the family si>ent their long 
winter lights before a log 
fire and a fat lamp for light. 
As years passed bv, additions 
were added to the old log 
house and near bv slave auar- 
ters were built. So much could 
be 'Jair' nertaininp- to the his- 
tory of Carrollton Manor su-r- 
rounded as it is by the remains 
of old furnaces built before 
the Revolutionarv w^ar, itself 
then covered with wooden 
plains. Stranp-e emotions 
come over us while we look 
back two hundred years ag-o 
when our ereat, great grand- 
parents first settled here. 
The Virgin forest has giv- 
en wav to farm houses 
and splendid fields of grain: 
much of the scenery remains 
the same. The Suirar Loaf 
and Catoctin Mountains, the 
wooded hills of the Potomac 
and Monocacv have not chang- 
ed. The habits of these earlv 

settlers must have been prim- 
ative and they surely encoun- 
tered many hardships of a 
border life but I am sure they 
were happy clothed in tow 
cloth and the skins of wild 
animals until sheep were 
introduced and the spinning 
and the weaving wheel 
were put in motion and tow 
gave way to linsey woolsey 
and cotton. All kinds of game 
was plenty; it was common 
for them to have bear and deer 
meat on the table. In those 
early days, education was lim- 
ited but many could read, write 
and keep a record of their ac- 
counts and money affairs. 
Their eating was plain and 
simple, soups, pot pies, mush 
and milk eaten on a long wood- 
en table and bench. The large 
dishes, bowls for soup as well 
as their plates and spoons 
were pewter. The furniture 
was as simple and plain as 
their fare. The benches, ta- 
bles, chest and chairs were 
home made; the seats plated 
with split white oak orhickory. 
The floors if covered ^vith any 
carpet it was of the rag vari- 
ety, the cradle was made of a 
hollow log. The sun dial which 
was made of boards was 
placed on the southern side of 
the house where the shadow 
from the sun told the time of 
the day. This was superseded 
bv the old grandfathers dock 
that stood in the comer of the 
wall. Many of these early set- 


tiers by meii* iiiriic ana ener- 
gy prottperea ana were sur- 
rounaea by a Dig lamny oi 
cnnaren and a laige amouc oi 
property, ine rua was cnen 
aibpeusea ireeiy oy the par- 
ents on tne wayward cnild. 
'inere was men as now iniem- 
perance excitement in politics, 
specuiaiion m bus i n e s s 
fanaticism in religion, the 
poor, the sick and the afflict 
ea were always present, but 
then, as now, they had the con- 
solation of prayer. The Fra- 
grance of Frederick County 
of those early days was the 
gentry loved their horses and 
homes, and it was the pleas- 
ure of my Lady to join in these 
sports, their manner of living 
was so different from those of 
today altl^cu^^-h no carved 
stone marks their resting 
places, we can offer a prayer 
that their souls may rest in 

The Southern section of 

Frederick County including 
Carrollton Manor was settled 
by the English colonist who 
•came up the Potomac River 
from the tidewater section of 
Maryland and Virginia the lat- 
ter part of 1600 and early in 
1700. The Potomac and Mo- 
nocacy rivers were explored, 
hunting was good and the fine 
lands of the Monocacy Valley 
soon attracted their attention 
and large grants of land was 

given these early pioneers. 
The iron industry started be- 

fore 1750 and boats were run- 
ning up and down the Potomac 
and Monocacy. In 1765 a boat 
load of iron was sent down the 
Monocacy to its mouth from 
the Hampton Furnace, then in 
Frederick County, now Car- 
roll County. In 1836, the Leg- 
islature in honor of Charles 
Carroll of Carollton establish- 
ed Carroll County the larger 
part being taken from Freder 
ick Co. Water transportation 
on the Potomac of large pro- 
portions, was taking definite 
shape as early as 1796, accord- 
ing to in the Right of Man pub- 
lished in Frederick, March 17, 

"A contract is desired by the 
President and Directors of the 
Potomack Company for furn- 
ishing the hands they may em- 
ploy for one year by the ration 
to consist of 12 pounds of 
bo'ulted Indian meal per week ; 
one pound of salt pork or one 
pound and a quarter of salt 
beef, or one Pound and a half 
of fresh beef per day for each 
ration. Proposals will be re- 
ceived at the hous« of John 
Wise, in Alexandria on the 
fifth Friday, in May next. 
John, Fitzgerald, President. 
Gerge Gilpin, Director 
Janes Keith, irector. 
Tobias Lear, Director. 
J. Templeman, Director. 

Mrs. Johnnie Kramer, the 
youngest daughter of John A. 
Trundle, a prominent slave 
holder, her mother Ellen Hays, 

died when she was a few days 


old, is still living in Indiana; 
in a letter she says, "well do I 
I'emember my first ride on the 
B & 0, old Eliza, my negro 
mamy who was always looking 
out for my pleasure one day 
she was giving me a leal treat 
by taking me a walk down the 
Railroad tract to Adamstown 
to give me a ride back home 
which was so greatly enjoyed 
that I will ever remember it." 
The mode of travel has made 
many changes. Oxen were us- 
ed extensively by the early set- 
tlers as late as fifty years ago, 
ox teams were found on many 
of the Carrollton Manor 
farms, they were looked upon 
as a necessity for heavy haul- 
ing over the treacherous 
roads, they were slow but 
sure. The horse man's most 
dependable friend, has 
never been entirely substitut- 
ed, they are still a necessity on 
the farm. The blooded hor- 
ses of colonial days w^ere of the 
very best strains, they were 
imported here from England 
France and Arabia, especial- 
ly those of the race breeds. 
Young people rode horse back 
with ease and grace, their 
mothers were brought up in 
the saddle; for that reason 
horse racing was very Popular 
at an early period, ha\ing pro- 
bably been introduced by the 
settlers from Southern Mary- 
land. Thus, for instance, un- 
der date of April 26th, 1749, 
only four yars after the town 
was laid out, we find the fol- 
lowing advertisement 

"To be run for at Freder- 
icktown, in Frederick County 
a subscription of twenty eight 
pounds two shillings and six 
pence, and the entrance money 
of each day. The horses, etc. 
to carry weight for inchs as 
on the two preceding days, a»d 
to pay after the rate of it in 
the Pound Entrance. 

The winning horses to be 
excepted each day. The hor- 
ses are to be entered with Ken- 
nedy Ferrell by 12 o'clock the 
day before they run, and if 
any differences arise, they are 
to be decided bv John Darnell, 
Esq., and Capt. Nathaniel 

On August 12, 1757, an ex- 
tremely hot day, a remark- 
able race was run from Fred- 
ericktown to Annapolis by a 
large horse with a man on his 
back, and a small mare with 
a boy, for sevnty-five pistoles, 
fifty to twenty-five being laid 
on the horse, which won, per- 
foi^ming exactly in eleven 
hours, four of which fehe two 
horses traveled very gently to- 

On the 28th of August, 1775, 
Absalon Bonham announced 
that he rode post from Balti- 
more to Frederick once a 
week." From Frederick an- 
other Post extended to Win- 
chester, Va. Bonham set off 
from Wm. Adams," at the 
"Sign of the Race Horses," 
every Saturday at one o'clock, 
P. M. On Feb. 22, 1786 Mat- 
thias Bartgis, informed the 
public, "That as he intends to 


establish the Post from Fred- 
ericktown to Baltimore and 
back to Fredericktown, from 
thence to Hagerstown, from 
Sharpsburg and back to Fred- 
ericktown every fortnight 
until he has sufficient number 
of subscribers to pay expenses 
of the Post, and then to be 
contiued weekly. That those 
who suscribe will have their 
letters and papers carried gra- 
tis non-subscribers will have 
to pay for their letter from 
Fredericktown to Baltimore 
One Shilling; from thence to 
Fredericktown one Shilling; 
to Hagerstown and to Sharps- 
burg six pence, from thence 
to Fredericktown six pence, 
and so in proportion for each 
letter that is sent; paid to me, 
M. B." 

Wagoners to Philadelphia, 
Baltimore and Pittsburgh 
were much in demand, they 
had to be sturdy hardy fellows. 

Advertised under date of 
May 2nd, 1831, ''Proposals will 
be received for laying a single 
tract of wooden rails on the 
5th Division extending from 
Monocacy River to the Ptint 
of Rocks, a distance of about 
eleven miles and for laying 
a single tract of wooden rails 
upon the laterial road to Fred- 
erick City, a distance of about 
3 -2 miles. Jacob Small, Supt. 
of the Construction, B & 

Railroad Company, "spoken 
of as the Great Railroad." 

In 1831, the fare to Balti- 
more was $2.00 by stage. 
The fare to Hagerstown was 

$1.00 by stage. 

Three days was schedule ta 
Wheeling, by mail stage. 
Tickets at Talbotts Hotel, R. 
Y. Stokes, Agt. Horse cars 
were running on the railroad 
to Point of Bocks about this 
time. Five years after the 
Company was organized. "In 
Philip E. Thomas, 5th annual 
report, Oct. 3rd, 1831, he stat- 
ed the Railroad had reached 
Potomac River at Point of 
Rocks, a distance of 70 miles 
and the lateral road to Freder- 
ick would be opened to travel 
the present year. A second 
tract was being built and 
would reaqh the Potomac 
next Year. 

There its progress A^as stop- 
ped, result of the controversy 
with the Canal Company. The 
actual cost for the 70 miles 
between Baltimore and Point 
of Rocks for graduation and 
masonary work was 15,500 Per 
mile. The actual cost includ- 
ing rails for double tract was 
20,168 per mile;" or less than 
the cost of a mile of fifteen 
foot concrete road way as 
now built, for the use of auto- 

The following names from 
Buckeystown district includes 
the volunteers and drafted 
men in the World War, some 
did not serve on account of 
disabilities, but many of these 
men saw service in France, 
where they displayed wonder- 
ful courage and soon helped 
to win the war which they be- 
lieved would be the end of all 
wars. President Wilson, him- 


self, went to Europe and help- 
ed to form a League of Nat- 
ions by which it was hoped fu- 
ture wars would be prevented, 
but a presidential election and 
a hostile congress defeated 
the measure on account of 
party reasons. 

The blunder of opposing the 
Treaty of Peace or the Lea- 
gue of Nations to prevent the 
horrors of another World War 
seem unbelievable just after 
millions lives had been sacri- 
ficed, millions of men maimed 
for life and untold billions of 
property lost. This was done 
and upheld by a christian nat- 
ion who are spending billions 
of dollars to educate our child- 
ren to settle our disputes and 
not waste our substance like 
uncivilized people. 

Anders, Harry Washington, Buckeys- 
town, Md.; Burgee, Clayton H., Buc- 
keytown, Md.; Carpenter, Thom- 
as Benjamin, Buckeystown, Md.; 
Chaney, Karry James, Buckeystown, 
Md.; Chase, Robert S., Buckeystown, 
Md., col.; Cutsail, Lewis Martin, 
Buckeystown, Md.; Darr, John D., 
Buckeystown, Maryland.; Gardner 
Clinton, Jr., Buckeystown, Md.; Hall 
Neal, Buckeystown, Md., col.; Hess, 

Walter Kelley, Buckeystown, Md.; 
Hoffman, Roy Herman, Buckeystown, 
Maryland; Miss, William E., 
Bucaeystown, Md.; Myers, Walter 
Thomas, Buckeystown, Md., DD; 

Nicodemus, Robert F., Buckeys- 
town, Md.; Neighbors, Fleet B., Buc- 
keystown. Md.; Ponton, Andrew J., 
Buckeystown, Md.» KA; Ponton Nel- 
son Boyd, Buckeystown, Md.; Pon- 
ton, Grant Buckeystown, Md; Kems- 

burg, Emory Earl, Buckeystown, Md.; 
Rogers, James Arunah, Buckeystown, 

Md.; Rogers, Thomas Hardey, Buck- 
ey.stown, Md.; Schaeffer, Roger Syl- 
vester, Buckeystown, Md.; Specht, 
Lewis Edward, Buckeystown, Md.. 
Strailman, Leo, Buckeystown, Md.; 
Thomas Franklin Charles, Buckeys- 
town, Md.; Weedon, S. Matthews, 
Buckey.stown, Md., col.; Wenner, Fred. 
O., Buckeystown, Md.; Witmore, John 
R. D. No. 1, Buckeystown, Md.; Whit- 
moreSteiner M., Buckeystown, Md.; 
Bowman, E. Augustus, Lime Kiln,Md. 
col.; Feaga, Lester B., Lime Kiln, Md; 
Hall, William H., Lime Kiln, Md., col.; 
McAbee, Charles Franklin, Lime Kiln, 
Md.; Smith, William E., Lime 
Kiln, Md.; Strawder, Daniel B., Lime 
Kiln, Md., col.; Strawder, George R., 
Lime Kiln, Md., col.; Strawder, John 
Thomas, Lime Kiln, Md., col.; All- 
nutt, William Percey, Adamstown, 
Md.; Allnut, Raymond, J., Adams- 
town, Md.; Bowings, Emanuel Oliver, 
Adamstown, Md.; Brown, Thomas H., 
Adamstown, Md.; Day, James Irving, 
Adamstown, Md.; Day, Louis Victor, 
Adamstown Md.; Diller, Charles E., 
Adamstown, Md.; Geisbert, Steward 
Lee, Adamstown, Md.; Geisbert Will- 
iam Snouffer, Adamstown, Md; Hume, 
Richard C, Adamstown, Md.; Miss, 
Ernest P., Adamstown, Md.; Myers, 
Russell A., Adamstown, Md.; Ogle, 
Clarence, Adamstown, Md.; Ogle, 
John, Adamstown, Md;. Ogle, Lewis, 
Adamstown, Md.; O'Hara, Jesse W., 
Adamstown, Md.; Peugnet, Charles P. 
Adam-stown, T.Id., DS; Ritchie, Leo- 
nard Arnold, Adamstown, Md.; Renn, 
Ralph H., Adamstown, Md.; Smith 
John P., Adamstown, Md.; Smith, 
William Kennard, .\damstown, Md.; 
Thayer, Frank A., Adamstown, Md.; 
Thomas, J. Fcnton, Adamstown, 
Md.; Timpson, James Thomas, Ad- 
amstown, Md.,,col.; Weeden, Mauriee, 

Adamstown, Md., col.; Weeden, Wilford 
S., Adamstown, col.; Whitehill, Harry 








Adamstown, Md.; Blessing, Edward 
Doubs, Md.; Blessing, George Thom- 
as, Doubs, Md.; Compher, Carlton 
H., Doubs, Md.; Davis, Carl, Doubs, 
Md.; Kessler, Edgar, Doubs Md.; 
Lowery, William A. D., Doubs, Md.; 
Proctor, Roger St. George, Doubs, 
Md., col.; Proctor, Roy F., Doubs, 
Md., col.; Ruthvin, John William, 
Doubs, Md.; Smith, Millard, R., Doubs, 
Md.; Smith, Walter James, Doubs, 
Md.; Souder, George Henry, Doubs, 
Md.; Souder, Raymond Ditmar, Doubs, 
Md.; Stup, Harry Edward, Doubs, 
Md.; Weedon, Raymond, Doubs, Md.; 
Ambush, Sabrosia, Tuscarora, Md., 
col.; Blackstone William E., Tusca- 
rora, Md., col.; Chick, Jesse Washing- 
ton, Tuscarora, Md.,; Day, Bernard, 
Tuscarora, Md.; Page John S. Tusca- 
rora, Md.; Price Roger Linewood, 
rora, Md.; Page, Joseph W., Tusca- 
Tuscarora, Md.; Springs, Charles 
Tuscarora, Md.; Stevenson, Louis 
C, Tuscarora, Md., col.; Barrett, R. 
Clifton, Points of Rocks, Md.; Brown, 
Authar Tuisto, Point of Rocks, Md.; 
Brown, Lester, Point of Rocks, Md.; 
Dean, Elmer, Point of Rocks, Md.; 
Sean, John F., Point of Rocks, Md.; 
Dean, William M., Point of Rocks, 
Md.; Elliott, Amos Henry, Point of 
Rocks, Md.; Fulton, Emory Walter, 
Point of Rocks Md.; Fulton, Melvin 
Eugene, Point of Rocks, Md.; Fry, G. 
W., Point of Rocks, Md.; Green, 
John F., Point of Rocks, Md.; Hanes, 
Charles W., Point of Rocks, Md.; In- 
gram, Robert H., point of Rocks, Md.; 
Lambert, Mantz Leslie, Point of 
Rocks, Md.; Lowry, Henry, Point 
of Rocks, Md., DD; McCoy, Thomas 
Point of Rocks, Md.; Orrison, Hub- 
ert, Point of Rocks, Md.; Ridenbaugh, 
Earl Walter, Point of Rocks. Md.; 
Scalley, Thomas P., Point of Rocks, 
Md.; Sigafoose, W. E., Point of Rorka, 
Md.; Stocks, Geogre L., Point of 

Rocks, Md.; Toms, Alvey, Point of 
Rocks, Md.; Walker, Charles, Poir:t 
of Rocks, Md., KA.; Walker, Rob- 
ert, Point of Rock, Md.; Whitehea4, 
Mortimer, Point of Rocks, Md.; 
Wright, ohn B., Point of Rocks, Md. 

Tuscaora, the Carrollton 
Manor Mansion is a large com- 
modious building, three stories 
high with a basment under the 
whole building. It is built of 
native limestone and I doubt if 
there is another stone building 
in the County or State with 
better well built preserved 
walls The mason work was 
certainly done by skilled me- 
chanics and the lime used must 
have been prepared with great 
care, as it has stood the weath- 
er even better than cement 
that is used today, showing the 
early workmen understood 
their business and they were 
careful and painstaking. There 
is twenty-one rooms in the 
house with the basement 
which is divided into different 
storage rooms, including the 
wine cellar; the walls are two 
feet thick and not a crack is 
to be seen ; the ceiling are very 
high There are two reception 
halls; the stairway which is 
square, winds up to th-e third 
story ; it is wide and well built. 
Charles Carroll of Carrolton 
lived here in 1764, he built 
quarters for his slaves and 
barns for his race horses of 
limestone Some of these liuild- 
ings are still standing in fair 

About 1820, Robert Patter- 
son, married Mariana Caton, 


a gran(l(laup:hter of Charles 
Carroll of Carrollton. Mr. Pat- 
terson with his bride moved to 
Tuscarora, where they enter- 
tained many noted people from 
all over the world. Patterson 
made extensive repairs to the 
old mansion ; before the work 
was finished, cholera broke out 
and Mr. Patterson left for Bal- 
timore where he died a few 
days later with the cholera. 
After Mr- Patterson's death, 
the Carrolls never lived at 
Tuscarora; since then tenants 
have occupied the old home. 
The repairs have been limited 
and the wide porches extend- 
ing around the old mansion 
commenced by Robert Patter- 
son were never finished and 
were allowed to fall down, fin- 
ally a small porch was built be- 
fore the door of the main en- 
trance The wood work has 
decayed for want of paint. Af- 
ter Mr. Patterson's death, his 
widow on Oct. 25th, 1825, mar- 
ried Richard Colley, Marquis 
of Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, Gov. Gen. of India, 
and elder brother of Arthur, 
Duke of Wellington. After the 
death of Charles Carroll of 
Carrollton in 1832, this noted 
tract of land lying in Buckeys- 
town district embraced a wide 
area of rich territory practic- 
ally extending from the Poto- 
mac River arid the Catoctin 
fountains on the southland 
west to the high ground and 
Monocacy on the east remain- 
ed in the hands of his descen- 
dants, the Tuckers, Jacksons, 

Lees, the Marchioness of Wel- 
lesly and Mrs. Harper, all not- 
ed and aristrotic people. At 
one time it is said that the rev- 
enue from the Manor in one 
year to Mrs. Harper was $8,- 
000, a large amount of money 
then. About 1840, as the heirs 
needed money, they began to 
sell the land off in small sec- 
tions until now only about 
twelve hundred acres of the 
tract remains intact which in- 
cludes the old mansion Tusca- 
rora and the famous Manor 
Woods, and this belongs to the 
Misses McTavish who live in 
Paris and are direct descen- 
dants of Charles Carroll of 

This paper would not be com- 
plete unless I referred to the noble 
Indians and their doings while 
they inhabited this lovely Manor 
before they were forced to make 
way for the white man. They 
are to be pitied and should be pro- 
tected by our ;Tovernment. It was 
while on a recent trip to California 
that I saw the Indians in their 
primitive ways in a hot almost 
barren country along the valleys 
and foot hills of the Sierra Nevada 
Mountains where the thermometer 
reaches 140° in the shade. It was 
then that I began to realize their 
condition. Certainly wc owe a great 
deal to the Indians who have been 
forced to sacrifice all their posses- 
sions for a meager allowance from 

The Indians had their towns 
or villages if for any cause, 
they became troublesome, or 
the early settlers expected an 












attack during the night. Sen- 
tinels were guided by a plow- 
ed furrow along which they 
marched in their watc'h for 
hostile Indians. It is said it 
was never the habit of the In- 
dian's when pursued, to run up 
streams as their villages were 
always near the mouth of the 

In this beautiful valley, on what 
is now known as Carrollton Manor, 
three Indian villages stood many 
years ago; one at Arcadia,- the 
home of the late Dr. McKinney; 
one at Rock Hall along the Poto- 
mac on the land now owned 
by Harry C. Hickman; and 
the third and most important 
village was composed of the 
triangle springs formed by Mo- 
nagoul Spring, known as Mona- 
goul Spring farm, and now owned 
by Joseph S. Grinder and sister; 
Rocky Fountain Spring farm 
owned by Otho J. Keller Lime 
Company, and the Horse Head 
Spring farm now owned by the 
Baker Brothers and formally by 
Arthur C:omwell. These three 
springs are all located within a 
radius of less than a mile of each 
other and form a perfect triangle. 
and are less than a mile from 
where they empty into the 
Monocacy River. At each 
spring was the headquarters 
for part of the Indian tribe. 
The Chief of the Indians was 
located at Monagoul Spring; the 
Indian name for Golden Water. 

At Monagoul Spring therewas 
also an Indian Burial Ground. 
The reason for the Indians locating 
here was on account of abundance 
of water and the mild climate. 

It was the custom of the Indians 
to leave these grounds during the 
hunting season, going North, 
South and West, leaving the old 
men, women and children behind 
to take care of the village and 
gather the Indian corn. The In- 
dian women cultivated the land. 
The men would fish and hunt. 
Game was plentiful at that time, 
and bear and deer meat with the 
skins would be brought back in 
large quantities. This served the 
double purpose of providing plenty 
of meat to eat, and the skins were 
made into shoes, wearing apparel 
and straps for tying timbers to- 
gether as nails were nnknown then. 

These noble Red Men, like 
others, r.ere gradually driven We t 
or exterminated by wars amorig 
themselves, as they had the hab t 
of fighting each other. After 
being deprived of their mode of 
living and their hunting grounds 
they very rapidly decreased and 
became fewer each year. The In- 
dians received and treated the 
White Men kindly here, and it was 
seldom they were the aggressors, 
but they did try to resent oppres- 

There are four interesting mark- 
ers, all located near these Indian 
villages that early legends claim is 
the resting place of Indian chiefs 
who were buried and their graves 
marked by these head stones, 
probably the most interesting and 
commanding in appearance is on 
the Rocky Spring farm which can 
be plainly seen from the road lead- 
ing from Buckeystown to Buck- 
eystown Station, about midway of 
the field. This stone is buried 
very deep in the ground and stands 


above ground about five feet and is 
a perfect lifnestone slab. Another is 
standing at the cross roads in Car- 
roUton Manor woods near the 
picnic grounds. It is a large flat 
limestone with a round hole in the 
center and stands about three feet 
high above ground. I have seen 
these stone standing as sentinels 
for more than sixty years and often 
wondered if it is true that they 
mark the spot where the body of 
soHic loved Indian chief lies. An- 
other stone stands on the Tusca- 
rora farm near the farm road leading 
to Adamstown Another stone 
stands in the Manor Woods near 
the Catholic Church. These stones 
from their appearances certainly 
represent some historic spot. It 
may be the grave of an early hun- 
ter, but do not let us detract any- 
thing from these real Americans 
who were driven from their happy 
hunting grounds by foreigners from 
other lands. 

While Point of Rocks is not a 
part of Carrollton Manor, it is in 
Buckeystown District and for 
many years the people living at 
Point of Rocks had to come to 
Buckeystown to vote, besides its 
people were closely associated 
with Carrollton Manor. The same 
applies to old St. Paul church, so 
many of its active members were 
among the earliest settlers of Car- 
rollton Manor. I also intend to 
refer to the remains of the old fur- 
naces built before the Revolutionary 
War, on every side of Carrollton 
Manor itself, then rich with wood- 
ed plains. With these additions my 
story ends. The village ot Point 
of Rocks was laid out and settled 
about the time of the building of 

the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 
and the Baltmiore and Ohio Rail- 
road which was about 1830. The 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal then 
in course of erection had prior 
rights over the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad, and when the 
railroad reached Point of Rocks, 
could go no further, as the space 
between the river and mountain was 
limited to a few feet owing to the 
rocks from the mountain running 
out into the river to a point, for that 
reason the place was called Point 
of Rocks. The Railroad was 
opened to Point of Rocks April 1st, 
1832, and due to litigation, work 
on the railroad was held up here for 
three years, this being the termi- 
nus of the railroad for that period 
made it a great business center, 
especially from Virginia. A ferry 
was establised here across the 
Potomac River, and Point of Rocks 
flourished as people for many 
miles Sou4:h and West came here to 
do their shipping and receive goods 
from Baltimore and points east 
During the building of the Canal 
and the raihoad. Point of Rocks 
was the centre for large gangs of 
construction men, besides suffering 
a cholera epidemic, when many 
deaths occurred. They had labor 
troubles. It was during the build- 
ing of the first tunnel when serious 
disturbance occurred among the 
men. The sheriff was sent for, 
and he with his deputies, were 
unable to quell the riot, and the 
militia was about to be called out, 
when Father John B. Gaffney was 
sent for. He at once went to 
Point of Rocks, mingled among 
the men who were mostly Irish 
Catholics, they had great re- 










speet for a priest. He asked their pany their sincere thanks and 

grievances, he assured them if they as a further evidence of the 

would return to work, he would gratitude of the board for 

eet in communication with the ,, . , . . ,, 

railroad officials and have their ^hese important services, they 

differences adjusted, which he did. have also directed me to ten- 

The community, the railroads and der thee one hundred dollars 

all concernedwere very thankful to to be appropriated to SUCh 

Father Gaffney, who so easily charitable purposes as may be 

settled what seemed to be a very ff.l^J^?^ ^y thee for its object, 

serious condition. From the With the assurance of my sm- 

.j. 1 J J T7I 1.1, cere esteem, I am very respect- 

attached correspondence Fath- ^^ ^ Thomas,^ 

er McElroy quieted a similiar pj-es. Bait. & Ohio Railroad 

disturbance when the railroad Com." 

was being built. It was my "Revd. John Mc Elroy 

pleasure and good fortune to Frederick, Md." 

know both these good and loy- "Frederick, Md., 

al Catholic Priests. Sept. 8th, 1831 

The following correspond- Revd. Sir: 

ence between Philip E. Thom- Your prompt compliance 

as, Pres. and Casper W. Wev- with my request to repair to 

er, Supt. Baltimore & Ohio New Market and the philan- 

Railroad Co. and Revd. John thropic and successful efforts 

McElroy. Mr. Thomas who was which you there made to pre- 

a member of the society of vent a threatened riot among 

Friends used the words thy the labourers on the work 

and thee in his letter. confided to my superinten- 

"Office of the Baltimore & dency as well as your continu- 

Ohio Railroad Co. Sept. 6th, ed exertions to preserve har- 

1831. mony and good feelings and to 

Respected Friend : — promote an orderely and chris* 

The Directors of the Bait- tian deportment amongst that 
imore *& Ohio Railroad Com- useful class of our citizens, 
pany having been informed claimed from me a represent^ 
by Casper W. Wever, Esq. the ation of the facts to the board 
superintendent of graduation of Directods of the Baltimore 
and masonry of thy prompt and Ohio Rail Roard Company 
and successful efforts in sup- and an expression of my sense 
pressing a threatened riot on of your merit. Upon the ra- 
the Railroad and of thy hu- ception of that representation 
mane and patrotic exertions in the board of Directors in- 
restoring and maintaining or- structed the President of the 
der and harmony amongst the Company to present fb you 
men have instructed me to pre- their thanks and to tender for 
sent on behalf of the Com- your acceptance one hundred 

dollars to be applied by you to 
such charitable objects as you 
should accept. This evening, 
I received the enclosed letter 
from the President with his 
request to hand it to you ac- 
companied with one hundred 
dollars with which request I 
now comply with great pleas- 
ure and enclose a check for 
that sum. Accept, sir, my as- 
surance of esteem and my sin- 
cere wishes for your health 
and happiness. 

Casper W. Wever- 
"Revd. John McElroy. 
Frederick, Md." 

Sept. 8th, 1831. 
Dear Sir: — 

I acknowlege with pleasui'e 
the reception of your letter of 
the 6th inst. ; which contains 
an expression of thanks from 
the Directors of the Baltimore 
& Ohio Railroad Co. for my ef- 
forts in quelling the late dis- 
turbance among the hands em- 
ployed on the Railroad near 
New-Market and which was 
accompanied with one hundred 
dollars to be applied at my dis- 
cretion to charitable purposes. 
In reply, I have to request you 
to assure the gentlemen com- 
posing the board of Directors 
that this honourable notice of 
my exertions on the occassion 
alluded to though gratefully 
appreciated, I must consider 
rather as proceeding from 
their courteous liberality than 
as called for by any merits 
of mine, since I deem it the 
duty of every minister of re- 
ligion to promote the blessing 

of harmony and peace and of 
every good citizen to maintain 
in due subordination to the 
laws of his country assure 
those gentlemen, also that I 
shall apply their acceptable do- 
nation in equal shares to St. 
Johns Library, Institution (a 
school in which boys are 
taught gratutitously ) and to 
the Female Orphan Assylum,— 
two establishments under my 
superintendance in this City. 
Accept for yourself, my dear 
sir, the assurance of my es- 
teem and friendly regard. 

John McElroy 
Philip E. Thomas, Esq. 
Pres. of Bait, and Ohio Rail- 
Frederick, Sept. 9th, 183i 
Dear Sir: — 

I received yours of yester- 
day enclosing a communica- 
tion from the President of the 
B. and 0. R. R. Co. and also a 
check of one-hundred dollars. 
Your very friendly represen- 
tation of my conduct at New- 
Market to the Presiient and 
Diiectors of said Cc»mpany 
without any concurrence or 
kaowlege of the transaction 
on my part c'-m;ih" -^s my grate- 
fai acJ<nowlep:ments. The en- 
closed letter which is a reply 
to that of Mr. Thomas, I beg 
you will do me the favor to 
transmit to that gentleman. 
For your personal attention 
and kindness to me, on all oc- 
casions, I shall ever bear a 
grateful re-collection I have 
the honor to be your obliged 
and humble servant. 

John McElroy 


Casper W. Wever, 
Superintendent Baltimore and 
Ohio R. R., Frederick, Md- 
The following advertisement 
appeared in the Reservior and 
Public Reflector shows Fath- 
er McEloy was active in church 
affairs at this early date, St. 
Johns Church,March 29, 1825. 
This Church will be opened 
every Sunday and Festival in 
the future on these days mass 
will be celebrated and a ser- 
mon preached at the accus- 
tomed hour in the forenoon. 

John McElroy, Rector. 
The bridge across the Po- 
tomac River was built about 
1850, and on account of its 
shipping facilities, it became 
the market for both sections, Fred- 
erick County and Loudoun Coun- 
ty, Virginia. There was then no rail- 
road through Loudoun County 
and farmers for miles, hauled their 
grain to Point of Rocks. James 
H. Besant had a grain warehouse 
along the Chesapeake and Ohio 
Canal, and was not only a large ^ 
handler of grain for that section, 
but one of the largest on the whole 
line of the Canal. All grain then, 
being shipped by that route to the 
large flouring mills in Georgetown, 
This warehouse and the bridge 
crossing the Potomac were both 
destroyed during the Civil War. 
Mr. Besant was a Southern gen- 
tleman of the old school, who held 
the respect of everyone. He was 
the only son of John Besant, an 
English soldier of the war of 1 8 1 2, 
who settled at Poolesville, Mary- 
land. He married Feb. 14th, 
1 84 1. Margaret Reid, the daugh- 
ter of Thomas Reid and Rachael 

Collier who was the grandaughter 
ot Joseph Poole after whom Pooles- 
ville is named. They had eleven 
children, seven reaching maturity. 
William T. Besant, Harry R. Be- 
sant and Mrs. William Shoch are 
dead. G. Mantz Besant and Mrs. 
Oliver P. Bennett are living in 
Frederick, Bernard L. Besant at 
New York, Charles G. Besant at 
Washington, William T. Besant 
served in the Confederate army, 
Co. B. , White's battalion, and as 
courier for General Thomas L. 
Rosser; he was captured at Brandy 
Station, sent to old capitol prison, 
was soon paroled, and was in active 
service until the close of the war. 
Fannie Besant married W. W. 
Shoch, who was the telegraph 
operator and despatcher of trains 
at Point of Rocks during the war. 
Mr. Shock is now living at Rowles- 
burg, West Virginia. Just before 
the battle of Gettysburg when the 
Union army was crossing the 
Potomac at Berlin, now Brunswick, 
General Hooker, Meade and Han- 
cock rode down the tow path of 
the canal to get in touch with 
Washington, there was no telegraph 
office at Berlin, they came to Point 
of Rocks, and there received the 
message transferring the command 
of the army of the Potomac from 
General Hooker to General Meade, 
although the formal transfer was 
made several days later at Arcadia, 
the home ot Doctor D. F. Mc- 
Kinney. This fact is so important 
from a historical standpoint, that I 
think it due posterity to give the 
account in full. After the three 
generals accompanied by their staff 
and a company of cavalry arrived 
at Point of Rocks, the telegraph 


office was in a little box about six 
fcet square between the Canal and 
the Railroad. General Hooker 
>i'as the first to enter the telegraph 
office, alone. He and Mr. Shock 
were the only ones in the office. 
General Hooker told who he was 
and asked if he could get in com- 
munication with Secretary Stan- 
ton. Mr. Shock said he had a line 
running direct into Secretary Stan- 
ton's office. General Hooker told 
him to ask Secretary Stanton if he 
could locate President Lincoln. 
Secretary Stanton replied, Presi- 
dent Lincoln was with him then in 
his office. Then several telegrams 
passed between President Lincoln 
and General Hooker. General 
Hooker went out of the office and 
General Meade came in and at 
once got in communication with 
President Lincoln. After several 
telegrams had passed. General 
Meade went out and General Han- 
cock came in when more messages 
passed between him and President 
Lincoln. Each of the generals 
were alone when telegraphing to 
President Lincoln. Then the mes- 
sagetransferring the command of the 
army of the Potomac from General 
Hooker to General Meade was re- 
ceived by Operator Shock in the 
little telegraph office on the banks 
of the Potomac when soon after 
the great battle of Gettysburg took 
place where the confederates lost the 
flower of their army and it was the 
turning point of this awful conflict 
where father fought against son, 
brother against brother, neighbor 
against neighbor. As an evidence 
of this, I might give the names of 
those who served in each army 
from the little village of Point of 

Rocks. So far as I have been able 
to find out on the Confederate side 
was William T. Besant, Lewis 
Spittle, Robert McKnight, Jacob 
Thomas, E. W. Mercier, Charles 
M. Boyle, Levin Thomas, William 
F. Gatton, James H. and Joseph 
T. Reid, brothers of Mrs. James 
H. Besant, were both killed irk 
battle at Shiloh. Among the Union 
soldiers who lived in Point of 
Rocks were David O. Welling, 
George H . C. Hickman, Perry 
O'Nichols, Thomas D. Bond, Wil- 
liam Schooley, Thomas Ingram, 
John Anderson, Thomas Fishcr,^ 
Thomas Potts and Zack Robinson, 

The merchants at Point of Rocks 
during the Civil War who suffered 
heavily by both armies were Noble 
Means, J. B. Button, William H. 
Adams, Besant and Gover. After 
one of the raids an amusing inci- 
dent occurred. Mrs. Dawson who- 
lived on the farm now owned by 
Mr. Heater in Loudoun County, 
Virginia, went down to the road as 
Colonel Moseby's troops passed, 
and asked him about his raid. He 
answered, it was very successful. 
She asked him if he had taken any- 
thing from Jim Besant's store, and 
he said, "yes." She said she was 
much surprised as Jim Besant was 
a coi%f«derate and had a son in the 
confederate army. He said, "yes, 
Jim Besant was alright, but was 
keeping damn bad company, his 
partner being a quaker and a 
union man." The merchants that 
followed the war merchants were: 
W. F. Gatton, R. T. Dawson, B. 
D. Chambers, Hickman and Wil- 
liams, S. T. Hickman, George 
Hiekraan. The present ones are 


Wright & Company and J. W. 
Stocks. George Berry and Mr. 
Gatton were proprietors of the two 
hotels during the war followed by 
Judge Robinson, Mrs. C. M. 
Boyles, John Nichols and Mrs, 
Charles Nichols. Among the older 
people who worked on the Rail- 
road were Peter B, Stoufifer, 
George W. Fisher, David Fisher, 
John Fisher, D. O. Welling, Lewis 
Spittle, John Elliott, Michael 
O'Brien and Charles Lambert. 
Dr. L T. Duvall practiced medi- 
cine for many years and was a fa- 
vorite tamily physician. He was 
succeeded by Dr. R. W. Trapnell. 

Among the old deserving color- 
ed people were William Whalen, 
William Hall, William Russell, 
John Belt, Peter Munroe, Silas 
Hamilton, Alfred Raney, Alfred 
Beaner, Henry Frazier. Zack Rob- 
inson who was in the Union army 
and took part in the battle ot Mo- 
nocacy told an amusing story 
about himself and several others 
from Point of Rocks. In the route 
he said he ran as far as Ellicott 
City. Thos. D. Bond and Will 
Schooley were fleeter of foot and 
passed him and went on to Balti- 

The Bridge across the Potomac 
at Point of Rocks was started about 
1850, largely through the efforts 
of Mr. Geary who was operating 
the furnace on the Virginia side of 
the river. Then the iron was 
hauled by teams that forded the 
river or was brought over on the 
ferry boat. Some ore was hauled 
across the river from Maryland, 
there was plenty of ore on the Vir- 
ginia side, but it was claimed the 
Maryland ore was the best, it was 

more difficult to get as years be- 
fore these mines had been worked 
and some of the pits were fifty or 
sixty feet deep. The first bridge 
built was about ready for use when 
high water wasked it away, th« 
contractor lost everything he had. 
The second was started at once, 
the piers were raised five feet 
higher and the bridge was rushed 
to completion and was first used in 
1852, it was a double bridge one- 
side for teams and other traffic. 
The other was equipped with a 
railroad track and the cars were 
pulled across the bridge by horses 
to the furnace where they were 
loaded with pig iron and the cars 
pulled back by horses to a siding 
that connected with the B. & O. 
tracks. The iron was shipped to 
Baltimore and Wheeling, The 
cars then were small with a capac- 
ity of ten tons, the empty cars only 
weighed five or six tons which 
probably made the loaded weight 
of the cars about twenty tons 
which for a wooden bridge of 
that height showed considerable 
strength. The bridge was well' 
built of the best white pine lumber 
and was burnt by Colonel Ashby 
in i86r. The present bridge was 
built twenty years ago by a Stock 
Co, and is a toll bridge. The fur- 
nace was operated on the Virginia 
side of the Potomac river until 
about the beginning of the Civil 
War by Mr, Geary who went back 
to Pennsylvania, raised a Company,, 
the 28th Pennsylvania Regimentt 
Colonel Geary was stationed a 
Point of Rocks on account c^ his 
being familiar with this scctior> 
which was a stratgetic military point 
of considerable importance, Colo- 


ncl Geary treated his old workmen 
and the citizens generally kindly 
and they were sorry to see him 
and his command leave, as often 
many rough soldiers who were 
allowed to roam around were trou- 
blesome. Colonel, afterwards Gen- 
eral Geary was elected Governor 
of Pennsylvania. 

St. Paul Episcopal Church was 
built in 1 841, fhe parish was taken 
from St. Marks, Petersville which 
was originally a part of All Saints, 
Frederick. Two deeds under date 
of August 1 8th, 1843, one from 
Daniel S.and AnnC.Duvalland one 
from John Wirts each gave half 
acre of ground to St. Pauls Ves- 
try, where the church and grave- 
yard now stand. Colonel Duvall's 
wife, Ann Belt, was the first person 
buried in the graveyard in 1843, it 
was largely through her efforts the 
church was built. PLllen Moffett 
who married Benjamin Snouffer, 
the mother of Arch Snouffer, and 
Sarah McGill who married J. 
Lloyd Belt, the mother of McGill 
Belt as young girls solicited sub- 
scriptions on horseback to build St. 
Paul's church. Dr. Smallwood 
was one of the first rectors; Rev. 
Dr. Joseph Trapnell was Rector 
for twenty years or to be exact, 
from 1st of December 1861 to 3rd 
of November, 1880. During Dr. 
Trapnells time a large congrega- 
tion for many miles gathered at 
St. Paul's for services every two 
weeks. The following have been 
rectors: Rev. William Lauck Brad- 
dock, T. Scott Bacon, David C. 
Luke, Copeland Randolph Page. 
Rev. Page was-a staff officer of Gen- 
eral Stonewall Jackson. George 
W. Thomas, Joseph E.Williams, VV. 

R. Barker Turner. Among the older 
members and those who aided in 
building St. Paul's church were 
the families of Doctor Lloyd T. 
Duvall, Patrick McGill West, J. 
Lloyd Belt, Otho Trundle, Captain 
Otho Thomas, John Wirts, Benja- 
min J. Snouffer, Ezra Michael, 
Miss Phoeba Thomas, who also at 
her death left a legacy to the 
church. These were all prominent 
and respected citizens, large land 
and slave owners. Among the 
families who attended St. Paul's 
church not mentioned before 
and are buried in the graveyard 

is the Stouffer, Elliott, Nichols, 

Smith, Orrison, Paxsons, Peomroy, 
Hartman.Stunkle, Lowery, Smoot, 
Adams, McGaha, families. These 
are also buried: Benjamin D. 
Chambers, ist Lieutenant, ist Del- 
aware Cavalry; George H. C. 
Hickman, Sargeant Co. B. Lou- 
doun County, Va. There are sev- 
eral remarkable monuments built 
of native sand stone and of the 
famous calico rock that abounds in 
large quantities in this section. It 
is to be regretted some enterpris- 
ing company has not developed 
this rock. Some of the columns 
of the Capitol at Washington are of 
this rock, it polishes up beautifully. 
The tomb stones of Andrew Jack- 
son Colbert, John Nichols and the 
monument of Charles W. Wright 
are all splendid examples of the 
excellence and beauty of these 

The Union troops used St. Pauls 
Church as a barrick during 
the Civil War. Colonel Cole's 
Cavalry also occupied the church 
lor sometime. A few years ago, 
this old church well built of 


brick, was abandoned, it stands 
at the foot hills of Catoctin 
Mountain over-looking Carrollton 
Manor. A new church was built 
in the village of Point of Rocks 
for the convenience of the town 
people, services are held in old 
St. Paul's once a year in order to 
hold some endowments to the 

Through the courtesy of Harry 
C. Hickman, I am in a position to 
give valuable information of the 
early history of this section. Mr. 
Hickman is a highly respected and 
substantial citizen who has been 
very successful and owns a good 
part of the land named in these 
grants. He also owns a number 
of fine houses in point of Rocks. 
Mr. Hickman has a complete copy 
ofthe early grants of land border- 
ing on the Potomac River, then 
spelled "Potomack," surrounding 
Point of Rocks, and bordering on 
the Carrollton Manor track as well 
as the Catoctin Mountain, then 
spelled "Kittoctin." He has a val- 
uable map of the village of 
Point of Rocks as it was laid 
out in lots August 23, 1835, 
by H. G. O'Neal, surveyor for 
Charles Johnson. Among these 
grants as early as the 2nd of 
March, 1725, "Hobsons Choice" 
was granted to Albert Nelson con- 
taining 236 acres, also on the 13th 
of September 1728, there was 
granted to Arthur Nelson 217^' 
acres called "Nelson Island." Mr. 
Nelson must have been a man of 
considerable influence and stand- 
ing, and we find quite a number of 
other grants to him, among them 
are the following: "By virtue of a 
warrant granted of his Lordships- 

Land Office of this province to Ar, 
thur Nelson of the aforesaid Coun- 
ty for thirty acres of land bearing 
date of 22nd of September 1761. 
I therefore, certify as Deputy Sur- 
veyor under his Horatio Sharp 
Esq., Governor of Maryland that 
I carefully, laid out for and m the 
name of him the said Arthur Nel- 
son all that tract of land called 
"The Point of Rocls*," lying in the 
aforesaid County." I also find 
that Arthur Nelson on the 13th 
day of October 1752 was given a 
grant for "Huckelberry Hill" con- 
taining 366 acres. On the 2nd of 
March 1753, was granted "Bay- 
berry Tree," containing 6^/^ acres. 
On 22nd of Sept. 1775 was granted 
the "Orchard Tree" containing 15 
acres. Among the grants to other 
persons; on the 4th day of June 
1 73 I, "Kittoctin Bottom" contain- 
ing 250 acres was granted to John 
Magruder. On tHe 2nd of Sept. 
1743 "Hooks Hill" containing 55 
acres was granted to James Hook, 
"Lashmuts Folly" granted to Jos- 
eph Ray iith of February 1744. 
Flag Pond granted to Jacob Duck- 
ett 27th October, 1750. "Luck- 
etts Merry Midnight" containing 
595 acres granted to William Luck- 
ett 25th of Jan. 1755. Tramme 
Landing" containing 1 1 ^( acres 
was granted to John Trammel, on 
lOth of February 1776. "Hooks 
Neglect Recovered by a Hard 
Struggle" containing 748 acred 
was resurveyed for Thomas Funck, 
loth of January 1775 and assigned 
to James Hook to whom it was pat- 
ented the 6th of February 1776. 
"Ralphs Field" was granted to 
Joseph Hill 7th day of February 
1754. Beginning about 1725 eight 


grants of land were given to Ar- 
thur Nelson, one to John Magru- 
der, three to James S. Hook, one 
to William Luckett, three to John 
Trammel, one to Joseph Hill. As 
early as 1753 "Sweeds Folly" was 
conveyed by John Delashmutt to 
John ]i;uiner by deed dated the 
20th of March 1753. 

Trammels Conoy Island" con- 
taining 704 acres was granted to 
John Trammel, 6th day of June 
1783, "Level Bottom" containing 
9 acres granted to John Trammel. 
2nd of Jan. 1795 the part of 
"Trammels Conoy Island" contain- 
ing 17 acres granted to Thomas 
Johnson, James Johnson, Baker 
Johnson and Roger Johnson. loth 
of May 1796 "Boat Harbour" 
granted to James S. Hook. These 
grants cover about all that were 
given before 1800 and show clearly 
that the lower section of Carrollton 
Manor was probably settled before 
any other part of Frederick Coun- 
ty. The early frontiersman usually 
followed the water courses as far as 
they were navigable for large boats 
and the smaller boats and canoes 
were used to explore the shallow 
waters. As I understand, in the 
very early days boats made regular 
trips up the Potomac and even up 
the Monocacy. When this fair 
valley was reached, naturally these 
pioneers attracted by this level 
rich country stopped here and se- 
cured all the land they could by 
these grants, and this section was 
probably settled as early as 1700 
as it took some considerable time 
to get a grant through from the 
mother country. We find the 
River road mentioned at different 
times in describing the land. "No 

Name" "Beginning at a bounded 
Beach standing near the head of 
Crooked Run on the south side of 
Kittoctin Mountain and near the 
River Road." One of the earliest 
roads through Montgomery Coun- 
ty is the river road which followed 
the Potomac River west. It is 
more than likely that the road 
crossing the mouth of the Monoc- 
acy and on through the lower part 
of Carrollton Manor and Tram- 
melstown and on to Trap was one 
of the very earliest roads and it 
may be that Braddock traveled the 
river road on to Licksville and up 
the Old United States road through 
Buckeystown on his way to Fred- 
erick and Fort Cumberland, 
Among the grants we find on the 
25th of January 1765 to Joha 
Trammel, "Trammels Landing" 
containing 1 1 ^ acres, showing at 
that early date boats landed at or 
near Point of Rocks and naturally 
the settlers came here to trade. 
Then on the loth day of May 
1796, we find "Boat Harbour" 
granted to James S. Hook, cer- 
tainly this proves conclusively that 
during 1700 many boats landed at 
Point of Rocks. We find Tram- 
melstown mentioned which is quite 
near Point of Rocks and it may 
then have been the business center 
as it was on theViver road leading 
across the mountain to Trap, af- 
terwards Newton, now Jefferson. 
We find a re-survey was granted 
Roger Johnson by special warrant 
out of the land office, Jan. 19th 
1819. These lands which had 
been purchased by the Johnsons 
and were included in orve track,, 
the bounds and distances fully de- 
scribing the various tracks are in- 


teresting reading, I am sorry 
pace will not permit me to copy 
these grants. I will name some 
of the points of interest as well as 
the spelling as it appeared on these 
various descriptions of land. 
Among the first says "Beginning at 
a stone planted on "Nelsons Is- 
land" thence to various stones on 
the Potomack river, then up said 
river and with the meanders of said 
river thereof." This was Nelson's 
Island, the survey often refers to 
Point of Rocks as the point of be- 
ginning in these grants. "Huck- 
elberry Hill" described under the 
re-survey dated March 27th, 18 19 
and called the "Mine Hank Farm," 
showing as has been claimed that 
ore was probably mined here be- 
fore the Revolutionary War. In 
describing "Trammels Conoy Is- 
lands," begin Trammel Delashmutt 
part of "Trammel Conoy Island" 
aX the mouth of Dunkins Gut and 
down the Potomack River below 
the Point of Rocks, this survey 
was made by Patrick West, June 
1 801. I find in describing the 
various courses and distances, Nel- 
son's Island or the cleft of rock 
was the place of beginning and 
each change of course was de- 
scribed for instance: At a pile of 
stone on top of mountain a poplar 
tree, large forked sycamore, river 
road, leading from Trap to Point 
of Rocks, white oak tree, elm tree, 
ash tree marked with five notches, 
Red Oak and chestnut oak tree 
marked with five notches, two 
marked beech trees, stone planted 
between two marked birch trees, 
locust stake, marked hickory sap- 
pling) practically every known 
wood is used in describing the 

various locations, besides, the tracts 
of land I have named or described 
I find the following names men- 
tioned in these early days which I 
think should be of interest to us 
and posterity. "Conigochiege 
Manor," "Wilson Island," "Poto- 
mac Hill," "Spring Dale Farm," 
and"RedBud." 13 th of Septem- 
ber 172-8 granted to Arthur Nel- 
son refers to a "White Oak" on 
Nelsons Island as the place of be- 
ginning running thence with outline 
thereof, to various stone planted to 
Potomac River, then up said river 
with the meanders thereof, the 
Point of Rocks is mentioned. Said 
tract of land called "Huckelberry 
Hill" stones are planted at various 
points. In these grants we find so 
many different names and grants 
and refer to them all. One men- 
tions "The Point of Rocks Origin- 
ally." I find "Kictautin Bottom" 
containing 250 acres surveyed 4th 
of June 173 I, granted loth of June 
1734 to John Magruder. "Be- 
ginning at a bounded hickory 
standing near the mouth of a creek 
creek called "Kftauctin," alias 
"Simmons Creek" which fall into 
the Potomac River about 10 miles 
above Monocacy. " This refers to 
"Catoclin Creek," but is spelled 
different each time. Among the 
later records I find "28th lock on 
the Canal" waste way of the Cana 
where it empties into the River 
"Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
Road," "South West Corner Clay 
Street," "Commerce Street," "Top 
of Mountain." Among the larni 
owners I find John Woodrow, 
Lindsey Delashmutt, James P. 
Wilson, James Baltzcll, Emily 


Stockton under date of July ist, 
1 8i 3, William R. King & wife to 
James Cunnint^ham part of "Hoob- 
sons Choice." The Furnace prop- 
erty consisted of 626 acres in 
Loudon County, Virginia and lots 
in Point of Rocks. The deeds 
were dated 21st of December 1853 
to John VV. Geary. "Nelsons Is- 
land" conveyed by Robert John- 
son to Christian Kemp 5th of June 
1820, also describing the land con- 
veyed by Stephen Hoobs to Pat- 
rick McGill April 19th, 1820 being 
part of "Hooks Conclusion," part 
of "Trammels Conoy Island." part 
of "Boat Harbour" and part of 
"Poplar Timber," also to Edward 
McGill "Russ Land." The "Mine 
Bank" farm is described as con- 
taining 273 acres, re-surveyed March 
27th, 1 8 19 on the Public Road 
leading from Late's Mill to Point of 
Rocks showing this mill at Flag 
Pond was built before 18 19. Colo- 
nel Daniel Duvall was a large land 
owner, his plantation consisted of 
parts of "Conoy Island." "Re- 
survey on "Hobsons Choice," 
"Nelsons Island," "Trammels Co- 
i\oy Island," "Mine Bank Farm," 
"Rock HaU," "Whitneck Alley," 
"Tit for Tat," this land all belonged 
to the Johnson Estate. It was pur- 
chased through Henry Keefer and 
Edward Shriver trustees, Colonel 
Duvall owned a number of slaves 
and farmed on a large scale. This 
land is referred to as "Kanawha," 
Doctor Lloyd T. Duvall inherited 
part of this land and built the 
handsome home near St. Paul's 
church. From what I can gather, 
the Johnsons about 1790 purchased 
the bulk of the land around Point 
of Rocks and in 181 9 they had all 

this land re-surveyed and was 
sold or inherited by the John- 
son or McGill heirs. I also find 
the name of John H. Smoot 
and wifefMr. Smoot's wife was 
a Duvall and inherited part 
of his estate also a deed 
from Daniel Duvall and wife 
to Patrick McGill in 1841. Jacob 
Bruner, to Samuel S. Thomas, a 
deed for part of "Rock Hall," 
dated nth of May 182 1. Ths 
other part of "Rock Hall" wa- 
deeded to John Dill in 1838. Dan- 
iel Duvall deeded to David Trun- 
dle 322 acres. I fin J under date 
of 7th of January 1839, a deed for 
part of "Sweeds P^olly" and "Whit- 
neck Alley" from John Carey to 
John vVirtz and from John Wirtz 
under date of 25th of May 1847 to- 
David Trundle on same date this 
land was deeded to Otho Wilson 
Trundle father of Joseph Trundle, 
Frederick. Conigochiege Manor 
was surveyed October 1761. The 
name of Trammeltown is mentioned 
.often, this is a colored settle- 
ment near Point of Rocks, and 
/probably was settled bef ore- 
Point of Rocks as John Tram- 
mel was one of the firs.t who 
was granted land in that sec- 

Charles H. Stunkle who is a 
resident of Point of Rocks and is 
more than seventy-five years of 
age. Is well informed about the 
history of Carrol Iton Manor bor- 
dering on the Potomac around 
Point of Rocks. Mr, Stunkle took 
a pride in informing himself about 
the early history of this section; 
."•pjaking about Arthur Nelson he 
said he was one of the very earli- 
est settlers and owned all the Is- 


land and rich bottom land along 
the Potomac, had this land cleared 
of timber and under cultivation 
long before any of the timber had 
been cut off the CarroUton Manor 
track. Mr. Nelson was a slave 
holder, gave close attention to his 
farms while he grew tobacco, corn 
and wheat, he made a specialty of 
growing hemp which was used for 
making cloth and ropes for sailing 
vessels and was in great demand 
for Foreign shipment. Mr. Nelson 
had a wharf of his own loca- 
ted about a mile east of Point of 
Rocks where he loaded on rafts 
and gondola's, hemp, tobacco, wool 
and other produce as well as lum- 
ber; small boats would ply up and 
down the river during all seasons 
of the year, but the larger rafts 
and gondolas were held back until 
a rain would raise the water. 
These loaded boats would come 
down the Shenandoah and Poto- 
mac River for many miles. Boats 
were floated down the river and 
tied up to Sycamore trees along the 
banks and Islands which were pro- 
tected by stone thrown out in the 
river changing the current and 
making eddy water. These were 
cajled boat harbours. The boats 
were released when the water was 
high enough to carry them to Al- 
exandria. They had a runaway 
built around the Great Falls of the 
Potomac on the Virginia <:ide for 
boats to pass through, rafts and 
boats were built at Point of Rocks. 
Mr. Stunkle speaking of the road 
that passed by Frederick Stun- 
kle's, his grandfathers house to 
Trammelstown, that Arthur Nel- 
son had a road built running up 
the river through his land where 

the Canal now stands. This was 
a much used road, flour was 
hauled across the river at the Ford 
on Nelsons Island to Leesburg 
from Davis Mill at Greenfield and 
wheat was brought back. Oxen at 
that time did a large part of the 
hauling as the roads were built 
through marshes and soft ground 
the oxen carried a good part of th« 
load on their necks, the ox carts 
only had two wheels, they could 
be gotten over bad places in the 
road easier than four wheeled 
wagons. Mr, Stunkle said that 
Grafton Crist who died the past 
year in Howard County at the age 
of ninety-three told him that he 
hauled flour over this road from 
Davis Mill to Leesburg and a load 
of wheat back that his father, Na- 
than Crist often spoke of Arthurc 
Nelson as Judge Nelson and his 
being a man ot affairs, his rich Is- 
lands and bottom land along the 
Potomac where he raised so much 
hemp, his rafts and canoes would 
go up and down the Potomac tak- 
ing tobacco, corn, wheat, hemp and 
hides down and bringing in return 
sugar, salt, coffee, tea, molasses 
and general merchandise. This 
information from Mr. Stunkle 
proves what we had learned from 
other sources, about the very early 
history of this section. Mr. Stun- 
kle remembers seeing James C, 
Clarke running the ballast train 
and also when there was only one 
raiSroad track until after the build- 
ing of the Tunnel in 1867^ 
also when Colonel Ashby under 
the direction of P2ben Dawson, 
who very successfully blew the 
famous rock after which the 
town took its name down th« 


mountain across the railroad into 
the Canal, to block traffic, at the 
same time Colonel Ashby burnt 
the britit;e across the River. Mr. 
Stunkle relates in 1864 on the ap- 
proach of Colonel Mosby with his 
cavalry, Mean's men, a company 
of cavalry raised in Loudoun Co., 
Va., were guarding the bridge over 
the canal and the railroad left hur- 
riedly and didn't stop until they 
reached Ellicott City. Mosby had 
crossed the river at William PoiYit 
and came down the tow path and 
before the residents knew, his men 
had reached Point of Rocks. Mrs. 
Minerva Clabaugh a widow, saw 
a soldier taking a flag that belong- 
ed to Captain Mean's cavalry, she 
called to the soldier who was pull- 
ing down the flag, "Are you a 
yank or a reb." He answered by 
saying "I am a reb." Mrs. Cla- 
baugh said what is your name, 
he answered, Harry Hatcher. 
Colonel Mosby then captured a 
train of cars after getting all 
the merchandise, they could 
could carry. He prepared to 
burn them, the residents ask- 
ed Colonel Mosby not to burn 
the cars in front of their 
homes. Colonel Mosby then 
ordered engineer Elliott, a 
resident of Point of Rocks, to 
pull the train down below the 
Curtis American and St. Char- 
les Hotel where it was burned 
badly twisting the rails. En- 
gineer Elliott was afterwards 
burned to death at a wreck on 
the Metropolitan Branch of 
the B. & 0. Mr. Shoch who 
had taken to the mountain on 
the approach of the Confeder- 
ates with his telegraph instru- 

ment, during the night went 
to Frederick Stunkle's who 
was the railroad track walker 
and they succeeded in making 
connection with the wire, Mr. 
Shoch then telegraphed to 
Baltimore. The next morning 
two train loads of troops were 
sent up. During the night, 
Peter B. Stouffer who was the 
railroad foreman with the as- 
sistance of of his men, started 
to repair the damaged track. 
Mr. Shoch was especially act- 
ive as a war operator and often 
saved the federal forces from 
capture, by his promptness in 
giving information and always 
sticking to his post until the 
last minute. Mr. Shoch was 
not only an expert operator, 
but he was a skilled electrical 
mechanic which helped him out 
many times when he was away 
from help and repairs. Mr. 
Shoch who moved to Rowles- 
burg. West Virginia, after the 
Civil War., wrote me a very in- 
teresting letter from Pasa- 
dena, California, Where he is 
now living. 

Mr. Shoch who was a member of 
the military telegraph core stationed 
along the Potomac river during 
the whole period of the Civil War 
says more battles and skirmishes 
occurred at and near Point of 
Rocks than any other place in 
Maryland. Among some of the 
interesting reminiscences of the 
Civil War Mr. Shoch says: My 
chance to save the East bound 
mail train from being captured at 
Adamstown. The mail train from 
the West was running late, trying 
to make up time. The rule was 


that this train could not be flagged 
at the Point for passengers west of 
Baltimore only through tickets, 
and then it must be flagged by 
agent, N. B. Means, The signal 
men on Besants mountain dis- 
patched an orderly to me telhng of 
a cloud of dust on the road from 
Leesburg towards the river. I 
knew this foretold of a raid. Be- 
lieving they would cross at No- 
lands Ferry and strike for Ad- 
amstown, I flagged the mail down 
at my office. Captain Schutts was 
conductor and questioned my mo- 
tive and judgment to which I re- 
plied, you know^ Mr. Garrett's or- 
der. I told him I will ride the 
pilot to Monocacy, will occupy the 
right hand side where you can see 
my signals. All went smoothly 
until we came in sight of a clump 
of woods to the south of Adams- 
town where I could see the reflec- 
tion of the sun on sabers. I sig- 
■aled the engineer to pull out full 
speed, this brought the cavalry from 
cover. By the time the raiders 
reached the crossing, we were out 
of range, and the train was saved 
from capture. 

The first iron clad car that was 
built was a common flat car with 
railroad bars fastened to standards 
inclining towards the top, resem- 
bling a steep roof with a narrow 
covering on top with rails, along 
the sides with loop holes for in- 
spection and to run the muzzles of 
small brass canon out. This car 
on its maiden trip, came from 
Washington and stopped at the 
telegraph office. General Meags, 
quartermaster General's son, a 
young man came in and asked me 
to pilot the engine to Sandy Hook. 

On our way up the Rebs on the 
Loudoun side kept up a picket 
serenade and we let some shots 
from our guns. We abandoned 
the car at the telegraph office at 
Sandy Hook to walk to the Ferry. 
The bridge had been burned just 
a few yards west of tIaQ office, A 
soldier fell dead five feet ahea^ of 
me, a bullet fro-m Loudoun, did its 
work. All the way from the 
Hook to the bridge, a continuous 
firing from the Loudoun side was 
kept up. To our great surprise, 
the Rebs had neglected to cut the 
pontoon loose and Meags and I 
crDSsed on it and had one of those 
famous dinners that General Cham- 
bers wife and girls knew how to 
win friends with. When the Rebs 
destroyed several miles of road 
between Harpers Ferry and Mar- 
tinsburg, Mr. William C. Quincy 
made application for me to go with 
him in his private car to rebuild 
the lines and track. Then it was 
I learned to eat hard tack and 
drink black coffee. It was so dif- 
ferent from the splendid honie 
cooking to which I had been ac- 
customed while boarding witb 
Mrs. Margaret Bost at the Point. 
I had nothing to do but keep' 
informed of the movements of the- 
Rebs. We had almost completed 
the job of rebuilding the track. 
The wires were repaired as soon 
as we got there. I always made 
a practice when out on these ex- 
peditions to keep a watch un^il 
after midnight, the hour the raid- 
ers generally choose for their trips 
because the first three hours sleep 
is soundest. I was just about to 
lay down on my bunk the instru- 
ment on the table within reach 


when Mai;quett the operator at 
Harpers Fcrr)- callctl mo aiul said, 
out pickets at Halltown were driven 
in by a raidin«j part^' headed for 
A'oiir camp. I knew tliere was no 
time to waste, I ran to the enj4ine 
called the fireman and engineer, 
told them to L;et up steam at once 
•and pull out for the Ferry. No 
one undressed in those da\'s, but 
.-^lept in their workins^ clothes. 
After getting the conductor and 
crew all up, 1 returned to the car 
and told Mr. Quincy what 1 had 
done, he asked " (\re you sure they 
are coming here?" "Yes, and they 
will be here in about fifteen min- 
utes," hurry the men up and get 
away quick as possible." Scouts 
who were near, told us we had 
lordly gotten out of hearing when 
the Johnies rode in. Mr. Quincy 
was one of the civil engineers who 
surveyed the line over the Alleg- 
haney ]Mountains and described 
the very Indian paths, I later trav- 
eled after I mo\ed to Rowlesburg, 
W. Va. He understood his pro- 
fession. In those days men were 
honored for what they knew and 
what they were. 

If many engineers of the present 
day were put up against a proposi- 
tion like that which confronted the 
pioneers of the H. & O. when they 
undertook the greatest problem in 
that line 2ver known they'd fall 
flat. We didn't have the advant- 
ages of science that are now em- 
ployed still their records, all things 
considered, have never been 

Reefarding the transfer ol the 
command of the. army v( the 
Tolomac from General Hooker 
to General Meade, )'ou arc 

correct. I received and trans- 
mitted all tile mcssiges a4id did 
preserve the originals until on one 
occasion when Harr}- Gilmore'e 
men got hot on my tra>il. I burned 
them along with ni)' key to tiie 
cipher, which we frequently used 
when we believed the enemy were 
on the Jine. I was a member of 
the U. S. Military Telegraph Corps, 
composed of 1800 operators in 
civilian clotlies. A special corps 
imder tlie command of President 
Lincoln through "Secretary Stan- 
ton" subject to tiieir orders onl}-, 
Mr. Shoch says tlie best telegrapii 
operators and engineers on the 
third the llountain Division of tiie 
B. & O. came to Grafton from 
Buckeystown and other places in 
the late fitu'es and early sixties. 

There is one circumstance that 
bears comparing to "Barbara Frit- 
chie flag. " On the bank back be- 
tween the railroad and canal situated 
a short distance from the tower at 
Washington Junction, stands an 
old frame dwelling from which 
floated an Arierican flag from 1862 
until I left in 1865, guarded by 
Mrs. Butcher whose husband 
worked in Peter StoufTers yan<r 
and who had a son in the Um'on 
army and Charley Boyle his half 
brother, was in White's cavah}-, in 
the Confederate Arm)-, 

"Prohibition was unknown in 
those good old da}'s, wlien a man 
did not have to "set an old hen " 
to quench thirst. 1 have a vivid 
recollection of those good mint 
juleps Charley Boyle used to hand 
out over Berr\''s counter to the 
thirsty and when we went in a big 
sled of a cold winters night down to 
a daiice at Collington Bealls and 


got a dipper full of that famous 
apple toddy that kept our feet in 
motion till broad day light." 

Before closing I \vi«sh to say that 
I never met any people that I 
liked as well as those with whom 
I associated in Md., nor is there a 
country more beautiful than Mary- 
land and Virginia, also West Vir- 
ginia anywhere I have e\'er been. 
California is a lovely State, but 
taking it all around I like Balti- 
more as a City and Carrollton 
Manor as well as any place I have 
ever lived. 

I mu->t tell you how California 
has per^'erted "our Maryland my 
Marvland" in substituting Cali- 
fornia for Maryland. I sing Many- 
land as we U8ed to sing it on the 

At the beginning of the Civil 
War, both the Union and Confed- 
erate forces were armed with obso- 
lete guns, mostl}' Springfield rifles 
manufactured at Harpers Ferry. 
The pickets would fire across the 
river, but their ammunition was 

generally wasted, until July 4th, 
1862 the Confederates captured a 
packet boat at the first lock on the 
Canal, west of Point of Rocks. 
This boat had some dozen em- 
ployees from the war department, 
Washington on it who were armed 
with rifles of the latest make, 
equipped with telescopic sights, it 
was then good judgment to keep 
out of flieir range. A few days 
after the capture of these guns, 
Frank Mantz who was superinten- 
dent of the B. & O. stopped an en- 
gine at the telegraph office which 
was in plain view of the confederate 
pickets on the Loudoun side. The 
■confeJerate sharp shooters com- 

menced firing across the river at 
the Engine. Miss Fisher, a very 
pretty girl, eighteen years of age, 
was on the upper porch talking to 
a union soldier who was on the 
ground; Mrs. Nichols who was 
with her remarked on account of 
the firing they had better go in. 
Mrs. Nichols heard something fall, 
looking around saw Miss Fisher 
lying on the floor dead. She was 
a sister of Thomas Fitiher who is 
now living at Lime Kiln and is 
past eighty years of age. This old 
stone house still stands near the 
tunnel and was the first house 
built in Point of Rocks by John 
Snouffer, the grandfather of G. A. 
T. Snouffer. 

During the Civil war the L^nion 
forces maintained a signal corps 
on the top of the Sugar Loaf 
Mountain, this corps was in com- 
municatioa with the war depart- 
ment, Washington, Harpers Ferry, 
Point of Rocks, Nolands Ferry 
and Poolesville. Three of the mil- 
itary Telegraph operators at Pooles- 
ville were captured and taken to 
Richmond. A company of cavalry 
was usually stationed at Licksville, 
they also hod a block house at 
Nolands Ferry to protect the Ferry 
crossing the Potomac at this point. 
This block house was also used to 
keep local prisoners. 

Point of Rocks, on account 
of its location, hemecl in by the 
Catoctin Mountains and Po- 
tomac River and where the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
first reaches the Potomac from 
the east and Virginia directly 
across the river made this not 
only a stragetic military point, 
but one it was necessary for 


the union .forces to keep well 
guarded. After the withdraw- 
al of Colonel Geary's men, Col- 
onel's Cole's calvary anil 
Mean's men as they were 
known there locally, were sup- 
posed to protect Point of 
feocks and tliis section. Sole's 
calvary had the reputation of 
being pretty good fighters 
while Mean's men had the rep- 
utation of running and to keep 
on running when they got a 
start. Mosby's men wko were 
very active and especially 
troublesome in this section had 
the nack of putting in some 
pretty effective work when 
they were the least expected 
and as they were always short 
of supplies, it was necessary 
for them to make a desperate 
atta'ck and take a risk that was 
not rel-ished by the 
soldier. These attacks meant 
fighting at close quarters and 
one side or the other was sure 
to run or be captured, and as 
the attacking party was usual- 
ly the Confederate in these 
raids, they came with a wild 
rush and the rebel yell which 
usually had the effect of start- 
ing the enemy in a hurried re- 
treat. This meant the supplies 
they left behind were quickly 
gathered up and carried back 
across the Potonac when the 
Virginia side was reached 
they felt reasonably safe from 
attack or capture. It is said 
more skirmishes and battles of 
a innor character took place 
at I,' "I near Point of Rocks, 

than any other place in Mary- 

Colonel Lieg White with the 
intention of capturing Mean's 
men who were stationed at 
Point of Rocks, crossed the Po- 
tomac at William's Point di- 
vided his forces, pa»t of the 
Company went down the Can- 
al, the other part started to 
cross the mountain and cut 
off Mean's retreat. Unexpect- 
edly Colonel White's calvary 
ran into Colonel Cole's calvary 
then under command of Col- 
onel Vernon, a sharp running 
fight took place at Beall's Mill 
and about forty men an'd 
horses of Cole's calvary was 
captuued. Joseph H. Trundel, 
a corporal in White's battalion 
who took part in this fight is 
still living in Frederick. 
White's men continued on to 
Point of Rocks, but Mean's 
men on hearing firing up the 
river left in retreat, going to- 
ward Frederick. White's 
men then recrossed the Poto- 
mac at Point of Rocks, taking 
the provisions and horses with 
them. Lieutenant Vernon lost 
his hat crossing Catoctin 
Creek which with forty of his 
men were captured. 

I have an old letter written 
by my father, Manasses J. 
Grove in reply to a letter from 
a confederate soldier who 
fought at the battle of Cramp- 
tons Gap where Colonel Lamar 
w^s killed. The horrors of 
war which has saddened many 
a home is truly expressed in 


this letter. 

Lime Kiln, Md. 

Feb. 21, 1871. 
.Mr. C. B. Sanders: 

My brother, Frank, to whom 
your letter was addressed died 
some three years since. Al- 
though liying some 15 miles 
from Burkittsville, I happened 
to be at my fathers immedi- 
ately after the battle of 
Crampton's Gap, and assisted 
you and my brother in plac- 
ing in^the grave, the Patriotic 
and gallant Col. Lamar. The 
scenes of that night are in- 
delibly impressed upon my 
memory, especially the emo- 
tions of grief you seemed to 
suffer for your lamented com- 
mander and as I thought of 
the grief of the young, and as 
you said of the devoted and 
loving wife as the sad news 
would be imparted to her, my 
heart opened and in sympathy 
with yours, dropped a tear on 
his grave as we placed his 
still foi^m in its mother earth. 
But we will leave the dead 
wtth the hope that the God of 
the Widow and Fatherless, has 
thrown his protecting shield 
around the many desolated 
southern homes." 

McGill Belt who occupies the colo- 
nial mansion "Rock Hall,'' at the 
foot of Sii^ar Loaf Mountain. Tiiis 
hoU'Se was built in i8i2 by Roger 
Jolnison a brother of Thomas John- 
son the first Governor of Mary- 
land. He was the father of Joseph 
A. Johnson, who was the father of 
Dr. WiJliam H. Johnson of Ad- 
.amstown and grandfather of Dr. 

Thomas B. Johnson of Frederick. 
The old mansion was built of gray 
sand stone quarried on the place. 
The walls are eighteen inches 
thick, and the wood work is in 
perfect condition. The original 
plan of the house still exists ard is 
far superior to the modern houses 
of today. The rooms are large 
and well arranged, with a private 
entranae to each room. Cupboards 
extend from the floor to the ceil- 
ing, filling up all the space between 
the fire place and the wall. The 
crown or arch over the cupboards 
are fluted, and the delicate mould- 
ing of the cornice boards is hand 
made in imitation of the walls of 
Troy, and show splendid work- 
manship which can't help but be 
admired. The hand carved man- 
tles surrounding the large fire- 
place in the rooms upstairs as \v»Il 
as down with the brass andiron 
are still in use as they were over a 
hundred years ago awaiting the 
old backlog. Mr. Belt who has 
great quantities of wood still enjoys 
the log fire. Fluted door jams, 
heavy two inch thick doors with 
long iron hinges reaching across 
the entire door, the iron lock with 
brass knobs six by twelve inches 
with an immense key, the old 
latches with brass knobs, and the 
old brass knocker hangs on the 
front door polished and as bright 
as it was a hundred veai's ago. 
The winding stairway, the double 
porches, the same windows and 
sash, the original springs that will 
raise or lower the windows, old time 
fasteners that can't be raised fror.i 
the outside, the stairwaj' leading to 
the wine closet in the cellar is 


enough to make )'Oii feel liappy, 
"But tlie sad part" Mr. Belt said 
"there is no wine there." The pine 
flooring has stood the wear of 
more than a hundred years; in fact, 
tlie woodwork is all well preserved 
and in good condition, showing 
the material used was all of the 
best. The hornet's nest hangs in 
the gable. The kitchen with an 
in>mense fireplace, the swinging 
iron crane as left by the Johnsons 
when the red bandana handker- 
chief encircled the head of the old 
mammy slave who was a real ex- 
pert in roasting the turkey, pig and 
po.-^sum when it was basted with 
puie gravy and mint sauce season- 
ed with rum; this charm of home 
ceoking has passed, I fear never to 

The first object to attract your 
attention upon arriving at this old 
homestead "Rock Hall," is the 
stone Sti'le still standing built of 
immen.«e white sandstone quarried 
on the place, where my lady of a 
hundred years ago mounted her 
prancing steed for a ride over the 
winding trail along the foot hrlls of 
the.Sugarloaf Mountain or through 
the level valley of Carrollton 
Manor. As you approach the 
hou.^e on the modern concrete 
wal'k you are hemmed in on either 
side by boxwood. In the center 
of the yard stands two immense 
boxwood bushes — the lareest I 
have ever seen. Mr. Belt .said he 
had been offered a thousand dol- 
lars for them. They are really re- 
markable in size and beauty. As 
you reach the porch you are 
attracted by the three white sand- 
sk)ne steps, which were also qu-ar- 
ried on the place. They are ten 

feet in length and were blocked off 
in special sizes, showing the skill 
of the stone workmen of more than 
a hundred }cars ago. The nat- 
ural beauty of the surrounding-s i.s. 
enchanting. The cool mountain 
air and pure water running by 
gravity from a mountain spring 
make the place an ideal home. 

The following tracts of land were 
purchased by Thomas Johnson, 
"who was the first governor of 
Maryland." James Johnson, Bak- 
er Johnson, Roger Johnson, they 
were brothers and prominent in 
affairs generally besides the chain 
of furnaces on this large tract of 
land the}' helped to work out the 
destinies of tliis great nation during 
and after the Revolutionary War. 
This estate contained all or part of 
these tracts of land. Some parts 
of these grants that belonged to 
Tories were confiscated by the 
Federal Government and sold 
at public sale ^'Gunders 
Delight," Judburg Forest," Resur 
vey or Changeable," Mt. Pisgah," 
"Foui Play,'" 'TJttle Worth," 
"Bonrdle\s Fanc\-," "Balawick." 

"Whiskey." Partnership," "I 
Don't Care What," making a 
total of 3271 acres owned by 
the Johnson. The mouth of 
the Monocacy was one of the 

places under consideration to build 
the capital ®f the United States. 
George \Waskington cut a tree on 
this tract of land to build a canoe 
to explore the Monocacy and Po- 
tomac Mixers where the water was 
shallow, in his effbrt to select a 
suitable location for the capital. 
Washington's ambition was to 
make the Potomac navigable as far 
west as Cumberland asi^ then con- 


nect up with the Ohio river This 
shows the section bordering on the 
Potomac River had been settled 
early and developed. The John- 
sons with others had a chain of 
furnaces ihroughout Frederick 
Count}' which furnished iron for 
cannon and other material fof the 
Re\ okitionary War. There is prob- 
ably more mineral products of 
various kinds to be found on this 
tract of land of more than three 
thousand acres owned b\' the John- 
sons than is to be found in an)- other 
part of Frederick County, which in- 
cludes iron ore, glass sand, linu- 
•stone, building stone, green calico 
rock, which takes on a very high 
polish, an abundance of wood and 
water power is to be found in 1; rge 
quantities. The remains of the old 
iron furnace si.tuated directly on 
the road 1-eading through Carrollton 
Manor to the Furnace Ford Bridge 
crossing the M-onocacy. The old 
race which can be plainly seen fol- 
low.s this road nearly to the old 
furnace; this race furnished power 
for the old grist mill on Furnace 
Branch that stood only a shcrt dis- 
tance from the iMonocacy. 

The old l>og house where the 
miller lived washed aw^ay during 
the Johnstown flood of 1889. Mr. 
Belt has in his possession a con- 
tract written in 1819 made between 
Roger Johnson and David Moody 
who was a half Indian to burn so 
many bushels of char«coal for the 
Johnson Furnace at one and a half 
cent per bushel showing the 
furnace was in operation at 
that time. The iron used 
in building the first steam boat 
on the Potomac River by Rum- 
sey at Shepherdstown was 

made at this furnace ; the iron 
forged here was of superior 
quality. At that time there 
was. a woolen mill on the place ; 
the last one to run this mill was 
Daniel Price in the early fif. 
ties. The old Distillery w^hich 
was also run by the Johnsons 
stood near the present man- 
sion. Mr. Belt in 1881 dug up 
a wood*en log with a hole about 
three inches bored in the cen, 
ter, that used to convey water 
to the dis.tillery. The glass 
furnace on Bennetts Creek, 
limestone quarried on the place 
was used in the furnace for 
fluxing purposes. There was 
also two lime kilns used for 
burning lime, the iron ore al- 
so the sand stone for making 
glass were both of good qual- 
ity. The white sand stone used 
for building blocks is of es- 
specially high quality. These 
furnaces and mill, belonged to 
the Johnsons. Fleecy Dale, 
which was a woolen mill on 
Bennetts Creek belongecJ to 
the Browns; there were other 
mills, in fact there was a chain 
of furnaces and mitts reaching* 
from the mouth of the Mono- 
cacy to Bush Creek near Reels 
Mill neaj the old glass works. 
The aqueduct over the Mono- 
acy was built of wkite sand stone 
from the J.-ohnson quarry. No 
other stone were used in this en- 
tire work. The aqueduct was 
commenced in 1824, finished in 
1S27; this is considered a model 
structure. There are seven arches 
whick carry the loaded boats 
through the canal which is 


ten feet deep, twenty feet wide. 
There is a .small monument about 
the center of out.side wall. The 
tow-path where the nnile.s travel 
■over i.s also u.scd for foot and 
wagon travel. A wooden railroad 
was built from the quarry to the 
aqueduct over which the stone 
were transported a distance of little 
more than two miles. The stone 
were blocked out at the quarry in 
the sizes and shapes wanted; about 
one hundred stone cutters were 
employed and the}' were all skilled 
mechanics. Mr. Belt says this old 
railroad can still be traced from the 
quarry to the aqueduct and occa- 
sionally an old tie or rail can be 
found imbedded in the ground. 
The railroad ran just east of the 
mansion; this was probably the 
first road of the kind in the United 
States. The stone were very 
heavy, many of them weighing 
over five tons, they were pulled 
from the quarry to the top of the 
hill by oxen "and then pulled to the 
aqueduct by horses and muks. 
The tow-path where the mules 
traveled for nearly a hundred 
years, show but very little wear 
from this long usage, while the 
aqueduct itself and the stone show 
no apparent change sinc*^ they 
were placed there, the freezing and 
thawing weather has not affected 
Ihem, and the whole construction 
is a splendid piece of work. The 
-stone for the railroad bridge over the 
Monocac}' was quarried here. Mr. 
Belt remembers well when this 
Avork was done, the railroad had 
about se\'ent)'-fivc men employed 
here getting out stone; the stone 
cutters were all fine looking, and 
well dressed men of intelligence. 

They passed the house daily going 
to their camp at the bridge. Mr. 
Belt said on account of the dist- 
ance, the sto4ie had to be hauled; 
they could not be delivered to the 
bridge fast enough and as soon as 
the railroad was graded and the 
track was laid as far as the Monoc- 
a6^^ building stone was shipped b^ 
rail over the B. & O. railroad in 
order t» complete the bridge. The 
old wooden ralroad u.'-ed by the 
canal having long before rotted 
away; the stone for the railroad 
bridge were hauled by two wheel 
oxen teams and stone wagons pull- 
ed by horses and mule«, but the 
distance made the deliveries very 
slow. It s.-ems strange some en- 
terprising Companj' has not made 
an effort to develop this quarry. 
There is an immense quantity of 
white sandstone here that can be 
easily worked to any size and shape. 
The stone are also noted for their 
fire resistance; they were used in 
all the furnaces and lime kilns in 
this section and were hauled dur- 
ing Magill Belts time to Catoctin 
P'urnace for rclining the iron fur- 
naces at that place, which were 
then owned by Col. McPherson. 
These stone were hauled by mule 
teams to Catoctin furnace, first 
bringing a load of pig iroji to 
Frederick for shipment, they would 
then come on to the cjuarry and 
take a load of stone back. It 
would take two days to make the 
trip, showing the difficulties of 
transportation those days. The 
Johnsons had a wagon road run- 
ning from the various furnaces and 
factories and their residences along 
the Monocacy and the foot hills 
of the Sugar Loaf Mountain, up 


Bennetts Creek to the stone man- 
sion built by Roger JohnsQn 
called Bloomsboro, where the 
Windsor Brothers lived many 
years. It was sold after their 
death to Miss Margaret Grind- 
er, the present owner. The 
road continued to Urbana. Mr. 
Belt remembers having ridden 
over this road on horse b?.ck 
with his father, Lloyd Belt, 
also George Hays, some forty 
years ago going to Urbana to 
vote. It passed the old glass 
works by Fleecy Dale, the 
carding factory, both on Ben- 
netts Creek, passed the old 
Johnson Mansion built of 
Mountain sandstone on to Ur- 
bana; another road branched 
off at Fleecy Bale, now Park 
Mills w^here there still stands 
an old grist m.ill that was run 
first by^ Captain Ordeman to 
the old glass furnace on Bush 
Creek now^ owned by the Den- 
nis brothers. Traces of this old 
road which has been badly 
washed can still be seen as 
well as parts of the ruins of 
these old factories. Charles 
T. Brosius, Sr. says he remem- 
bers this old road well, which 
passed the old Kohlhaus dwel- 
ling and this road w^as used 
by his Uncle Thomas R. Jar- 
boe in going to his wood lot 
in the Sugar Loaf Mountain 
some sixty years, ago. It was 
finally abandoned owing to the 
hea\'y washing rains. 

In connection, with this old 
lost road and the ancient man- 
sion "Bloomsboro- which is still 
standing along the Sugar Loaf 

Mountain, I will reproduce 
the description so beautifully 
expressed in the Frederick 
Times adding some historical 
facts of the Johnsons who were 
so closely connected with this 
tract of land and their splen- 
did achievements during the 
Revolutionary War in forging 
the way to independence. The 
name of Johnson will, with 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton 
live on forever in the annals 
o-f this great nation; and this 
old Commonwealth will alw^ays 
honor, love and respect them. 
Governor Thomas Johnson, 
years ago inherited a valua«ble 
tract of land from his father. 
An immense mansion of more 
than thirty rooms had been 
constructed in the heart of 
this tract near Creagerstown. 
The lands passed from the 
hands of Governor Johnson 
and is now owned by Harry F. 
Leatherman. Before coming 
into the hands of the Leather- 
man family, the farm, "Spring- 
field," was owned by many of 
the leading families of Fred- 
erick County. 

"Rose Hill," once the old 
mansion where Governor 
Johnson lived in retirement is 
another historic feature of the 
great tract of land which the 
Governor and his relatives 
owned in Frederick County. 
This estate is now owned by 
Noah E. Cramer. 

The following article gives 
many interesting incidents of 
the Johnson family and the 
estate of Bloomsboro. 


Messrs. Editors of the Times: 
"I venture to ask of you 
space in the columns of your 
valuable paper for a brief de- 
scription of an old Fredei'ick 
County landmark that may 
prove of interest to some of 
your readers. Being belated 
dui-ing- a squirrel hunt by the 
deepening- shadows of old Su- 
gar Loaf, whose proper name 
should be Lost Mountain, I 
sought the shelter and hospi- 
tality of the aHcient mansion 
of 'Bloomsboro,' now owned by 
Mr. Arnold Winsor, one of the 
most pleasant and hospitable 
citizens of Urbana district. Mr. 
Winsor is the proprietor of 
one of the oldest homesteads 
in Frederick County. The 
mansion in question was built 
by old Major Roger Johnson, 
a brother of the first Governor 
of Maryland, and who at that 
time ow^ned all the land from 
Urbana to Point of Rocks. The 
Major in 1815 was the proprie- 
tor of two furnaces then in 
active operation. The one was 
situated not far from the 
mouth of the Monocacy where 
the new bridge now spans 
what is known as the '^fur- 
nace ford.' Ore was brough;t 
dow^n the Potomac to the Mo- 
nocacy and up that stream to 
the fiw^nace, where it was 
melted into pig iron. From 
here the pig iron wa-s trans- 
ported in wagons, a distance of 
six miks, to the second fur- 
nace, on Bennett's Creek, ad- 
joining the homestead in ques- 
tion afid converted iaato small- 

er bars ready for the market. 
Traces of this old road are still 
plainly discernible, and are 
gladly welcomed by the pant- 
ing hunter, well nigh exhaust- 
ed from his scramble up the 
steep mountain declivities, who 
converts it into, an agTeeable 
foot path. 

This morning as I sat on the 
broad piazza in front of the 
dwelling, quietly puffing away 
at my cigar and sipping some 
of mine host's most excellent 
home-made wine, I noticed 
many of the names and dates 
cut, probably with diamond 
rings upon the sm'all m-ulti- 
paned antique windows of the 
old stone house and discover- 
ed th.^t today was an anniver- 
sary of one 0^ these long-for- 
gotten inditings. I read, trac- 
ed in a delicate lady's hand, 
"Emily Johnson, Aug. 20, 
1832." Fifty-four years ago. 
For more than half a centurv 
have summer suns cast their 
pitiless ray upon, and winter 
winds told their mournful tales 
to those self-same windows; 
for more than half a century 
have vernal and autaumnal 
frosts traced with icy breath 
their fantastic delineations 
upon that fragile glass- and yet 
there is to be found as clea** 
and traceable as the day of 
their pristine impress, those 
delicate and fairy-like lines, 
written by hands long since 
turned to ashes and gone to 
mother earth. 

This set me to dreaming, and 

after an undisturbed reverie 


of half an hour I asked Mr. to her roora to read and when 
Winsor if he could tell me any- the servant called her to the 
thing concerning the fair in- meal at noon, the dear girl was 
scriber. To . my surprise I found on her bed a corpse, with 
learned that he had known her. her hands calmly folded and 
He depicted her as the most the volume which she had been 
beautiful of women, loved by reading lying open across her 
all who knew her and whose bosom The exact cause of her 
untimely death brought sor- death was never known, but is 
row and'-sadness to the hearth- attributed to heart disease." 
stone of every home in the Mr Winsor then took me to 
wide circle of her acquain- her grave. Not a tombstone 
tances. The old gentleman's is to be found within the en- 
eyes grew intensely bright and closure, which is well filled 
he became interestingly elo- with the dead and kept in ex- 
quent as he described this cellent condition by the pres- 
cbarming heroine of his b®y- ent proprietor of the estate. 
hood days. 'T remem.ber well He also pointed out the last 
the old Major," he said, ''with resting place of the old Major, 
his cocked hat and his silver and told me how scrupulous- 
knee buckles ; robust in form ly he respected the grassy pil- 
and stalwart in figure he sat lows of the God's acre, 
his horse, every inch a soldier. Here they lie, old age and 
And fair Emily, she lived and youth, side by side. The mas- 
died here, more beautiful than ter hand of the old Major that 
the wil(J flower that graces the directed the forces of the fur- 
mountain ledge awd purer than nace forges, and the eye that 
the winter snows that cap its swept over his vast estate are 
eternal peeks. "One cfey, Em- stilled and closed in death ; the 
ily was t«ken with a slight in- voice of the young maiden who 
disposition. Her father, who sang her matin carol with 
was a physician administer- mocking bird and bobolink and 
ed to her and as time wore on i*ain dove's croon, or breat«hed 
the young girl would go her- her vesper prayer with whip- 
self to tke office where drugs por-will_ and katydid, had lost 
were kept smd with her own its mu«ic in the tomb. The 
han-d take the medicine from fijes of the forges have long 
the phial. At last a sad day since died out, the broad 
dawned. The sun never shone stretches of woodland have 
more brightly ; old Sugar Loaf been swept away, yet still they 
never looked more divinely sleep unconscious of the 
blue, nor ever slept more tran- charnge. The old Sugar Loaf 
quilly the calm dark water of stands as an eternal vigil, 
Bennett's Creek, than enwraps flinging its guardian shadows 
in dreamy slumber the moun- o'er the grassy pillows, the 
tain's base. Emily had gone deep, dark waters of the 


mountain- born stream sigh a 
perpetual requiem, and though 
alone and half forgotten, yet 
the wild roses bloom as sweet- 
ly, the wild birds sing as soft- 
ly and the wild grasses wave 
as tranquilly o'-er their silent 
and unmarked graves. 

(Signed) "X" 
Bloomsboro, Aug. 20th, 1886. 

Mr. Belt has a number of 
very old interesting papers in 
his possession, wheYi he hand- 
ed them to me they were tied 
up in the National Intelli- 
gencer." a tri-weekly published 
ed at Washington, D. C. under 
date of December 28th, 1865, or 
nearly sixty years ago. Among 
the papers is a patent that 
refers to the mines on this 
propertv at the early date of 
1712. The patent is for 1002 
acres of land to Oi'landa Grif- 
fiths of Frederick County and 
is described "as of our Manor 
of Conegpchiegue." The Pat- 
ent states "for the sum of four- 
teen pounds, fourteen shilling- 
sterling caution according to 
instructions to Charles Lord 
Baron of Baltimore our great 
Grandfather of Noble memory 
his instructions to Charles 
Carroll Esquire his then agent 
bearing date at London the 
twelfth day of Septmber, sev- 
enteen hundred and twelve 
and registered in our Secre- 
tary's office of our said pro- 
vince together with a para- 
graph of our Dear Father in- 
structions bearing date at Lon- 
don thefif teenth day of Decem- 
ber, seventeen hundred and 

ihirly-eioht and registered in 
our land office. We do there- 
fore hereby grant and confirm 
to him the said Orlando 
Griffiths the aforesaid tract 
or parcel of land." Then 
follows the courses and dis- 
tances also the description 
and royality on the mines, it 
says, "With all rights profits 
benefits and privileges there- 
unto beJonging Royal Mines 
excepted To have and To hold 
the same unto him the said 
Orlando Griffiths his Heirs and 
Assigns forever to be holder 
of us and of our Heirs as of 
our Manor of Conegochiegue 
in fee and common soccage by 
fealty only for all manner of 
services yielding and paying 
therefore yearly unto us and 
our Heirs at our City of Saint 
Mary's at the two most usual 
feasts in the, viz the feast of 
annunication of the blessed 
Virgin Mary aad Micheal the 
archangel by even and equal 
portions, rent of two pounds 
and one penny sterling in Sil- 
ver or Gold and for a fine up- 
on every alienation of the said 
lan:l or part or Darcel thereof 
one whole years rent in Silver 
or Gold or the full value, there- 
of in such commodities as we 
and our Heirs shall accept in 
discharge thereof at the choice 
•' us and our Heirs in such 
officer or officers aforesaid 
Provided that if the said sum 
for a fine shall not be paid unto 
us or our Heirs or su«h officer 
or o.fficers aforesaid before 


sueh alienation and the said Sugar Loaf Mountain." The- 
alienation enters upon Record deed has an acknowledgment 
either in P»ovincal Court or which is unusual at this time 
County Court where the same and I will reproduce same. "On 
parcel of Land lieth within the same day and year Mrs. 
one month next after such Elionar Deakins wife to the 
alienation then the said alie- -^id Francis Deakins appeared 
nation shall be void and of before us, being privately ex- 
no effect." The Patent is bound amined apart from and of the 
with silk and a wax seal with hearing of said husband de- 
the figiires olLord Baltimore, clared that she was willing and 
A similar deed to Mr. Griffith freely* relinguishtd all claims 
couched in about the same to the Land within described, 
language and refers to some that she was not induced to 
va«ant land he had discovered, make such acknowledgement 
called Griffiths Chance contain- b^ the ill usuage of her said 
ing 708 acres The Patent husband or threats of a fear of 
was granted on the twenty- his displeasure." It was also 
ninth day of April, Anno Dom- necessary this acknowledge- 
ine seventeen hundred and ment had to be made before 
sixty. It refers to the Royal two Justices of the Peace and 
mines and the mineral rights this one was signed by Daniel 
are excepted also in this deed. Reintzel and Geo. French both 
Mr. Belt also has in his^pos- of Montgomery County. The 
session the orginal deed from papop: on which these old pat- 
Francis Deakins to Roger ents were written is heavy, 
Johnson made this fifteenth the writing runs pretty 
day of May in the yiear of our straight across the unruled 
Lord, one thousand seven hun- paper ; the letters are all well 
dred and ninety-five and is re- formed and are perfectly leg- 
corded by ""^illiam Ritchie ible, so different from the writ- 
elk" of Frederick County. "In ing of today which in many 
consideration of the sum of cases is difficult to read, 
two hundred and forty-five Braddock Spring is a noted 
pounds- ten shillings, "assign historical spot about three 
forever all that tract or parcel miles west of Frederick, Md., 
of land called Mount Pisgah as on the National highway from 
I'esurveyed for said Francis Baltimore to Wheeling, W. Va. 
DeaKlns on or about the six- During the French and Indian 
teenth day of November, orie war against its colonies in 1755 
thousand seren hundred and Gen. Edward Braddock had 
seventy six and containing by headuarters in Frederick, then 
patent four hundred ninety- known as Fredericktown, and 
one acre more or less situated the plan of his campaign was 
in Frederick, Co. and near the to march his troops fr«m tkis 


City on to Fort Duquesne, 
which is HOW Pittsburgh, Pa., 
thence ^o Niagara and Fron- 
tenac. With him iit that time 
were Gov. Horatio Sharpe, 
Benjamin Franklin and Geo. 
Washington, the latter aid-de- 
camp to Braddock. It was on 
the eventful march that the 
general stopped at this spring 
and quenched his thrist, for it 
Avas in the heat of summer that 
he began the journey. The 
rest is history. He was mor- 
tally wounded before he reach- 
ed the fort in an ambush by 
the Indians and died July 13th, 
1755. The spring is said to be 
in the same condition as when 
the English and Colonial arm- 
ies tramped the dusty road 
nearly two hundred years ago. 
The Hagerstown and Freder- 
ick Electric Railroad have a 
pumping station near the 
spring to furnish water for 
Braddock Heights, the sum- 
mer resort nearbv- The exact 
trail of this historic march 
will probably never be known, 
as there seems to be a question 
as to the route taken by Gen- 
eral Braddock on his fatal 
march to Fort Duquesne. On 
t^e 24th of April, 1755, Gen- 
eral Braddock with George 
Washington, his aid-de-camp, 
met Gov. Horatia Sharpe and 
Benjamin Franklin at a tavern 
on west All Saints sti'eet, Fred- 
erick, to arrange for teams 
and wagons to transport their 

lifcome difficulty was experi- 
enced in ^setting horses and 

wagons, but this was finally 

Benjamin Franklin at that 
time was attempting to estab- 
lish a postal system for the 

colonies and he came from 
Philadelphia to consult with 
General Braddock and get his 
aid in opening up post roads. 
During this time many 
small bodies of men offered 
their services to Braddock, 
they were poorly armed and 
clothed, ithey did not make 
much of an impression on Gen. 
Braddock who was accustom- 
ed to well trained soldiers with 
a military appearance. Brad- 
dock preferred men with 
handsome ' l^miforms- and pol- 
ished arms to these sturdy 
frontiersmen who were accus- 
tomed to the habits of the In- 
dians and their manner of 
figkting. Braddock left Fred- 
erick on the 1st of May in a 
chariot with four horses which 
he purchased of Governor 
Sharpe. At the same time 
Braddock's army left Freder- 
ick for Wills Creek. Whether 

Braddock left Alexandria 
with his men and marched di- 
rect to Leesburg on the Vir- 
gin-ia side of the Potomac or 
feftAlexandria by boat and 
landed on the Maryland shore 
and then marched to Hunger- 
ford tavern, now Rockville by 
Hunting Hill and Darnestown, 
Dawsonville, Bealsville and on 
to Frederick. Tradition seems 
to be very meagre, but it is 
claimed Braddock and Wash- 
ington stopped at a tavern at 


Licksville, then a trading post, 
near the Potomac onthe Ri^er 
Road or main highway, fol- 
lowing the Potemac from the 
tide water counties west. The 
older people onthe Manor have 
alwavs claimed Braddock 
came up through Licksville to 
Frederick and as Charles Car- 
roll had settled, Carrolfton 
Manor five years before and 
had built a wagon road from 
Dougherogan Manor to Car- 
rollton Manor both of these 
roads were much used at that 
early da^e. George Washing- 
ton who was familiar with the 
roads especially in Virginia, 
where he had been in the em- 
ploy of Lord Fairfax from 
1749 to 1753 surveying the 
Country west of the Blue 
Ridge Mountains, would have 
marched from Alexandria to 
Leesburg which was really the 
shortest route to Frederick, 
unless they came up the Po- 
tomac by boat. Braddock's 
army seperated at Lees- 
burg part going to W mches- 
ter anci part of his army with 
Braddock and Washington di- 
verted their march to Fi^eder- 
ick to get wagons and supplies, 
and when .Braddock resumed 
his march, it was to go by way 
of Winchester to join the oth- 
er part of his army. As 
?i further evidence and to sup- 
port tradition as is claimed by 
the older citizens that Brad- 
dock and Washington in 1755 
came to Frederick through 
Licksville and CarolltonT^anor. 
On April 14th, 1755, the com- 

mand under Colonel Dunbar 
had reached Lawrence Owens, 
15 miles from Rock Creek, 
while on April 14th, 1755, Gen- 
eral Braddock held a consulta- 
tion with Com. Kippel at Alex- 
andria. There were present at 
this meeting. Govs. Morris, 
Dinwiddle, Sherley, Sharpen 
and Dulany. Williamsburg 
was then the Capital of Vir- 
ginia. At this conference Brad- 
dock promised to be beyond 
the Alleghanies by April, and 
it is charged that he even pre- 
pared expresses tt be sent back 
to announce his \actories. He 
proceeded from Alexandria 
across the mountains to Win- 
chester, which at that time was 
a military stragetic point. Be- 
sides the remains of Fort Lou- 
doun an old building is now 
standing in heart of Winchest- 
er with this marker. "From 
1749 to 53, while in the em- 
ploy of Lord Fairfax this build- 
ing was from time to time used 
by Washington as a surveyors 
office and used as ia stockade." 
A monument stands nearby 
with the following inscriptio-n ; 
"This monument marks the 
trail taken by the army of Gen- 
eral Braddock which left Al- 
exandria, April 9th, 1755 to de- 
fend the western frontier a- 
gainst the French and In- 

To stiM further support oiir 
claim, I reproduce from Major 
General Edward Braddock's 
orderly book, his order of 
March to Col. Dunbar from the 
camp at Alexandria to Freder- 


ick and Sir Peter Halketts Minocasy cross the Minocasy 
Regimt. Also a copy of the in a Float." 
report of a body of men who It is true that part of the 
accompanied this expedition as men who were with Braddock 
taken from their daily report, came up the old George 
There is no question but Col. Town road calling themselves 
Dunbar's men traveled what is Seamen who were put 
now known as the Old George- under the orders of Colonel 
town road. And Sir Peter Dunbar when they left their 
Halkett marched to Winchest- boats at Rock Creek. The de- 
er as will also be shown by scription of their march tal- 
General Braddock's orderly lies exactly with the lay of the 
book. land on the old Georgetown 

and Frederick road and if two 
"Alexandria, Monday, noted personages like Brad- 
April 7th, 1755. dock and Washington had been 
Parole Dublin. with them- some mention of 
After Orders. this fact would surely have 
As Col. Dunbar's Regimt. is been made, but three days 
to march on Saturday, they are after they arrived at Freder j 
to receive tomorrow nine days ick, a guard turned out to re- ' 
Provisions one for tomorrows ceive the General. Showing 
use and the remaining 8 days conclusively General Braddock 
the men to carry them. did notcome with this body of 
The four companys of Sir men. Their detailed record 
Peter Halketts Regimt. the of each day follows: 
Royal Regt. of Artillery En- "(a) A Journal of the pro- 
gineers and the Hospitals are ceedings of the Seaman ( a de- 
to continue to receive their tachment), ordered by Corn- 
provisions as usual till further modore Keppel to assist on^ a 
Orders. la^e expedition to the Ohio, 
March Rout of Col. Dunbar from the 10th of April, 1755, 
Regiment from the camp at when they received their first 
Alexandria to Frederick in orders fromthe Army at Alex- 
Maryland, andria in Virginia, to the 18th 

Miles day of August following, when 

To Rock Creek the remaining part of the De- 

To Owen Ordinary, (Now tachment arrived on board His 

Rockville) 15 Majesty's ship "Garland" at 

To Dowen's Ordinary, (Now Hampton: with an impartial 
Clarksburg) 15 account of the action that hap- 
To Frederick. , ......... .15 pened onthebanks of the Mon- 

ongohela, and defeat of Major 

45 General Braddock on the 9th 
[ Within a few miles of the of July, 1755.' 

"April 10th, 1755. Moderate 
and fair but sultry weather; 
today we received orders to 
march tomorrow morning, 
and 6 Companies of Sir Pe^er 
Halket's Regiment to march 
in their way to Will's Creek. 

April 11th. Our orders were 
countermanded, and to pro- 
vide ourselves with 8 days pro- 
visions, and to proceed to Rock 
Creek, 8 miles from Alexan- 
dria, in the Sea Horse and 
Nightingale's boats tomorrow. 

On the 12th, agreeably to our 
orders we proceeded and ar- 
rived at Rock Creek at 10 
o'clock. This place is 5 miles 
from the lower falls of Poto- 
mack, and 4 from the eastern 
branchof it. Here our men 
got quarters, and we pitched 
our tents; found here Colonel 
Dunbar, whose orders we put 
ourselves under. 

On the 13th: We were em- 
ployed in getting the Regi- 
mental stores into waggons, 
in order to march tomorrow. 
This is a pleasant situation, 
but provisions and everything 

On the 14th : We began our 
march at 6, and were ordered 
with our detachment to go in 
front, and about 2 o'clock at 
one Lawrence Owens, 15 miles 
from Rock Creek, and 8 miles 
from the upper falls of Poto- 
mack; and encamped upon 
good ground. 

On the 15th: Marched at 

5 on our way to one Dowden's, 

a public house 15 miles from 

Owen's, and encamped upon 

very bad ground on the side of 

a hill. We got our tents pitch- 
ed by dark, when the wind 
shifted from the South to the 
North — from a sultry hot day 
it became excessively cold, and 
rained with thunder and light- 
ning till about 5 in the morn- 
ing, when in 10 minutes it 
changed to snow, which in 2 
hours covered the ground a 
foot and a half. 

On the 16th : On account of 
the bad weather, we halted 
today, though a terrible place, 
for we could neither get pro- 
visions for ourselves, nor fod- 
der for our horses, and as it 
was wet in the camp it was 
very disagreeable, and no 
house to go into. 

On the 17: Marched at 6 
on our way to Frederick's 
Town, 15 miles from Dow- 
den's ; the roads this day were 
very mountainous. After gc^ 
ing 11 miles, we came to a riv- 
er called Mouskiso, which emp- 
ties itself into the Potomack; 
it runs very rapid, and after 
hard rain is 13 feet deep; we 
ferried the Army over here in 
a fiatt for that purpose, and 
at 3 o'clock arrived at the town 
and put our men and ourselves 
into quarters, which were very 
indifferent. This town has not 
been settled above 7 years, 
and there are about 200 hous- 
es and 2 churches, one Eng- 
lish, one Dutch; the inhabi- 
tants, chiefly Dutch, are in- 
dustrious but imposing peo- 
ple ; here we got plenty of pro- 
visions and forage. 

On the 18th: At 10 the 
drums beat to arms, when the 


Army encamped at the north 
end of the lown, upon good 
ground; we got our tents 
pitched and lay in the camp, 
and the Sutler dieted us here ; 
orders came for us to buy hor- 
ses to carry our baggage, as 
there will be no more waggons 
allowed us. We found here 
.an Independent Vessel belong- 
ing to New York under the 
command of Captain Goss. 

On the 19: The weather 
here is very hot in the day 
but the nights are very un- 
wholesome, occasioned by 
heavy dews. 

On the 20th : A guard turn- 
ed out to receive the General. 

On the 21st: At noon the 
General arrived here ati ^nd- 
ed by Captains Orme and Mor- 
ris, his Aids de Camp, and 
Secretary Shirley, and went to 
the Head Quarters, a house 
provided for him ; and Sir John 
St. Clair arrived here. 

On the 24th: Very hard 
showers of rain, and from be- 
ing very hot became excessive- 
cold and blew^ hard. 

On the 25th: Received or- 
ders to be ready to mai^h on 
Tuesday next. Arrived here 
80 recruits and some ordnance 

On the 27th : We sent 3 of 
our men to the hospital, viz: 
John: Philips, Edw. Knowles 
and James Connon. Employ- 
ed in getting ready to march. 

On the 29th : We began our 
march at 6, but found much 
difficulty in loading our bag- 
gage, so that we left several 
things behind us, particularly 

the men's hammocks. We ar- 
rived at 3 o'clock at one 
Walkers's, 18 miles from Fred- 
erick, and encamped there on 
good ground; this day we 
passed the ^^outh Ridge or 
Shannandah Mountains, very 
easy in the ascent. We saw 
plenty of hares, deer, and par- 
tridges. This place is wanting 
of all refreshments. 

On the 30th: At 6, march- 
ed on our way to Connecoch- 
ieg, where we arrived at 2 
o'clock, 16 miles from Walk- 
er's; this is a fine situation, 
close by the Potomack. We 
found the Artillery stores go- 
ing by water to Will's Creek, 
and left 2 of our men here 

May 1st, 1755: At 5, wu 
went with our people, and be- 
gan ferrying the Army &c., in- 
to Virginia, which we com- 
pleted by 10 o'clock, and 
marched on our way to one 
John Evans, where we arriv- 
ed at 3 o'clock — 17 miles from 
Connecochieg, and 20 from 
Winchester. We got some 
provisions and forage here. 
The roads now begin to be 
very different." 

General Braddock was in 
Frederick sometime preparing 
for his march according to the 
following taken from his ord- 
erly book : 

''Frederick, Friday, 

Api-ii 25th, 1755 
Farf>^e Aprleby. 

Col. Dunba/s Reginmient to 
hold themselves in readiness 
to March by the 29th. 
After Orders. 

One Corporal and four men 


to march to morrow Morning ed fact that Braddock after 
to Rock Creek with four wag- leaving Fredericktown con- 
gons that came up this Even- tinued west practically follow- 
ing; when the party comes to ing the old Indian trail, that 
Rock Creek they are to put was then used by the early set- 
themselves under the com- tiers as a wagon road which 
mand of Ensign French. was a little south of the pres- 

ent National Highway across 

Fi ederick, Saturday, Catoctin Moutain. Braddock 

April 2(jth, 1755. entered Middletown near 
Parole Bedford. . where the present mansion of 
Col. Dunbars Regiment to Herman Routzahn stands, 
fui-nish 3 officers for a Court Here the old road can be plain- 
Martial to try some prison ly traced back toward Catoc- 
ers of the Independent Com- tin Mountain passing in the 
pany & Capt Gates Preside the rear of the residences of Dr. 
report to be made to General Noah E. Kefauver and Mrs. 
Braddock. Charles Brane- Braddock cros- 

sed Catoctin Creek and it is 

Frederick, Sunday, said Washington made a sur- 

April 2'7th, 1755. vey and located the site where 

Parole Chester. the present covered bridge now 

Col. Diiril Mrs Regin;ont i- to stands. Braddock crossed the 

march ye 29th and to Proceed South Mountain at Turners 

to Wilis Creek agreeable to Pass, better know as Mrs. Dah- 

the following Route: Igrens where the battle of 

Miles South Mountain was fought in 

29th From Frederick on ye 1862. About half mile north 

road to (-onogogee 17 of Turners Gap, or Mrs. Dahl- 

30th From that halting place grens on South Mountain 

to Congogee 18 near the line of BraddocKs 

1st From Conogogee to John march. The old Revolutionary 

Evens 16 Soldiers and citizens in 1789 

2nd Rest erected a monument about 

3d To the Widow Baringer.18 fifty feet high of rough moun- 

4th To George Polls 9 tain stone, they called it Wash- 

5th To Henry Enock's 15 ingtons Monument. It is said 

6th Rest it was the first monument built 

7th To Coxs, mouth of in recognition of Independence 

little Cacaph 12 in the United States. Brad- 

8th To Col Cresaps ' . . .8 dock camped for the night at 

9th To Willis Creek 16 the foot of South Moutain 

/ about a mile east of Boons- 
Total 129 boro, at "one Walkers." The 

It is a pretty well establish- second day he marched 


through what is now Keedys- 
ville to Lappans Cross- 
roads across the Devils Back- 
bone on to Conogogee, now 
Williamsport. At that early 
.date, this was a place of con- 
siderable importance and busi- 
ness, a trading post, several 
taverns and inns were locat- 
ed here. It was on the Main 
road west and south as well as 
on the Potomac River at the 
junction of the Conocochegue 
where small boats and rafts 
w^ere used for transportation. 
Braddock crossed the river at 
Williamsport and marched to 
John Evens, now Martinsburg 
where they joined the balance 
of the army and continued to 
Willis Creek or Fort Cumber- 
land. The road from Winchest- 
er to Wills Creek, was at this 
early time well established be- 
sides the fort, a trading post 
had existed here for sometime. 
Washington used this road on 
his perilous mission to check 
the Frenchand Indian invas- 
ion along the Ohio in 1753. 
Again in 1754 Washington 
marched over this road to 
Fort Necessity where he met 
defeat at the hands of the In- 
dians and French and Fort 
Necessity was captured and 
destroyed. In 1755 Braddock 
marched his troops over this 
road from Winchester through 
Virginia until he reached lit- 
tle Cacapon River where he 
crossed the Potomac into 
Maryland and continued along 
the river passing through 
"Shawanese Old Town" now 

Oldtown, then to Colonel Cres- 
aps, and on to Wills Creek, 
now Cumberland. At that time 
there was no road through 
Maryland further than Wil- 
liamsport, there the highway 
west crossed the river into 
Virginia, now West Virginia, 
on to Martinsburg and Win- 

After Braddocks defeat, the 
Indians roamed the Country in 
large and small bodies, killing 
and destroying everything in 
their reach. The settlers built 
small stone houses or forts; 
they also erected stockades,en- 
closing their homes. These 
were of great imporance to 
the people as a place of pro- 
tection against the Indians, but 
often they were captured and 
whole families murdered- To 
meet the emergency of the sit- 
uation in 1756, Fort Frederick 
was commenced and was gar- 
risoned with two hundred men. 
Then the importance of a near- 
er and more direct road to 
Fort Cumberland was seen in 
order that there should be no 

delay in forwarding either 
supplies or reinforcements. 
The following letter written 
from 'Tonigogegh, now Wil- 
liamsport is quoted in full. 

''Conigogegh, 13th June, 1758 
Sir: As it will be the greatest 
benefit to his Majesty's Serv- 
ice to have a Road of Commun- 
cation open from each of the 
Provinces to Fort Cumberland, 
I am under the necessity of 
requesting you to have the 
straightest road reconnoiter- 


ed leading from Fort Fred- 
erick to Fort Cumberland. 
Eecommending to those you 
appoint to mark it out, to 
report the time that 500 men 
will take to cut it. Any ex- 
pense you may be at shall be 
paid by Sir John St. Clair, as 
he will be the nearest to you. 
Please to send him the report 
of it, if found i^racticable, he 
may send troops to work at it. 
I am with the highest regard. 
Sir- your most Obd't. and hum- 
ble serv't. 

Henry Bouquet. 
To the Honorable Gov.Sharpe" 

This letter soon led to the 
building in Maryland a high- 
way across the Alleghaney 
Mountains which has been ancl 
probably will always be one of 
the greatest importance. The 
skill of these early surveyors 
who located this road, will al- 
ways stand as a m.onument to 
them. The route of this great 
highway was not changed in 
the least detail, when a mod- 
ern road was recently built, 
our engineers followed the o- 
riginal survey and found that 
anyether route across the Al- 
leghaney was impractictical. 

The first mission of this road 
was to protect and bring peace 
to the early setclors. Tnen to 
open up the west to those from 
the east who were hunting the 
wealth of the great praries. 
This road carried an en ■"Hess 
chain of men, women and child- 
ren some on foot with packs, 
others on horse back ; some in 
long covered wagons to bring 

cheer to the trip the bell team 
with fancy trimmed horses of 
whom the wagoner was very 
proud, was often in line which 
would be followed merrily on 
by the steady stram of travel- 
ers. Others were pulled along 
by oxen and cows, while the 
colts, calves, pigs, sheep, turk- 
eys and the watch dog trailed 
along with the caravan. Then 
the steam car made its appear- 
ance as a competitor to this 
old road. The rattle of 
the stage coach and the crack 
of the v/agoners whip was no 
longer heard and the great 
highvv^ay v/as abondoned. For 
years, this road leading across 
the mountains and by ihe lofty 
peaks of the Alleghaneys were 
impassible. Again the mode of 
travel changed, the automobile 
taking the place of the faith- 
ful horse and is a strong com- 
petitor of the luxurious pas- 
senger coach and the local 
freight train. The quiet m.oun- 
tain roads have again awaken- 
ed to travel, the sound of the 
honck of the horn of the auto- 
mobile is constantly heard in 
the mountain passes and an 
endless chain of molcr vehicles 
is passins: over these modern 
well built roads which has 
made Maryland faT^^ous. For 
posterity sake of v.hicih [ have 
no right to be ashan-ed, our 
Company built the first mod- 
ern road in Frederick County 
and we have helped to link up 
this splendid road system in 
As a further evidence 


in our elTorts to rotain the 
historior.l part, this section hsa^ 
played in making- thi.s nation, 
These historic highways have 
been trave;ed by maiw Ji noted 
citizen. We allow these events 
to pass w't'ihoiit ^oepir.g a rec- 
ord, which would be worth so 
much to posterity. V^ashino- 
ton, Jeff-i'son, Jackson, Lin- 
coln, Grant, Roosevelt, Wil- 
son probobly every Presi- 
dent has traveled these roads. 
For this reason it occured to 
me a marker giving some his- 
torical data would be interest- 
ing to the traveler. 

The monument was dedicat- 
ed with interesting ceremon- 
ies April 20, 1923, on the 
"Georgetown Pike," between 
Washington to Frederick, a- 
bout two miles east of the Mo- 
nocacy bridge and about the 
same distance from Urbana, 
bearing the following inscrip- 

"This Boulder erected to the 
Memory of Colonel George R. 
Dennis, who more than forty 
years ago on this spot pointed 
out and looked with longing 
eyes for a road to be built over 
this route to lessen distance 
the grade, the curves and the 
danger. Colonel Dennis' wish 
has been realized through the 
effoi'ts of Frank H. Zouck. 
Chairman ; and John N. Mack- 
all, Chief Engineer, of the 
State Roads Commission ; Wil- 
liam J. Grove, Pi-esident, and 
Chas. T. Brosius, Jr., Superin- 
tendent of Construction of the 
M. J. Grove Lime Company-" 

"On the Thirtieth Day of 
June 1791, George Washing- 
ton ascended this hill and look- 
ed over the beautiful Monoca- 
cy Valley. This farm was then 
owned by John Scholl. The 
Mansion House is on the prop- 
erty of Mrs. Fanny McPherson 

"George Washington was 
met here by a Cavalcade of 
Horsemen from Frederick, 
Major Mountjoy Bayley, Chief 
Marshal ; Colonel John McPhe- 
son was one of the committee. 
"In 1824 Lafavette was ac- 
companied from Frederick this 
far by Dr. John Tyler and oth- 
ers on his way to Washington, 
D. C. General Lafayette bid 
adieu and took his last look on 

outh Mountain and the Fred- 
erick Valley." 

While Middletown Valley has 
no connection with Carrollton 
Manor, it did play an import- 
ant part in the early history 
of Western Maryland and as 
my forbears came from this 
beautiful valley whose pro- 
ductive lands were settled by a 
thrifty intelligent and hard 
working people. For that rea- 
son I will give a brief history 
of the Grove family. My great 
great grand parents moved to 
Middletow^n Valley with a com- 
pany of Germans or Dutch 
from Lancaster County, Pa-, 
or Cecil County Maryland. My 
great great grandfather and 
his sons w^re great Patriots 
during the Revolutionary war, 
and his son Jacob Grove, my 
great grand father com.mand- 


ed the barracks at Frederick 
while the Hessian troops were 
held there ■ as prisoners ; and 
he carried the military title 
of major to the day of his 
death, Whether he ever held 
a commission as m_ajor in the 
Con^inential army is unknown, 
but he did ccmmand a com- 
pany of Ran.sers or Home 
guards that did splendid ser- 
vice in protecting the Valley 
from attack. Their uniforms 
usually consisted of a hunting- 
shirt, cockade, and a bull tail, 
in their hats to represent that 
they are hardy, resolute, and 
invincible natives of the woods. 
Through their vigilance the In- 
dians and French were never 
able to cross South Mountain. 
My great grand father bore a 
military appearance with his 
hunting shirt, knee breeches 
and brass buckles. It was said 
he took from his farm 
supplies for his soldiers who 
were often short of rations, 
but his patriatism and loyalty 
to his troops was unbounded. 
Many a time the ration v/ould 
run short for his family on ac- 
count of his attempt to keep 
his men well fed and satisfied. 
My great grand father was al- 
ways recognized as one of the 
leading citizens of the Valley. 
A-fter the war, he resumed 
farming. Grove's addition to 
Middletown was part of his 
estate and he gave the ground 
where the old Reformed grave 
yard and church now stands 
and it is said he was among the 
first buried there. The graves 

of himself and his wife would 
indicate this is true, as they 
are located in the extreme 
north end next to the fence 
and v^here the new cemetery 
begins. The Tombstones bear 
the following inscriptions: ''Ja- 
cob Grove, Sen. born Oct 1st, 
1759, died Sept. 3rd, 1834 aged 
74 years, 11 months, 3 days." 
''Christinia Storm Grove, "his 
wife" was born Jan. ISth, 1764 
departed this life July 8th, 
1830 aged 66 years, 5 months 
and 24 davs. '''Farewell, mv 
husband, and children dear,. 
I am not dead, but sleeping 

I hope at that great day to rise 
And meet my Saviour in the 


Adjoining these graves on 
the South, side is My great 
great grandfather. The s^cne 
bears the following inscription, 
"John Leonard Storm who was 
born May 22nd, 1736 and de- 
parted this life July 12th, 1819 
aged 83 year, 1 month and 20 
days." Adjoining them on the 
north side there is two very 
small tomb stones with the fol- 
lowing inscription, "Hear Lies 
the body of Sarah Ann C. 
House, daughter of Stephen 
and M. House, died Dec. 2th. 
1822, aged 1 year, 5 months 
and 11 days-" 

"In memory of Elizabeth S. 
Ann, daughter of Stephen and 
Mary M. House, born Nov- 25, 
1825 and died July 25, 1827." 
(These are the daughters of 
Stephen and Mary Magdelene) 
"Grove" House. 


My great great grandfather 
Jacob Grove was born June 4th, 
1737 and died Aug. 13th, 1819 
aged 82 years. Catherine 
Grove, his v/ife was born 1739 
and died Sept. 25th, 1823, aged 
84 vears, thev are buried in 
the Reformed Cemetery at 

My great grand father 
Iiad eight sons and one 
daughter, John, Jacob, Martin, 
George Washington, William, 
Daniel, Leonard, Samuel and 
Mary Magdeline, the only 
daughter, was knov/n as Polly. 
My great grandfather follow- 
ed the old German custom of 
having his children learn a 
trace and at the age of six- 
teen, each of his sons were 
bound cut as an apprentice un- 
til they were eighteen years 
of age. The trades they learn- 
ed in youth proved to be a 
great help to them in after 
years, though they all became 
farmers, which was then as 
now the favorite occupation 
in Middletown Valley. It might 
be interesting to know the 
trades they were taught. John 
was the oldest and moved to 
Virginia early in life where he 
raised a large family of 
children. He Avas a ''Wag- 
on Maker." At that time 
this was one of the leading 
industries. The wagon trade 
was the only means of trans- 
portation. The buil(!jng and 
fitting out the immense wag- 
ons capable of carrying four 
or five tons of freight over 
dirt and mountain roads where 

there was not a mile of Maca- 
demized road meant that they 
must be built strong and of the 
best material- The wagons 
were often on the road with 
their loads a week or more. 
The pitch in front and rear of 
the bodies surmounted by bows 
and sheet were such that four 
or five men could shelter un- 
der them and would also be 
a protection to the goods they 
carried against hard driving 
rains as they moved on regard- 
less of the weather, several 
wagon trains usually travelled 
together to protect and help 
each other with an occasional 
bell team with red trimmed 
harne3s which would please 
the children and the men would 
admire the pulling horses. 
The rules of the roads were 
should a bell team stall and 
another team pull them out. 
The bells were transferred to 
the other team until they 
struck hard luck. The names 
on the end gate advertised the 
Makers and was the means of 
making many sales when a 
wagon once got the reputation 
of running easy, and would 
stand the wear carrying a 
heavy load. 

The next was Jacob who was 
a Tailor, this then was an im- 
portant trade as all clothes 
were cut and made bv hand. 
He was born Dec. 19th, 1793, 
died Sept. 20th, 1878, aged 84 
years, 9 months and 21 days. 
He married Eliza Willi ard, 
thev had ten children. William, 
Jermiah, Franklin, John Ma- 


son who is still living in Fred- 
erick, James K. Polk, Laura, 
Mary Ann ; Josephine, Charles 
and Manzella. 

Then Martin who was a 
"Fuller." He said they would 
gather sumac for coloring. 
The leaves would make a green 
color, the stem yellow, and the 
berries red. He also said they 
gathered long thorns from the 
bushes, these were used to 
fasten bundles of cloth, as pins 
were unknown then. Wool 
from the sheep was carded 
out straight, and the spinning 
wheel prepared it for the full- 
ing mill, which made it into 
cloth which was much in de- 
mand. Martin Storm Grove 
was born March 17th, 1798, 
died August 27th, 1874, aged 
76 years, 5 months and 10 
days. He married Sarah 
Routzahn, daughter of Daniel 
Routzahn, Sept- 13th, 1829; 
they had nine children. Hir- 
am J., Charlotte C, Virginia 
C, Daniel R., Sarah C, Louisa 
E., Martin M., Martha A. R., 
Marv Ellen. 

My grandfather, George 
Washington Grove was born 
March 22, 1800, he learned the 
trade of a "carpenter." At 
that time nails were made by 
blacksmiths and wooden pegs 
were used instead of nails, the 
framing was morticed where 
the wood joined together, then 
it was spliced and locust pegs 
driven in to hold them in place. 
My grandfather built the first 
house in the Grove addition 
to Middletown, this house is 

still standing in good condition 
and Earl Kepler resides there. 
The situation is a pretty one 
on top of the hill. My great 
grandfather, Jacob Grove, 
owned the land on both sides 
of the street, v/hich was then 
all in woods. My grandfather 
who was anxious to get mar- 
ried was told by his father, as 
he was a carptenter, he could 
build himself a house. They 
selected a site at the summit 
of the hill- My grandfather 
immediately began to clear the 
land and dig the foundation. 
Owing to a very large tree 
standing directly on top of the 
hill, he 1 moved the house a; 
little to the east. When my 
great grandfather found this 
out, he was not at all pleased, 
as he wanted the drainage to 
run both ways as this was the 
backbone of the ridge and a 
the dividing point where water 
ran from one side of the house 
to the east on the other west. 
My grandfather after com- 
pleting the house, married 
Elizabeth Biser, March 17th, 
1823. She was the sister of 
Hon. Daniel S. Biser, who was 
elected to the Maryland Leg- 
islature for thirteen consecu- 
tive sessions. Three of their 
children were born in this 
nouse. The oldest, my fattier, 
Manasses J. Grove was born 
Feb. 17th, 1824 and was the 
pioneer in the manufacture 
of the "Famous Frederick 
County Lime." Martin Frank- 
lin was 'born January 18th, 
1826, he went to California 


in 49 and was remarkably suc- 
cessful. About 1850. he es- 
tablished and edited the Sac- 
ramento City, California Times 
and Transcript. He also pub- 
lished the lav/s of the State 
of California for which he re- 
ceived a handsome compensa- 
tion. He had a brilliant Journ- 
alistic future before him on the 
Pacific Coast, but this was cut 
short by that dreadful dis- 
ease, consumption. He return- 
ed home and died March 19th, 
1866, aged 40 years. Mary who 
at the age of sixteen married 
Greenbury G. R. House, he 
being eighteen years of ai-e 
when they were married- They 
had eight children, lived hap- 
pily togehter on their farm^ 
near Broad Run where they 
celebrated the seventy first 
anniversary of their marriage, 
Jan. 8th, 1916. Mrs House 
lived to be 88 years, and Mr. 
House 93 years. What is re- 
rriarkable, Mrs. Eliza Horine 
who was a guest at their wed- 
ding is still living in Burkitts- 
ville at the age of 87 years. My 
great grandfather then pre- 
sented my grandfather with a 
farm near Broad Run where 
he tilled the land until a few 
years before his death when he 
moved to Burkittsvilie and 
died at the age of '88 year?. 
Besides those mentioned 
above, Francis married John 
A. Horine, Eliza Jane was 
twice married; her first hus- 
band was Jacob Young, the 
second A. M. Inskeek. Emma 
married J. V. Cunningham, 

Laura remained single 

William was a weaver at 
that time fringed woolen cov- 
erletG were made with the 
owners name and date inter- 
woven, some of which can yet 
be found after a hundred years 
of use. He was born Sept. 
30th, 1804 and died 1876 aged 
72 vears. He m.arried Marv 
Ann Williard, Feb. 28th, 1833, 
thev had five children, Abra- 
ham Fullerton ; Catherine, 
Christiana; Mary Ann Eliza- 
beth; William Templeton who 
is livine in Hagerstov/n and 
Sarah Alice. 

Daniel earned th':' trade of 
a ''Bla<. Ksmith " Smithing 
then w"^.- a very imp -rtant oc- 
cupation, the forge, anvil and 
t.he hammer were the toola 
that w^ere then used to work 
out the iron in the many 
shapes, it was used and 
it was truly said, 'The 
Smith, a mighty man was he." 

Daniel Dovle Grove was 
born April 27th, 1807, died 
April 18th, 1877, aged 70 
years. He married Julia Ann 
Williard who was born May 
4th, 1813. They had six child- 
ren, Amos, Francis, Mary 
Katherine, Georgette, Eugen- 
ia, John Hamilton and Helen 
Augusta. Leonard v»^as a Mil- 
ler," at that time every little 
stream was damed up and put 
to work and mills of all kinds 
were operated by water power. 
Now the streams like many 
people are running along in 
idleness. It may not be out of 
place to relate a story told me 


some fifty years ago by a judge 
who had tried a case where 
a contractor had been paid to 
':ui]r^ a mili r,ii one of the In- 
dian reservations to grind corn 
and wheat. The Indians, com- 
plained they then were suffer- 
ing for food. The government 
then sent a committee to in- 
vestigate, they reported, "they 
found a dam by a mill site, 
but no mill by a dam site-" 
It might be well for the peo- 
ple if a similar investigation 
be made by the government, 
that some mills by a dam sight 
might be built to generate 
electricity to help in emer- 
gencys which so often occur 
on account of strikes and trans 

Leonard Storm Grove mar- 
ried Rebecca Fout, they had 
ten children. Green bury Fout, 
Ellen C; Charles B.; Eliza- 
beth ; Annie M ; Leonard 
Storm; ;Edward; Mary F. 
John D ; Valetta R. 

Samuel, the youngest, was 
taught the trade of a "Shoe- 
maker," it might be that his 
father felt the expense of 
shoeing his many children was 
why the last was used in mak- 
ing shoes. The foot was meas- 
ured /'and boots reaching to 
the knee were worn by nearly 
all men and boys. It must 
have required some skill to 
measure and fit the young 
ladies foot unless they were 
easier pleased in the older 
times than now. Samuel Levy 
Grove was born Dec. 1st, 1810, 
died Sept. 29th, 1888, aged 

78 yrs. 10 months and 29 days. 
He married Ann Rebecca Shaf- 
fer, she was born March 20th, 
1818, died Nov. 5th. 1893, aged 
75 years 7 months and 16 days- 
They had thirteen children; 
Virginia Ann; Cleantha Eu- 
gina; John Wellington; Rich- 
ard Henry; Mary Ellen; Will- 
iam, Elizabeth ; Dewitt Clinton 
is living in Middletown ; Alice 
Victoria ; Elizabeth Matilda ; 
Samuel Eugene; Fannie May; 
Rebecca Belle, Peter Shafer. 

The only daughter, Mary 
Magdeline was born August 
12th, 1788, died June 10th, 1868 
aged 80 years, 10 months and 
7 days. She was known as Pol- 
ly and m.arried Stephen House, 
thev had eleven children 
One of her granddaugh- 
ters, Ellen Smeltzer, married 
Vincent Sanner, is still living 
in Middletown at the age of 
87 years, she is wonderfully 
well preserved. Three of her 
great grand children are novv' 
living where Aunt Polly lived, 
in the only old tavern still 
standing and which is the old- 
est house in the village. Jef- 
ferson was on the main road 
between Baltimore & Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, and the wagon 
route leading through the 
great Shenandoah Valley. In 
1734, Robert Harper settled at 
the Junction of the two Rivers. 
Potomac and Shenandoah and 
established a Ferry. Lord 
Fairfax, the friend of George 
Washington, gave him a grant 
of a mill right of it in 1748. It 
has since been known as Harp- 


ers Ferry. Washington selec- 
ted Harpers Ferry in 1794 as 
the site for the National Arm- 
ory which continued to make 
arms until the Civil AVar when 
it was abondoned. 

Naturally, this made Jeffer- 
son a place of some imp)rt- 
ance, it was the first settle- 
♦ment west of the Catoctir, 
Mountain and was then called 
Trap, it is said on account of 
the many persons who were 
robbed there, for protection 
six or eight w^agons traveled 
in a company. At that time 
niany taverns existed with odd 
signs to attract the traveler, 
''The sign of the ship," and oth- 
er woden cuts hanging in 
front of the tavern. Compe- 
tition must have been great, 
the advertisements were uni- 
que. Such as he is prepared 
to furnish the best the 
m.arket affords, including a 
variety of good liquors and 
gives a list of his prices for 
lodging, meals and liquors, 
part of which is here quoted. 
''Lodging, 6 d., Stabling 1 d. 
per night. Spirits, 4 d. per 
gill, wines from 1 S. three d. 
to 3 S. per pint. Cattle kept 
in pasture one d per 
night." This village has the 
distinction of having three 
names. Trap, Newtown and Jef 
ferson- My great great grand- 
father settled near v/hei'e the 
present Quebec school house 
stands on the farm w^here 
Albert Ahalt now lives. The 
first settlers in this part of 
Middletown Valley were Dutch 

and the German language was 
spoken by them, and the habits 
of their ancestors were pre- 
served for many years. These 
early Germans were very 
primative in their way of liv- 
ing and dress; men often go- 
ing barefooted in the summer 
season during their whole 
lives. This custom is still fol- 
lowed by some of the older 
people in the Valley, in fact, I 
have seen men harrowing; 
seeding wheat and around 

their homes this year bare- 
footed. The women wore caps. 
It was the custom these early 
days for boys and girls to go to 
school barefooted, the girls 
wore bonnets, extending out 
over there faces, and neck 
and long aprons the full length 
of their dress. 

The boys wore dresses which 
consisted of a slip that 
w^as fastened around the neck 
with a draw string until they 
were fifteen or sixteen years 
d, they would then begin to 
vv^ear trousers. A common prac- 
tice in those days vv^as the use 
of tobacco and snuff by women 

,s we^l as men, they were fond 
of music and clung to the relig- 
ion of their fathers. Even a 
little humor and jolification 
was indulged in those days, by 

the ministers according to the 
diary of the Rev. Philip B. 
Fithian a Presbyterian Min- 
ister who visited the Valley in 
1775 says, "He was entertain- 
ed merrily with humor, toddy 
and music." Communication 
betw^een the families was lim- 


ited to the path leading Ohio it seems he was willing to 
through the woods and the old ' try it over again and at an 
log forming a foot bridge a- election for pastor held at Bur- 
cross the Catoctin. Many a- kittsville in Dec. 1852, the Rev. 
musing happenings of the lad Samuel Philips was elected at 
and lassies slipping off the log the following salary, "to pay 
into the water and even the you for your support annually 
older folks. My father often the sum of three hundred dol- 
took pleasure in telling how lars, so long as you shall con- 
his father who had been told tinue our Pastor, together 
by his mother; to deliver a with the use of the parson- 
pot of apple butter to a neigh- age belonging to the said con- 
bor in crossing the creek fell gregation." This was signed 
off the log into the water, r.pill- by "Ezar Williard (a Deacon) 
ing the apple butter. On the who is the father of Mrs. Ida 
next Sunday in the little log Markey. Rev. Philips in ac- 
church, one of his associates cepting says, "I wish to accept 
reached over and started to your call and return to Bur- 
ask in a wisper, "Georgie, ! kittsville but I wish to do so 
how about the apple butter." v/ith the full assurance that all 
By the time he reached apple is right and that my labors in 
butter, his voice had reached your midst will be blest. I now 
a high pitch and he bursted know by contrast that the Bur- 
into loud laughter, which not kittsville charge is far super- 
only startled, but greatly a- ior to many others, and that 
mused the audience including but few places open up as 
the minister- many social enjoyments as 
Among some of my fathers your little village. I believe 
letters, I find quite a few from too that I have many warm. 
Rev. Samuel Philips, who was friends there, and reciprocat- 
the pastor of the German Re- ing that friendship I feel anx- 
formed Church at Burkitts- ious to return to the place 
ville, and also the Church in serving the congregations." 
Pleasant Valley, complain- The Rev. Philips in his letters 
ing that he had not been paid mentioned quite often the "Ca- 
his salary which consisted of toctin Whig," which must then 
the modest sum of $300.00 per have been printed in Middle- 
year. $210-00 was to be paid town, he tells of certain hap- 
by the Burkittsville charge and penings that he had seen in the 
$90.00 by Pleasant Valley. He "Frederick Citizen." He also 
remained here three and a ^.^^^^^ ^^ "Bi^other McCaiil- 
half years and left about 1850. , „ , ^-u ^.-u r> 4.^„ 
After being at Martinsburg, ^^y' who was then the Pastor 
Blair County, Pa., Pattonsville of the German Reformed, 
Bedford County, Pa. ; Dayton Church at Middletown. 


The French and Indian War 

These early settlers having 
located their homes, built 
their cabins, and began to have 
cultivated fields, were more 
or less annoyed by their Indian 
neighbors, who had begun to 
steal from them, which result- 
ed in bad feeling between them 
but as Indians were not plenti- 
ful in that locality, the settlers 
were able to take care of them- 

It is related that when Brad- 
dock came to Frederick, with 
his army, in 1755, there were 
quite a number of experienced 
hunters, and frontiersmen in 
the valley, and a certain 
''Majr-" Claghorn conceived 
the idea, that he would get 
these men together, and lead 
the advance of Braddocks 
Army through the wilder- 
ness to the west, and accord- 
in dv he 2'athered about 40 or 
50 of these men, and went to 
Frederick to meet Braddock, 
and offer their services. After 
much difficulity to get Brad- 
dock to come out and inspect 
his men, and as they were 
dressed in buckskin, with coon- 
'^s'in caps, and all kinds of 
rifles, Braddock passed them 
by unoticed, and paid no fur- 
ther attention to them. Had 
he accepted their services, and 
used them for guides, and 
scouts, the whole face of his 
campaign might have been 
changed, and Braddock saved 
his life. These men returned 

.to their homes, and tradition 
says all refused to accompany 
this expedition, and as a con- 
sequence, but few. if any, of 
the valley people suffered the 
loss of their lives. Who this 
"Major" Claghorn was v/e have 
no record. It seems to have 
been customary in those times 
that when a hunter or front- 
ierman became somewhat 
prominent to give him a mili- 
tary title and it may be that 
he got his title in this way. 

After Braddock's defeat, 
the indians began to get bold- 
er and more troublesome, and 
some kinds of organizations 
began to be made for defence 
of the settlers. It was decided 
to build a line of block houses, 
or little rude forts along the 
line of the Catoctin creek, or 
near it, these were built sev- 
eral miles apart, and extend- 
ed from the upper part of the 
valley, as far down as Burkit- 
tsville (Cramptons Pass) when 
upon a signal of danger the 
settlers would rally at these 
little forts, for protection. An 
experienced frontiers man 
would take command, and as 
stated above, would soon get 
the title of Captain, Major, 

As the settlements began to 
get well under way, many other 
emigrants befran to come in. 
There was of course quite a 
number of officers of the law 
appointed, most of which how- 
ever were Englishmen who 
had long been citizens of the 
valley, and soon became un- 


popular, and as the sentiment 
began to increase against the 
British Government, these 
people began to be despised 
by this German population, 
who called them Tories, and 
various other names. 

The population t)f the val- 
ley being almost all German, 
that language was spoken to 
a great extent, and as they 
had only private schools, the 
children v/ere taught to read 
and write the German lang- 
uage, in fact there are many 
persons now living in the val- 
ley whose parents v/ere so 
taught in these early schools. 

During this period many 
small churches were built, 
quite a number of denomina- 
tions were represented among 
these people, the German lang- 
uage being largely used by the 
various clergyman. 

The first settlement of rec- 
ord made in the valley was 
by a party of Swiss emigrants, 
in 1710, who carne up frora Lan- 
caster county, Pa.,led by the 
Newcomer, Funk, and other 
families, who located them- 
selves at a place about one 
mile north of Myersville, and 
which they called ''Jerusalem". 
After a few years these peo- 
ple abandoned this settle- 
ment and moved over the 
mountain, and joined a Men- 
nonite settlement, at "Beaver 
Creek" which was also made 
at the same time as the Jerus- 
alem settlement. (These peo- 
ple were also Mennonites.) 

These Swiss emigrants were 

immediately followed by oth- 
er emigrants who came over 
from what is now Cecil Coun, 
ty, Md. who were mostly Ir- 
i^h, Scotch Irish, English, and 
a few Germans, and who set- 
tled in the same place, as was 
ceserted by the Swiss who 
pushed their settlements down 
along the east side of the val- 
ley, to a couple miles north of 
waiere Middletown now stands. 
It was from among these peo- 
ple that Captain Philip Mer- 
oney enlisted his Company of 
97 men, who marched to Bost- 
on in 1775, supposed to be one 
of the Companies of the 
''Flying Camp" who went up 
there from Maryland. A copy 
of the m.uster roll of this com- 
pany 1 am publishing. 

Beginning about 1715, and 
frr)m that time there- 
after, iher:- was a steady 
slieam of German emii^rants 
from the Rhine country, who 
settled in the valley and built 
their cabins along the Catoc- 

in Creek, some of these com- 
ing by way of Philadelphia, 
and others from Cecil 
county. These people brought 

no money with them, were 
very poor> and suffered great 
hardships. The valley at that 
time was heavily wooded, and 
clearings had to be made, be- 
fore their supply of food could 
be raised. 

Their first settlement was 
made at Jerusalem, by the 

Hoffman, Buhrman, Suman, 
and other families. The next 
at some place near where 


Wolfsville. now stands, by the 
Hoover, Wolf, Brandenburg, 
and other families. The next 
at about or near Eller- 
ton, by the Bittle, Harp, Bus- 
sard, and other families. The 
first settler where Middle^^own 
now stands, (then called Smith- 
field) was "Fritz" Lauber, .i 
German gunsmith, who became 
a trapper, and an Indian Scout. 
He built his cabin on an old 
Indian trail leading from the 
Susquehanna, to the junction 
of the Shenandoah and Poto- 
mac rivers, the trail passing- 
through "Cramptons Pass" 
near Burkittsville. 

Another settlement was 
made near where Burkitts- 
ville now is, by the Williard, 
Grove, Slifer, Crampton, and 
other families, which soon be- 
came the largest settlement on 
the Catoctin, as it was near 
here, the German, met the 
English settlements who push- 
ed up from the Potomac. Smal- 
ler settlements were con- 
stantly being made along the 
Creek, between these points, 
until the whole line of the 
creek was well settled up. The 
settlement near Jefferson 
was made about this 
same time, by the Culler, Lak- 
in. Thrasher, and other fam- 

These early settlers, soon as 
they were able, began to erect 
flour mills, woolen facto;'ies, 
shops, tanneries, etc, for their 
own use, at that time there 
being but few public roads in 
existence, in fact it is said l^^at 

at the time Braddock's Army 
went through the valley there 
were places which had to 
be cut wider to let wag- 
ons pass, and it is said 
at that time there were less 
than a dozen carts in 
use among people. This road- 
way was said to have been 
blazed by an old Indian named 
Nemacloin, and which }s now 
practically the bed of the old 
National Pike. 

Before the advent of these 
early settlers, the valley was a 

great hunting ground used 
by the indians, of which a 
small tribe roamed a})jut, 
known as Catoctin, and from 

them these settlers learned 
to be trappei's, and hunters, 
which many of them after- 
wards followed, some also be- 
coming Indian scouts, who in 
later years became very use- 
ful in prote-^iinj- these settle- 
ments from Indian invasions. 

The Revolutionary Period. 

The events, and happenings 
that led up to, and caused the 
Revolutionary War has been 
written many times, but the 
part taken by the people of 
Middletown Valley has never 
been written, and is still ob- 
scure. For what little is known 
must be supplied by tradition, 
which in the main should be 
correct, for strange as it may 
seem, there is one person still 
living in Middletown, whose 
father served as an enlisted 
soldier during the whole war, 
(Rev. S. A. Hedges, now 87 


years old ), so that most of this 
tradition is not far fetched. 

It should be remembered 
that before, and some time af- 
ter the Revolution the German 
language was almost exclusive- 
ly spoken in the valley. The 
meetings before and during 
the Revolution were conducted 
in English, these meetings 
were attended by these people 
but on account of the language 
they could take but little 
part, but they were loyal 
to the cause of the colonists, 
and contributed liberally of 
what they had, both in 
money and supplies, as it is 
thought records proving this 
are in existence. That they 
applied for arms, and ammuni- 
tion of which they received 
none. There had come into 
the valley a number of the ad- 
herents of the King, mostly 
English, who held positions 
under the Crown of England, 
and were known as "Tories" 
several of whom were hung, 
and others driven out, which 
fact should prove their loyal- 
ty. It is known that several 
companies of "Minute men" 
were in existence, and when 
the frontiers were threaten- 
ed by British and Indian inva- 
sion they rendered good, and 
faithful service, and at no time 
did any body of Indians or 
British break into the valley, 
while on one occasion the wo- 
men and children were advis- 
ed to leave their homes. It 
seems these companies have no 
military record as to who com- 
manded them, yet it is aaid 

that they were commanded by 
experienced front i e r s m e n, 
such as Thomas Babbington, 
at about the Myersville gap in 
the South Mountain, Gen. 
Sweringen at about the Tur- 
ner's gap, and Major Grove at 
about the Cramptons' gap, but 
no record seems to be in ex- 
istence to prove it. There was 
a Committee of Observation 
appointed in various parts of 
the County, but it is not 
known who they were for the 
^^alley, if any. There were pa- 
pers signed up by many of the 
settlers in the County, such as 
the "Sons of Liberty," "Amer- 
ican Freemen," or some such 
names, and tradition says such 
papers were circulated and 
freely signed by valley people, 
but there seems to be no rec- 
ord of these. Tradition fur- 
ther says that the famous Col- 
onel Cresap, was in constant 
communication with persons 
in the valley, and the presump- 
tion is that he was well known 
to such men as Babbington, 
Sweringen, and Grove. It is 
known that a great number of 
men enlisted from the valley 
in the various companies of 
malitia raised in the County 
during the war, but there 
seems to be no record of even 
these. These traditions could 
be greatly extended, butnames, 
and official positions, that they 
held are lacking. It is to be 
hoped that some one will make 
an extended investigation of 
these matters in the interest 
of the valley people. 

Copy of muster rolls, giving 


names of enlisted members of 
Captain Philip Meroney's com- 
pany of the "Flying Camp," 
August 5th, 1776, all of whom 
were enlisted in northern Mid- 
dletown Valley, and northern 
Frederick County, Md. 

This old muster roll reached 
the hands of Mother Seton, 
sometime about 1812. It w^as 
sent from New Orlens by En- 
sign John Smith, or his fmily, 
to his daughter or grand 
daughter, who was attending 
school at St. Josephs, Ensign 
Smith stated it was near this 
institution that many of the 
men enlisted from, is why it 
was sent to Saint Joseph, Em- 
mitsburg, that it might be 
handed down to posterity. 
During Mother Setons time 
we find on the school roll 1813, 
Henerietta Smith, 1814 Ann 
Smith and Mary Smith, 1821 
Angeline Smith. The Com- 
pany roll is as follows : 

Philip Meroney, Captain; John 
Smith, Ensig-n; Garah Harding, Wjl- 
liam Jacobs, John McCrery, Daniel 
Shehan, John Churchwell, George Hol- 
liday, George Hill, William Gilmour, 
Patrick Murphy, Francis Quynn. Sam- 
uel Wheeler, John Shank, James Mc- 
Kenzie, Thomas Gip, William Cal- 
vert, John McClary, William Skaggs, 
John Marshall, Bennett Neall. John 
Test, Thomas Kirk, Jr., Ninion Nich- 
ols, William Cash, James Burton. 
Thomas Bayman, Thomas Hilleary, 
James Beall, John Brease, Patnc-i-; 
Scott, William McKay, Zadoc Grif- 
fith, Henry Meroney, Henry Clements, 
Thomas Fenley, James McCormick, 
Patrick Cannon, Charles P. Taylor. 
James Lowther Henry Barkshire, 
John Maynard, James Beckett, James 
Taneyhill, John Miller, James Bryant, 
Michael Arran, James Barrock, 
Christian Smith, John Donack, James 
Kelam, George McDonald, James 
Hatchcraft, Jacob Holtz, Henry Smith, 

Richard Wells, Elisha Rhodes, Paul 
Boyer, Samuel Busey, John Kenne- 
day, William Chandler, William Hil- 
ton, Warrpn Philpot, Christopher 
Wheelen, James Buller, John Jones, 
James Carty, John Hutcheson, Luke 
Barnett, William Barnett, Samuel 
Silvor, Edward Salmon, James Mc- 
Coy, John Sehon, Robert McDonald, 
Richard Toungue, Herbert Shoemak- 
er, John Myer, Richard Fletcher, Jos- 
eph McAllen, Thomas Harrison, John 
Alsop, Charles Dullis, Joshua Pearce, 
Jacob Rhodes, George Kelley, Wil- 
liam Loudon, Frederick Beard, 
Henry Fisher, James Hudson, Mich- 
ael Hall, John Rite, William Byer, 
Francis Freeman, John Cash, William 
Ilollings, Jacob Burton. 

Two Ofiicers; 95 Enlisted men; to- 
tal of 97 men. 

It may be interesting to 
know in connection with Mid- 
dletown Valley and the part 
played by the Grove family 
there during the Revolution- 
ary War, that the Grove fam- 
ily now ow^n the farm where 
the Hessian prisoners of the 
Revolutionary War were held 
and compelled to work. Dur- 
ing this period the prisoners 
built the dwelling house and 
barn on this farm. They also 
built a lime kiln where they 
burned lime. In order to keep 
the prisoners employed they 
quarried stone. These stones 
are still laying where they 
were quarried more than a 
hundred and fifty years ago. 
They are ranked up about 
five feet high and nearly a 
fourth of a mile in length and 
consit of many thousands of 
perches, many have been haul 
ed away for building pur- 
poses, others to make stone 
fences, and some have been 
burnt into lime. 


Large trees have grown up in 
the quarries showing the long 
time since stone was quar- 
ried there; The buildings are 
in good condition, all built of 
limestone, the mason work is 
of a high order showing it 
was done with care and skill 
by these prisoners. The farm 
is known as the Cline farm 
and Is about one mile south of 
Frederick, and was owned by 
Casper Cline and then by 
George T. Cline the noted 
Chicago capitalist, who sold 
the Chicago water front along 
the Lakes which at the time 
attracted nation wide atten- 
tion as being one of the most 
important land deals ever 
made in this Country. Casper 
E. Cline, the popular business 
man and banker of Frederick 
was born here. This old land- 
mark has played an important 
part in early history of Fred- 
ick County. St£<nding on ?. 
high elevation it can be seen 
for many miles, and during 
the Civil War at the Battle of 
Monocacy the Conferderates 
had a battery on one of the 
hills near by from which they 
shelled the Federal troops. 
They also at the same time 
threw a shell into the barn of 
Colonel Charles E. Trail on 

the farm then tenanted by 
John T. Best. The barn wae 

filled with wheat when the 
shell struck, burning it down. 
My Great Grandfather, Major 
Jacob Grove, who had charge 
of the Hessian prisoners may 
have helped with the construct 
lion of these b^iil dings the 

house is built similar to those ^ 
standing at the Maryland J",. 
School for the Deaf, and is a- r 
bout one hundred feet in len- f 
gth, two stories high at the ' 
east end, stands a large room I ■ 
which was used for Church ser 
vices by the prisoners. William 
Kemp who lived on a farm 
now owned by the Baker in- 
terest on the Baltimore Pike 
said he attended Church ser- 
vices in this room, as well as, 
Thomas Dunavin, who then 
lived on the Baltimore pike. 
Mr. Dunavin is buried in the. 
Grave yard at Mt. Carmel 
Church and was the grand- 
father of Lafayette Carpen- 
ter on his mothers side. 

There were other buildings 
and porches connected with 
the main house that have been 
removed or have given away 
to decay. An old log build- 
ing not far from the main 
house was used as a school 
house and for Sunday School 
purposes. The old foundation 
can still be seen plainly. 

Generation 1. in America. 

John Jarbo was born in the 
Kingdom of France — 1619 — 
Archives of Md. Vol. 111. foL 
431_Vol. X fol. 537.— 

Dec. 4-1646 — John Jarbo 'de- 
mands 100 Acres of Land for 
transporting himself into this 
Province Anno.. 1646. 
Warrants Lib. 2. fol. 440— An> 
napolis Md. 

Dec. — 1646 John Jarboe was 


present at Fort St. Inegoes and 
was called uj)on to treat and 
advise in Assembly, touching 
all matters. 
Warrants, Lib. 2. fol 246 

Jan. 29 — 1646 John Jarbo saith 
upon oath that being in Va., 
upon Gov. Calverts occasion 
the Sd, Gov. promised to send 
a boat down to Va, — presently 
after Pinnace arrived at Mary- 
land for this Dept, to bring 
him up ag'ain. But no Boate, 
coming downe this Dept- was 
forced to lay out six pairs of 
his owne shoes wch cost him 
300 lbs Tob— 
Warrants, Lib. 2. fol. 287,— 

Jan. 2 — 1646, John Jarbo took 
the Oath of Fealty. 
Archives of Md.— Vol. 111. fol. 

Dec- 4 — Warrant for land sur- 
veyed and laid out for 100 
acres, for Lieut. Evans and 
John Jarbo, in Brittons Bay 
by the 16th of Mch. next. 
Warrants— Lib. 2— fol. 255.— 

Oct. 24— 1649— John Jarbo de- 
mandeth 250 Acres of Land for 
& on the behalf of Barkam 
Obert & his Son Barkam Obert 
16 yrs, of age & Dominick, who 
transported themeselves into 
this Province in 1646, & re- 
ceved warrants for the same 
upon Potomack River or some 
Branch or Creek, thereof. — 
Return Jan, 1—1650,— 
Warrants— Lib, No 2. fol. 255,- 

Nov. 19—1649— Lieut. Wm 
Evans & John Jarbo demand- 
eth 200 Acres of land for trans- 

porting themselves into this 
province at their own charges 
m the year— 1646,— & 200 
Acres applied to them by the 
right of Walter Peakes of this 
province — Planter, — 
Warrant— Lib. 2— fol.— 255.— 

A warrt on behalf of Jarbo 
& Evans. 

Cecilus to our Trusty and well 
beloved William Stone Esqr- 
Lieut, of the Sd. Province of 
Maryland greeting — Whereas 
we are informed by a letter 
from John Jarbo who served 
Our Dear Brother of noble' 
memory Leonard Calvert Esq. 
Our late Lieut, therein the 
Late warr, for the recovery 
of our said Province. That our 
said brother in recompence of 
the faithful service then done 
unto him as by the said John 
Jarbo & Lieut. William Evans 
did bestow^ upon them a plan- 
tation in the Isle of Kent here- 
tofore belonging unto one John 
Abbott & forfeited to us by the 
Rebellion of the said AlDbott 
(Who as we are informed is 
since dead i that after Our said 
brother Death although they 
had nothing to shew under Our 
said brothers hand for the 
same — Yet Lieutenant then of 
our said Province for the time 
being was it seems so well sat- 
isfied of the truth thereof that 
he Granted it unto them upon 
condition that they should 
take it in Liew of four hundred 
Acres of land' which was due 
otherwise unto them which 
they accepted and were there 
upon possessed thereof, and 
payed the Rent due for the 


same two years. 
Nevertheless as he the said 
Jarbo Inf ormeth us there hath 
been or is same intention there 
to take it away againe from 
them wch would redound much 
to our dishonor, fk supposing 
the premises to be truely in- 
formed. Wherefore in ca^e you 
fiiid this Information to be 
true. We do hevx'by authorize 
& require you to cause a Grant 
to be passed in Our Name un- 
der Our Great Seale of the said 
Province of the said plantation 
(formerly belonging to John 
Abbott in the Isle of Kent a- 
bove mentioned) to the said 
Lieut. Wm. Evans & John Jar- 
bo and their heirs for Ever — 
with all the appurtenances 
thereunto belonging, under the 
usuall Rent for such a propor- 
tion of Land and to suffer 
them quietly to enjoy the same. 
And our pleasure is that you 
incert the Consideration of 
the said Grant to be for their 
faithfull service aforesaid tak- 
ing notice also therein of their 
approved Courage and ability 
shown to our said brother and 
us upon that occasion above 
mentioned. To the End and 
memory of their merits & since 
thereof may remain upon Re- 
cord to the Honor of them & 
their posterity for Ever, for 
all which this shall be your 
warrt, Given at London un- 
der Our hand & Greater Sealc 
at Armes the Eighth & Twen- 
tieth of Aug., in the 18th year 
of Our Dominion Over the 
said Province of Maryland An- 
Boge Domi. 1649. 

Warrants — Lib. No 3. foli. 411. 

It is ordered that John Jarbo 
& James Langworth being 
Convicted of acting with Capt. 
Stone in the late Rebellion 
against the present Govern- 
ment and having found favour 
in respect of their being drawn 
into that engagemient not will- 
ingly as they plead — It is or- 
dered that each of them shall 
pay 100 lbs. of Tobo, towards 
the publick damage sustained 
by means of the Sd. Rebellion 
and secure the payment there- 
Warrants— Lib. No. 3. fol. 161. 

Oct- 12th, 1651— This Bill bin- 
deth me John Jarbo my heirs 
Exers Admns, & Assings to 
pay or cause to pay unto John 
Piile — his heirs Exers Admns^ 
& Assigns the full & just sume 
of 18250 pounds of good sound 
choise merchantable leafe to- 
bacco of my own cropp ani 
cask with ground leaves pack- 
ed by them.selves & the good 
& fair Tobacco by itself & to 
ship it a board of my ship or 
ships that shall be arride 
at Anchor within St. Georges 
River according to the Order 
which he or any of them from 
to time according to the sever- 
al times of payment hereafter 
mentioned phal] appoint or 
give us at th-^ first payment 
three thousand & cask the 
first of Dec. next ensueino; the 
date thereof & at the secjnd 
payment, Nine thousand & 
Cask to the first of Dec, foj- 


lowing in Anno — 1652 — & ye 
other six thousand two hun- 
dred & fifty & cask the tenth 
of Dec, inAnno 1653, — 
And for the true performance 
I do bind myself my heirs 
Exers Admns, & Assigns with 
Our whole Estate of Land, 
goods & Servants Cattell & 

As Wittness my hand & the 
delivery of a dram cupp in 
part of my whole Estate — 

John Jarbo 
Warrants Lib. No. 1— Pol. 239 
— State Land Office Annapolis 

Test — James Langworth & 
Wm. Thompson — 
Tho Conveyance above enter- 
ed was acknow^ed.Q;ed & Sub- 
scribed by Jno. Jarbo upon the 
Enterings thereof before me — 
Jno Hatton Sect. 
This bill of a Jno. Jarbo is sat- 
isfied & delievered into ye 
hands of ye Sd. Jno. Jarbo. 
Tes^ me Thos Turner. 
Reed Sept 22—1657. 

Whereas there is due to Lieut 
William Evans & John Jarbo, 
a parcell of Land mejitioned in 
a Pattent bearing date July 
5, 1649. It being for 100 Acres 
of land more or less as in the 
said Pattent is Expressed, 
which said Land with all priv- 
ledges therein mentioned the 
Said Lieut Evans & Jno Jarbo 
with Consent of both, Walter 
Pakes who is yet possessed of 
the said Land does thereby sur- 
render. Alienate & for Ever 

make over unto Ann Pkarond 
Wife of John Hamon Svnd her 
four children — Mordecai Ann 
Barnard and Daniell or which 
of them she shall by will be- 
queath it unto, their heirs or 
Assigns for Ever 
Wittness their hands this 

20 th of Spt 1653.— 

Test— Walter Pakes. William 

Evans, John Hamond, John 


Warrants — Lib No. 1 fol. 557. 

Annapolis Md. — 

Received by me John Jarbo of 
Thomas Hatton Gent, his Lops 
Attorney Generall 575 pounds 
of Tobacco and Caske in part 
of what was allowed to me 
out of half the Dutch cus- 
tome either as Attorney for 
Bartarm Obert or otherwise 
by virtue of the Act of As- 
semblv in that behalf of the 

21 st of April— 1649.— 

I say received as Wittness my 

hand this 21st of Noverribor — 

1651. — In the presence of John 

Jarbo, John Pille. 

Warrants — Lib. No. 1. fol. 587 

— Annapolis Md. 

John Jarbo — commissioned 

Lieut. Col. — 

Archives of Md, Vol. III. fol. 


John Jarbo living a lone tinie 
within Our province of !/lj:ry- 
land is granted leave here to 
Inhabite & as a free Dennizen 
freedome land to him & his 
heirs to purchase. Do declare 
him the said Jno Jarboe to be 
a free Dennizen of this Our 


Province of Md., & command 
that the Sd. John Jarbo, be in 
all things held, treated, re- 
puted & esteemed as one of 

the faythful people of us Our 
heirs & successors born with 
in this Our province of Mary- 
land (fee- 
Idem mutatis mutandis to 
John Jarbo Subjet of the 
Crowne of France. 
Archives of Md— Vol III. fol. 

Mch. 22 — 1663 — Recommission 
granted Lieut. Col. John Jar- 
bo. — 

Archives of Md. Vol. III. fol. 

Sept 5 — 1664. Comon issued for 
the Peace in St. Mary's Co. Md 
to Robert Lieut. Col., Jarboe & 
others to Keepe their Courts 
on such deys as by Act of As- 
sembly in such cases is Provid- 
ed, — 

Archives of Md-, Vol. a fol. 

Lieut. Coll Jarboe, Present 
at Court held first Tuesday in 
Mch,— 1664, at Newton for the 
County of St. Maries. — 
Archives of Md., Vol. III. fol. 

Lieut. Coll John Jarboe, ap- 
peared att a Court held in New 
towne for the Co. of St. Marys, 
Apl.,— 1665.— 

Archives of Md. Vol. III. fol. 

Lieut. Coll John Jarboe, pres- 

ent att a court held at New- 
towne for the Co. of St. Mary's 
first Tuesday in Mch 1665-6.— 
Archives of Md. Voll III fol. 

John (Garbo) — Jarbo de- 
mands of Mrs. Marg Brent his 
Lps Attorney 4000 lbs.. Tob. 
& 8 lbs Corne due him for his 
Sallary this year — Jan. 5 

Arhives of Md — Vol iv. fol. 

1667 — Lieut Coll John Jarboe 
High Sheriff of St Marys Co. 22—1667 for one year 
from May 1st next — 
Archives of Md. Vol V fol. 4— 

Att a Councill of the Right 
Honble the Lord Proprietary 
of this Province held att Mat- 
tapenny the 8th day of Feb. in 
the 36th year of his said Lor- 
dps Dominion over this Pro- 
vince Annog Domini — 1667 
Charles Calbert Esqr. Lieut. 
Gen & Chiefe Governor Philip 
Calvert Esqr. Chancellor. 
Jerome White Esqr. Justice. 
Was then taken into consid- 
eration the speedy raising of a 
certaine & considerable num- 
ber of men to make a mar- 
ch agst., the Indian Enemye 
with all expedition possible. 
For which end it is ordered 
that every tenth person in 
every respective Co-, be rair^ed 
to goe the present March — Viz 
Out of St Marys Co. 69 men.— 
To Lieut. Coll., John Jarboe 
out of his Company 23 men. — 
Archives of Md. Vol, V. fol. 



An order to board a sloope 
with arms & at East St Marys 
— being a place of General! 
Rendezvous with three dayes 
Provisions & Knapsacks to at- 
tend my further Orders. — 
Given under my hand this 10th 
day of Feb.— 1667. 
To Lieut Coll John Jarboe. — 

Charles Calvert. — 
Archives of Md., Vol. V. 
fol 23— 

1668 — This Commission void 
& another granted to Lieut 
Coll Jno. Jarboe. — 
Archives of Md., Vol V. fol. 

To the Right Honble the Lord 
Proprietary & the two houses 
of Assembly. — 

The hunble Peticor of Philip 
Calvert Your Lordships Judge 
in Testimentory causes and 
John Jordain the two overseers 
of the last will of Lieut. Coll., 
John Jarboe late deceased 

That the said John Jarboe 
in the year of Our Lord-1671- 
being sick made his testament 
in writing by which he Divid- 
ed his Lands amongst all his 
children then borne— That Re- 
covering of that sickness he 
lived till he had another Sonne 
& Daughter borne-and-in the 
year of Our Lord 1674 feeling 
sick againe the said John Jour- 
dain, That upon Thursday 
morning the fourth of Mch. 
1674-he came to the house of 
Lieut Coll., John Jarboe, & 
finding him sick the said John 
Jourdain advised the Sd.. Jar- 

boe to settle his affairs that hi« 
Wife & children might not al- 
ter his death be putt to trou- 
ble—Whereupon the said Jar- 
boe desired the said Jourdain 
to send for Mr. Edward Clarke 
to come to him on Friday 
morning following to make 
his Will & said he did intend to 
alter his will made some years 
before because he had some 
children borne since the mak- 
ing the said Will— & that in 
Regard his daughter had some 
land to be made good to her by 
marke Cordea & Walter Hall 
Gentlemen-he was Resolved to 
have his ovme now divided be- 
tween his three Sonnes Viz. 

To John Jarboe the seate of 
Land where he then lived with 
One Negro together vdth his 
Right to 150 Acres of the Mill 
land where Wm Medely lived 
& the Millstones Exchanged 
with the Said William for the 
150 Acres where the said Will- 
iam now lives as also one equal 
Share with his Brothers, Sis- 
ters and mother of the Cattle, 
Horses & Mares & household 
stuffe. Lib.— W. H. & L. 
To Peter Jarboe, the 300 Acres 
of Land bought or excahnged 
with Henry Aspinall by St. 
Lawrence Creeke in Brittains 
Bay-with One Negro & aa 
Equall Share of the Cattle, 
Horses & Mares & Moveables. 
To Henry Jarboe 500 Acres in 
the branches of St. Lawrences 
Creke one Negro & an equal! 
Share of the Cattle. Horses, A 
Mares & Moveables as apd. 


To Mary Jarbo, his daughter gave his whole Estate to his 
the Silver Tankard & his Sil- wife after which & before he 
ver spoones, One Negro an the said Jarboe could putt his 
equall Share of the Cattle said will in writing the said 
Horses, Mares & Household Jarboe dyed & left his two 
Stuffe or movables. To Mary younger Sonnes in strict rig- 
Jarboe his wife the man with our of Law to the mercy of 
one eye & the old woman call- their elder Brother in tender 
ed Cove & Ahon by names & consideracion therefore of the 
an Equall Share of the Mov- destressed condicon of the said 
ables. younger Brothers & as a re- 

Onely the mare.— ward of .the f aithf ull Services 

Bonnie & her Colt of the Hor- of the SaidLieut Coll., John 
ses-his own Riding horse to be Jarboe to your Lordships f ath- 
kept undivided for the um of er of noble memory & to your 
the Plantacoii upon wljleli gelfe allways performed your 
Plantation his mfe sbowk! li¥0 Pelitioners doe humbly pray 
during her life if she pleased, that itt may be Enacted and 
He desired the Chancellor »5; Bee itt Enacted by the Right 
the said Jno. Jourdain to man- Honble the Lord Proprietary 
age the Estate of his children- by and with the advice & con- 
To Edward Barbier, he gave ggnt of the upper and lower 
a young fillie & a heifer. Whe- houses of this present General! 
ther he staid with his Wife & assembly&the authority of the 
children upon the Plantacon game that the respective de- 
or not. And he the Sd. Jar- ^^ggg of the Said 300 acres of 
boe then bid the said Jourdain land to Peter Jarboe & of the 
to take notice that this was his gaj^ 500 acres of Land to Hen- 
Will in case God Almighty ^y Jarboe in the said Nuncup- 
should take him before he alive Will of the said Lieut Coll 
could make his Will in writ- j^^n Jarboe contained Shall 
ing & then said that the next ^.^g^ ^-^^ said Lands in the said 
morning he would send for Mr p^^er & Henry Jarboe & their 
Edward Clarke to putt his will ^ eyres respectfully as* fully & 
in writing & to Mr. Foster to giffectually to all intents & 
^ive him the last Sacraments- pm-poses as if the said Will 
& likewise declared that in ^ad during the life time of the 
case any of his children dyed ^.^^^ ^^^^ j^^^ jarboe 

before they came to age that conceived in writing & 

his Will was that that PMds been concei e ^ j^^^Mn- 
part should be Equally divided f^^H^^ of law custome or 
between the mother & rest ^ . ^-^^ Province 

of his Surviveing children and ^^^f^ the Kingdome of Eng- 
in case all his children dyed or ^n the Kmga ^^ 

before they came to age he ^ana lo l^oih y 


any wise Notwithstanding. — 
Archives of Md. Vol II fol. 

An Act made upon the peticion 
of Phillip Calvert Esq. & John 
Jourden Overseers of the Will 
of John Jarboe. Anno. — 1674 
Archives of Md. Vol. XIII fol. 

1676 — An Act made upon the 
peticon of Phillip Calvert Esq. 
J(ohn) Jourdrin overseers of 
the Will of John Jarboe — made 
Anno-1676-(a private) Act. — 
Archives of Md., Vol, XIII. 
fol. 63.— 

Assembly Proceedings Oct & 
Nov.— 1678. 

Act made att the same Assem- 
bly concerning the Will of 
Lieut. Jarboe. — 
Archives of Md., Vol VIII fol. 

Know all men, that I Mary Jar- 
bo do make a Gift of those Cat 
tie above mentioned to Witt. 
— Cow & heifer marked with 
a Crop in the right Eare with 
a hole & a Slitt cutt in the hole 
the left Eare over Keele & 
under Keele unto Mrs. Ann 
Hamonds youngest Child I 
being his Grand-Mother, & all 
the female Cattle to be for the 
use of the said Child, And the 
male Cattle to his Mother, & 
desire to have it Recorded by 
the first convenience, as witt- 
ness my hand this 3rd of June 


Mary M. Jarbo 
Wittness — Signum, 
Peter P. Mills. 
Jacques Coullott. 
John Jarbo. 

Patt. Records, No. 3 fol. 296— 
Annapolis Md. — 

Lieu. Coll John Jarboe— Mary 
Came into Maryland from the 
Kingdom of France — 1646. 
Deposition— 38yrs of age or 
thereabouts 1657. 
Md. Archives— Vol. 10. fol.537. 
Died Friday Mch. 5—1674. 
Issue. — 

1. John Jarboe 

Will Pro. May 16, 1705 

2. Peter Jarboe —Anne Nevitt. 
Will Calvert Co. Aug. 10— 

Inv. & Accts. Lib. lO!!— :ol. 

8. Henry Jarboe— Monika Joy. 

Will Mch. 18—1708- 
4. Mary Jarboe— 1st Maj. Wm. 

Boarman, 2nd. 
James Caine, Prior to — 1667. 

Pro. Court— Lib. W. R. C. 

No. 1— fol. 396-399.— 

Lib. F. F. fol. 489. 

Generation the II in Maryland 
Henry Jarboe, 

Son of Lieut-Coll John Jarboe 
and Mary his Wife born in 
St. Marys Co. married Mifs 
Monika Joy, Sister of Peter 
Joy of St. Marys Co. Md.— 
Landed Estate — St Peter's 

500 Acres— St. Peters Hills— 
Sur. Apl. 19—1662, for Walter 
Pake joyning to St. Law- 


ranee's Freehold — North Side 
Britta Bay Poss — Henry Jar- 
bo. — 

Transfer. — 
100 Acres — Henry, Peter, 
Charles, Ignatius, Mary & 
Monica Jarboe — from John 
Jarboe, Aug. 7 — 1717. — 
173 Acres — Ignatius Jarbo 
from Phillip Jarbo Nov. 1750. 

St. Mary's & Charles— Rent 
Rolls No. 1. fol. 31.— 

Will of Henry Jarboe — 
In the Name of God Amen— 
the 18th day of Mch. 1708—1 
Henry Jarboe, being sick & 
week in body but of sound and 
perfect Memory praise be 
given to God for the same and 
Knowing the uncertainty of 
this Life on Earth & being 
Desirous to Settle things in 
order-do make this my last 
Will & Testament in manner 
& forme following~that is to 
say first & principally I com- 
mend my Soul to Almighty 
God & Creator assuredly be- 
lieving that I shall receive full 
pardon & free remission of all 
my Sins & be saved by precious 
Death & merritts of my bless- 
ed Savior & Christ 
Jesus, And my body to the 
Earth from which it was Tak- 
en, to be buried in such decent 
& Christian Manner as to my 
executor hereafternamed shall 
be thought meet & convenient 
& as much such worldly Es- 
tate as the lord in Mercy hath 
Sent me my Will & meaning is 
the Same shall be Imployed & 

bestowed as hereafter, by this 
my Will is Expressed — And 
first I do revoke, renouce, frus- 
trate, make void all Wills by 
me f ormely made & declared & 
appoint this my Last Will & 
Testament. — 
Will & Testament.— 

Item — I give to my Eldest Son 
Henry Jarboe 100 Acres of 
Land. — 

Item — I give to my Sonn Peter 
Jarboe, 100 Acres of Land 
where Thomas Lowe — Shoe- 
maker Liveth, with housing & 
fencing. — 

Item — To my above said Sone 
Henry, my now Dwelling plan- 
tation. Containing as above 
said. — 

Item — I give unto my Son 
Charles 100 Acres of Land. 

Item — I give unto my Son 
Ignatius 100 Acres of Land. 
Item — I give unto my Daugh- 
ter Mary Jarboe 50 Acres of 
Land. Item I give unto my 
Daughter Monica 50 Acres of 
Land & for defalt of Issue to 
the Longest Livier. — 
Item — I give unto my above 
said Sonn' Henry my bead- 
3tead & furniture — which I 
Lye upon. 

I give unto my above said Sonn 
Peter One bead & furinture. — 
Item — I give unto my Daugh- 
ter Mary One feather bead & 
furniture — with Curtains & 
Vallains. — 

Item — I give unto my Daugh- 
ter Monika One new feather 
bead and bolster. 
Item — I give unto my Son 


Charles. One flock bead & fur- 
niture. — 

Item— I give unto my Son Ig- 
atius One Small feather bead.- 
Item— My Will is tht, if One 
or both of my above said Dau- 
ghters should die before Mar- 
riage the Legacies I bequeath 
them shall redown unto Char- 
les and Ignatius— Each One.— 
Item — I give unto my above 
said Sonn Henry, One Large 
table with a drawer. — 
Item— I give unto my Daugh- 
ther Marry One small Table 
and Drawer— & if the said- 
die, unto Monika. — 
Item— And for the ^-est of my 
moveable houshold — to be 
Equally Divided amongst my 
children. — 

Iteem — I leave all my Sonns to 
work for themselves at the 
a^e of sixteei. — but not Deale 
without Leave of their Guard- 
ian. — 

Item — I give unto my daugh- 
ter Mary One Gold ring & if 
She should die— unto Monika. 
Item, My Will is that my broth- 
Peter Joy, John Miles, James 
Gough, Elizabeth Davis Shall 
be my trustees, to se the above 
mentioned articles fullfilled of 
this my Last Will & Testa- 
ment. — 

Lastly — I do revoke as above 

In witness whereof I have here 
unto Sett my hand & Seale the 
Day & year first above writ- 
ten, his 
Henry Jarboe 1 Seal 

Signed Signed & Delivered. 

in the presence of us. 
John Rile 
Edwd Howie 
Daniel Langhorne 
Mary M. Langhorne 

Pro. Apl 18—1709 

Wills— Lib. J. C. W. B. No. 2 

fol. 63— pt 2. 170&— 09 

State Land Office 

Annapolis Md. 

Henry Jarboe — Monika Jay. 
Issue, — 

1— Henry Jarboe. 
2— Peter Jarboe. 
3 — Charles Jarboe. 
4 — Ignatius Jarboe. 
5 — Mary Jarboe. 
6 — Monika Jarboe. 

Generation III in Maryland. — 
Henry Jarboe— Eldest Son of 
Henry Jarboe and Monika Joy 
his Wife of St. Marys' Co. Md. 
Married Mary Greenwell — 
Daughter of Stephen Green- 
well — Daughter of Stephen 
Greenwell & Monica his Wife.- 

Will of Stephen Greenwell 
In the Name of God Amen — I 
Stephen Greenwell, being 
weake & Lowe in the condition 
of my Body, but of sound & 
perfect memory and Consider- 
ing the uncertainty of this Life 
in order to prepare for a bet- 
ter — I have thought propper to 
make this my Last Will and 
Testament — & I do hereby (Re- 
voking all other Wills hereto- 
fore by made or Said to be 
made, either verbed or in writ- 


©rdain and appoint this & no 
other to be my Last Will & 
Testament — And first of all I 
feequeath my soul to God who 
gave it and my Body to the 
Earth from where it was tak- 
en — to be buried in such De- 
cent & Christian like manner 
as to my Executor hereafter 
mentioned shall see fit and for 
what worldly Goods the Lord 
has Lent me — My Just debts 
being first paid— I Will & dis- 
pose of in manner as followe- 

Item — I give and bequeath to 
my Son Rodolph Greenwell my 
Dwelling Plantation— With all 
the Land Contained in the 
Tract on which it Lies, and 
part of a Tract of Land Called 
"Colebrook Level"— adjoining 
to Said Plantation— beginning 
at a White Oake Sapling mark- 
ed with six notches & running 
from thence by a straight line 
to a White Oake sapling mark- 
ed with six notiches standing 
in the head of Jamey bottom 
near the corner of Spink's rest 
the beginning White Oake 
Sapling aforesaid Stands near 
the path that leads from my 
house to John Ras. Heards 
from above said White Oake 
in Jamey bottom to a Valey 
Oake marked with six notches 
' 'landing near a Slush on the 
West side the path that leads 
from my house to Delliong's 
Chapel, and from thence to 
tne line of Beaverdam Man- 
ner, to him & his heir or as- 
signs forever. — 
Item— I give & bequeath to 

my Sonn Wm. Greenwell thir- 
ty seven Acres & a half of 
Land part of a tract of Land 
called ''Spanks Rest" where 
he now lives. & part of a 
Tract of Land Called "Cole- 
brook level" — lying on the 
bouthmost Side of a Line 
drawn from a White Oake 
Sapling marked with six 
notches, Standing near path 
that leads from my house to 
John Ras. Heards to a White 
Oake fc5apling marked with six 
notches Standing in the head 
with Janey Obottom to him & 
his heirs cr assigns foever. — 
Item — I give and bequeath to 
my Son John Greenwell the 
Remaining part of my Lands 
to him & his heirs or assigns 
for ever. — 

Item — I give & bequeath to my 
Son Rodolph Greenwell One 
feather Bed and furniture & 
my Gun and Large square 
Walnutt Tagble & two Lea- 
ther Chairs & One puter Dish, 
One puter Bason & three 
plates and One Cow & One 
One Iron pot. — 
Item — I give & bequeath to 
my Daughter Elizabeth Green- 
well, One feather Bed & furn- 
iture & two leather Chairs and 
the Chest that Stands up stairs 
and my fidle & a Square Wal- 
nutt Table that stands up 
Stairs & One peuter dish One 
peuter dish One peuter Basin 
& three plates & a pewter 
Tankard & One Cow & two 
Ewes & One Linnin Wheel. 
Item — I give & bequeath un- 


to my Daughter Henrietta 
Greenwell One feather Bed & 
furniture & two Leather 
Chairs & One Cow & a Wal- 
nut Ovel Table & One Chap- 
an Candle Box with one puter 
Dish & One pewter bason & 
three plates & One pewter 
Tankard & One Linin Wheel 
& two Ewes. — 

Item — I give & bequeath my 
Son William Greenwell One 
Ewe. — 

Item — The remaining part of 
my Stock of Cattle, Sheep, & 
Hoggs I Will they be Kept for 
the use & benefit of my pres- 
ent family — & all the Wool 
Cotton & flax to be belonging 
I Will, be Kept & used in my 
present family & not other- 
ways I will & bequeath to my 
loving Wife Monica Greenw^ell, 
my Riding Horse to be Imploy- 
ed as is most to advantage & 
benefij of my present family 
& not other ways & One Iron 

Item — Whereas My Sons Leo- 
nard Greenwell & Ignatius 
Greenwell & my two Daught- 
ers Susanna, who married with 
Wm. Stone & Mary, who mar- 
ried with Henry Jarboe, at 
their Several marriages re- 
ceived of me a full portion of 
my Estate — my Will therefore 
is that they have none of my 
present Estate. — 
Item — I give & bequeath to 
my Son Rodolph all my wear- 
ing apparel. — 

Item — I give & bequeath to 
my Son Rodolph & my two 

daughters— Elizabeth & Hea- 
rieto all the remaining part 
of my Estate to be Equally 
Divided amongst them. — 
Item— And to the true per- 
formance of this my Last Will 
& Testament— I nominate Con 
stitute, Ordain, & Appoint my 
Loving Wife Monica Gi'eenwell 
to be Sole Eexecutrix. — 
Witness my hand & Seal this 
28th day of March Annogue 
Domini — 1757. — 
Stephen his S Greenwell Seal 

Witness — Saml Abill Jr. 
Robert Winsatt Jr. 
Bennet Greenwell. 
Pro. June 7—1737. 
Lib— Wills— B. T. No. 30— fol 
317-1757- 00. 
State Land Office — Annapolis 

. . . Will of Henry Jarboo 

In the Name of God Amen — I 
Henry Jarboo of St Mary's 
County in the province of 
Maryland — being weak & low 
condition of Body but in per- 
fect health of Sence & memory 
Blessed be God for it — do in 
the first place commite my 
Soul to God who gave it — and 
then my Body to be decently 
buried & then do make & Or- 
dain this to be my last Will & 
testament in the following 
manner. — 

Imprimes Item. — I give &" Be- 
queath to my Dear & well be- 
loved Son Henry Jarboo, my 
land on which I now dwell — his 
heirs & assigns forever. — ^Like- 


wise the Bed & furniture on 
which I now lie with a Chest 
of Drawers— as also One Iron 
pestle & the half a hone. — 
Item — I give & bequeath to 
my Dear & well Daughter 
Mary Jarboo, One large Table 
— also One Bed & furniture 
with the desk to suit is up 
Stairs. — 

I give to my Dear & Well be- 
loved Son James Jarboo. bed & 
furniture that is in Sheede. — 
Item — My Will & pleasure is in 
this my last Will & Testament 
is that my Son Henry afore- 
said shall give and deliver to 
Stephen Jarboo his Brother 
One Bed & furniture, or One 
thousand pounds merchantable 
Tobacco — when the said Step- 
hen is come to the age of 
Twenty One. — 

Item — I do hereby Ordain, 
Constitute & appoint this my 
last Will & Testament. 
Dated the 20th Day of Fe:.- 
ruary in the year of Our Lord 

Henry J. Jarboo Seal 
Signed Sealed & Delivered in 
the presents of 
John Riley 
Richard Makeny 
Thomas Smart 
Pro. Mch 4—1742-3 
Wills Lib D. D. No. 2 fol 81— 

Annapolis Md. 
History of Jarboe Family in 

United States. 
Henry Jarboe, H-Mary Green- 

Will Pro. Mch 4, 1742-3 

1. Henry Jarboe, 2. Mary 
Jarboe, 3. James Jarboe, 4, 
Stephen Jarboe (not 21 yrs.) 

Generation IV in Maryland. 

Henry Jarboe, son of Henry 
Jarboe and Mary Greenwell 
his Wife of St. Mary's Co., Md. 

Henry Jarboe pay-s a Quit 
Rent to Lord Baltimore. 

To pt.-St. Peters Hills:— 1753 
39 Acres; 1754, 89 Acres; 1755, 
39 Acres; 1757, 39 Acres; 1758, 
37 Acres ; 1761, 37 Acres. 
Henry Jarboe Took the Oath 
of Fidelity in St Mary's Co., 
Mch. 1778—1*0 the State of 
Maryland before the Worship- 
ful Justice' Bennett Briscoe, 
who certified that this is a true 
Copy taken from the Original 
Book of all the free male per- 
sons above the age of 18 yrs, 
that has taken & subscribed 
the Oath of fidelity & support 
to the State of Maryland. 

Before me Bennett Briscoe — 
The said Oath taken — St, 
Mary's County, March Court 
1778—1 do sware, I do not hold 
myself bound to yield any alli- 
giance or Obedience to the 
King of Great Britain, his 
heirs or successors and that 1 
will be true and faithful to the 
State of Maryland and will 
to the utmost of my power 
support Maryland & defend 
the Freedom and Indepen- 
dence thereof and the Gov- 
ernment as now established 
against all open enemies 
and secret and traterous 


Conspriaces and will use my 
utmost endeavours to disclose 
and make Known to the Gov- 
ernor or some One of the 
Judges or Justices thereof all 
Treasons or Treaterous Con- 
spiraces attempts or Combin- 
ations against this State or the 
Government thereof which 
may come to my Knowledge so 
help me God. — 

Will of Henry Jarboe, III 

Henry Jarboe — In the name 
of God Amen — I Henry Jarboe 
of St. Mary's County, being 
his last Will weak of body but 
of sound and disposing mind, 
& menory and understanding 
— do make & ordain this my 
last Will & Testament in the 
following manner and form : — 
Item — I give & beqeath unto 
my daughter Eliza Belwood; 
one negro wench named Sail, 
One boy named Emory, One 
girl named Barbury- One girl 
named Henny & one boy 
named James and their in- 
crease & forty-five pounds in 
money & one best Desk — 

Item — I give and bequeath 
unto my daughter Susanna 
Jarboe: three negroes, Han- 
nah. Peg, & Jack & their in- 
crease. — 
Item — I give and beqeath un- 
to my daughter Monica Clarke 
One negro girl named Suck, 
during her natural life & after 
her death to be equalley divid- 
ed between her three children- 
Robert Clarke, Elizabeth Tay 
lor & Ann Evans in case the 
said Ann Evans has a lawful 

heir of her body, She is to come 
in for one third part of said 
girl if not — it falls to the other 
two — 

Item — I give and bequeath 
unto my grandson John Jar- 
boe, son of Rodolph Jarboe, 
thirty pounds to be deducted 
out of my Son Rodolph Jar- 
boes part of the money my 
Land sells for — 

Item — I give & bequeath un- 
to my four grand children, , 
Mary Ann, John & Elizabeth 
Atwoods, the sum of thirty- 
five pounds, which I lent to 
their father James Atwood on 
or about the first of Oct. — 

One thousand seven hund- 
red & Seventy eight, in Con- 
tiental money & twenty pounds 
in money to each of them to 
be paid out of personal Estate 
--' either of the aforesaid chil- 
dren should die without Issue, 
then their part to go to the 
survi\ing parties — 

The rest of my personal Es- 
tate I leave to be sold & the 
money arising therfrom, to 
be equally divided between 
Henry Jarboe, Elizabeth Bel- 
wood, Susanna Jarboe, Mary 
Hill & Monica Clarke, My Will 
& desire is that my Executor 
Shall sell all my Lands called 
and Known bv the name of 
"Pape's-Hog-Pen," the Christ 
mas twelvemonth," after my 
death, and the Moneys arising 
therefrom to be equally divid- 
ed betw^een my three Sons Viz. 
Rodolph, Henry. Bennett & my 
son John Jarboe's childen, & 
their heirs forever. — 


I nominate, Constitute and 
appoint my Son in law Henry 
Belwood my Whole and Sole 
Executer, of this my last Will 
and Testament. — 

In witness thereof — I Henry 
Jarboe(the testator (have here 
unto Set my hand and affix- 
ed my Seal the Eleventh day of 
December Anno Domini. One 
thousand seven hunred and 
ninety four. — 

Signed, Sealed & acknow- 
ledged Henry Jarboe(seal) in 
the presence of Sam'l.Theobold, 
Robert Jarboe, James (his 
mark ) Briscoe of Joseph. 

Pro. Apr. 28-1795— Wills.- 
Lib. J. J. No. 2, fol. 14, Si 
Mary's Co. Md. 

Henry Jarboe, married Eliz- 
abeth Stiles daughter of John 
& .Catherine Styles of St. 
Mary's Co. Md. 

Will of John Stiles. 

In the Name of God Amen— 
I John Stiles in St. Mary's 
County in the Province of 
Maryland being sick and weak 
of body but sound and perfect 
mind and menory thanks be to 
Almighty God for it and all 
other his Blessings, but Know- 
ing the uncertainty of this Life 
do make this my last Will and 
Testament, in manner and 
form following: — 

F-irst— I Bequeath my Soul 
to God my Creator who gave 
me my Body to my Mother 
Bearth to be Buried in such de- 
cent manner as my Executors 
hereafter named shall think 
fitt— as to my wordly Goods 

with God of his Godness hath 
Bestowed upon me — I give and 
Bequeath as followeth. — 

I give to my daughter, Eliz- 
abeth Jarboe's Children one 
Negro Girl Cauld Dino arid her 
Increase to be Equitably divid- 
ed among them. She having 
the youse of the Said negro 
and Increase during her Nat- 
ural life — her husband's hav- 
ing no right or claim two the 
said Negro or Increase two 
carry out of County or any 
where else — if my daughter 
Elizabeth Jarboe should die 
without Eishu then to re- 
turn to my heirs. — 

Item — I Give my Son Seph 
Stiles Part of a Tract of Land 
I. Perchast of Jeramiah Mil- 
burn Lying in St Richards 
manner — Beginning at a Post 
Standing in the Head' of a Mill 
Cove Running up a Valley to a 
nother Post — from thence 
with a Line Drawn Sous six- 
ty one degrees West till it in- 
ter-sex the Line of the said 
Land — all the Lands on the 
North side of the said bounds. 

Item — I give to my Son John 
Stiles all the Land Beginning 
at a Post at the Head of a small 
Cove and running up a Valley 
to another Post — then with a 
Line drawn Sous sixty one De- 
grees West till it intersex the 
Line of the said Land — all the 
Land on the South Side of the 
Said Bounds. — 

Item— If the said Seph Stiles 
should die without Eishue 
Lawfully Begotten— two fall 
to my Son John Stiles and the 


Eishue of his Body Lawfully 
Begotten — ■ 

Item — If John Stiles Should 
die without Eishu Lawfully 
Begotten to fall to Seth Stiles 
& the .Eishue of his Body law- 
fully Begotten. — 

item — It is my Will that 
Seph Stiles and John Stiles, 
shall never Part with their 
Parts of Land without it is too 
one another— And in case they 
shall both die without Eishue 
two fall to my Grandaughter, 
Mary Magdalane Lee and the 
Eishue of her Body Lawfully 
Begotten — and if my Daught- 
er Mary Magdalane Lee should 
die without issue, to fall to 
my Grandson John Baptis Jar- 
boe — two him and his Heirs 
forever — 

Item. — I give to my Daugh- 
ter Mav Lee one Shilling it be- 
ing her full part of my Estate- 
her part already Given — 

Item — I give to my daughter 
Elizabeth Jarboe one shillin..^ 
it being her full part of of my 
Estate her part being already 
Given. — 

Item — I Leave by my Extra 
two tracts of Land one lying in 
St.Inagoes Hundred beingpart 
of the Cross, Manner and Part 
of Elizabeth Manner being a 
Tract I Perchest of John Ain- 
gel Containing a hundred 
and Seventy Acres — The other 
Tract Lying on Brittens Bay, 
One hundred acres more ©r 
less, to be sold to dischage my 
Just debts and if any over — to 
be equally divided between my 
Two sons Seph Stiles and John 

Stiles — the Name of the Land 
at Britten Bay is Nevet SI. 
Ann. — 

Item — I give to my Loving 
Wife Catherine Stiles the 
Third Part of my Estate after 
my Just debts is paid of, all 
but is all Ready given — 

Lastly — I do Constitute and 
appoint my Loving Wife Cath- 
aranna Stiles Executer of this 
my last Will and testament — 
Sealed with my Seal and dated 
December ye 5th — 1766. — 
Sin'd Sealed & Delivered in 
the Presence of Jos. Hopewell, 
Francis (his mark) Kerby 
William (his mark t Kerby. 
Pro. Feb. 23-1767-St. Mary's 
Co. Wills-Lib. C. G. No. 3. 
fol. 120-1767, Land office-An- 
napolis Md. 

Henry Jarboe — Elizabeth 

1. Elizabeth Jarboe — Henry 

2. Rodolph Jarboe — 

John Jarboe 

3. Monica Jarboe — Robert 

1. Robert Clark. 

2. Eliza Clark— Taylor. 

3. Ann Clark — Evans. 

4. Mary Jarboe — Hill 

5. Dau Jarboe — Jame Atwood 
1. Mary Atwood. 

2. Ann Atwood. 

3. John Atwood. 

4. Elizabeth. Atwood. 

6. Henry Jarboe 

7. Susannah Jarboe. 
8. Bennett Jarboe. 

9. John Jarboe's Children. 
Will pro. Feb. 19-1794— Lib. 


J.J. No. 2. fol 79— 

10. Stephen Jarboe— Margaret 

Williams, widow — 1 James 


Will Pro. Apr. lst-1788. 

Lib. J. J.. No. 1. fol. 434. 

Generation the V.— St. Mary's 
Co. Md. 

John Jarboe — Son of Henry 
Jarboe III & Elizabeth Styles, 
his wife of St. Mary's Co. Md.-- 

St. Marys Rent Roll ) Vol. 2— 
fol. 46. 

St. Marys Ren Roll) Vol. 3— 
fol. 35. 

St. Marys Rent Roll) Vol 4— 
fol. 35. 

350— A Rent o..l4..o— Baily's " 
Rest surveyed Aug. 24-1694 for 
John Baily — part the land call- 
ed St. Thos. Pass. 
150 — a — Sarah Sissell. 
100 — a — Jos. Harding. 
100 — a — John Bradley. 

125 — a — John Jarboe from 
Thos. Sissell— Nov, lst.-1757. 

John Jarboe pays th6 quit 
Rent to Lord Balto. on upper 
St. Clements Hundred. 

To Part of Bailys Rest:— 17- 
62, 38 Acres; 1763, 42 Acres; 
1764, 40 Acres; 1766, 40 Acres; 
1767, 38 Acres; 1768, 27 Acres; 
1769 27 Acres; 1770, 38 Acres; 
1771, 32 Acres; 1774, 44 Acres. 
Said John Jarboe married 
Elizabeth in the Distribution 
of the Estate of Mary Abell 
late of St. Mary's Co. Oct. 3- 
1818, mentions my sister Eliz-"^ 
abeth Jarboe. r 

Distribution 1816-1826-fol. 26?: 
Leonardtown^ St. Mary's Co.,,* 


The said John Jarboe died 
one year Prior to his Father 
Henry Jarboe. In his will Pro. 
Apr. 28-1795, mentions my son 
John Jarboe's Children.— 


In the -name of God Amen — I 
John Jarboe of St. Mary's Co. 
and State of Maryland — being- 
sick and weak of body — but of 
sound and disposing Mind, 
Memory, & understanding call- 
ing to m.ind the uncertainity 
of this present life and being 
desirous to Settle my Wordly 
goods & other affairs, and 
thereby be the bettor prepared 
to leave the world when it shall 
please Almighty God to call me 
from hence, do therefore 
make, publish & declare this 
to be my last will and Testa- 
ment, in manner and form fol- 
lowing that is to say first. — ' 

Item I give and bequeath un- 
to my three Sons to Wit: 
Joseph Jarboe, John Basil Jar- 
boe and Raphael Jarboe all 
the Land I now possess lying 
& being in St. Mary's Comity, 
to be equally divided between 
them. — 

Item — I give and bequeath 
unto my daughter, Eleanor 
Mills, One Negro girl called 
Leander to her and her heirs. 

Item — I given and bequeath 
the resident of my personal 
property to my three daugh- 
ters. Susanna Stephens, Elea- 


nor Mills and Elizabeth Mor- 
gan, to be equally divided be- 
tween them after the decease 
of my Wife Elizabeth Jarboe. 
I hereby nominate & appoint 
Joseph Jarboe & Raphael 
Jarboe my whole & Sole Ex- 
ecutors of this my last Will 
and Testament. — • 
In testimony whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand & affix- 
ed my Seal this 24th day of 
Jne, 1793. 

John (his x mark) Jarboe 

Signed, Sealed, published and 
declared this to be his last Will 
and Testament in the prescence 
of us the SubL^cribing Wit- 

James Milton, 
Benedict- A. Price, 
Richard his x mark) 

Pro. Feb. 19-1794., Lib. J. J. 
No. 2, fol. 79. Leonardtown, St. 
Mary's Co. Md. 

John Jarboe — Elizabeth. 

Sister of Mary Abeli 

1. Joseph Jarboe 

2. Jno. Bazil Jarboe 

3. Rapael Jarboe 

4. Eleanor Jarboe — Mills 

5. Susannah Jarboe — James 

6. Elizabeth Jarboe — Morgan 

Generation VI. 

Jpseph Jarboe, son of John 
and Elizabeth Jarboe — born in 
St. Marys Co., Md., in 1790 was 
living in Montgomery Co. Md. 
and owning land in St. Marys 


The Census of Marj^Iand— 
1790-fol 106-91— St. Mary's Co. 
Md. Joseph Jarboe— 1 Male 
over 16 yrs. 2 Males under 16 
yrs., 3 females including head 
of family. Montgomery Co. — 
Joseph Jarboe — 1 Ma^ over 
16 yrs., 2 Males under 16 yrs. 
— 4 females including head of 
family and 3 slaves. — 

In St. Mary's Co., Deeds No. 
26— fol. 244-1804-1811. 
State Land office — Annapolis 

Jos Jarboe 
Jno. B. Jarboe 
Deeds dated Jan 14-1809— by 
this deed Joseph Jarboe of 
Montogomery County for an-J 
in consideration of the sum of 
tw^o hundred dollars current 
money to him in hand — doth 
grant and confirm to him the 
said John B. Jarboe of St. 
Mary's Co. his heirs & Assigns 
all his right, title, . claim & 
interest of two undivided 
Tract of Land lying & being in 
St. Marys Co. and state afore 
said known bv the name of 
"Bailey's. Rest'"^' and Brady's 
Craft — To have and to hold 
the said parts of the Tracts of 
Land aforesaid with its right 
and appertenances to him the 
said Jonn B. Jarboe his heirs* 
& assignes to the only proper 
use & behalf of the said John 
B. Jarboe his heirs & assigns 
forever — and to or for no oth- 
er use, intent or purpose what 
so ever. And the said Joseph 


Jarboe for himself his heirs 
executors and adms. dotH here- 
by covenant & grant to & with 
the said John Jarboe his heirs 
and assigns that he the said 
Joseph Jarboe & his heirs 
will warrant & defend the said 
parts of the Tracts of Land 
apd, with its appertenances to 
the said John B. Jarboe his 
heirs & assigns forever against 
him the said Joseph Jarboe & 
his heirs & all other persons 
claiming or to claim the same 
by born or under him — them or 
any of them & further that he 
will at any time hereafter at 
the reasonable request cost and 
' charges of the said John B. 
Jarboe his heirs or assigns 
make, execute & acknowledge 
any further. Deed for the 
'more effectual conveyance of 
the said Parts of the said 
Tracts of Land aforesaid 
with its appertenances to 
him the said John B. Jar- 
boe his heirs & assigns. 

The Deed from which this 
entry is made was recorded 
the 28th of Mch.-1809.— 

John Jarboe buys of Thom- 
as Sessell Nov. 1st, 1757, 125 
Acres of "Baileys Rests" — & 
pays a . Quit Rent to Lord 
Baltimore 1762-1774. 
■ St. Marys Co. Rent Rolls— 
Vol. 2— fol. 46: Vol. 3— fol. 35. 
Vol. 4— fol. 35.— 
• The close association of Rap- 
hael 'Jarboe the brother of the 
said Joseph Jarboe, is as fol- 

Census— 1790-fol. ' 108 — St. 
Mary's Co. Md.— 

Raphael Jarboe — 1 Son over 16 
yrs. of age, 2 females including 
head of family & 5 Slaves. 

Census— 1790— fol 91— Mont 
gomery Co. Md. — 
Raphael Jarboe-1 Son of 16 yrs 
of age, 2 females including 
head of family & 5 Slaves. 
Lib. H fol. 101— Deeds Mont- 
gomery Co. Md. — 
April 7-1798 — Raphael Jarboe 
takes a Mortgage on a lot of 
ground in the Town of Will- 
iamsburg, Montgomery Co., 
Md., from Hezekiah Veirs of 
said Co. 

St. Mary's Co., Md., Deeds 
•No. 26-1804-1811 fol. 243. . 
Raphael Jarboe 

John B. Jarboe 
Deed dated Jan. 3-1809— by 
this deed Raphael Jarboe ^ of 
Frederick Co., in consideration 
of the sum of five hundred dol- 
lars current money to him in 
hand paid, doth grant & con- 
firm unto the said John B. Jar- 
boe of St. Mary's Co., Md his 
heirs & assigns all his rights, 
title, claim & interest of two 
undivided tracts of land lying 
in St. Mary's Co. Known by 
the name of ''Bailey Rest" and 
"Brady's Craft" — To have 
and to hold the said part of the 
Tract of land aforesaid with 
its rights & appertenances to 
him the said Jno. B. Jarboe, & 
C. Signed — Raphaeel Jarboe. 
— said Raphael Jarboe having 
evivdently Prior to 1809— re- 
moved to Frederick Co., 1790. 
Was Recorded as a Citizen of 
St. Mary's and Montgomery 


Counties— Joseph Jarboe Re- 
moved to Nelson Co.. Ky.-1812 
This first letter to his Brother 
Kai)hael Jarboe of Frederick 
Co. Md., Mentions property in 
Montgomery Co., Md.— 

Copy of the Original letter 
addressed to Raphael Jarboe, 
Frederick Co., Md.— 

Nelson County, 
State of Kentucky. 
Feb. 4- 1813 
(This letter appears in page 
92 of this book ) 

The History of the Jarboe 

Family in the United 


The wife of Joseph Jarboe. 
living, 1813 in Kentuckey. 

Issue — Joseph Jarboe and 
wife St. Marys & Montgomery 
Co. Md. 

Removed to Nelson Co. Ken- 
tucky, 1812. 

Issue — . 
1st — Joseph Jarboe — over 
16 yrs, 1790. Left in Montgom- 
ery Co., Md., to settle his Fa- 
ter's business — 1812. 

2 — Henrv Jarboe, not 16 yrs 
of age— 1790. 

3 — John Jarboe, not 16 yrs 
of age— 1790. 

4 — Girl, born in St. Marys 
Co. Md. 

5 — Girl, born prior to 1790. 

C-Girl, born 1789 or 1790 in 
Montgomery Co. Md. 

7— Wm.. jarboe— 16 or 18 
yrs. of age — 1812. 
Returned to Frederick Co. Md. 

Generation VII. 

William Jarboe, son of Jose- 
ph Jarboe born in Montgomery 
Co., Md., after 1790. 

Removed to Nelson Co. Ken- 
tucky in 1812, when about 16 
or 18 yrs. of age— had quite 
a serious accident — mentioned 
in a letter from his Father Jos- 
eph Jarboe, 1813, Returned to 
Frederick Co.. Md., about 1821 

At the request of William 
Jarboe the following Deed is 
Recorded Jan 9, 1822 to Wit: 

This Indenture made this 22 
day of Dec, in the year of Our 
Lord 1821, between Christian 
Ramsburgh, and Casper Rams- 
burgh, of Frederick Co. and 
State of Maryland of the one 
part and William Jarboe, of 
the County and State afore- 
said of the other part. Wit- 
nesseth, for and in considera- 
tion of .the sum of Five thous- 
and two hundred Dollars cur- 
rent monej^ to them in hand 
paid by the said William Jar- 
boe before the sealing of and 
delivery of these presents the 
receipt whereof they the sd. 
Chi'istian Ramsburgh and Cas- 
per Ramsburgh doth hereby 
acknowledge hath granted, 
bargained and sold and by 
these presents doth grant, bar- 
gain, sell, alien, enfoeff and 
confirm unto the said Will- 
iam Jarboe his heirs and 
assigns all the following 
pieces parts or parcels of land 
situate lyine and being in the 
County and State aforesaid be- 
ine: part of a tract of Land 
called "Content" and part of a 


tract called "Masons Folly" be- 
ginning for the outlines of the 
whole at a Stone now planted 
at the head of the Mill race 
near to and on the bank of the 
Same and running thence 
South nine and a half degrees 
— West 191/2 Perches to a 
black oak tree standing near a 
Mill race — then South 66 de- 
grees — East 25V2 Perches to 
a stone planted South 80 de- 
grees — East Ten perches to a 
stone planted North 84 de- 
grees — East 12 Perches to a 
stone planted — North 65 de- 
grees and a half degree East 
16 perches to a stone planted 
North 42 degrees — East 27 
perches to a stone planted 
North 79 degrees — East 4^-2 
perches to a stone plant- 
ed North 63 degrees 
— East 4 perches to a 
Stone planted North 79 de- 
grees — East 4 perches to a 
Stone planted at the end of 
seven perches on the South 
line of the whole tract called 
"Content" — then by and 
with the lines thereof rever- 
sed, then courses Viz: South 9 
degrees West 7 perches to a 
Rtone formerly planted at the 
end of the sixth line of said 
land, South 50 degrees — West 
65 perches to a stone formerly 
planted— North 66 degrees. 
West 76 perches to astoneform 
erly planted — then South 6 de- 
grees^ — W(^st one pei^ch and. 
six tenth of a perch to a stone 
formerly planted marked F. M. 
it being the beginning of Fred- 
erick Millers deed to Joseph 

Myers for one acre part of 
said land called "Mason's Fol- 
ly," then by and with the out 
lines of said deed four courses 
and distances North 70 degrees 
— West 22 perches to a 
stone formerly planted — Nor- 
th 35 degrees — East 10 per- 
ches to a stone — South 46 
degrees — East 4 perches to 
a stone — North 80 de- 
grees — East 13Vl> perches to 
a stone planted at the end of 
49 perches on the South line 
of the whole tract called "Con- 
tent" aforesaid, — it being also 
the end of the 8th line of Fred 
erick Millers Deed to Joseph 
Myers for part of said land 
called "Content"— then with 
the eigfth line of said deed re- 
versed North 87 degrees— East 
34 perches to a Stone formerly 
planted there by a straight 
line to the first Mentioned be- 
ginning Stone containing 
thirteen acres of land more or 
less, as also. the Mill Dam or 
dams— Mill race or races and 
trunks as were fixed made and 
located which were heretofore 
used and now is by the Grist 
Mill standing upon the land 
herein before described— And 
the said William Jarboe his 
heirs and assigns forever here- 
after shall and may have s 
free access to pass and repass 
with horses and wagons to and 
from either of the said Mill 
dams. Mill race or races and 
trunks which are now used by 
the Mill aforesaid for the pur- 
pose of cleaning out, mending 
or repairing either of them at 


any time and at all times here 
after whenever it may be 
found necessary so to do with 
a sufficient of clay or dirt 
adjoining the race necessary 
to make such repairs as afore- 
said provided always that he 
the said William Jarboe his 
heirs and assigns shall at no 
time whenever such repairs 
are necessary to be made and 
cause any material damage to 
be done to the land owned by 
the said Christian Ramsburgh 
and a certain Daniel Routzong 
and provided also that he the 
said William Jarboe his heirs 
and assigns shall at no time or 
times hereafter remove or 
cause to be removed any of the 
aforesaid Mill dams Mill race 
or races and trunks from their 
personal course or channel but 
to suffer them to remain as 
now fixed made and bounded 
or used by the Grist Mill a- 
foresaid together with all and 
singular the buildings, improv- 
ements and • appurtenances 
whatsoever thereunto belong- 
ing or in any wise appertain- 
ing and all the estate, right- 
title and interest what so ever 
of ythem the said Christian 
Ramsburgh and Casper Rams- 
burgh both at law and in Equi- 
ty of, into and out of the said 
parts or parcels of land and 
premises hereby bargained and 
^old or meant mentioned or 
intended hereby to be, and ev- 
ery or any part and parcel 
therof — To have and to hold 
the said parts or parcels of 
land so as aforesaid describ- 

ed together with the buildings 
& appurtenances and all and 
singular the premises hereby 
bargained and sold with their 
and every of their appurten- 
ances unto the said William 
Jarboe his heirs and assigns 
forever and to and for no oth- 
er use interest or purpose what 
so ever and the said Christian 
Ramsburgh and Casper Rams- 
burgh for themselves their 
heirs, executors and Adminis- 
trators do hereby covenant 
grant promise and agree to 
and with the said William Jar- 
boe his heirs, Executors Ad- 
ministrators or assigns that 
they the said Christain Rams- 
burgh and Casper Ramsburgh 
and their heirs the said tracts 
or parcels of land and prem- 
ises hereby granted bargain- 
ed and sold and every part 
and parcel thereof with the ap- 
purtenances therunto belong- 
ing to him the said William 
Jarboe his heirs and assigns 
against them the said Christ- 
ian Ramsburgh and Casper 
Ramsburgh and their heirs 
and asigns and against 
all and every person or per- 
sons what ever claiming or to 
claim any right title or in- 
terest in and to the same or 
any part thereof from by or 
under them or any of them 
shall and will hereafter war- 
rant and forever defend by 
these present. — 

In witness w^hereof they the 
said Christain Ramsburgh and 
Casper Ramsburgh hath here- 
unto Subscribed their names 


and affixed their Seals the day 
and year first hereinbefore 

Signed Sealed and delivered 
in the presence of Christian 
Sifford and Thomas Powell. 

Christian Ramsburgh, ( seal ) 

Casper Ramsburgh, (seal! 
Above Deed is Recorded in 
Lib. J. S. No. 14 fol. 703 to 707 
One of the Land Records of 
Frederick County Maryland. 

Wm. Jarboe to Jno. Michael 
Mch, 3 1820. 

Lib. J. S. No. 29-fol. 70 Fred- 
erick Co. Md. 

Deed from William Jarboe to 
John Michael, for part of a 
tract of land called "Michaels 
Run" — and for a part of Res- 
urvey on "Mason Folly" in 
$3,500— also for part of "Con- 
tent" 80 acres being the same 
land conveyed to said •William 
Jarboe by Christian and Cas- 
per Ramsburgh about Dec.22- 
1821 — and Recorded in Lib. J. 
S. No. 14-fol. 703— Christian 
Ramsburgh & Casper Rams- 
burgh to Wm. Jarboe Dec. 

Lib. J. S. No. 14 fol 703 Fred- 
erick Co. Md. 

Deed from Christian Rams- 
burgh and Casper Ramsburgh 
to Wm. Jarboe $5,200. 

Part Tract of Land Called 

Part Tract of Land Called 
"Masons Folly" 
beginning for same at a Stone 
now planted at the head of a 
Mill race & running 20 de- 
grees West & C. 

Lib. J. S. No. 21. fol. 504— 
Frederick Co. Md. Oct 11-1824 

Wm. Jarboe to Jno. Shafer 
& Thos. L Marlow, May 3— 

Deed from William Jarboe 
to John Shafer of Frederick 
Co. Md. & Thomas Marlow of 
Louden Co. Va. on farm call- 
ed "The Resurvey on Mason's 
Folly" and on "Mieheal's-Run" 
— tract containing in all 166 V2 
Acres of land — Consideration 
$2,900. The above being the 
same land deed to Sd. Wm. 
Jarboe by the Sd. Jno Shafer 
Thos. I. Marlow on May 3-1824. 

1825. Deed from George 
Warner to William Jarboe, 
John Willard & John Shafer 
for land called "Discontent- 
ment" — Same being part of 
tract ori g i n a 1 1 y called 
"Hard to Find." 

Lib J. S. No. 24-fol 19. Fred- 
erick Md. 

Lib. J. S. No. 22— fol 411. 
Frederick Md., 1825. 

Thomas L Marlow to Will- 
iam Jarboe 1825— William Jar- 
boe to Leonard Speaks. 

Lib, J. S. No. 29— fol. 15. 
Frederick Co. Md. Feb 23-l^-.28 
Deed from John George ^.nd 
Henrv Shafer Executors of 
the Will of John Shafer to 
William Jarboe for part of 
land called "Resurvey on Ma- 
son's Folly"— 27 acres for $705. 
.27. Mortgage Mch. 3-1828. 

Lib. L. S. No. 29- fol. 13. 
Frederick Co. Md. 

From John Michael to Will- 


iam Jarboe on land called 
''Michaels Run" — and on part 
of tract called 'The Resurvev 
or Mason's Folly" 6 7 acres and 
also on part of tract called 

And also on part of tract call- 
ed '.'Mason's Folly." 
1833 32 

Deed Oct 26-1829. Liber J. 
S. No. 47-fol. 514— Frederick 
Co. Md. 

Deed Dated Oct 26-1829 
from John Shafer, George 
Shafer, Peter Shafer, John 
Willard and Wilb'am Jarboe 
of Frederick Co. Md., and 
Peter Repleo (or Repla i of the 
State of Indiana and Kather- 
ine' Schroyer of Pennsylvania 
for part of tract land called 
"Assentionday" — 72 Acres for 

Deed Oct 26. 1829. 

Lib. J. S. No. 33— fol. 203— 
Frederick Co. Md. Deed dated 
Oct 26-1829— from Henry Sha- 
fer, Peter Shafer, John Will- 
iard of Frederick Co. Md. and 
Peter Refler of Indiana and 
Katherine Schroyer of Pa. to 
William Jarboe for parts of 
"The Resurvey on Mason's Fol- 
lv"_27 acres for $899.13— 
Frederick 1830. John Shafer 
to William Jarboe. 

1833. John Arbold tc William 
Jarboe. 1833— P— 278 ■ War- 
rants G. G. B. No. 6. State 
Land office Annanob's, Md. 

John Jarboe of Frederick 
"Resurvey on Mason's Folly" 
and "Michaels Run." 

July 29-1834. Deed from 
Frederick A. Schlev to Wm. 

Jarboe Sur. Part of a tract 
of land called "More Bad and 
Good." The Resurvey on 
"Long Bottom & "Mill Race" 
145 acres at $15 an acre. 

The abve property was form 
erlv owned by John House. 

Frederick J. S. 47. P. 514— 

Deed — Wm. Jarboe to Henry 
Shafer "Assention Day." 

J. S. 48 P. 201-1835 Deed 
Frederick A. Schley to Wm. 

To vV)Ap 

"Nut Bud" then "Goose." 
The resurvey on"Long Bot- 

"Mill Race"— 145 Acres at 
$15 an acre former-y cwned 
bv John House. 

' 1835. Deed— Frederick A. 
Schley to Wm. Jarboe. 

William Jarboe 

Left n6 Will, Estate settled 
in Orphans Court of Freder- 
ick County, Maryland, May 17 

Distributors of his estate 
w^ere : 

• Margaret Jarboe, (widow) 
Henry J. Jarboe, (son) 
John S. W. Jarboe, (son). 
Margaret A. M. Jarboe, 
(daughter, I 
Thomas R. Jarboe, (son) 
Susanna Jarboe, (daughter) 
Charles Jarboe, (sont 
Widow received $866.66, and 
each child received $288.88 . 

Generation VII 

William Jarboe— Margaret 

Removed to Nelson Co. Ky. 


Returned to Frederick Co. 
prior to 1821.- 

Died in Alexandria, Va. 

Admin. Acct. Frederick Go. 
Md., May 17, 1836. 
1 — Henry J. Jarboe. 

2— John S. W. Jarboe— Ellen 
S. Keefer. 

3— Margaret A. M. Jarboe— 
John Brosius. 

4^Thomas R. Jarboe — Marga- 
ret Lauretta Eagle. 
5 — Susanna Jarboe — Mannass- 

es Jacob Grove. 
6 — Gharles Jarboe. — 

Oct 17—1844. Deed— from 
Henry J. Jarboe to John S. W. 
Jarboe, Resurvey Part of Res- 
urvey on "Mason's Folly" and 
part of "Michaels Run" be- 
ing the same land heretofore 
conveyed to Willi£f»m Jarboe 
by Thomas I. Marlow and Jrw. 
Shafer by Deed, dated Aur. 2 
1825. Recorded in Lib. J. S. 
No. -23— P. 27-and also by deed 
from same to same, dated 
May 3-1824. 
166 Acres. 
184 Acres. 

350 Acres in all. 

The above is Recorded in Lib 
4 H. S. No. 22. P. 527— Freder- 
ick. Maryland 

Generation VIIL 

Susanna Jarboe — Manasses 
Jacob Grove. Date of marri- 
age March 22nd, 1852. Manas- 
ses Jacob Grove, born 17th of 
February, 1824, died 2nd of 

February, 1907. Susanna Jar- 
boe. boim 18th of October 1830, 
died May 31st., 1902. 
Issue. — 

1 Charles Franklin Grove, 
born 4th of February 1853, 
died December 25, 1853. 

2. William Jarboe Grove, born 
May 24th, 1S54 -Annie May 
Hardey, July 11, 1857, Mar- 
ried June 9th, 1880. 

3. Mary Minnie Grove, born 
10th of November, 1856, died 
September 21st, 1860. 

4. Carrie Estelle Grove, born 
27 April, 1859— John Carroll 
White of Kansas City, Mo. 
born March 10th, 1861. Mar- 
ried 26th of January, 1888. 

5. John Thomas Grove, born 
June 4th, 1861, died June 5th, 


6. Edward Dawson Garrott 
Grove, born 5th June, 1862 — 
Katie Eugenia Getzendan- 
ner, born January 20th, 1873. 
Married October 31st, 1894. 

7. Margaret Ellen Grove, born 
27th AuR-ust 1864, died Mar- 
ch 18th,^1865, 

8. Benard Lee Grove, born 11th 
June, 1866. Married first 
Lottie • Lillian Allen, 31st 
December. 1895. Second 
Elizabeth Yates Barber, Oct 
ober 18th, 1898. 

9. George Washington Grove, 
born 20th October, 1868, 
died January 31st, 1869. 

10. James Henry Grove, born 
4th December. 1869 — Anna 

Clark Forsythe, born No- 
vember 5th, 1877. Married 
June 12th, 1900. 


11. Eugene Ashby Grove, born 
1st March, 1872— Jessie Ella 
Bowlus, hovrt 8th of Novem- 

' 1880. Married June 12. 

12. Laura Regina Grove, born 
2nd September, 1876. Born 
May 8, 1875. Married Sept. 
ember 27, 1905. 

I am indebted to Margaret 
Jarboe Rohrback for the very 
complete Jarboe lineage, which 
is printed in full. It will be 
noticed all the wills at that ear- 
ly date the first request was to 
commit their souls to God, 
showing that they had explicit 
faith in in cur divine Lord. The 
language used then to convey 
the distribution of their prop- 
erty is very similar to our pres 
ent day methods. The spelling 
is often different, many points 
are brought out showing the 
customs of that day. The 
"dram Cupp" was usedas part 
of the acknowledgment of im- 
portant papers, similar to the 
Indians when signing treaties 
they always smoked the "pipe 
of peace." In 1652 John Jar-. 
bo made the following acknow- 
ledgment, "And for the true 
performance I do bind myself 
heirs, Exers, Adm, and Assigns 
with Our whole Estate of Land 
goods and Servants, Cattle &c. 
As witness my hand and the 
delivery of a dram cupp in part 
of my whole Estate — " 

There were many other in- 
teresting declarations, the oath 
of fealty at the time of the 
revolution showed a mark of 


patriotism worthy of mention. 
In the distribution of slaves 
among the heirs they were de- 
scribed by their first name. At 
no time was any of them sold. 
I find the names of many fam- 
ilies mentioned in these old 
records, who are still promin- 
ent in Maryland. The spelling 
of some has been changed, for 
instance ; Jarbo-Jarboo-Garbo- 
Jarboe. Sonn-Sone-Son. 

The minute description of 
land is very interesting. It 
shows great care in establish- 
ing the lines coiTectly discrib- 
ing points for future refer- 
ence. Among the early sur- 
veyors when it meant some- 
thing to draw an accurate line 
through the forest and mar- 
shes where the undergrowth 
was so thick it was impossible 
to see only a few feet away, 
were Samuel Duvall, Patrick 
West, Major Peter Mantz, Jer- 
miah Fox, David Bowlus, 
Thomas H. O'NeiL E. H. Rock- 
well, George Thomas, of H.» 
Manasses J. Grove, William H. 
Hilleary, John W. Ramsburg, 
J. Thomas Browning, RufUs 
R. Rager. 

Now when the Country is 
open no one seems to be inter- 
ested in surveying and our 
mutual friend Emory C. Crum 
has a monopoly in this work. 
Our young men are receiving a 
free education but they don't 
think it worth while to enter 
this field of employment. The 
names mentioned' above were 

mostly self made men, and 


took up their studies at home 
where they did field work until 
they became proficient. When 
they entered into active work 
and became the most valuable 
citizens in the neighborhood, 
establishing lines over which 
there was often contention a- 
mong neighbors. 

The following record of the 
Catoctin Dragoons has been 
preserved through my Father 
who was a member of this 
Company. I remember well 
his uniform and Sword — whica 
he prized very highly, they 
were burnt in a fire that r'is- 
troyed his home some forty 
years ago. This interesting 
account of the Company its 
roster ana the events lead- 
ing -up to the Mexicar' war vvas 
writuri by my Fai'ier May 1, 
lOOo and 'was read 1 y Mrs. Ida 
M. Markey before the Histor- 
ical Society of Frederick Coun- 

By M. J. Grove. 

Being a member of the Catoctin 
Dragoons, commanded by Major 
George Cost Biser of Jefferson, Md., 
and organized in 1846 for service in 
the war with Mexico, at your re- 
quest, I write for record abrief ac- 
count of the early history of that 
Company. It may perhaps in this con- 
nection be proper to say, tha*t one o*:' 
the chief causes leading yp to the 
war, with Mexico, was the Declaration 
of Independence by Texas, then a prov 
idence of Mexico, the defeat of the 
Mexicans in their atfempt to recapture 
it, its absorption by the United States, 
the subsequent invasion of Texas, by 

the Mexican President, Santa Anna, 
his defeat and. capture, a declaration 
of war against Mexico by the United 
States, and the determination of the 
Government to invade the country, 
all of which had a tendency to arouse 
the martial spirit of the Country, and 
inspire the young men to organize in- 
to companies for military service. 

Frederick County organized four 
Companies, Major Edward Schley's 
Company of- Frederick, Md., Major 
George Cost Biser's Company of Jef- • 
ferson, Md., Captain Samuel Bowlus 
Company of Middletown, Md., and 
Captain Ezra Dcubs Company of 
Rocky Ridge. The Companies were 
organized in to a battalion, with Major 
Edward Schley as Commander, being 
Senior Officer. 

The servces of the battalion was 
offered to the Governinent and ac- 
cepted, but owing to the large number 
throughout the county who had ten- 
dered their services to the Govern- 
ment, under the first call for troops, 
but one hundred men were required to 
be furnished by Frederick County. 

This Company was organized in 
Frederick independent of the com- 
panies then in existence, with Cap- 
tain Richard Merrick as commander 
and Lieu. Alfred Schley, of Liberty 
as one of the Lieutendents. This 
Company proceeded to Mexico and did 
good service. 

The balance of the men composing 
the battalion, held themselves in read- 
iness to go, but the defeat of the 
Mexicans and subsequent capture of 
the City of Mexico by General Scott, 
did not necessitate the services of 
any further volunteers, although the 
active services of the battalion was 


not required for active use in Mex- 
ico, yet it continued in existance for 
seven years, and few sectons of the 
country furnished a battalion of high- 
er moral and social standing- or "Es- 
prit De Corps" then the men command- 
ed by Major Schley. Many were the 
reunions, military parades, and social 
functions held by the different coin- 
panies composing the battalion, the 
remembrance of which were ever held 
as among the brightest episodes in the 
lives of the surviving members. 

One of the most notiable of which 
I presume was the inspection of the 
coprs in Frederick by General Win- 
field Scott, the hero of the Mexican 
war, and commander-in-chief of the 
Army. Through some charges made 
by General Pillow, a court jnartial 
was ordered to be held in Frederick to 
try the commander-in-chief. It w&s 
during this trial that the battalion 
was ordered out to do him honor and 
be inspected by him, General Scott 
paying a high tribute to the soldierly 
bearing and military appearance of 
men composing the battalion well do 
I remember that ipspection, as Gener- 
al Scott full six feet, three' inches 
tall, with an unrivaled military bear- 
ing, as he passed along the front of 
the battalion, critically examining with 
a military eye each man as he passed. 
It is now near sixty years since that 
period, and few of that gallant body 
of men are now living. 

What reminiscences would be recall- 
ed by the survivors, and what grati- 
fication would probably be afforded the 
descendants of Major Schley's Battal- 
ion of those who volunteered for ser- 
vice in Mexico, could some one be 
found in each company to give a short 
account of their respective companies 

together with <he roster. Of Major 
Biser's Company of which the writer 
was a member, he can recall but four 
members who are now, 1905, living; 
Dr. Janes A. Williard, Lovettsville, 
Va.; Notley W. Thomas, Point of 
Rocks, Md., Abraham Hemp, Jefferson, 
'Mr.; and the writer M. J. Grove, Lime 
Kiln, Md. The writer much regrets 
he did not have access to the books of 
the Company, ai.d -crofore cau only 
give from memory an imperfect list 
of the Roster of the Company. Names 
of the members of the Company being 
no doubt overlooked. He is indebted 
for valuable assistance to Abraham 
Hemp of Jefferson, a member of the 
company and John H. Keller, of Cum- 
berland, Md., whose father furnished 
the uniform for the company, which 
was very unique and handsome, being 
fashioned after the celebrated PoHsh 
Ja -kei of Poland. 

Roster of the Catoctin Dragoons, 

Jefferson, Md. 

Commander, Major George Cost 

Lieu., Jacob M. Buckey. 

Lieu., Dr. James A. Williard. 

Orderly Sergeant, Francis Hoffman. 

Bugler Joshua Ahalt. 

Petty Officers & Privates: 

George Gross, Henry Johnson, Thom- 
as R. Johnson, George Stockman, Wm. 
B. Botler, Daniel Stockman, Thomas 
Williard, Martin Williard, Martin W. 
House, George P. Rhodes, Frank John- 
son, Notley .W. Thomas, Thomas R. 
Jarboe, Manasses J. Grove, Robert 
K. Thrasher, Abraham Hemp, Ben- 
jamin Thrasher, Charles Gross, John 
Long, Henry Duvall, George P. Buckey, 
Ezra M. Thomas, George P. Remsburg, 
George Thomas, Daniel Gross, David 




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B. House, Frank Roderick and Ezra 

It is known there were other 
miltary companies in this sect- 
ion but no record of these com- 
panies can be found. I have 
tried the Adjudant General's 
office, as well as the officials at 
Annapolis but without success. 

Captain James S. Simmons, 
commanded a company on the 
Manor in 1846. His son, J. Lee 
Simmons who lives at Adams- 
town has his commission under 
that date. James H. Besant, 
the father of Mantz Besan", 
Frederick was a lieutenant in 
this Company. Charles Thom- 
as, a son of Captain Otho 
Thomas was also a Lieutenant. 
I have not been able to find 
the names of any of the men 
who served in this Company. 

Captain Kaylor commanded 
a comparjv ca'led the Mohawks 
whkk v;r.t c.'ganized at Har- 
mony a few miles north of 
Middletown. It is said there 
were about 75 men in this com- 
pany and they all measured 
six feet or over, except three. 
Captain Kaylor was very proud 
of his men who were well drill- 
ed. He furnished them uni- 
forms at his own expense. This 
company was in existence in 
the early fifties. They were 
infantry and used old flint 
lock rifles. 

John McElroy v/as born in 
Ulster, Ireland 14th of May, 
1782. His education was of 
the scantiest description, ow- 
ing to the penal laws then ex- 
isting in Ireland. In 1803 he 

emigrated to America, landing 
in Baltimore. He made his 
way to Georgetown and there 
entered into mercantile pur- 
suits. He soon after entered 
tne Society of Jesus at George- 
town College in the capacity of 
lay-brother where he held the 
office of buyer and bookkeep- 
er. But the Very Rev. Fr. 
Grassi, who then governed the 
Society in Maryland, thought 
that he discovered in him ex- 
raordinary qualities, great 
prudence, virtue, and judg- 
ment, and therefor applied him 
to studies that he be elevated 
to the Priesthood. It was dur- 
ing this period that Bro. Mc- 
Elroy witnessed from the win- 
dows of Georgetown College 
the burning of Washington by 
the British troops under Gen- 
eral Ross. Fr. McElroy was 
ordained Priest, 3rd of May, 
1817. Not long after his ordi- 
nation his talent for preaching 
was discovered. In 1822 he 
was sent to Frederick to take 
the place of Father Maleve 
who was at that time very 111. 
The old Church which stood on 
the north side of 2nd Street 
and the west side of Chapel Al- 
ley, almost directly opposite 
the present Church. The cor- 
ner stone was laid May 15, 
1800. This same stone is now 
to be found in front of the 
Church. The old Church was 
)uilt by Father Dubois. Fath- 
er McElroy built the present 
magnificient Church of St. 
John which was completed in 
1837 was consecrated April 


2G. 1837 ann it is thought to 
-e the til st Church consecrated 
ill the United State.-;. Father 
McEh'oy built St. John's Insti- 
tute. . Then came the Sisters 
who opened under his direction 
the first free school that ever 
existed in Frederick. Father 
McElroy's labor, however war. 
not confined to Frederick Val- 
ley, but extended as far as 
Pennsylvania and Virginia. At 
times he had to ride a hundred 
miles to attend the death bed 
of some poor Catholic, calling 
for the comforts of relig- 
ion in his last hour. In those 
early times Frederick and 
its vicinity had a large 
transient populatioin of 
Catholic laborers. The build- 
ing of the great National 
Roads that binds together the 
East and the west, the con- 
struction of the B. & 0. R. R.' 
and the Chesapeake and Ohio 
Canal, brought many Catholic 
Irishmen into the field of Fath- 
er McElroy's influence. Fred- 
erick with its many turnpikes 
radiating to all parts of the 
compass, was in those early 
days the centre and starting 
point of the great wagon 
trade. Choleera in 1822 and 
1831 was very severe in Fred- 
erick County, especially among 
the laborers. Then it was that 
Father McElroy was constant- 
ly in the saddle administering 
to the victims of this terrible 

The trouble between Mexico 
and the United States finally 

led to war being declared. Mex 
ico was a Catholic Country and 
President Polk was anxious to 
show the Mexicans his friend- 
ship towards the Catholic 
Church by sending Catholic 
Priests to act as Chaplains. In 
1846 Father McElroy was se- 
lected as one of the Priest to 
go to Mexico. Father Rey, his 
companion, lost his life.. Fath- 
er McElroy remained with 
General Taylor's army for a- 
bout three years. On his re- 
turn from the War he was or- 
dered to Boston. His health 
failed and he w^as again sent 
to Frederick where he lost his 
sight. Notwithstanding this 
affliction Father McElroy was 
always bright and cheerful. He 
died at the Novitiate in Fred- 
ick September 12th, 1877 at the 
age of 95 years and four mon- 

The memories of mv child- 
hood more than sixty years 
ago when I visited the home of 
Grandfather where I spent 
many happy days. From our 
Carrollton Manor home to the 
old homestead was a long drive 
over hilly roads. When we 
reached the lane leading off 
the Middletown-Broad Run 
road to the old Mill on Broad 
Run Creek, wich passed the 
home of my Grandfather, it 
was then real joy leaped in our 
hearts in anticipation of the 
outstretched arms of our 

grandparents and aunts to 
press us to their bosoms and 
the shower of kisses that we 




• ■ Mn ^"^ ill ■ ■ ' ^i 

- ••.' — f '9 ill f? g "l - ■ - — ^ ' - 

V:wmikws-Amm?' %w..:mmwn cii:¥J*CB.-K^»s»J8aroK:. 

My Aunt Margaret Jarboe who married John Brosius and their So i 
John W. Brosius who married Annie Tehan, the daughter of John Tehan 
A'ho built the present splendid St. John's Church. Their son John Teh;;'i 
Erosiu.s is living- in Washington and is a grandson of the builder. The 
cornerstone was laid on St. Joseph's Day 188;^. The picture above shows 
the original Alter where my Aunt Margaret Jarboe and the Mother of 
Charles T. Brosius, Sr., made her first communion, whei-e she received the 
host fi'om the hands of Father John McEli-ov. 

knew were awaiting us. Our 
appetities being sharpened by 
the long ride brought visions 
of the chicken pot-pie, caused 
a restless anticipation of what 
was in store for us. All that 
made this old homestead hap- 
py and cheerful has passed 
away. About 1 8 S my 
Grandfather Grove moved to 
this farm and erected the 
buildings, There is now not a 
single building left. The old 
Mill on Broad Run Creek has 
disappeared. The Mansion 
house burned down some forty 
years ago. Well do I remem- 
ber the old winding wheel on 
the porch. When the bucket 
was started to the spring at 
the bottom of the hill and fall- 
ing over it was filled to the 
brim with pure spring water, 
and wound back to the porch 
where it quenched the thirst of 
many for years. The winding 
wheel was a labor saving de- 
vice much in use those early 
times. It might not be out 
of place to tell of a prank by 
John Grove, a cousin of my 
Aunt Laura, who had started 
the empty bucket down the 
wire for water, when the buck- 
et returned to her surprise it 
contained a pumpkin. The 
farm is now owned by a grand- 
son, George J. House, told me 
the old barn which he removed 
to the site of the present farm 
buildings. He found the tini- 
ber in splendid condition. The 
framing was all white oak and 
there was not a nail to be 
found, every piece being mort- 

iced and pined. Even the 
small 2x4 pieces were mort- 
iced and pined by locust pins. 
The weathsr boarding was 
found "^0 be ia good condition 
and was used with the old f ram 
ing in rebu^M'ng the prcsenc 
barn, auCi is still in good con- 
dition. The shingles v/ere 
hand made and were wonder- 
fully well preserved. One 
hand made nail for each shin- 
gle was used and each nail 
went through two shingles. 
Those days timber was plenti- 
ful and only the best was used. 

The Grove Family in America 

Data furnished by Elizabeth , 
B. Satteilh^ait from the first j-f^ 
generation in America to the / 
eip'hth generation. 

Hans Graef (1661-1746). 

Hans Graef was born in 
Switzerland in 1661 and dur- 
ing the persecution of the 
Mennonites in his country he 
with others fled to Alsace. In 
Alsace he bore the title of Bar- 
on Von Welden, the Coat of 
Arms which is in the possess- 
ion of his desecendants. He 
was brother-in-law to Lieuten- 
ant Colonel or Duke of Metzu 
who was governor of Breda, 
and it was from him the 
Graefs were entitled to the 
immense wealth in the father- 
land. At one time none stood 
nearer in confidence to the 
throne than Hans Graef, but 
owing to this very prominence 
he became the target for false 
accusations from jealous part- 
ies. He was accused ol trea- 


son against the government 
and his wealth confiscated. 
He left the Country. The 
accusations were proved utter- 
ly false and he was publicly ex- 
onerated and given invitation 
to return and his wealth, prop- 
erty, and position would be ful- 
ly restored to him. But Hans 
Graef scorned their overtures 
and declined to return. He 
came to America and became 
in the New World a man of 
wealth and prominence. He 
died in Pennsylvania in 1746. 
( Taken from the notes of Jul- 
ian Grove (Graef) of Shep- 
herdstown, W. Va. 

The Hans Graef Association 
was organized at Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania. August 22, 1866. 
"Si Deus Nobiscum guis Coun- 
ty a nos." This association shall 
consist of the descendants of 
Hans Graef who fled from per- 
secution against the Menno- 
nites in Switzerland near the 
close of the Seventh century 
and afterwards settled at 
Graef s Run (where Levi Graef 
now resides) in west Earl 
Township, Lancaster County, 
Penn. A. D. 1717, he having 
been the first settler of Earl 
township and which was nam- 
ed in his honor in 1729, Earl 
being the English of Graef. 

Hans Graef has six sons. A 
few of the desendants of Hans 
Graef during the many years 
past expressed the desire to 
preserve the history and gen- 
alogy of their family. They 
saw oldest members of their 
family one after another rap- 

idly carried to their graves, 
and it became obvious to them 
hat unless some means were 
taken to preserve its history 
that the stories and traditions 
handed from father to son 
must soon be forgotten and the 
numerous descendants of the 
ancestor be forever unable to 
trace their descendant to one 
of the first immigrants among 
the pioneers of liberty who 
fled from oppresion in the 
Kingdoms of Europe and plant 
ed the seeds of our own free 
government in the wilds of 
America. At one time it was 
proposed to erect a monument 
at the tomb of Hans Graef, the 
first settler of Earl township 
but as in the case of Moses his 
grave then unknown and no 
e could tell where his bones 
^ad been laid to rest. This 
however led to inquiry and 
search for his >grave which 
was soon after discovered in 
the grave yard of the Graef 
meeting house marked with a 
rough sandstone slab., one 
which the initial H. "G" are 
still legible though nearly ef- 
faced by the rains and snows 
of one hundred and twenty 
winters. The examination of 
title papers disclosed the facts 
that the land now belonging to 
the meeting house was pur- 
chased by the said Hans Graef 
from the heirs of William 
Penn, the proprietors of the 
Colony of Penn and deeded to 
the society of Mennonites by 
one of the sons of Hans Graef 
(In Ruffs Collection of thirty 


thousand immigrants in Pa., 
on page 433 ) Han Graef came 

Germantown in 1696. He 
settled afterward in Chestei' 
County now Lancaster Co., Pa. 
in 1716. One thousand acre=; 
in Pequea. A warrant in Nov. 
22, 1717 was given hini for a 
large tract of land in Earl 
township, Lancaster Co. ) Ruffs 
History of Lancaster) (His- 
tory of Lancaster County, Pa. 
by Ellis and Evans- page 925) 

Upper Lacock Township. The 
w^hole eastern part of this 
tovv^nship wa|S included in a 
warrant of land granted to 
Hans Graef who afterward 
disposed of it to different set- 
tlers. Hans Graef with one 
of his brothers was among the 
persecuted Christians who fled 

from Switzerland to Alsace 
then a provice of France about 
1695 or 6. He came to German 
town and remained a short 
time only, afterward settleing 
in Pequea Valley, but not be- 
mg content here, he then set- 
tled in Graef I ale (Graef 
Thael ) ^vhich was named Iv: 
honor of him. It is said **his 
horses lia^'ing stravcd from 
Pequea, while in p i'\suit oi 
them in a Northern direction 
from, the inhabited part, he dis 
covered a fine spring in a 
heavily timbered spot the 
head of Groves run," "In this 
elysian dale" said he "I will 
fix my permanent abode" A 
short time afterwards he dis 
posed of his effects and return- 
ed to the spring and about one 
half mile down on the north 

side he erected a cabin under 
a white oak tree, in which he, 
his wife, and only child remain- 
ed during the winter. In the 
spring he secured a warrant 
dated Nov. 22nd, 1717 for a 
large tract and erected a house 
near the cabin. He had 6 sons, 
Jacob, Peter, John, Daniel, 
Marcus, and Samuel, and was 
known as "Graef du Jagec" 
(The Huntsman) Hans Graef 
served the public on several oc 
casions. He divided his land 
among his sons. 

Harris biographical History 
of Lancaster Co.' Pa., page 237. 
Graef, Hans (John) a native 
of Switzerland settled in Lan- 
' caster Co., P., 1717 being one of 
the first. He bought merchan- 
dise in Philadelphia and sold 
to the Indians for exchange for 
furs which were sold. The town 
ship where he lived was named 
Earl (Graef) in his honor. He 
had six son, David, John, (Hans 
Jr.), Daniel, Marcus, Sam- 
uel, Jacob, and three daughters 
Hanah, Veronica, and Mary. 
Hans Jr., died 1780, he must 
have been 21 years of age in 
1718 when he appears on the 
first assessment that would 
make him eighty three years 
old in 1780, and place his birth 
about 1697 or 8. His will is 
probated in Tack Co., Pa., but 
his Maryland descendants 
claim he is buried in Md. at 
Keedysville- Washington, Coun 
ty. His children were first. Jac- 
ob born in 1737, died 1819, bur- 
ied at Shapsburg, Md. His 
wife Catherine, their children 


Jacob, John, Henry, Peter 
Stephen, Paul, Elizabeth and 

Elizabeth, no record. 

Henry, died without issue. 

Catherine, no record. 

George married Mai-y Fance 
in Lancaster, Penna., their 
children, Mary, George, Jacob. 
John, Peter, Martin, Elizabeth, 
Eva, Dorothy, Barbara, and 
Catherine. 0.f these Elizabeth 
marii-ed Mr. Moore — Mary, 
Mr. Kanode— Catherine, Mr. 
Ritchie— Eva, Jacob Willard, 
May 14, 1791 Barbara, M. 
Swearinger ( no children ) 

GeorQ-e Allen Giddings. 

Feb. 1700 (no issue) Dorothy 
Samuel Shorpe. 

Jan. 23, 1793, Martin-Gath- 
erine Stimple. 

Oct. 28, 1797, Frederick 
County, Md., man^iage liscense 
1778-1863. Page 368. 

Samuel Shorpe born Oct. 11, 
1771, died July 18, 1812. Dor- 
othy Grove born, (My ancestor ) 

Throuis-h the couresty of Mrs. Ida 
Willard Markey, whose great grand- 
mother was al?o a descandant of Hans 
Graef, (Grove) I am giving the above 
history of the Grove family in 

The later generation of the Grove 
family will be found on page 150. 

The following interesting ac- 
count of the Confederate Me- 
moraial Day in Frederick, 
June 6th, 1878. 

A large crowd of people from our 
city, county and adjourning cities, as- 
sembled at Mt. Olivet Cemetery yes- 
terday at 3 o'clock, to witness the 
beautiful services over the graves of 
the Confedr'ate dead. Tlie srvices 
were opened with prayer by the Rev. 
J. A. Register. The Memorial Song 
was then softly rendered by the choir 

— Miss Lucy Reich, organist, Misses 
Fannie Hane, Kate Teakle, Emma 
Sinn, and Charles Lorentz, O. Fire- 
stone, J. Ridenour and Edward Diehl. 
The "Roll of Honor," was read by W. 
N. Young the Secretary. Next in ord- 
er was the reading by Charles C. 
Smith of the following original Poem. 


I will tell a picture in fancy I see: 
I will tell it to you as it comes to me; 
I will tell it to you with bated breath, 
For the story is one of nain and death. 

Many I see who know it as well; 
Some of you here could better it te'l; 
More than one of you felt the pain 
Following the loss of a friend that was 

Let memory go back but a few years 

When our country was deluged by car- 
nage and woe 

Methinks that I hear, as I did oft of 

The sound of the armies passing once 

I am listening again to the noisy hum 
Of the soldiers' m:;rch to the rattling 

T'-n fife's shrill note, and the bugle's 

I hear them again iir, I did in the past. 

I look on the faca of the warriors 

As marching they go to an early 

grave ; 
Thousands are passing — thousands in 

Are moving in colums of battle-array. 

They are hungry and weary, their 

clothing torn. 
Yet daily they marched from early 
Through winter's snow, and summer's 

The soldier's work seems never done. 

But when at last on battle's plain 
He's resting with the many slain. 
And gave not up the bitter strife 
l''ntil it ended with his life. 

The boom of cannon, and the sound of 


All speak of rest when once begun; 
The soldier shouts his battle cry. 
And forward moves, but moves to die. 

Many there marched to Antietam's 

Many there marched who returned no 
more ; 

Many a mother was left to mourn 

For the loss of a son, and a home for- 

Many that climed South Mountain's 

Only were found in death at rest; 
And many a wife was left that day 
Alone: for her husband had passed a- 


On Gettysburg's hill grim death sat 

in state 
And gathered a harvest from man's 

bitter hate; 
There many a brave man slept his 

last sleep. 
And many an orphan was left to weep. 

On Monocacy's bank there was many 

a mound 
Under whose covering a body was 

There is many a soldier that rests in 

thi^ ground. 
On Monocacy's hil 


hills got ^'" .fatal 

In a hundred valleys, on a hundred 

Near as many rivers, by as many rills, 
Is the same story told of bitter pain. 
Of battles fought, and soldiers slain. 

The southern soldier, through the fight 
Believed his cause was just and right: 
And though victorious on many a field. 
At last to numbers had ^a jrield. 

But though defeated right is right, 
And though subjected unto might. 
The vanquished yet can say with pride 
That justice rested with their side. 

Brave were their hearts, both true and 

And well Vney fougt against the 

Not doubting they were in the right 
They entered in this stubborn fight. 

The end it came, but where are they — 
On many a field their bones now lay. 
And though they crumble into dust 
Their spirits are at peace, we trust. 

Can spirits come from heaven above 
And mingle here with those they love? 
I hope they do — I trust they may 
Meet with us on this ground today. 

I fancy they are hovering round; 
Hark! did I hear it, that whispering 

sound ? 
Is it all fancy, or was it the breeze 
Rustling the branches of yon distant 


Yes, their brave spirits are now in mid 

Around and about you ladies so fair; 
They have not suffered in vain, though 

death was their lot; 
Ah! dear is the thought they have not 

been forgot. . 

Bring flowers, sweet flowers, and 

strew them to-day 
On the graves of the soldiers who once 

wore the Gray; 
Their battles are over, their victories 

are won. 
Death claims them his prisoner, their 

warfare is done. 

Ladies, kind ladies, bring flowers so 

Cover their graves with the richest 

and rare; 
Have they not given up all in the 

Yea, all have they given, even their 


Bring roses and lilies with perfume so 

And scatter them over the graves 

that you meet; 
Spring violets bring, of the richest 

And scatter them over their graves as 


With garlands of evergreen deck you 

their tomb; 
Though dead, yet their virtueg ever 

shall bloom; 
Let the marble above them be ever 

so cold. 
Beneath it is restino" a patriot's 



The bright, sunny South shall faith- 
fully keep 

In memory her heroes who sleep the 
last sleep; 

They fought in defense of a cause 
they thought just 

And gave up their lives in defending 
the trust. 

There are others resting beneath this 
green sod — 

Others whose spirits we truts are with 

Their dress wa .:jt LJray, their cloth- 
ing was Blue; 

To their cause they were faithful, de- 
voted and true. 

Brave men in your strength, brave 

women .in beauty 
Come render this day what you owe 

as a duty; 
Go scatter alike over the Blue and tK 

The tribute Of flowe.s you've brought 

here to-day. 

Forget the sorrow, forget the hate. 
Remember the past has been settled 

by fate; 
Remember the victor, the vanquished, 

the bi-ave, 
Meet her as the prisoners of death 

and the grave. 

"Mr. Smith who was a strong 
Southern sympathizer, was a 
broad minded, liberal gentle- 
man of the Southland, as the 
words in this poem so beauti- 
fully expresed by him plainly 

''Sorrowful Mourners Silently Weep" 
was feelingly sung by the choir. Genl 
Fitzhugh Lee w^as then introduced by 
Prsident of the Memorial Association, 
Cap. Nicholas Owings, and delivered 
an address. Among other things 
spoken of by Gen'l Lee. He said 
that he was speaking as a Confederate 
soldier, as one who in looking back 
over the mighty past, finds naught in 
memories vase but pride. Your own 
Monocacy, whose sources are drawn 
from the battle crowned hills of Get- 
tfrsburg will as it rolls past the point 
close by your city, made memorable 

by the valor of Early's men upon 
the *Jth of July 1864, bring to mem- 
ory only love for the heroic spirits 
whose life blood has floated away up- 
on its rippling waters. 

Remembring with what affectionate 
care your people ministered to the 
wounded and laid in their resting place 
the dead of Monocacy, of Sharpsburg. 
and of South Mountain. 

Fully appreciating the generous ac- 
tion of your Legislature which has 
appropriated $2,000 dollars to place 
headstones to their graves, and know- 
ing of your holy pupose to build a 
monument to the "unknown dead." I 
am hei'e at your command. 

He also spoke of the life of the Con. 
federate soldiers, their many trials, 
separation from those most near and 
dear to them, and spoke in glowing 
terms of th Piince of Caraliars, Gen. 
J, E. B. Steward and the Maryland 
soldiers and after paying a beautiful 
tribute to Maryland, stating that she 
at least would keep alive the glorious 
customs of honoring the heroic dead 
by strewing their graves with lovely 
flowers. Concluded with the following: 
When is the history of nations and of 
States the memory of those who have 
made themselves immortal by laying 
down life for principal shall be cele- 
brated by voice by chisel and by pen, 
and the grand roll call of their il- 
lustrious names shall go sounding 
down through future ages," how proud 
ly can Maryland step to the front and 
cry with ringing voices as each well 
unknown name is heard. "Dead upon the 
field of honor," Fallen upon the field 
of battle." and her loftv refrain roll- 
ing on over the waters of Antietam — 
of Monocacy from Patasco's billowy 
dash, over broad Chesapeake will 
cross our own blue Potomac and Vir- 
ginia bearing a Confederate column 
that will increase in intensity, in vol- 
ume and in powers, as to it is added 
the music of the voices of her South- 
ern sister States will re-echo back to 
Maryland in the loving tones of her 
friendship and honor to your fallen 

After the singing of "Cover Them 
Over with Beautiful Flowers," the 
crowd repaired to the graves of the 
Confederate and Federal dead and 
made their offering to the brave men 
who gave up their lives for the cause 


they loved. One of the handsomest 
floral designs ever seen in our city was 
a pillow of white and blue inimortells, 
it was presented by Mrs. J. H. Will- 
iams and the ladies of her house it 
attracted universal attention, and was 
placed over the graves of the Union 

Another handsome design was sent 
by Miss Fannie Hitzelberger of Lib- 

Mrs. B. F. Brown presented a large 
cross composed of rare flowers "To 
the Unknown Dead." 

The following verses were 
found among my Mother's ef~ 

To Susan: 

Susan, to thee, I've promised long, 
At verse — aff"ections boon 
And now, sad I fear will be my song, 
My heart feels out of tune. 
May thy pathway here be bright 
May sorrow crop its never 
And may truth; thy fotsteps light 
And guide; and bless thee ever 
On earth oh! fix thy hope not there 
'Tis but a broken seed at best 
But place thy joys in thee everywhere 
The weary one forever rest. 
Susanne Clabaugh . . 


Be thine, these feelings of the mind 
That wakes to honor friendship's call 
Benevolence, that unconfined, 
Extends her liberal hand to all. 

The heart that bleeds for others now 
Shall put each selfish sorrow less; 
Bowst that happiness bestow 
Reflected happiness whole bless 

The offspring of a noble mind 

A generous warmth which fills the 

And better felt thou ever. 

Since beauty thou to time must bow 
And age deform the sacred brow 
Let brighter charms be thine, 
The firmer mind adored with truth 
Shall bloom in ever lasting youth. 
With radiance Divine. 

Susan Jarboe. 

May joy thy steps attend 

And mayst thou find in every form a 

By care be thy ever thought; (unsull- 
j ied) 

jAnd when thou'rst far away. 



Friendship, I now too few can find 

The Bride 

Oh, take her, but be faithful still, 

And may the bridal vow 
Be sacred held in after years. 

And warmly breathed as now. 
Remember, it's no common tie 

That binds her youthful heart. 
'Tis one that only truth should weave 

And only death cap part. 

The home of siper years, 

The joys of childhood's happy hours, 

The treasured scenes of early youth, 

In sunshine and in tears; 
The purest hopes her bosom knew, 

When her young heart was ,ree 
All these and more she now resig«, 

To have the world with thee. 

Her lot in life is fixed with thine, 

Its good and ill to share, 
And well I know 'twill be her pride 

To soothe each sorrow there; 
Then take her, and may fluxing time 

Mark only joys incr^nre; 
And may your days glide sweetly <m 

In happiness and peace. 


The following account taken ty. Seeing that the ceremonies 
from the scrap book of Chas. could not be carried out at the 
C. Smith, of the unveiling of cemetery it was decided to un- 
the Confederate Monument, veil the monument, then re- 
June 2d, 1881, says : turn to the City Hall for the 

"Had the day set apart for remainder of the program. At 

the unveiling of the monument about 1 :30 the procession was 

to the unknown Confederate formed at City Hall. The line 

dead in Mt. Olivet Cemetery was led by the Frederick Cor- 

and the decoration of the net Band and marshalled by 

Southern soldiers' graves in Gen. Johnson, and included the 

the various grave yards of the organizations mentioned with 

city, been fair there would the exception of the Linga- 

have been beyond doubt such 
a number of visitors in the city 
as seldom before witnessed, 
but the fates willed otherwise 

nore Guards. Upon arrival at 
the cemetery without formal 
ceremony the monument was 
unveiled, the covering was re- 

to the regret of all and the day moved by the following ladies 
was about as rainy as it well of this city : Misses May Clin- 

could have been, the ceremon- 
ies had been arranged by the 
Ladies' Monumental Associa- 
tion and the Conferedate Me- 
morial Society. At about 9 
o'clock the soldierly Linganofe 
Guard arrived. An hour later 
the Winchester Light Infan- 

gan, Mollie Owings, Minnie 
Gambrill, Hallie Quinn, Mil- 
dred L. Brown and Julia M. 
Young, after which flowers 
were scattered over the graves. 
A very handsome floral piece 
in the shape of an open Bible 
was placed on the grave of 

Former President 
of the Confederate Memorial As- 
sociation of Frederick County. 

try, a very handsome organiza- paptain Otis Johnson, and at- 
tion headed by their drum ^^^^ed to the flowers was a 
corps, came in on a special over ^^^^ bearmg the followmg: 
the B. & 0. Tliey were met 
by a detachment of the Fred- 
erick Rifles and escorted to the 
City Hall. At 10:45 o'clock. ar- 
rived a delegation from the 
Murray Confederate Associa- 
tion, the Society of the Army 
and Navy, Confederate States 
in Maryland, under command 
of Gen. Brad Johnson and led 
by the Monumental Band. Lat- 
er quite a number came 
from Washington and a 
crowd arrived from the coun- 


A very beautiful collection 
of flowers were placed on the 
graves of the Federal dead 
with the following card : 

From The 
Confederate Memorial Associa- 
tion to the memory of the Fed- 
eral Dead, Mount Olivet Ceme- 
tery. June 2n(i, 1881. 

The Monument is a very fine 
piece of art and is the result 
of the labors of the Ladies' 
Monumental Association, the 
officers as follows: 

Mrs. John H. Williams, pres- 
ident; Mrs. B. F. Bro\vn, Mrs. 
James H. Gambrill, vice-presi- 
dents; Mrs. A. L. Eader, sec- 
retary : Mrs. Nicholas 0^\ings, 
treasurer. The monument of 
Carrara marble, was made in 

found in private lots. 

George Miles, John Mileff^ 
Benjamin L. Jacobs, Horace 
Schell, Christian P. B. Myers, 
George Fearhake, Hamilton 
Boyd, Caleb Dorsey Baer, 
William Koester and Daniel E. 

The crowd then returned to 
the City Hall. On the stage 
were seated the ladies of the 
Association, the orators of the 

Italy, the base is granite, day, Hon. James M. Buchanan, 
height of monument fifteen Captain Nicholas Owings, pres 

feet from ground, cost ?1,400. 
Mr. Batterson, the contractor. 

On first panel: 

Fatti Maschii PAROLE Femine 

Honor to the Brave. 

Erected A. D. 1880, by the lad- 
ies' Monumental Association of 
Frederick County in honor of the 
soldiers of the Confederate Army 
who fell in the battle of Antietam 
Monocacy and elsewhere and who 
are buried here. 

Soldiers rest thy warfare o'er 
Sleep the sleep that knows not 
Dream of Battledfields no more 
I>ays of danger, nights of wak- 

To the unknown soldiers whose 
bodies here rest. We cannot in- 
scribe their names upon tablets of 
stone, but we may hope to read 
them on a purer and an un- 
changeable record. 

Their praises will be sung 
in some yet unmolded tongue 
Fa: on in summers that 
We shall not see. 

In the Confederate lot there 
are 408 graves the following 
soldiers were at this time 


ident of the Memorial Society, 
L. V. Baughman, vice-presi- 
dent, W. Nash Young, secre- 
tary and directors, A. P. 
Works, G. Frank Clingan,^ 
F. Marion Fauble and others. 
Frank X. Ward, Esq., Gen. 
Brad Johnson, Capt. Mc^ 
Henry Howard, also occupied 
seats on the stage. Capt. Ow- 
ings presided. At two thirty 
o'clock, Col. Baughman called 
the assemblage to order, after 
an air by the band, Captain 
Owings read the following res- 
olution : 

"Resolved, The officers and 
members of the Confederate 
Memorial Association of Fred- 
erick County takes this occa- 
sion to tender to the Ladies* 
Monumental Association their 
heartfelt thanks for the beau- 
tiful monument erected to the 
unknown Confederate dead, 
buried here. A long cherish- 
ed hope of the Association 
which but for their devotion 
to this object and their untir- 
ing zeal, possibly would never 

have been accomplished." 

The choir under the leader- 
ship of Prof. Geo. Ed. Smith 
and Miss Lucie Reich rendered 
a beautiful selection ; this was 
followed by prayer by Rev. 
P. H. Hamill. The choir then 
rendered another selection, 
Prof. Smith giving a beauti- 
ful solo. Prof. A. P. Works 
read a poem written by a 
prominent gentleman of this 
city for the occasion . 

Captain Owings then intro- 
duced the orator of the day 
who spoke as follows: 

"When I see this expectant 
multitude and look over the 
valley and mountain I regret 
that in chosing a speaker you 
did not select one better qual- 
ified to do justice to this occa- 
sion. The ladies of Frederick 
County, who have taken part 
in this work like so many of 
their sisters, shrank from no 
toil or danger to aid the cause. 
Ladies, your work has been 
that of ministering angels and 
in the name of humanity I 
thank you, we are tempted to 

'' *By fairy hands their knell 
is rung. 

" 'By forms unseen their 
dirge is sung. 

"In this county in Septem- 
ber, 1862, the army of North- 
ern Virgi'^'in iPir?er h^e and 
Jackson encamped on its way 
to South Mountain and Sharps- 
burg. Scarcely had the rear 
guard of the army of North- 
ern Virginia left when the 
advance of the army of 

the Potomac, under McClellan, 
appeared. This is not the time 
nor place to describe battles. 
Suffice it to say that the skill 
and valor displayed were such 
as should make any man 
worthy of name proud to say: 
'I am an American.' And you 
Veterans, members of the So- 
cieties of Army and Navy of 
the Confederate States, sur- 
vivors of the great civil war, 
how must you feel and what 
thronging memories must 
crowd upon you today as you 
recall thfe stirring times in-. 
which you acted your parts so 
well and think of the comrad- 
es by whose side you fought 
and bled under the Stars and 
Bars as you followed Lee and 
Jackson or charged Stuart. 
Today you may be uncon- 
sciously knowing the grave of 
many a fellow soldier whom? 
you loved and whose fate you 
never knew. You all fought 
like soldiers but they died like 
heroes. And they have a title 
to fame, better and more en- 
during than ever bestowed 
by crowned king on belted 
^^ Earl." Mr. Buchanan was fre- 
I' quently interrupted by gener- 
* ous applause. As he took his- 
seat calls were made for John- 
son. Gen. Johnson referred to 
the flag which was presented 
to his companv in '61 by sl. 
number of ladie? of this city- 
He said that it was the same 
flag which he carried away 
from the city nineteen years 
ago, it had gone throuG'h the 
battles Shenandoah, and Man- 


as^as had been carried in the man saw one of my letters in 

charge which broke McDow- a Baltimore paper and wrote 

ell's right and "here it stands to me commending what I said 

today in its native place tat- and at that time referred to 

tered and torn, but bearing the cordial greeting and recep- 

not a blot." After music by tion that had been accorded 

choir and band the ceremonies 
closed about 4 o'clock. The com 
-mittee having charge of the 
whole affair was W. Nash 

this camp by the people of 
Lime Kiln. I remember very 
well the splendid music ren- 
^ T^ _, TT 1 dered by the members of the 

w^\?'t?''^T H^^^^^e^son, camp at that time, and how 
^"r. • ^^a^S'^^^n. j^^^ch it was enjoyed by the old 

During the morning a com- ^^^ young folks of the village, 
mittee consisting of S. Sprigg ^ & fo 

Cockey, S. A. Gephart, Augus- 
tus Obenderfer and John 
Blumenhauer strewed flowers 
over the graves in the Cath- 
olic cemetery, Reformed and 
Shrivers burying grounds. 
There are buried in the form- 
er at this time: Lieut. Robert 

Mr- Hedeman and his wife 
are still living. Among his 
children, his son, Reverend 
John R. T. Hedeman is pastor 
of St. Mark's Reformed 
Church. Baltimore. Mr. Hede- 
man is president of the Veter- 
an Volunteer Firemen. He is 

Noonan, Christian Steves, ^^^ of the oldest living mem- 
Charles Gates and Capt. Wm. bers who then fought fire free. 

H. B. Dorsey. In the Reform- 
ed, Capt. Tensh Schley and in 
the latter, Charles Shriver. 

The Surrender of Harper's 
Ferry In 1862. 

Henry Hedeman, who is now 
85 years of age, gives a splen- 
did description of the surrend- 
er of the Federal Troops at 
Harper's Ferry in September 
1862, and other interesting- 
Civil War happenings. He also 
describes a visit made to Lime 

He sent me some pictures of 
the first fire fighters which 
look like midgets in compari- 
son with the steam fire engine 
of today. In describing them 
he says, "The pieces of appar- 
atus inclosed were deeded to 
the City by the Veteran Vol- 
unteer Firemen's Association, 
and are now in the Maryland 
Building in Druid Hill Park." 
Mr. Hedeman writes a re- 
markably plain hand, and in- 
teresting letter. In acknowl- 
edging the receipt of a News- 
Post Almanac he says, "I wish 

Kiln in March 1869 by a B. & 
G. construction camp, and of 

the true southern hospitality to thank you for the Almanac 

shown the camp which was you sent' me, I am always 

then in charge of James H. glad to learn anything of 

Rhodes. Frederick, as I spent the win- 

A few years ago Mr. Hede ter of '65 and '66 in that city 


& 0. and board- weeks' job, but on the fourth 
Chas. Keslerinp: about dark, our foreman re- 
Supt. of ceived a telegram, 'Bring your 
was one men and tools to Ferry at 
once.' Luckily we got on a 
freight, and this happened to 
be the last train that ran for 
some weeks. When we got to 
the ferry, were told the Con- 
federates had crossed the Po- 

when with B 

ed with Mr. 

who later became 

Montevue. There 

thing in the book 

like, as it failed to 

you had beaten Norwood, but 

he evidently knew he had been 

in a political fight." 

"If that gentleman w^as liv- 

I did not 
show that 

ing now, who asked old Stone- tomac into Maryland. We were 

wall the question, I could tell kept at work a few days, and 

him now where he actually did then laid off, and had to loaf 

go, i. e- He went to Harper's and wait for coming events. 

Ferry, and caught 12,500 On Sept- 13th, 1862. about 2 P. 

Yanks. I noticed in the Even- M,, the Union force on Mary- 

ing Sun a few^ days aeo, that land Heights, left there, and 

you once more touched up Mr. 
Crabbe; keep at it for he has 
but few friends here." 

"I went to work for the B. 
& 0. R. R. Co., on the 19th dav 
of June, 1862, at Harper's Fer- 
ry, as a bridge builder, the 
first thing that attracted my 
attention, was Engine 165 ly- 
ing on its side in the Potomac 
River. It was gotten upright, 
and a trestling built down to 
it, then it was pulled to terra 
firma, and taken to Mt. Clare 
and repaired. When she came 
out on the road again, with 
Jim Buckey at the throttle, 
she was known as Buckey's 

Eel Trap. On July 21st I went 15th, the artillery opened ear 
with others up to Opequon ly, but about 8 A. M. all be- 
Bridge, on the Winchester R. came very quiet- and we at the 
R. to repair a slight damap:e, ferry soon knew that the 
done by a freshet the day be- white flag had been hoisted, 

went to Bolivar, and about 6 
P. M., some Confederates ap- 
peared on Maryland Heights 
and fired a volley down into 
the ferry, and Company A, of 
Colonel Maulsby's Regiment, 
fired back. 

"On Sunday, 14th, a small 
Union force went over to 
Maryland Heights, but soon 
returned to Bolivar. About 3 
P. M., same date, the Confed- 
erate Batteries opened from 
both Loudon and Maryland 
Heights, and continued till 
about dusk, an infantry fire 
was heard on Bolivar about 
sundown. On Monday- Sept. 

fore, saw large fields of grain 
unharvested, men at war. On 
Sept. 1st, six of us were sent 
to Marti nsburg for a two 

Colonel Miles in command of 
the Union forces, had been 
wounded, and died on Monday 
night. About 10 A. M. a com- 


pany of the 38th N. C. Infan- over the bridge, which the 

try, appeared, and stacked Confederates had destroyed. I 

their arms along side of the was then allowed a pass to go 

Union headquarters at the home, with positive instruc- 

ferry, and then came General tions to return on Sunday, and 

A. P. Hill, and a Colonel of a on Sunday night about 9 P. M- 

Pennsylvania Regiment, whc I was back in Harper's Ferry, 

entered the headquarters, and and the town was full of Un- 

arranged for the parole of the ion soldiers. The Confederates 

12,500 prisoners, and they had left lots of work for us to 

marched out early on Tuesday do, 

A. M., bound for Camp Parole- "In 1864. when Early made 
On Sunday night, Sept. 14th, his raid near Washington, D. 
2500 Union Cavalry made their C, some of his force came up 
escape from Bolivar, and w ;re as far as Beltsville, and burn- 
not captured. The Confeder- ed Collins' R. R. camp cars, I 
ates were very busy on Tues- was then at Laurel bridge, six 
day, destroying the B. & 0. R. miles above, and could see the 
R. bridge, also in remo^^ng the smoke from the fire, 
loot they had captured, and on "On June 30th, 1869, our 
Thursday night Sept. 18th camp was very unexpectedly 
they all left. On Friday morn- taken to Washington, then we 
ing, we five bridge builders, learned that a charter had 
who had been cooped up at the been granted, to build the 
ferry, now saw our chance to Metropolitan R. R., but there 
get into Maryland, and about was a provision, that it must 
9 A. M. forder the Potomac, be built within the District by 
At Sandy Hook we were halt- a certain time, and that time 
ed by some Union Calvary was nearly up. By doing a lot 
and questioned by a Lieuteii- of trestling over hollows, etc., 
ant, after which w^e w^ere al- we had the road built out to 
lowed to proceed. We contin- Silver Springs, Md., and the 
ued on to Point of Rocks, and charter was safe, left there 
there sat down to rest, for July l^th. On March 13th, 
Barney Fisher on the old 47 1869- our camp arrived at 
with a passenger car, had Lime Kiln, the camp was left 
passed us at Catoctin. and we in charge of the cook, the men 
knew we were good for a ride all going home for the week- 
when he got back. We got to end, and returning on Sunday 
Monocacy Bridge about dusk, night. On Sunday the Grind- 
and there found a lot of our er boys got acquainted with 
friends to greet us. On Satur- the cook, and when they learn- 
day, Sept. 20th, about 5 P. M., ed that we had an amateur 
we were able to pass a train band in camp, it led to an in- 


citation, to bring the band to 
their home. We went there on 
Monday night, and played and 
sang, our best, and the young 
ladies of the Grinder family, 
entertained us with some 
piano selections. On Tuesday 
morning a young coon came in 
the camp, and the cook said 
to him. Veil Mose, who are 
you looking for,' and he said, 
Mrs. Grove had sent him to 
ask, if we would please to 
bring our band down to her 
house tonight' we told him we 
would. On arrival there, we 
found quite a goodly company 
awaiting us. and w^e did our 
best, and the company seemed 
pleased. On Wednesday morn- 
ing Mr. Mossburg, track fore- 
man, told us that our band had 
set Lime Kiln wild, and that 
we must come to his house to 
night, we told him we would- 
On arrival, we found that Mr. 
Mossburg, had gathered a big 
bunch of school children to 
greet us, and the kids seemed 
greatly pleased at our perfor- 
mance, and no doubt teachei's 
were surprised next day, that 
so many kids failed to know 
their lessons. 

"On Thursday night we 
went to Grinder's again, and 
on Friday night we played 
dominoes in camp. 

''One thing impressed us, 
and that was, the quick soci- 
ability and kindness, extended 
to a lot of strange men by the 
people of Lime Kiln. Our 


camp left there Saturday, 
March 20th, 1869, and the lad- 
ies waved to us, as long as they 
could see the train, and we 
were told later, that some 
cried as we left. 

"My visit to Lime Kiln still 
lingers in my memory, after 
55 years have passed. On July 
12th I shall be 85. 
"Yours &c., 

In connection with the sur- 
render of Harpers Ferry. 
Monday, September 15th at 8 
a m., it might be interesting to 
follow the skirmishes leading 
up to the awful conflict at An- 
tietam. After the Confeder- 
ate army had passed up 
through Carrollton Manor and 
Frederick the Union forces 
followed closely their line of 
march. The first calvary at- 
tack took place Saturday 
morning, September 13th, '62, 
near the Fountain east of Mid- 
dletown. The federal calvary 
coming out the Frederick pike 
ran into the Confederate Cal- 
vary who left Frederick Fri- 
day, marched by way of the 
Hamburg pike and camped for 
the night near Beallsville, now 
Harmony. On Saturday morn- 
ing they moved on, past John 
Morgan's residence at the 
croj^s roads, they went by Ty- 
ler's Schoolhouse to Middle- 
town. While passing the barn 
where Peter H. Bussard was 
threshing, using an old horse 
power machine which was di- 

rectly on the county road, fir- 
ing had commenced and the 
Confederate solciiers advised 
Mr. Bussard he had better 
stop threshing which he did. 
His son, Joseph H. BuP'^ard, 
who is living in Frederick, re- 
members the skirmish very 
well, and says there were about 
1000 in the c impany. They 
were protecting Lee's rear 
guard, and had a battery of 
five new brass cannon that 
just reached the Confederate 
forces from Mexico, these 
w^ere not used in the skirmish 
but the cannon did do effective 
work, the next day at the bat- 
tle of South Mountain. 

The skirmish started about 
three o'clock the same 
day at the Quebec school 
house. Two companies of Il- 
linois Calvary ran into part of 
Anderson's brigade about one 
o'clock Saturday at Samuel 
Grove's. His son, Dewitt, who 
is now li\ing in Middletown. 
was out in the Broad Run road 
W'hen the firing began, and 
w^as told by the Confederates 
he had better go into the 
house. He said two Confed- 
erates and two Union soliders 
were killed and he saw them. 

Sunday afternoon the bat- 
tle of South Mountain took 

14th, a corps of Federal troops 
came by way of Shookstown^ 
crossed the mountain by way 
of John Morgan's residence 
and Tyler's schoolhouse, and 
encamped over night on the 
farms of Daniel C. Derr and 
John Routzahn, of B. On Mon- 
day a. m., Sept. 15th, they, 
marched westwardly to South 
Mountain. Mr. Routzahn's 
son, Herman, who is President 
of the Middleto\\'Ti Savings 
Bank, remembers well the 
movements of both armies and 
seeing them camped on his 
fathers farm. 

I am publishing part of an 
interesting letter that ronear- 
ed in the Madison Indiana 
Courier October 2nd, 1899, 
written by "Thomas Groves 
Day. of Co. E 3rd Ind., Cavalry 
w^ho took part in the skirmish 
at Quecbec School House. He 

(Mr. Dewitt C. Grove.) 

[Compliments of T. Groves Day, Late 
Co. E, Third Indiana Calvary.] 

There was no railroad from 
Frederick to Middletown. But 
three years ago they built a 
freight trolley along the old. 
National road at Braddock's 
pass over the Catoctin Moun- 
tains. Fredericktown is the 
same place, the same old cob- 
ble stones are in the streets 

place. No fighting then until ,, , , ^ ^ ^ i ^ 

Wednesday morning when the i^^* ^^^ ^^^^^^l ^^^^ ^,^^?^^' ^^f 

battle of Antietam started. 

The battle raged until after 

dark Wednesday night when 

the Confederates crossed the 

Potomac into Virginia. 

On Sunday afternoon, Sept. 


from as we charged through 
the nio-ht of September 12, 
1862. The boy that sat on the 
cart and sang, 

"So let the wide world wapr as she 

I'll be gay and happy still," 

as we went by, though the ried an ex-Union soldier, and 

rebel bullets came spitting has a fine family. They were 

back, are gone, and the only repairing the house, and in 

historical building they had, tearing down a large chimney 

made famous by the Poet they found a small cannon ball, 

Whittier in Barbara Fritchie 
they have torn down. But 
when you reach Braddock's 
heights and look around at the 
Frederick and Middletown val- 

which must have been fired in 
there during the Revolution, 
as their last deed to the prop- 
erty was one hundred and 
thirty-seven years old, and 

leys, no wonder Whittier writ- they don't know how much 
es: older the house is. 

I met Mr. Dewitt C. Grove, 
he was a boy then, and ran 
down to see the sokliers and 
the battle. He has a very dis- 
tinct recollection of the fight. 
He not only found my letters, 
but my portfolio and a new 
pair of socks with my name 
worked in them. 

He wore out the socks, but 
says he may find the letters 

"Faiir as the Garden of the Lord, 
To that famigfced Rebel horde." 

...For those valleys look like a 
veritable Garden of Eden with 
their clean roads, clean 
straight fences and fine com- 
modous, clean farm houses and 
barns, clear, never failing, 
running streams of water and 
gently rolling land framed in 
green by the mountains. Old 

Sugar Loaf Mountain that we yet. We started out to^ the 
fought around so much stands 
out boldly between us and 

The spring at the summit of 
the pass that the English Gen- 
eral Braddock had walled up 
and covered with a large stone 
is there as he left it, as he 
went to his defeat and death. 

But we are in Middletown, 
and we find the church hospi- 
tal we talked so much about. 

grounds on the evening I ar- 
rived, and identified the spot 
where Sergeant Joseph Lewis 
fell. I had been riding with 
him all day, and am the last 
one, I suppose, to whom he 
talked. Poor man! He call- 
ed, "Doctor — Doctor — Doc," 
after he fell. The same bars 
are there on which the "Reb" 
fell, from whom I took the gun 
so strangely recovered after 

It was no church at all, but ^"^o ^^^y years, and Mr. Huffer, 

a building used bv the Luther- ^^^o owns the land, said the 

an Church for lectures and blood could be seen for years 

Sunday School. The old mulat- o" those bars. He tore off a 

to lady to whose house we ^^on<y piece and gave it to me, 

went, and who so kindly nurs- and Mr. Richard Grove said 

ed us, was Polly Lincum, an the bloodstains would never 

old herb doctor, who had taken come off the guns — the "Reb's" 

a little girl to raise. She mar- and mine. We took a drink at 


that spring so nearly fatal to a blacksmith shop in the bot- 
Companies E and F. This torn that I saw more of in the 
fight was on Saturday as the fight than the school house. 

battle of South Muuntain was 
on the next day, Sunday. We 
thought school was out from 
the number of girls at the 
school house, to whom many 
of our boys were talking when 
nie Johnnies charged. Others 
were getting peaches. But it 
w^as a gathering to see the sol- 
diers, and they were in the 
way and prevented our boys 
from firing on the principal 
charging column that came 
down the road. We were charg 
-ed by three columns. I did not 
see the one that come dow^n 
the road, but the one that 
came down oblique of the hill 
in a ravine took my whole 
attention, and I fired the first 
shot over Ed Stanley's shoul- 
der and startled him. Every- 
thing came on so sudden. Some 
-one sent Mrs. John W.. Cas- 
tle's boy to get an ax to cut 
down the fence. But no time. 
Mrs. Castle had been feeding 
the 82d boys and gi\ing them 
water, and intended to treat 
us but the charge came and 

There is not so much of a 
grove there now as there was 
then, and the trees are not su- 
gar maple, as I thought, but 
oak and a beech over the 
spring. I have brought some 
of the nuts home for the boys. 

They have made a fine wide 
road of that one now. Then it 
was a mere narro^" cart track, 
and the road at the school 
house has washed in deeper. 
So it does not look smooth and 
pretty. We passed on up to 
where the wagon stood in 
front of Mr. George C. Huf- 
fer's house. This wagon was 
qwite an item in the fight. It 
belonged to John A. Grum- 
bine. who owned the wagon 
shed we took for a bridge and 
where the rebel Lieutenant 
Cobb, of Cobb's Legion of 
Georgia Cavalry, died that 
night. Their was no covered 
bridge for over a mile from 
where the fight was. So up 
goes one of our beliefs in the 
air. Grumbine and J. C. Mich- 
ael were with that wagon and 

the most desperate part of the were on their way up to get 

fight was in front of her 
house, and she said, "Oh, how 
they did swear." I never heard 
such swearing as when they 
were fighting. I ha^'e no rec- 
ollection of swearing, have any 
of you boys? 

W^e w^ent on up the road. 
The school house is taken 

an 8th Illinois boy, who was 
wounded, to take him to Mid- 
dletown. (Geo. Buffer's broth- 
er took him in a busgy.) When 
the charge came they ran and 
left the wagon. That horse 
had eight or ten balls in him, 
but lived several years after- 
wards, though his wounds 

away and a new one built far- kept bleeding^ We w^ent up to 
ther up the branch. There was where we formed at the fence 


• .V, fl.u Thi<. wa«=; one^of He said there was a string tie- 
in the field, inis was one uj. ,*= j -^ ^^^^ he got it, 
the highest places m the val- ed ^^«^^^\^^^7time to notice 
ley, and from here is one of U f^^.^^i'^i;^) but it would 
th'e finest views of ^ -m ^ L^ot H ht ^o'tlhe spot'yet, he 
ery on earth. Three Hulter & ^ ^^^ ^^le fight 
brothers own all the land from sa^^. ^^^^ j^ ^^ ^^^r the 
the battle field to Broad Run. ^^f/^Xxplained all about it 
Such beautiful, gently rolhng {'f ^f tIc next morning he 
land. Just in front of us was ^^ me i ^^^ ^^^^^^^ 

the Grove farm, over which {^^^^^^^el drove over to Bur- 
the two companies ot the »tn ^-^^g^-jig where the wounded 
Illinois rushed to_ get that f r^j^pany F were taken that 
train and had a quite a brush ^^ , ^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ Cramp- 
with ohem before we came up. ^^, 'q^p, where there was 
One tall Reb was killed there, desperate fighting in the bat- 
Some citizens got between the ^^^ ^^^ g^^^b Mountain, and 
lines and had a hot time. Old ^bere Geo. Alfred Townsend 
Hr. E. T. Shafer hugged a ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ correspondents 
piece of stone wall, but the bul- ^^^^ ^^.|^ ^ curious monument 
lets came from" both ways. He .^ ^-^^ gj^^p^ ^f ^n arch of a 
was the first one on our battle j-^ined old castle. Mr. Town- 
ground, and was there when I ^^^^ bas built a fine house and 
got the gun. The rear of the picturesque buildings, where 
train was but just over the ^^ entertains his friends at 
hill when the Illinois boys got ^-j^^g^ among them being Mr. 
there. If we had been five mm- Huffer. They have built a sub- 
utes sooner we would have got gcription pike from the top of 
it, but we could not have held ^be Gap to Gapland, in the 
it, as the whole country was ^^^^ valley, where there is a 
full of Rebs just over the hill,L railroad. We drove over there 
and they could easily see ourf^^j^^j ^^ ^be Burnside Bridge, at 
small numbers. We held our Antietam ; up over the corn 
line till the Illinois boys passed f^g]^ where we boys gathered 
down by the school house and ^orn to feed, every ear of 
over half a mile beyond, where wbich had been hit by bullets ; 
they formed, too far away to ^^ to the tower, from which 
be of any use to us in the fight, ^e could see all over the 
Mr. Geo. C. Huffer took me bloodv field of Antietem ; over 
in and up to see Mr. Richard past the Dunkard Church, to 
Grove, who wiHi his brother, Mr. Huffer's nephew. Mr. 
were in the Union Army. They Hicks Ramsburg, on the Nico- 
live with Mr. Shafer, who now demus farm, where the 19th 
ow ns the Grove farm. Mr. Indiana fought so, and where 
Grove went up and got the young Colonel Delos 0. Bach- 
eun and presented it to me. man fell gallantly leading his 

men. We ate dinner on that Haupt at Middletown who 
farm and fed our horses. Mr. gave nearly their whole time 
Ramsburg presented me with to nursing our men. I met one 

some curious bullets he had 
found on the farm. His lady 
was a Nicodemus, and though 
they were repairing the house, 
they received us in a hearty 
manner. From here we went 
into Sharpsburg. It is much 

of them and she said Smirney 
Leever was the first to die at 
Middletown. They were mov- 
ed to Sharpsburg from Middle- 

We came through Keedys- 
ville and over the Sharpsburg 

the same old place. They have pass where General Reno was 

killed. General Reno was a 
cousin of Secretary Sam Cross 
of Co. E, shot in the lungs at 
?vIiddletown. The General 
stopped to see him in the morn- 
ing as he v/ent to his death, 

patched up the holes in the 
houses, and there is much 
more life since the Govern- 
ment has taken hold of the 
Isn't it a wonder that such 

towns as Sharpsbure, Gettys- just as he reached the top of 
burg and Fredericksburg were the pass, ahead of his men. Mr. 

not all knocked down under 
such heavy artillery fire ? 

Then we crossed the bridge 
in the center, where Johnnie 
Kernson's horse's ear was cut 
off by a shell, and i f those 
shells had exploded, less of the ' longer 
Jefferson County Cavalry 
Company would have come 

I met a man just after the 
war who was in that battery 
on the hill just this side of the 
bridge He said it was an In- 
diana Batterv. and when thev 
broue-ht ud the 32nd Cavalrv 
to take that bridce. oh, how 

we cheered. They had brought Shaf er,' Mrs. and Mr. 
up Infantry four or five times, and all who made 
but they w^ould not go. I look- 
ed for some workers or recog- 
nition of this, but found only 
that Pleasanton's Cavalry had 
crossed and went back a': 

There were two Misse'^j 


Huffer drove dowTi the valley, 
where all those Rebs were, and 
over the road, they charged 
us as we came home. I stay- 
ed with him that night, and he 
tried to persuade me to stay 
but I wished to meet 
Mosby's men and had to go. 
So he drove me over to Mid- 
dletovrn. and I parted with 
him .with sincere regret, and 
with his estimable lady 
adopted daughter. Miss 
Delauter, his brother, J. 
Dawson Huffer, Dewitt C. 
Grove and Richard, who so 
kindlv presented me to Mr. 

it so 
pleasant for a wandering 3rd 
Ind. Cavalryman. Also Mr. G. 
C. Rhoderick, editor and pro- 
prietor of the Valley Redster, 
of Middletown, Md., who takes 
a great interest in the battle 
of Quebec school house, as 


they call it, and comrade Geo. from your superintendent, I 
W. Gaver, with whom I pass- am here, as perhaps the oldest 
ed a pleasant evening fighting person present, who have here- 
our battles over." tofore had any connection with 

— your school, to give a short 

historical account, so far as 
memory serves me, of the old 
Sunday school of which this 
school was then a component 
part. This school v/as then 
held in Keller's addition to 
Middletow^n, and was coTitin- 
ued as a union Sabbath school 
until the different churches of 
which the school was then 
composed, determined to have 
their own denominational Sab- 
bath school. The school was 
managed, if I remember a- 
right, (for this was over 75 
vears ago i by three superin- 
order, was led by an orchestra tendents, one from each, the 
of nine pieces. There was stir- Reformed, Lutheran, and 
ring music by both depart- Methodist churches, each su- 
ments. There were recita- pennfenden': officiating on al- 
tions by Misses Frances Doub, lerr-me Sundays. I cannot re- 
Mary Biser, Orpha Kefauver call exactly the name of the 

first superintendent, but think 
that Henry Cochran repre- 
sented the Reformed and Sam- 
uel G. Harbaugh, the Luth- 
They all performed their 

An Interesting Event in the 
Reformed Chapel Rally 
Day Services, ait Middle- 
town, Md., Sunday, Novem- 
ber 15th, 1903.— Hon. M. J. 
Grove, Who Attended Sun- 
day School ir* Middietown 
Over 75 Years Ago, Makes 
a Fine Address. 
The exercises took place in 
the new chapel during the 
school hour and there was a 
large audience present, the 
scholars and teachers in at- 
tendance numbering 452. The 
music, which was of a high 

and Master Glenn Main. In- 
teresting adresses were deliv- 
ered by the pastor. Rev. John 
W. Pontius, ihe superintend- 
ent, Mr. Emory L. Coblentz 
and Hon. M. J. Grove, of Lime 

Kiln, this county. Mr. Grove, duties faithfully and conscien- 
who is now 80 years old and tiously according to their tal- 

one of the most prominent cit- 
zens of Frederick county, was 
a scholar at the first SalDbath 
school in Middietown, and his 
address abounded in interest- 
ing reminiscences. 

Part of the address by my 
Father, follows: 
"My Dear Friends: 

"In response to an invitation 

ents, but looking back for 75 
years, the one who left the im- 
press of his character upon my 
tender mind more fully than 
the others, was Samuel G. 
Harbaugh. His heart was in 
his work; he was one of Mid- 
dletown's leading and success- 
ful merchants, a man of great 
force of character and influ- 


ential in the community, and consequently must have been 
one of the town's most busy among its first scholars. It 
citizens, all of which he offer- was there in the old Union 
ed freely for the advancement Sabbath School that I, as well 
of the Sabbath school ; his was as the other scholars of the 
a practical, unostenta;tiou3 school, came in contact with, 
piety, which by his earnestness ^nd under the influence of 
of manner and expression, many of your grand and great- 
whilst conducting the exercis- grandfathers, such men as 
es and addressing the school Kef auver, Coblentz, Thomaa 
from Sabbath to Sabbath ^hochran Wise, Harbaugh, 
could not but inspire both ^ ' , -n,, i„ in^^i/ 
teachers and scholars to em- Chafer, Koogle Rudy, Flook, 
ulate his example. A Sabbath Young, Feete, Bowlus, Rams- 
school conducted under such burg and many others, who by 
leadership could not but leave their example as Christians, 
its impress upon the whole and active efforts in the up- 
com.munity. As for myself. I building and support of their 
can truly say it did much to- respective congregations, have 
wards the upbuilding of my made the churches of Middle- 
character, and in connection town conspicuous examples of 
with the instruction received w^hat a Christian church should 
from my Sabbath school teach- be, giving full e\adence that 
er, and the information re- the seed sown by the prayers 
ceived from the reading ob- 3f Christian mothers, nurtured 
tained through a good library, by those having charge of your 
I believe I had a much higher cradle rolls, watered by the 
idea of life as viewed from a instructions received from the 
Christian standpoint than I superintendent and teachers 
perhaps otherwise would have of your Sunday schools, sup- 
had. In this connection allow plemented by the unfolding of 
me to say that whilst the old Christian doctrins in the Ca- 
union Sunday school had no techetical room, as well as 
cradle rolls such as you now from the pulpit by faithful 
have in the most progressive pastors, must produce its legi- 
schools yet I think a pious mate results in the uplifting 
mother must have made a of the Christian and moral 
cradle-roll scholar of me, as I tone of your entire community 
have no knowledge whatever no better evidence of which 
of the time when I entered the can be given, than the con- 
school, st ruction of this beautiful 
As it was organized in 1827 building. 

and I was born February 1824. My friends, as I look over 

I was probably 3 or 4 years of your school (and remember 

age when it was organized and there are now three prosper- 


ous Sabbath schools in Mid- and Daniel Colliiower. And 
dletown instead of one as will you not be surprised when 
then). I feel gratified and I tell you that it was before the 
pleased at the progress which time of your first locally set- 
has been made in this line of tied pastor, the Rev. J. C. 
Church work in your place. Bucher? 

Also permit me to say, you Does any one in this audi- 
may well believe, that I feel ence personally remember the 
deeply interested in the pros- pastorate of this man of God, 
perity of the Reformed church from whom I received my 
in Middletown. My great catechetical instructions in a 
grandfather gave the land up- little building back of the mile- 
on which this building has stone standing on East Main 
been erected and contributed stroot, then used as a lecture 
largely towards the construe- room for the Reformed church, 
tion of your beautiful church, and which I never pass with- 
and was, I think, the first per- out thinking reverently of the 
son buried in your graveyard, man who so earnestly and de- 
whilst I, as a lad, worked over vuiitly endeavored to impress 
the ground which is now your upon me the personality of 
beautiful cemetery. This, to Christ, so beautifully and 
you children, may seem a long truthfully expressed in the 
time ago, and so it was. Heidelburg Catechism? Should 
To impress the length of , there be any present who re- 
time upon your memory, I will member the pastorate of Rev 
say it was before the time of Bucher, may I ask are there 
your present pastor. It was any present who remember the 
before the time of your for- period when he first came to 
mer pastor, the Rev. Hoff- Middletown in 1829? If not I 
meier, who served you so long stand alone in that respect. My 
and faithfully, and whom earliest recollection of Rev. J. 
you little tots before me never C. Bucher was whilst going to 
saw. It was before the time of school to Miss Letitia Smith, 
Rev. Rupley, who left you over in the old Reformed parsonage 
30 years ago. It was before then located near this point, in 
the time of Rev. C. F. McCau- front of which was a well cov- 
ley. How many in this audi- ered spring, which was then 
ence remember this eloquent looked upon as the towni spring 
divine ? It was before the time and we little boys were 
of Rev. A. P. Freeze, who came often chided to keep quiet, and 
among you 62 years ago and not distui-b the young minis- 
to whom I went to school in ter in his study in the room 
the Reformed parsonage, in above us. Young Bucher was 
company with John and Rich- not then married and had just 
ard Thomas, Simon Shober located as the first pastor of 


the Middleu">wn charge. me, and after looking back 70 
I know what the early train- years, I feel that had I sent a 
ing of the fii'st 14 years of my hundredfold more, it would 
life, which I received in Mid- still have not been enough. It 
dletown at church and Sunday is said there is a destiny that 
school has had upon me, andl shapes our ends, rough hew 
have reasons to believe the it though we may. In looking 
same influences for good were back over my past life I nev- 
exerted amongst most of my er could determine exactly 
companions at school. During just what my destiny was, in- 
my long life I have traveled asmuch as I have been school 
many thousands of miles for teacher, merchant, manufac- 
business, pleasure and relief turer and so forth. Of one 
for the mind from business thing, however, I am assured, 
cares and have met many per- and that is that our future 
sons from Middletown Valley course in life is largely shaped 
in almost every section, and I by the early training we re- 
am gratified, I am enabled to ceived. 

say, that I seldom found one Now even at an age when 
w^ho did not leave the impress most persons would be disa- 
of his character for good up- bled or retired, with clear head 
on those among whom he re- and sound body, in active bus- 
sided. The many ministers, iness at the head of one of the 
doctors of divinity, professors largest business interests in 
and presidents of colleges, sue- the county, permit me fur- 
cessf^il financiers, and prac- ther to say, that I never smok- 
tical business men, physicians, ed cigars, chewed tobacco or 
poets and others of high liter- drank whiskey, with but few 
ary ability, together with the exceptions, as a beverage, 
farmers also, who have gone And now, at 80 years of age, • 
out from Middletovv^n Valley, I stand before you without a 
have demonstrated that wher- pain or an ache. Can you won- 
ever they settled, whether der that I look back upon my 
East, West, North or South, old superintendents and Sun- 
as a rule, have carried with day school teachers with a 
them the same sturdy, thrifty feeling almost bordering upon 
and high Christian manhood veneration? And you, super- 
they learned from their par- intendents and teachers, may 
ents, their Sunday schools and I ask, influenced by the exam- 
their faithful pastors at home, pie before you, that jou con- 
A short time since I sent a secrate yourselves anew to 
small contribution to your the work of moulding the 
school, not as a gift, but as a young and tender minds corn- 
poor pecuniary recompense for mitted to your care, to live 
what your school has done for that higher life, that will im- 


bue them with a feeling that flour was built in 1786, and is 

whatever they do or say is now owned and run by N. M. 

done under the all-seeing eye Zentz, it is known as the City" 

of God, and doing this, you Mills. It is a large lime stone 

may feel assured that as years structure on Carroll Creek 

pass before them, they will near the swinging bridge 

feel the same love and regard which i^ one of Frederick's 

for you as I have for those oi historic spots, 
the long, long ago." The Lancaster County peo- 

The mill at Doubs now pie say in 1708 there were only 

owned by H. Ray Smith was four white men known to be 

built by Charles Carroll of living west of the Susquehan- 

CarroUton in 1812, the date be- na River in Pennsylvania. The 

ing cut on a stone in the mill, first settlements west of the 

It was a flour and saw mill. Monocacy at Creagerstown ; 

The latter has fallen down; Jerusalem, Beaver Creek and 

the flour mill is still in use. In Williamsport came from Cecil-? 

1821 Charles Carroll deeded ton, Cecil County, Maryland 

the mill to Sarah Ann Hoff- in 1710, and not from Lancas- 

man. A right to use water ter County, Pennsylvania, a^ 

from the mill race was deeded is generally believed, 
to the B. & 0. RR. by William Augustine Herman discov- 

C. Hoffman and wife some ered ore in 1659 at Mason's 

years later. Highway on the Chesapeake 

Two very old men who lived Bay. He received in 1662 

on the Manor, James Carey the grant of Bohemia Manor 

and Michael Specht, told inter- from Cecilus Lord Baltimore, 

esting things of the old mill, Herman who was a man of in- 

among them about the stone telligence held several other 

masons cutting the building land grants in that section. He 

date on a stone in the base- also prospected, surveyed, and 

ment, and that the mill race laid out roads and made a map 

was so crooked because it was of Maryland. Herman was 

dug by slaves who, when the first person to become a 

they came to a big tree dug citizen of Maryland by natu- 

around it. As the land was ralization. He was buried 

in big timber, this made many near his ancestral home on Elk 

turns and crooks. Mr. Carroll River, Cecil County where 

was a large slave owner. there still remains splendid 

H. Ray Smith the present Manor houses of the Colonial 

owner does a large business at period. 

the old mill which has been in Lord Baltimore was instruc- 

constant use more than a hun- ted by the King to prospect 

Hred years. Another very for minerals. Iron ore was 

old mill that is still grinding discovered near the Chesa- 


peake Bay on the east side of 
the Susquehanna Rivei*. 
Among the first iron furnaces 
established was one in Cecil 
County near the Susquehannri 
River known as the Principio 
Furnace which is still being- 

Iron ore was discovered at 
the base of the Catoctin Moun- 
tains and a furnace erected at 
what is now known as Catoc- 
tin Furnace. The iron made 
there was transported in boats 
down the Monocacy and Poto- 
mac Rivers. This furnace 
supplied iron in large quan- 
tities for domestic and other 
purposes. An old cast iron 
cannon made at Catoctin Fur- 
nace for the Revolutionary 
War is still standing and has 
been used since 1844 as a street 
corner post at West Fourth 
and Bentz Streets, Frederick, 
Md. The old furnace near 
the mouth of the Monocacy at 
Furnace Ford and Point of 

tirely of wood, the wheels be- 
ing sawed from the trunks of 
the gum or cottonwood trees. 

There was a great deal of 
flax raised. They used the 
fibre which the women spun 
into thread and wove into 
cloth which was used for cloth- 
ing. They bleached the cloth 
by laying it in the sun. It 
was strong being pure linen, 
and it said that Daniel Scholl 
the father of Margaret Scholl 
Hood the Benefactress of 
Hood College had grain sacks 
made of flax which were sold 
at his sale that were in use 
more than seventy-five years. 
Some of the sacks that were 
sold at this sale bore the ini- 
tials of Mr. Scholl's father and 
the year 1778. They were 
stenciled by his father. Mr. 
Scholl was a methodical old 
man. He always kept the 
best of everything, he raised 
and saved all he made. 

N. M. Zentz, who is still 

Rocks, the ore was probably living, says when a boy he 
discovered there by emigrants helped to break flax and hand- 

coming up the Potomac from 
St. Mary's County. The fur- 
nace at Knoxville was supplied 
from the ore bank at the foot 
of the Catoctin Mountain near 
Feageville. This furnace was 
operated as late as 1880. 

The iron industry was so im- 
portant that Maryland extend- 
ed its aid, and employees at 

ed his grandfather Abraham 
Zentz, who was a weaver, flax 
threads to put on the loom be- 
fore it was weaved into linen. 
He said to prepare the flax it 
was laid across a frame over 
a slow fire to dry the flax for 
the breaking machine : then it 
was put through a hackle 
when every fibre was brought 

iron furnaces were exempted out long and straight, the tow 
from road work. In 1666 iron all being drawn out of the fi- 
was sold at $65.00 per ton. The bre ; then it went to the spin- 
first wagons were made en- ning-wheel and was reduced 


to a thread. This was done the Civil war he made large 
by the women of the house, quantities of cloth for the sold- 
The fancy coverlets that re- iers uniforms and blankets. In 
main in some homes of to-day 1878 it was torn down. By this 
were made by Mr. Zentz's time practically the whole Mill- 
grandfather. It took a man ing- industry had collapsed, 
of patience and good mind, in Mills of all kinds, built on 
fa,ct a matfhematician to do every stream that would 
this work. Any object, a furnish power had flourished, 
name or flower was woven in when wagon trains moved 
different colors. over the National highway 

There was a linseed oil mill through the heart of the Val- 

near what is now known as ley to Baltimore, Washington, 

Middlepoint. They first or the far West carrying 

cooked the seed, boiled it, then large quantities of flour and 

the oil was pressed out. . manufactured goods to mar- 

A flour and saw mill was ket. While many teams were 

built on Kennedy's run about hauling flour, and produce out 

one mile south of Middletown of the Valley, the "Butter 

bv Casper Ramsbureh in 1770. Monkey" was a popular man 

My great grandfather John with the women transporting 

Shafer who was a captain in butter, eggs, and poultry. He 

the war of 1812, early in 1800 made his rounds once a week 

owned and ran this mill. He and when he drove in sight 

also owned and ran a flour with his two mules hitched to 

and saw mill on Middle Creek, a wagon the cry went out, 

My grandfather, William Jar- "Here comes the Butter Mon- 

boe, married his daughter key." 

Margaret, and ran both of Amon.G- the old mills in Mid- 

these Mills about 1820. All dletown" Valley probably the 

the original Shafers now liv- most interesting was the old 

ing in the Valley were born nail mill at Beallsille, now Har- 

here. After the death of my mony, where they made nails 

grandfather, William Jarboe, by hand. The tuyere was 

in 1836 James Edmonds bought taken down only a few years 

the Mill. It was considered ago. This mill was known as 

one of the most complete flour the McFarlin Mill. James 

Mills in the Valley, it had two Kinna made nails here in 1778. 

water wheels twenty four feet He served in the War of 1812 

high. Soon after Mr. Ed- as an officer. He was after- 

munds bought the Mill the wards a director in the Frede- 

flour industry had been great- rick County Bank. His sale 

ly affected on account of the which took place in 1859, was 

rail road and he changed it one of the largest ever held in 

into a woolen mill. During Fredenick County, and it lasted 


peveral days. He owned the 
large flouring mill one mile 
south of Harmony, now Lutz 
Mill. A farm north, another 
large farm south of said mill, 
a farm adjoining Middletown, 
a large farm known as Red 
Hill Farm north of Adams- 
towTi. At the sale in 1859, all 
the personal property was as- 
sembled and sold on the farm 
north of the mill. The farms 
were purchased by George W. 
Summers, Captain David Kay- 
lor, Eli Hyatt. The farm near 
Adamstown is now owned by 
Joseph C. Thomas. Sampson 
Kinna purchased the flour mill 
which was erected about 1800 
by a Mr. Kraft. A young 
man by the name of Adam 
Miller ground the first grain 
placed in this mill. Miller 
married a Miss Baer and from 
that union three sons were 
born. Samuel, John, and Adam. 
John died when a young man 
and was buried north of Har- 
mony, Adam, the Miller sen- 
ior, was 'buried June 16th, 18- 
6f) in the Miller Cemetery 
north of Harmony, aged 95 

The powder mill stood be- 
tween Ellerton and Woolfsville 
To reach it you would have to 
go by the Harp Hill Road. It 
was run by a man named Pue-h, 
anrl known as Push's old mill. 

There was a paper mill west 
of Myersville on the road lead- 
ing off from the school house, 
run by a man named Morgan. 

In the Vallev, mills of all 
kinds were very numerous and 

were located on nearly every 
stream, only a few miles apart. 

The Shafers were great mil- 
lers and Lumber men, they 
built saw, flour and woolen 
mills. They made a success 
of the lumber business and 
when a financial crises came 
they gave aid to the rnanufact- 
urers, saying the Valley could 
not afford to lose its indust- 
ries. Much of the fine timber 
was used in making barrels, 
and more than one hundred 
coopers in and around Middle- 
town were employed in making 
flour arid whiskey barrels. 
Shipments of both flour and 
whiskey were then made in 
barrels, which was transported 
in large quantities over the 
National Highway to all parts 
of the country. It was not un- 
usual then for the distillers to 
have hundreds of barrels of 
whiskey lying out in the open, 
only protected by a board roof. 
Mv great uncle. Peter Shafer 
who married Matilda Riser, 
was the last of the Shafer 
family who followed the lum- 
ber business. He owned the 
large brick house on the 
South West corner of Jeffer- 
son and Main Street, Middle- 
town, where he died, aged 94 

There were as many as fifty 
looms run between Middletown 
and Burkittsville. It was then 
delivered to the Fulling Mill 
where the nap was taken out 
and run togeather into cloth. 

A fulling mill was located 
in Harmony about the year 


1820 which was conducted there was a tannery run by 
many years by David Kaylor. Archibald Lamar. He was suc- 
The said building yet stands ceeded byPeter Schlosser and 
but is used as a store. Michael Wiener. Mr. Wiener 
Several Flour mills stood be- emigrated from Germany. He 
tween Ellerton and Wolfs- first Worked at building the 
ville. Probably the most inter Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 
-estinof is the old sawmill still then moved to Beallsville. He 
standing near the old dilap- came to Burkittsville was as- 
idated covered bridge which is sociated with Peter Schlosser 
still in use, and crosses the in the Tan yard and soon be- 
Middle Creek amid the wild came sole owner. By his indus- 
and picturesque scenery on the try and cloose attention to bus- 
road between the old Dunkard iness he was very successful, 
or Orossnickle's Church to and leather tanned by him was 
Middle Point. A trip to this much sought after. He was a 
spot with a camera almost highly respected citizen. He 
equals the scenery to be found died March 11th, 1891 aged 
at many noted scenic beauties. 87 years. His son Henry M. 
Near by lies the great Catoc- Wiener was associated with 
tin Falls where the water falls him, and at his death the tan- 
obliquely about 600 feet, ex- ning business at Burkittsville 
hibiting one of the greatest ceased. 

picturesque scenes in the ^ There were quite a few dis- 
workl Said water is a tribu- tilleries through the Valley, 
tary of the Middle Creek The famous Horsey Distillery 
which it joins near Middle- was a very large one and corn- 
town. Above the falls there plete in everv detail, built by 
is a tableland covering about Outerbridge Horsey who gave 
500' acres, also, there are his personal attention to the 
several small fertile farms on business and his whiskey had 
this plain. There is a school a fine reputation and there 
house on this land designated was great demand for it from 
as Highland. Maine to California." Mr. 
The tanning of leatEer was Horsey used every means to 
an important industry in the n^ake a good liquor: pure 
Valley where they had plenty mountain water and the best 
of bark. Mid'dletown had o^ ^i'l^ain were always used, in 
several tannaries. one was run order to make whiskey that 
by the Applemans' ; three lived was the best for medicinal 
to be over 100 years and one pi"*poses, he even went so far 
97 years old. They were sue- as to send a shin load fvom 
ceeded by Peter" Schlosser, New York around Cape Horn 
Jonathon Biser, and Andrew through the golden gate to 
Wiener. At Burkittsville San Francisco where it was 


loaded in the cars and trans- 
ported by rail across the 
Rocky ^ Mountains back to 
Knoxville and put in storage 
for from five to twenty years. 

Middletown Valley from 
Burkittsville north, was set- 
tled by a thrifty hard working 
class of people while south of 
Burkittsville they came up the 

His life was spent in building Potomac River or the tide wa 
and equipping a plant to male ter counties, were of the Eng 

lish aristocracy and slave own- 
ers. They took life easy and 
depended upon the slaves to 
do the work while they gave 
their attention to matters of 
state and pleasure. Needwood 
Forrest and Maryland tract 
were noted sections. Merry- 
land tract embraced six thoui^- 
and three hundred acres. The 
substitute the country is filled original grant to Francis Col- 

pure whiskey that would help 
the sick, relieve the afflicted, 
and give cheer to the troubled 
mind. All this was set at 
naught by the assage of an un- 
reasonable dry law at a time 
the country was in chaos and 
at war. This plant and his ef- 
forts of a lifetime were vir- 
tually confiscated and as a 

with home-brew bootleggers 
and poison liquor, which is 
bringing death and desolation 
to many homes. 

John D. Ahalt had a very 
large distillery close by the 
Horsey distillery. One of the 
largest distillerys in the upper 
nart of Middletown Valley 
was built and owned bv a Mr. 
Staley. He sold it to Henry 
Horine M^ho ran it a lonp- time 
before he sold it <"o John C. 
Lane, the father of Clarence, 
Charles and John. Mr. Lane 
who married a Horine, then 
^^(^Id the distillery to John 
Horine from whom it passed 
into the hands of George Ho- 
rine who closed it out in 1867. 

There were about twenty 
distillerys in the Valley where 

well starts where the Shenan- 
doah River empties into the 
'Towtomack River." At the 
death of Colwell, George 
Washington and two others 
were appointed his executors 
in 1772. The outlines show 
this tract starts where the 
Shenandoah River empties in- 
to the Potomac River at Har- 
per's Ferry. It follows the 
river in a narrow strip to 
Knoxville ; then along the foot- 
hills of South Mountain to 
Needwood or Horsey's Distil- 
lery; then towards Catoctin 
Creek and south to Berlin, 
low Brunswick. The outlines 
are irregular and somewhat 
of a panhandle shape. In 
1858 the following owned 
farms on this tract: Peter 

they made whiskey, ^pple jack. Rhodes, Philpot heirs, 

peach brandy, and the famous Lynch heirs, H. G. Rhodes, 

drinks from the mountain dew Capt. H. T. Deaver, J. Walt- 

of that day. The Moolen boys man, Thomas Crampton's 

were large distillers. heirs, Mrs. P. Gittings. Mrs. 


M. Marlow, G. Dunlap, Gover- Lee Gouverneur, John Michael 
nor Francis Thomas, R. Car- Wiener, Doctor Thomas Ed- 
lisle, B. Garrott, Robt. Mc- wards Hardey, The Boland 
Duell, Mary Crampton, James family, Stonebraker, Haden, 
Gittings, Tilghman Hilleary, Allen, Scott, Carey. Harley, 
J. H. Hilleary, J. G. Morrison, Cummings, Courtney, McDon- 
Benedict Boone, Joseph Mit- aid- Barnard, Mackensie, Ed- 

chell. Dr. Horatio Clagett, Dr. 
G. W. West, B. Crampton, L. 
West, William Graham and C. 
Oliver O'Donnell. 

At this time St. Mary's 
Catholic Church, St Marks 

nonston, House, Brady, Shafer 
Lynch, Rhodes, Knott, Mitch- 

Those who owned farms on 
Needwood Forrest in 1858 
were : S. L. Governeur, Thomas 

Episcopal Church and Barley- Lee, John Lee, 0. Horsey, Dr. 
wood Seminary were also on 
this tract. 

On the front of St. Mary's 
Church is a brass tablet with 
the following inscription: 
"111 Memory of Thomas Sim 
Lee. October 29, 1745 — Oct- 
ober 9, 1819. Died. 

Governor of Maryland -1779- 
1782 1792 — 1794 

Mary Diggs his wife 1745- 
1805. Original Founders of 
this Church." 

On the inside of the Chui-ch 
to the right of the Main Alter 
are two brass tablets, "In 
Memory of Mary Lee Diggs 
June 21, 1810-October 4, 1898." 

"To the Memory of Jose- 
phin O'Donnell Lee. 
December 15, 1819-February 
14, 1898" 

Many of the early settlers 
who were prominent citizens 
are buried in the Cemmetery 
adjoining the church. Among 
them Outbridge Horsey - his 
wife Anna Carroll, George R 

D. Garrott, H. Burman, E. 
Arnold, Henry Shafer, Jooseph 
Ennis, Joshua Arnold. 

Dewitt C. Grove gave me a 
book that belonged to my 
great grandfather; on the fly 
leaf it says, "This book is the 
property of Jacob Grove, Sen- 
ior, October 22, 1828," called 
the "Maryland Pocket Com- 
panion, or Every Man His Own 
Lawyer." He was a magis- 
trate then. The book is 
much discolored by age and 
must have gotten wet caus- 
ing the ink to run. They had 
their drinking troubles then 
as now. A case "November 
13th Drunk." Other cases 
which must have been common 
then was imprisonment in jail 
for debt. It was shown the 
prisoner owned according to 
the schedule, "a Dutch oven, 
an iron pot and skillet, frying 
pan, two tin cups." "Warrant 
to apprehend a free colored 
man for idleness," Then a 
full negro or mulatto was not 
'Carroll, Maria Carroll, Charles allowed to live in idleness. "A 
O'Douuall Lee, Mary Diggs chain carrier had to take an 


oath to faithfully, carefully, Thy realm for ever lasts, thy 

and impartially carry the 
chain." "A license to sell 
liquor at a horse race was nec- 
essary." Among the namet 
that can easily be read, somt 
appear as summoned, are, 
John Johnson, John Sigler, 
Henry Keller, Ettie Shafer, 
KM. Grove and Henry Alex- 

Mr. Grove gave me another 
old book with a leather back 
printed at Holgate near York, 

own Messiah reigns." 

"And may at last my weary 

Find out the peaceful hermit- 
age." • 

Mr. Grove has a gun that 
belonged to John Brown; it 
has stamped on the side "J. E. 
C." He prizes the gun very 
highly. It is light in weight, 
and from its appearance must 
have been one of the latest 

Pa. 1795, called the "English patterns at the time Brown 

Grammar. On the fly leaf ,^^^^ ^is raid on Harpers 

IS written Bought m the year j^e^rv 

riT ^MM^ff ' ^^"^""m^^' "^ monument erected to the 

Grove, Middletown, Md.' j^.emory of General Abraham 

Some of the words are spelled p ^^ and his wife Rebecca, on 

differently, the letter "u" be- ^he farm of Mrs. Charles 
ing used as m favor-favour. 

and the word "ye" instead of 
you. There are many old say- 
ings and verses in the book 
such as — 

"Idle after dinner in his chair, 
Sat a farmer, ruddy, fat, and 

"May , I govern my passions 
with absolute sway; 

Brane, near the old Braddock 
Road. Can be plainly seen 
from the present highway. 
The monument stands about 
eight feet high and is enclosed 
in a strong iron fence and 
bears the following inscrip- 

"Abraham Pyke Born July 
5th, 1773 - Died April 6th, 
1844. Rebecca Pyke Born 

life wears away. 

And grow wiser and better as August 11th, 1789 Died May 

lifa wpi^rQ iiwc^v " 26th, 1842." 

A number of other graves 
are outside the iron enclosure 
General Pyke was a soldier, he 
owned this and other farms. 
His daughter married Man- 
chin, who also became a large 
land owner and his daughter 
Rebecca married Oliver Cob- 
entz. They have several child- 
ren buried here who died in 

"Favours to none, to all she 
smiles extends, 

O'ft she rejects, but never 
once offends." 

"The seas shall waste, the 
skies in smoke decay, 

Rocks fall to dust, and moun- 
tains melt away; 

But fix'd his word, his saving 
pow'r remains: 


The Liberty Bell can be seen in In- 
dependence Hall Philadelphia now 
badly cracked, it arrived from England 
at Philadelphia, August 1752 and was 
hung up on trusses in Independence 
Square. Early in September it crack- 
ed by a stroke of the clapper — it 
was recast by Poss and Stow two in- 
genious workmen of Philadalphia. 
The Bell weighed 2080 pounds, with 
this motto "Proclaim liberty through- 
out all the land unto all the inhabit- 
ants thereof —Lev. XXV 10". The 
Bell was first tolled in 1753 and con- 
tinued to be tolled on occasions of some 
public event by an official ringer — 
The Declaration of Independence was 
adopted and signed on July 4 and first 
read in public at Philadelphia July 
8, 1776 in the old state House Yard, 
when the Liberty Bell was tolled by 
Andrew McNair — Calling the people 
together. After the reading — and 
amidst the applause the old bell ra-i? 
out "Proclaim Liberty throughout all 
the land unto all the inhabitants there- 
of". I fear should this old Bell be 
asked have we kept the faith? The 
answer would be doubtful! Doubtfull!! 


Volume 43 of the Archives of Mary- 
land, containing the Proceedings and 
Correspondence of the Council of 
Maryland in 1779 and 1780, is just 
going through the press, and in the 
correspondence is contained a letter, 
which will be of special interest local- 
ly. In those trying days, the State 
was endeavoring to secure a loan, 
just as the National government se- 
cured the Liberty loans, and this letter 
shows who were the Frederick County 
men who were patriotic enough to sub- 
scribe at that time. 

The letter dated June 20, 1780, was 
written by George Scott, Frederick 

Town, to Gov. Lee, and follows: 

Please Your Excellency Since I 
wrote by Mr. Gaunt, who was so ob- 
liging as to take to the Treasury 55,- 
630 Dollars, I have not been able to 
collect any money on Loan. 

The Sheriff having dispers'd his 
Advertisements relative to the present 
Collection, every Person I call'd on al- 
ledg'd they had not more than suf- 
ficient to discharge the present As- 
sessment. Inclosed is a List of those 
Gentlemen who lent money and the 
Sums annexed. 

A list of Money Lent George Scott 
for the use of the State of Maryland. 


Major Abraham Haff 350 

Mr. James Beatty l-OO^ ' 

Mr. Peter Stimmle ^UU 

Mr. Adam Link «"^ 

Mr. William Bentley A""" 

Mr. Handle Barwick 1-"^^ 

Mr. William Barwick ^"^ 

Mr. John Barwick ^"^ 

Mr. George Devilbiss ^^^ 

Messrs. Thomas, James, Baker 

and Roger Johnson -^lO.OUU 

Messrs. John Jacob Schley and 

John Shellman ^'^"^ 

Mr. Thomas Schley, Junr 200 

Mr. Peter Grosh f^^^ 

Mr. John Adlum Yom 

Mr. Valentine Black L^^^ 

Mr. Melchor Stayley ^ 

Mr. Samuel Duvall l'"^" 

Mr. Daniel Horner ^"^ 

Mr. Nicholas Tice ^"^ 

Mr. Thomas Hawkins 1-00^ 

Mr. Joseph Wood 2,000 

Mr. Philip Smith 800 

Mr. Andrew Fogle 400 

Mr. Christian Stoner 400 

Mr. Bostian Wychall 200 

Mr. Samuel Flemming 1,000 

Mr. Nicholas Hower 1,000 

Mr. Andrey Krug 400 

Mr. Adam Jacobs 200 


Mr. Richard Richards 200 

Mr. Anthony Stuck 300 

Messrs. Laurence Bringle & 

Jacob Bomber 4,000 

Mr. Jacob Grove 500 

Mr. Elisha Beall 250 

Mr. William Murdock Beall 1,000 

Mr. Charles Shell 500 

Mr. Jacob Kendall 500 

Mr. John Cronise 1,000 

Mr. Frederick Henop 400 

Mr. Jacob Schley 1,000 

Mr. Michael Raymer 1,630 

Mr. John Huffman 500 

Mr. Abraham Kipps 300 

Mr, Banjamin Johnson 2,000 

Mr. Thomas Ogle 600 

Mr. Philip Pifer 300 

Mr. William House 300 

Mr. Conrod Grosh 300 

Mr. Philip Berger 400 

Mr. Michael Allen 400 

Capt. George Cooke 1,000 

Mr. Thomas Schley, Senr. 600 

Mr. Robert Wood 1,000 

Mr. Jacob Shelman 200 

Mr. Jacob Miller 500 

Mr. Francis Wantz 300 

Mr. Abraham Faw 1,000 

Mr. George Snatzell 2,000 

Dollars— 55,630 
This list giving the names of those 
who loaned money for the vfar of 1776 
is very pleasing to me and certainly 
to many others of Frederick County 
■whose family names appear as aiding 
in the struggle for liberty. My great- 
•great grandfather Jacob Grove and his 
Bon Jacob my great-grandfather were 
Iboth very active in assisting the Rev- 
•olution and were both great patriots. 
Many times have I heard my grand- 
father, my father and my aunt Laura 
Grove speak of their patriotism, the 
latter was especially patriotic and 
enthusiastic over the part played 
by her ancestors during the Rev- 
olution, very little of a historic 

nature has been left behind but tradi- 
tion. It has always been claimed 
some records must exist proving these 
facts. The Grove family like many 
others spoke the German language, in 
fact I learned when a child to talk a 
little dutch from my grandmother 
Giove who was a Biser, and from my 
grandmother Jarboe who was a Shaf- 
er. The German language was spoken 
in their families up to the time they 
were married. 

When this loan was made by these 
patriots the Government was strugg- 
ling along for existence without money 
to pay the soldiers, buy supplies or 
food to feed the men, many of whom 
weie poorly clothed, their apparel 
consisting largely of the skins of wild 
animals. They had old obsolete flint- 
lock muskets, with a scarcity of gun- 
powder which had to be carefully 
guarded from the elements of the 
weather in the old oxen-horn powder 
flask. What these patriots suffered 
for liberty and to found a Government 
on sane and sound principals for the 
protection of their children and those 
to follow them can never be realized 
by the present generation of moralist 
or the educated experts of today. How 
often have I heard my grandfather 
George W. Grove who was nineteen 
years old when his grandfather Jacob 
Grove died, tell of these trying times 
as was told to him by his father and 
grandfather of the $500 loan which 
at that time was considered a great 
deal of money and the many difficult- 
ies and sacrifices they had to make 
at home to raise this sum. Besides 
the danger of attack by the British 
on the east and the French and Indians 
on the west. They lived constantly in 
fear and often in want. The early pion- 
eers settled near a creek where mills 
were erected usually of the crudest 
type, the houses close by or over a 
spring of water, built strong of heavy 


logs or stones with port-holes from 
which a gun could be pointed in differ- 
ent directions, the hole in the wall was 
usually straight up and down where a 
gun could be raised or lowered at the 
outer edge, the opening would be large 
enough for the gun-barrel to protrude 
while on the inner side the wall gradu- 
ally tappered until it would be a foot 
or more wide, the round port hole bat- 
tered off in about the same propor- 
tion, with the opening in the outer wall 
large enough for the gun to be point- 
ed in any direction, through this hole 
one man could fire at a time, while 
the straight openings would admit of 
gunners standing on either side and 
four or five men could be shooting at 
the same time. My grandfather said 
this precaution was taken in the event 
a raid was made, the men, women 
and children could barricade them- 
selves and drive off the attack. Us- 
ually these early settlers would build 
their homes close by each other for 
protection and a stockade was built 
around these buildings. Many such 
houses or forts were built through 
Middletown Valley, some of these old 
homes are still standing or the sites 
can be seen. The danger from attack 
by the Indians was far greater than 
in the Frederick Valley which was be- 
ing settled rapidly and the Indians 
rarely, if ever crossed Catoctin Moun- 
tain, while they were constandly roam- 
ing the forest from the AUeghanies, 
as far as South Mountain, which also 
served as a barrier against their raids 
to the east. My father Manasses J. 
Grove who was eleven years old when 
his grandfather Jacob Grove died, said 
he remembered him well, dressed in 
knee breeches of the belly-flop type, 
garters, buckled shoes, fluted shirt 
and his soldierly appearance, his 
grandfather would tell of his company 
guarding the Hessian prisoners at the 
"barracks in Frederick, and the scarcity 

of food, the suffering of the women 
and children of the valley, while the 
men were at war or doing military 
service. My great-Grandfather who 
commanded a body of young men was 
scarcely twenty-one years of age, 
when he was sent with his command to 
guard the prisoners who were captured 
from Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, 
While there does not seem to be any 
record showing it, there is no doubt 
my great-grandfather was made a 
major and was put at the head of this 
body of men through the influence of 
his father, who was a large land- 
owner, a man of prominence in the 
valley who showed his loyalty to the 
cause of the Revolution by giving lib- 
erally of the products of his farm as 
well as financial help. His name ap- 
pears among those who aided the col- 
onies during these trying days. They 
all showed true patriotism by loaning 
their money at a time insurrection 
existed everywhere and the govern- 
ment was in real poverty, the country 
was exhausted and the burdens were 
heavy on the few people who remained' 
at home. On October 17th, 1781 
Cornwallis with 7,000 troops surrend- 
ered at Yorktown, Virginia to General 
Washington. Col. Trent Tilghman, 
aidecamp to General Washington, na- 
tive of Talbot County, Maryland, car- 
ried the news of the surrender of 
Cornwalis from Yorktown to Phila- 
delphia on horse back via Annapolis, 
October 20, 23, 1781. Some of these 
prisoners must have reached Frederick 
in November as my great-grandfather 
would often tell of the hard winters 
while guarding prisoners at the bar- 
racks and how they were made to 
work. The prisoners were finally al- 
lowed to go to the settlements in the 
county where many of them located, 
married and became good citizens. 

Among the few old confederates 
still living on CarroUton Manor is 


James Daniel Cockrell, who will be one 
hundred years old October 18th, 1925. 
He was born near Herndon, Virginia. 
About the beginning of the Civil War 
he rode a horse from Virginia to 
Louisiana, where he enlisted in the 
third Louisiana regiment and served 
through the entire war. 

He is living with his daughter Mrs. 
William Basford at Doubs. His son 
Harry lives in Buckeystown. Walter 
and Mrs. Nettie Cecil in Frederick. 

George T'. Trundle, a son of John A. 
and Ellen Hays Trundle of Carrolltou 
Manor, says hard work never hurt 
anybody. He started to work on his 
father's farm when ten years old; he 
is now seventy-nine and works in a 
blacksmith shop at Bakerton, W. Va. 
every day from 7 A. M. to 6 P. M. and 
walks to his dinner one-forth mile, 
making one mile walk daily. 

Mr. Trundle mentions some inter- 
esting happenings during the Civil 
War. He says both the Federal and 
Confederate troops were constantly 
moving on the Manor. In 1862 first 
Lieutenant Edwards from North Car- 
olina who was sick, was riding in an 
ox cart driven by Mr. Trundle who 
had been to Delaplaine's Mill, when 
four Federal Cavalry men came up 
and immediately put Lieutenant Ed- 
wards under arrest. He was taken to 
the Provost Marshall's office in Buck- 
eystown and was parolled in the cus- 
tody of his father, John A. Trundle. 
After he recovered from his sickness 
he was sent South and exchanged. 
Lieutenant Edwards who carried an 
officers sword with an ivory handle, 
hid it in the hay. He told Mr, Trundle 
where to find the sword, and he made 
three butcher knives out of it. Mr. 
Trundle still has the knives in his pos- 

Mr. Trundle says the house owned 
by Presley Millard in Buckeystown 
where his mother lives was used as a 

hospital for disabled soldiers. Cap- 
tain Duffy of North Carolina who had 
been shot in a skirmish at the mouth 
of the Monocacy, with several others 
were taken to this house. Colonel 
William Richardson who was a Union 
man became attached to Captain Duf- 
fy and had him taken to his home 
where he received kind treatment and 
was well cared for. Captain Duffy 
who was permanently disabled, v/as 
finally sent back across the lines. 
Mrs. Armstrong Cunningham, who is 
eighty-eight years old, remembers 
when her father, James L. Davis, 
took Captain Duffy in a carriage a- 
cross the Potomac. Mr. Trundle says 
after the war was over Colonel Rich- 
ardson was a candidate for Sheriff 
on the Republican ticket and all the 
old Rebs voted for him in apprecia- 
tion of his kindness to the Confederate 
soldiers and the friends of the South. 
Mr. Trundle said Colonel Richardson 
was the first Republican he voted for. 

I might add when a tolerant spirit 
is shown it is bound to be appreciated 
by broad minded citizens. My Uncle 
Jacob V. Cunningham who served in 
the Confederate Army during the en- 
tire war, said he voted for General 
Grant for President because of his 
magnanimous act when General Lee 
surrendered — The Confederates had 
nothing to eat for three days, and 
General Grant ordered the rations in- 
tended for his own men be given the 
prisoners and told them to take their 
horses and guns and go home. 

Colonel Richardson was a large slave 
holder and was always on good terms 
with his neighbors. He lived at Rocky 
Fountain, married Elizabeth Johnson 
and had four sons; Lynn, Johnson, 
Larned who was drowned, William, 
and a daughter, Emily. Lynn married 
Alice Dennis. 

Mr. Trundle says on CarroUton 
Manor during the war the stock was 
never safe. 








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In 1863 while hauling wheat, Fed- 
eial cavalry men rode into the field 
and ordered the horses to be unhitched 
from the wagon. The soldiers allowed 
the team to be driven with the load 
of wheat to the barn, where his father 
pointed out some defects on two hors- 
es; these they left behind, taking two 
with them. They told his father to 
appear before one of the officers at 
Point of Rocks the next day, and he 
would be paid $140.00 a piece for the 
horses. When Mr. Trundle called he 
was paid what they promised. The 
same day eight horses were taken 
from George Thomas, two from Cap- 
tain Chiswell, two from Richard Sim- 
mons; the whole Manor was searched 
and the best horses taken. This was 
often done to prevent the horses from 
falling into the hands of the Confed- 
erates, as they made raids across the 
Potomac and took stock back with 
them. Nearly every farmer had some 
hiding place for his stock and this led 
to depredations by the soldiers when 
the horses could not be found. 

Mr. Trundle says he has in use a 
pair of embroidered slippers made by 
Miss Janie Boone, won at a fair on the 
Manor over sixty years ago. 

In 1875, long before the rural del- 
ivery of mail, postoffices existed at 
all the villages. This made a center 
for the community to come daily for 
the mail, or at least once a week to 
get the weekly paper generally pub- 
lished at the county seat. The only 
one now living who was postmaster 
fifty years ago in Buckeystown Dis- 
trict in 1875 is George T. Kohlenberg, 
who was then postmaster at Adams- 
town. He is hale and hearty and is 
now merchandising at the old stand. 
The other post offices and post- 
masters in 1875 were: — 

Buckeystown, John A Delashmutt. 
Greenfield Mills, James L. Roberts. 
Licksville, John T. Talbott. 
Lime Kiln, M. J. Grove. 

Point of Rocks, Benjamin D. Cham- 
All have been dead many years. 

Mail was then carried on horse back. 
A locked leather saddle bag, water- 
proof, was thrown across the horse's 
back. On arrival at the post office, 
the pouch was opened by the post- 
master; in a few minutes the mail was 
sorted over, the bag locked and the 
carrier started off in a slow pace to 
the next post office. Now we have 
the fast mail train, the automobile, 
the aeroplane, the telephone and the 

The White House kept by John Hag- 
en built many years ago of mountain 
stone, stands near Braddock Springs 
on Catoctin Mountain, now known as 
"Ye old White House". 

The old tavern was the scene of 
great activity when the hardy pioneers 
were pushing their way across the AU- 
eghenies to the winning west or the 
weary wayfarers and the stage coach 
travelers would stop here to quench 
their thirst with the pure mountain 
water gushing out from Braddock 
Spring, or to take a drink of whiskey 
to cheer and comfort the tired body. 
Mint juleps and gin cocktails were as 
refreshing then as the Coco Cola and 
the many ades that are now served at 
our drug stores. 

This old hostelery was also the scene 
of much merriment. The fox-hunt al- 
ways popular with the lovers of the 
chase, a captured fox would be released 
from here and many times the hounds 
took up the scent of a fox that had 
been roaming around the mountams. 
Sometimes several brush would be tak- 
en the same day. A cock pit fully 
equipped for fighting chickens, a sport 
that was very popular in '"ye olden 
times" was always ready for a chicken 
fight that would continue often during 
the night, card playi"g was liberally 
indulged in while drinks of all kindi 


flowed over the bar. Fortunes then 
were often made and lost at the cock- 
pit or card tables, now fortunes are 
made or lost at the stock-pit or the 
atheletic field. 

Sixty years ago Carrollton Manor 
was dotted with houses very similar 
to the one now standing at the end 
of the ''Long Lane" near St. Jeromes 
Creek in St. Marys County. This 
house is two hundred and seventy 
years old. Many of the early settlers 
who paddled their way up the Potomari 
and settled on Carrollton Manor, built 
their houses like the ones they left 
in St. Marys County. 

Only a few of these houses are now 
standing on the Manor. The most pre- 
tentious is the old Darnell home owned 
by the O. J, Keller Lime Company at 
Rockey Fountain, a noted spring only 
g few feet away from the house. This 
dwelling has been well cared for by the 
Richardsons and Kellers who lived here 
many years. It stands practically 
as it was built two hundred years ago; 
the wide porches, the dormer windows, 
the high pitch roof, all stand out prom- 
inently showing the style of the long 
ago. The old slave quarters and out 
buildings have all disappeared. 

The house where Edgar Bartlett 
now lives, near Doubs, is very old. 
John Chisolm Osborn lived here be- 
fore he moved to the farm near Ad- 
amstown. Joseph Thomas died here 
in 1861. They are both buried in the 
grave yard at St. Josephs Church. 
After that James Carey, then John L. 
Michael owned this farm a long time. 
The old house and barn and other out 
buildings are probably the oldest now 
standing on the Manor. 

Jacob Spect, a very old citizen who 
died about thirty years ago, said a 
tan-yard once stood near the spring 
and an old mill stood along the Tus- 
carora Creek near what is now Pleas- 

ant View. Traces of the old race can 
still be seen. 

The house belonging to the Baker 
interest where Luther F. Magaha 
lives near Lime Kiln, has been chang- 
ed; the bay windows have given way 
to a second story, but the first floor 
with the wide porch remains as when 
first built. Edward McGill lived here 
many years ago. He married Mary 
White. They had six children, Frank 
Archilla, Hester, Catherine, Edward 
and Ella. Charles McGill Luckett 
who taught school at Buckeystown 
boarded at Mr. McGills. I remember 
when John A. Staley lived here more 
than sixty years ago an addition was 
built to the house. Henry E. Smith 
followed Mr. Staley, and since then 
there have been many tenants. It was 
the custom of Charles Carroll of Car- 
rollton not to change tenants without 
a good reason. On another of the 
Baker farms now tenanted by Fon- 
rose Mohler who lives in the fine man- 
sion built by Thomas Sinn some fifty 
years ago is an old one and a half 
story dwelling well built and in good 
condition that must be two hundrecl 
years old. The pitch roof, wide porch 
stand as when first built. In this 
house on the 19th of March 1840 the 
Rev. Daniel Zacharia married Daniel 
Baker and Ann Catherine Finger, the 
father and mother of Wm. G.; Joseph 
D.; Daniel and Mrs. Sarah Baker 
Thomas. I knew this house as it 
stands now sixty years ago. It was 
then very old. At that time George 
and Peter Thomas, who were old men 
lived there. Gabriel Thomas their 
father had a sale here in 1808, Mrs. 
Thomas has in her possession the old 
sale bill, which is very interesting and 
is as follows; — 

"Public Sale" 
"By order of the Orphans Court of 
Frederick County, Md. will be sold 


at public sale on Monday the 10th 
day of October, next at the Planta- 
tion of Gabriel Thomas, deceased, near 
the road leading from Frederick-town 
to Nolands Ferry and about two miles 
below Buckeystown, all the personal 
estate of the said deceased vis:- Two 
Waggons, a number of good Horses 
and Geers, Cows and other horned 
Cattle, Hogs and Sheep, one Still and 
Tub, old Peach Brandy by the barrel, 
14 or 1500 bushels small grain in the 
straw, the greater part of which is 
wheat, about 250 bushels Wheat, and 
140 bushels Rye ready for Market, 
Corn in the field and in the house, a 
quantity of Hay, Ploughs, Harrows, 
Farming Utensils, Houshold and Kit- 
chen Furniture consisting of Beds and 
Bedding , Case of Drawers, Beaufette, 
One Eight Day Clock, one 24 hour ditto 
and a number of other articles too 
tedious to mention. 

Nine months credit for all sums 
above $3.00 purchasers giving notes 
with approved security. 

Sale to commence 9 O'clock in the 
morning and continue from day to day 
until all is sold. Due attendance will 
be given by John Thomas, Henry 
Thomas, Administrators. 
September 12, 1808. 
Frederick-town Printed by 

Silas Engles." 

The sale bill shows at this early date 
the old eight-day clock was in use and 
the most respectable people had stills 
for the manufacture of spirits and 
kept a good supply on hand; we are 
all proud of our ancestors and that 
they did not violate any law when 
running their stills. 

Now prying into and regulating the 
affairs of the home and other people's 
business, has become common with 
the numerous uplifters roaming over 
our country sowing discord among the 

Mrs. Thomas alsc hae in her poss- 

ession the certificate of the baptism 
of her father, Daniel Baker, in 1811. 
Mrs. Thomas says until they found this 
old Baptism Certificate she thought 
her father had always been a Metho- 
dist. It is as follows: — 

"Certificate of birth and christening 
to these two parents. As William 
Baker and his wife Catherine "Hull" 
a son was born a Presbyterian in the 
year of our Lord 1811, the 17th day 
of September. This child was baptised 
by the Rev. William Nicodemus and 
received the name of Daniel. Witness 
present to the holy act of Baptism, 
Andrew Hull, Senior and his wife 
Mary in the State of Maryland." 

A very old, one and half story house 
that has attracted the attention of 
many a traveler, stands next to the 
mansion of Wm. G. Baker in Buckevs- 
town. Miss Lizzie Heater has lived 
here many years. Wm, G. Baker after 
he mai-ried Ella Jones liver here and 
their son John H. Baker was born in 
this house. 

At Springdale, the farm owned by 
the M. J. Grove Lime Company, near 
Buckeystown now tenated by J. Allen 
Putnam, the house is very old and was 
originally one and half stories which 
dates back probably two hundred 
years. It was built first of logs, 
then chinked and dobbed. It is now 
weather-boarded. The plastering lath- 
es were split, they run remarkably 
smooth and perfect in size and thick- 
ness, showing some process must have 
been used to split them. Mr. Dutrow 
who lived here, when visiting the place 
after an absence of more than sixty 
years said the only thing that had not 
changed in appearance was the sprin? 
house which is a stone building with 
heavy walls, and it may have been 
built by one of the very earliest set- 
tlers as a fort against the Indians. 
The Spring flows directly under the 


house. Charles Simmons followed Mr. 
Dutrow and made a number of im- 
provements to the house. Part of the 
old slave quarters that were built of 
stone are still standing. 

Another very old house near Licks- 
\ille with double porches fronting tlvi 
e.' st li.'is not been changed since it 
was built. George Padgett lived here 
when his wife died. It is now owned 
by Charles Nicho's. His father Ed- 
ward, lived here many years. George 
T. Kohlenberg's mother was born m 
this house. 

The only house still standing on 
Carrollton Manor that legion says 
was built as a fort is where Russell 
Thomas now lives. This is one of the 
most interesting houses in the country, 
it is built directly over a very large 
spring, the water flows under the 
house, it's wonderfully clear and cool 
limestone water. The house is built 
of lime stone, the walls are two feet 
thick, the doors are remarkably heavy 
and wide with hand made strap hing- 
es running clear across the door, fas- 
tened with hand made nails; the hasp 
is also hand made, the place has an 
air of the long ago and it immediately 
takes you bach to the first settlers 
who had to consider protection from 
attach by the Indians as well as water. 
The barn nearby is built of limestone 
the walls are tv/o feet wide and 
are pierced with rifle or musket holes 
for shooting. A stream of water runs 
through the barn-yard and Ballenger 
Creek is near-by. This barn could be 
\ve;i used as a fort. The old swinging 
iron crane badly rusted still hangs in 
the fire place v/here the mammy slave 
surrounded bv her daughters basted 
the ham or goose that swam in the 
water nearby wi h mint gathered from 
the never failing spring and the sauce 
from the distil e y on the place where 
:■ whiskey was made for medicinal pur- 
poses and to cheer up the early pio- 

neers. The old door locks and latches, 
the old windows and frames are the 
same. The old jail where the unruly 
slaves were kept still stands, while 
the slave quarters have all disappear- 
ed. Christian Thomas the Father of 
C. Newton and Emma S. Thomas, who 
are residents of Frederick, lived here 
many years. There are several very 
old grave yards in the field that are 
now under cultivation. C. Newton 
Thomas has at his residence on West 
Fourth St., Frederick a tomb-stone 
that he brought from one of the grave 
yards on the farm. The inscription 
is in German. 

Part of another very old house still 
standing faced the old Buckeystown 
Road, before it was changed, it was a 
long, one and a half story house built 
of logs chinked and dobbed. There were 
four rooms on the first floor with a 
porch the full length of the house all 
fronting the road. This house with 
the land and slaves was bought from 
John Lee and Harriet Lee, his wife 
who inherited the land from Charlea 
Carroll of Carrollton. The deed dated 
March 14, 1842. "Recorded Liber H. 
S. No. 16, folio 48. Part of lot No. 4 
of Carrollton Manor and part of New 
Bremen. Containing 280 acres and 14 
perches. On the road from Frederick 
to Noland's Ferry. On the Potomac 
River, at that time this was an im- 
portant road, by Samuel Dutrow's the 
father of Richard T. Dutrow who was 
the father of R. Claude Dutrow who 
married Ida Beck. They had three 
children R. Lee, Pai'thinia and Laura 
Oland. The old road which was very 
crooked, started where Richard AUnutt 
lived and ran near Jacob Crist's house. 
There were great objections to chang- 
ing the road to make it straight on 
account of cutting into the farms. 
Conditions then were about like they 
are now, some one to always stand in 
the way of public improvement. Af- 







































































ter the road was straightened, about 
1860, Samuel Dutrow built the brick 
house facing the road. The brick was 
burned of clay gotten in the garden. 
James Hopwood was the carpenter, he 
tore down part of the house and used 
the timber which was of splendid qual- 
ity in building the new house. The 
doors were heavy, had six panels and 
heavy iron door locks. Mr. Hopwood 
found the old house very substantially 
built, the plastering hard and strong 
and difficult to break after the house 
had been pulled down. Some of the 
old slave buildings are still standing. 
The old grave yard where white and 
colored were buried, still stands. 
When Mr. Dutrow bought the farm 
the Offutt family who were then 
slaves went with the farm. 
Miss Parthenia Dutrow, daughter of 
the late R. Claude Dutrow, who is 
livng in Adamstown has in her poss- 
ession the sword and epaulets used by 
her great grandfather William H. 
Lakin, when he served as captain in 
the war of 1812, also a pretty senti- 
mental Valentine sent in 1848 to Lu- 
cretia C. Lakin, her grandmother by 
her grandfather Richard T. Dutrow, 
they were married November 13th, 
1849. Miss Dutrow has some very in- 
teresting letters written at the time 
her grandfather Richard T. Dutrow 
was attending Marshall College, Mer- 
cersburg. Pa. The school cession must 
have started early in June as a letter 
from his mother Elizabeth A. Dutrow 
under date of June 24th 1842 refers to 
a letter of the 17th she s.iys "You 
seem to be satisfied with the garret, 
you was very much to blame to rent 
a room in the attic without your fa- 
thers concent I would not have rented 
a garret room upon any condition, we 
have room enough at home. However 
I do not think you will go to Mercers- 
burg another session unless there is 
an alteration your father says he will 

not pay rent for your room I think it 
a duty to support our own acadamy's 
you say you are in wan'; of money. I 
enclose three dollars. As for a bible 
I wish you would read particularly the 
New Testament. Our harvest is a 
coming on we expect to commence on 
Monday next, we have a great deal of 
rain, it is thought that the grain is 
injured, no more at present." 

In another letter she says "Tell 
Jacob that Ellen Hartget and Ann 
Markey, was at our house the day we 
received your letter and that they were 
all well except his father whose health 
is the same. I was at aunt Eliza 
Thomas's last week, they are well 
aunt Pheobe says you must write to 
her, please to write better and spell 
better if I write bad you must excuse 
me you know I never went to school 
at Mercersburg, no more at present, 
except we are not pleased with the 
garret, I also send you one Herald." 

September 16th, 1842 his mother 
wrote "We are aware of the end of 
the session, your demand for money Is 
great for these hard times, wheat is 
seventy five cents your father has 
tried to sell corn at two dollars and 
twenty-five cents and cannot, he is 
astonished at so large a sum as 40 
dollars and says that he furnished you 
with money to buy books and that he 
owes for boarding and washing and 
will not pay any more, I expect you 
will go next session, if you have any 
books that you do not use bring them 
home, you can come the same as be- 
fore if you get to Frederick on the 
30th Frank (who was a Slave) will 
waite for you, if you must walk unless 
it is such a day as last spring, leave 
your trunk in the care of Mr. Dorsey, 
I enclose five dollars for traveling ex- 
penses, do not spend it before you in- 
tend coming home and I send you two 
dollars extra, your father intends 
sending money to pay your boarding, 


no more at present except our jin mare 
was stolen on the 7th, I remain your 
affectionate mother. 

Elizabeth A. Dutrow." 

A letter dated Marshall College Aug, 
10th, 1842 to his father and mother 
says "So you appear to think that the 
books cost very much at Mercersburg, 
but you can not get them in some large 
city, the storekeepers cannot have 
them brought to their stores for noth- 
ing and as for sending me to Fred- 
erick, their school cannot learn a per- 
son anything, it is a mere baby school. 
I myself would rather come here than 
to Frederick. I have written to Aunt 
Pheby Thomas the session will end in 
seven weeks from today and at the end 
of the session we will have an exhi- 
bition at this college. I should be 
very glad to see you here again, and 
I wish you would send me word how 
you send me money at the end of the 
session. And I wish to have three 
dollars and I would not want any more 
this session except to pay my boarding 
and washing. Mr. Young and his lady 
are well, no more at present, I remain 
your affectionate son Richard T. Dut- 

Another letter to his mother "You 
say that I must bring the books home 
which I do not use I think while times 
is so hard at home that I cannot 
get much money, I think it would be 
better for me to sell them so that I 
could get some money but if you say 
I must bring them home I will do so. 
I think that I will come to Frederick 
on the 29th or 30th. Father sent me 
five dollars to come home and two 
extra, and if he intends to send me 
money by Mr. Willard I would thank 
him if he would send along that other 
money which I wrote for which is 
fifteen dollars and I cannot do with- 
out I must have it, and if he will not 
send me that I wish you would be that 
kind to me, I cannot do without it, and 

I should like to get an answer from 
you before I come home and if father 
will not send me money I hope you 
will and if Mr. Willard has started 
up here I hope you will write to me. 
Tell Samuel and Rebecca and Columbia 
that I would be glad to see them." 

Young Dutrow did not have a very 
high opinion of the Frederick schools 
but he did make wonderful progress 
in spelling, composition and ^^^:iting, 
as his last letter dated at Marshall 
College, Sept 19th, 1842 is plain and 
well written, he was then twelve years 
of age, every letter is perfectly form- 
ed, it is a real pleasure to read. So 
different from the average letter of 
today, that you lose interest trying to 
ferret out what often looks like the 
Chinese alphabet. Young Dutrow's 
appeals for money were numerous and 
amusing, he must have been a good 
spender although the amount called 
for was small. At that time envelopes 
were not used; the paper was folded 
and addressed on the back and closed 
with sealing wax. The letters all bear 
the Frederick Post Mark were with- 
out stamps marked "paid 10" which 
was evidently the rate from Frederick 
to Mercersburg. Young Dutrow 
his letters collect they were addressed 
to Samuel Dutrow, Frederick County 
Md.. Mail must have been distributed 
from the Frederick post office then. 

Miss Dutrow has a letter addressed 
to Elizabeth Lakin from Sarah Ann 
Kemp of Rocky Springs — who after- 
wards married Valentine Adams- 
saying she would act as bridesmaid 
at the wedding with Minnie Thomas — • 
who afterward married Frank Markell. 

Miss Dutrow has an invitation to 
a Cotillion party addressed to her 
grandfather "Richard Dutrow Present" 
without date Mantz Besant says the 
writing looks like his father's, James 
H. Besant who was one of the Com- 
mittee. Mr. Besant says another of 


the committee Thomas S. Reid was his 
grand father. These were all highly 
respected and influnetial citizens of 
Carrollton Manor. Miss Dutrow thinks 
the party must have been held before 
her grandfather was married, which 
was in 1849. A number of the 
managers are buried in St. Joseph's 
grave yard, Carrollton Manor. The 
first among them to be buried was 
"Thomas S. Ried departed this life 
1854 aged 52 years and 13 days," his 
tombstone bears this beautiful epitaph 
"Precious in the sight of the Lord is 
the death of his saints". By his side is 
hurried his wife, "Rachiel A. Ried born 
Jan. 20, 1800. Died April 26, 1871. 
Aged 71 years and 3 months. May 
she rest in peace." 


The pleasure of your company, is 
respectfully requested at a Cotillion 
Party, to be held at the Hotel of Mr. 
P. N. Leaply, at Licksville, 

On Tuesday Evening the 30th inst. 

Capt. George Kephart, 

Capt. J. S. Simmons, 

Dr. A. Harding, 

W. S. Offutt, 

Dr. M. Davis, 

A. T. Snouffer, 

John F. Pickens, 

Henry Clabaugh, 

W. T. Poole, 

S. C. Simmons, 

S. B. Jamison, 

William Botler, 

A. J. Reeside, 

Dr. M. Anderson, 

Daniel T. Shrevr, 

Thomas Poole, 

Col. John W. Minor, 

Richard Thomas, 

Jno. B. Snouffer, 
, W. P. Allnutt, 

, Jno. B. Thomas, 

Soloman Stover, 

Richard H. Jones, 

Samuel Jarboe, 

Baker H. Simmons, 

Dr. C. Willett, 

James F. Chiswell, 

John C. Osburn, 

L. C. Beall, 

Thomas S. Ried, 

John A. Trundle, 

James H. Besant. 
The Monocacy River for nearly ten 
miles is practically the eastern bound- 
ary of Carrollton Manor where ifc 
flows leisurely along, fed by the 
streams coming from the Catoctin 
mountains on the west, from the Sugar 
Loaf and the hills of Linganore on the 
east. While many springs flow quiet- 
ly along out of the level lands of the 
Manor, prominent among them is Mon- 
agoul, Rocky Fountain and Three 

The source of the Monocacy is at a 
spring about six miles west of Cash- 
town Pennsylvania; it flows in south- 
ern direction through Adams County 
into Maryland down the Frederick Val- 
ley on to Carrollton Manor where it 
empties into the Potomac River. 

The Monocacy, was spelled Mono- 
quacy is the Indian name for "many 
big bends", and has a very interest- 
ing history. The early pioneers 
coming up the Potomac, when they 
reached the Monocacy diverted their 
course and came up this fertile 
valley. Boats went up the Mon- 
ocacy as far as Double Pipe Creek 
where iron and furs were brought 
down the Monocacy on boats. Fishing 
in the Monocacy and Potomac Rivers 
once afforded great sport and was the 
means of providing food for many. 
The Smooth Scale Sucker, the Fall 
Cat and Sun Fish were caught with 
hook and line, in the spring the dip 
net, in the summer the Stone Roller 
was hooked while laying in shallow 


•water, in the fall the gig seine and set 
net was used to catch fish and turtle. 
A dam across the stream with a pot 
in it was used to catch eels. In this 
way fish could be caught at any time 
of the year. Now under expert ad- 
vice, expensive methods and regula- 
tion fishing is not often allowed and 
fish are rarely ever caught. In ye 
olden times many mills made use of 
the water power in the streams by 
damming them, making the water run 
slowly and very deep which afforded 
protection to the fish. N9\v the 
streams are practically all free of 
dams and with the importation of 
game fish such as Bass, Carp and 
Mississippi Cat there is no protec- 
the valley and the mountains where 
they established trading posts and 
brought down the Monocacy and Poto- 
mac the pelts from wild animals in ex- 
change for salt and powder. 

On March 28, 1785 the State of 
Maryland and Virginia entered into 
the following compact, "The river Pot- 
omac, once known as the great Potaw- 
omeck, shall be considered as a com- 
mon highway for the purpose of nav- 
igation and commerce to the citizens 
of Maryland and Virginia." "The 
Citizens of each state respectively 
shall have full property in the shores 
of the Potomac River adjoining their 
tion to our native fish. Notwithstand- 
ing the placing of millions of fish in 
our streams, to catch a mess of fish 
the chance is about equal to finding a 
needle in a hay stack. 

Maryland can always boast of her 
highways — The broad Chesapeake, the 
proud Potomac leading from the At- 
lantic to the AUeghenes. The beauti- 
ful Monocacy traversing this fertile 
valley — these were the only paths pen- 
etrating the primeval forest except 
the paths of the red men. It was up 
these waters with boat and canoe the 
hardy pioneers pushed their way to 

lands, with all emoluments and advan- 
tages there unto belonging, and the 
privelege of making and earring out 
wharves and other improvements." 
West Virginia at that time being 
part of Virginia, the Legislature of 
West Virginia in 1897 ratified this 

Showing boats were plying up and 
down the Potomac and Monocacy at a 
very early date. Cattle, grain, iron 
and furs were transported down the 
Monocacy and Potomac to Alexandria, 
Virginia by the early settlers in ex- 
change for merchandise. Iron from 
Catoctin Furnace was sent down the 
Monocacy. Navigation of all kinds 
has ceased except on the Potomac an 
occasional boat comes down the can- 
al from Cumberland loaded with coal. 
The wharves along the Potomac which 
once showed great activity have nearly 
all passed or washed away. Fishing 
was once a great industry; the Poto- 
mac Shad and Herring had a nation 
wide reputation while the waters and 
adjavent streams are all depleted of 
native fish by the game fish placed 
in these streams by the sportsmen. 

Frederick County as early as 1820 
had an Agricultural Society. A Cattle 
Show, Fair and Exhibition was held 
May 23, and 24th at the Monocacy 
Bridge Tavern kept by George Creager 
just east of the Monocacy River. The 
first officers were: President, William 
E. Williams; Vice-Presidents, Dist- 
rict No. 1, Colonel Henry Kemp; No. 
2, Colonel John McPherson; No. 3, 
John Thomas; No. 4, James Johnson; 
No. 5, Colonel G. M. Eichelberger; No. 
6, William P. Farquhar; No. 7, Jesse 
Slingluff; No. 8, Joshua Delaplaine; 
No. 9, William Morsell; Secretary, 
Henry Willis; Treasurer, Thomas 

On May 26, 1825, the third Cattle 
Show was held at Mrs. Cookerley's 
Tavern, at the Monocacy Bridge. 

















N— ' 

























































































There was a cock Pitt at this tavern; 
fighting chickens was indulged in by 
the sporting fraternity to a large ex- 
tent here. 

On May 30 and 31, 1827, the fourth 
annual Cattle Show, Fair and Exhib- 
ition and Sale of Domestic Manufact- 
urers was held at Libertytown. The 
officers were; Richard Potts, Presi- 
dent; Joseph L. Smith, and Richard 
A. Willson, Secretaries; and Thomas 
Shaw, Treasurer. 

A Farmers Club was organized 
November 20, 1849 and monthly meet- 
ings were held in the old Frederick 
Academy Building. The officers were: 
President, Gideon Bantz; Treasurer, 
Ezra Houck; Recording Secretary, 
Singleton O'Neal; Corresponding Sec- 
retary, Edward B. Baltzell. The Vice- 
Presidents were: Frederick District, 
Richard Potts; Middletown, Peter 
Schlosser; New Market, Harry Dor- 
sey; Liberty, S. D. Warfield; Woods- 
boro, Chester Coleman; Creagerstown, 
William Todd; Emmitsburg, Peter 
Grabell; Petersville, Henry Dunlop; 
Buckeystown, J. L. Davis; Jefferson, 
William Lynch; Urbana, John Mont- 
gomery; Catoctin, George Blessing; 
Hauvers, J. Harbaugh; Managers, Ed- 
ward Buckey, Christian Steiner, Thom- 
as H. O'Neal, Valentine Adams, J. 
Brown. An address was prepared in- 
viting the farmers of the county to 
membership in the club. 

On January 22, 1853 the Agricultur- 
al Club was organized. The officers 
were: President, Lewis Kemp; Vice- 
Presidents, William Richardson, Gid- 
eon Bantz, H. W. Dorsey, David W. 
Naile, Rovert Y. Stokes, David Thom- 
as, John C. Lane, Colonel Noah Philips, 
Joseph Eichelberger, George P. Fox, 
Michael Sluss, Colonel Henry Dunlop, 
William Lynch, George Blessing, Da- 
vid Schindler; Treasurer, Christian 
Steiner; Secretary, Charles W. Trail; 
Managers, Valentine Adams, R. I. La- 

mar, B. A. Cunningham, William A. 
Albaugh and Cornelius Staley. The 
Society was incorporated June 3rd^ 
1854 by Gideon Bantz, Valentine Ad- 
ams, Michael Keefer, Samuel Tyler, 
Jacob Remsburg, Qhristian Steiner 
and Singleton H. O'Neal. And the 
first fair was held October 12, 13, 14,. 
at the old Revolutionary Barracks. 
The fairs continued here until the be- 
ginning of the Civil War, the last ex- 
hibition being held in 1860. During^ 
the war the barracks were used for 
hospital purposes. 

I remember when a boy attending^ 
the Cattle Show held at the old Bar- 
racks where the Deaf and Mute In- 
stitute now stands. Before South 
Market Street was extended, the old 
Georgetown and Buckeystown Road 
ran through the Loats property about 
two hundred feet east of Market 
Street. The bed of the road can be 
plainly traced through the Loats pro- 
perty. The old road entered the Bar- 
racks where Howard Magruder's house 
now stands. 

In May 1867 the present society was 
started by selling 139 life membership 
tickets which carried with them cer- 
tain privileges. The officers of the 
society were: President, Colonel C. 
Keefer Thomas; Vice-President, John 
Loats, Recording Secretary, William 
Mahoney; Corresponding Secretary, 
James McSherry; Treasurer, Edward 

The Society purchased from Genera! 
Edward Shriver and William F. Fal- 
coner, nineteen acres of land for $4,- 
500.00 along the Baltimore Pike. 
Since then quite a few acres have been 
added to the ground with attractive 
buildings and located in a fine agri- 
cultural section. The Frederick Coun- 
ty Fair has a nation wide reputation. 

A very interesting account of the 
Frederick Fair in 1853 was found a- 
mong some papers of the late Charles 


E. Trail, a prominent citizen, land 
owner, and banker. Mr. Trail, who 
was twenty-eight years of age when 
the paper was written, always took 
much interest in agriculture and the 
Frederick County Fairs. The com- 
munication written in ink is as fol- 
lows : 

Frederick, April 4, 1853. 
Dear Sir: 

The annexed resolution passed at 
a meeting of the Farmers' Club on the 
second instant, will fully explain 
the object of the present communica- 

"Resolved. That a circular with the 
list of subscriptions taken at this 
meeting be sent by the corresponding 
secretary to one of the committee of 
•each district to solicit subscriptions 
with the request that they proceed im- 
mediately to the duties assigned them 
and report their success to the next 
monthly meeting." 

In accordance with the above reso- 
lution, I have the honor to transmit 
to you a list of the subscriptions. 
Very respectfully yours, 


We whose names are hereunto an- 
nexed do hereby agree to pay to the 
treasurer of the Farmers' Club of 
Frederick County, the sum of money 
annexed to our respective names, pro- 
vided the sum of one thousand dollars 
is subscribed for the purpose of hold- 
ing a cattle show the coming fall of 

R. Potts, $20; M. Keefer, $20; G. 
Bantz, $20; Val. Adams, $20; R. J. La- 
mar, $20; J. M. Buckey, $20; Lewis 
M. Thomas, $20; John W. Charlton, 
$20; David 0. Thomas, $20; Dr. G. 
Gibson, $20; Lewis Kemp, $20; Grif- 
fin Taylor, $20; William Richardson, 
$20; Calvin Page, $20; Dr. Getzendan- 
ner, $20; Dr. William Tyler, $20; An- 
thony Kimmel, $20; Charles E. Trail, 
.$20; John Noonan, $20; John McPher- 

son, $10; James Finney, $5; Jacob 
Fox, $5; Jos. Stup, $5; J. H. Clingan, 
$2.50; J. N. Chiswell, $10. 

Officers of the fair in 1910: Presi- 
dent, John W. Humm; Vice President, 
Peter L. Hargett; Treasurer, Guy K. 
Motter; Secretary, Oliver C. Ware- 
hime. The directors were: John W. 
Humm, Peter L. Hargett, G. A. T. 
Snouffer, Dr. Charles H. Conley, Mar- 
tin E. Kefauver, David Cramer, P. 
Mehrle Hiteshew, R. H. Magruder, 
Guy K. Motter, J. Howard Allnutt, 
James H. Grove; Chief Marshall, Er- 
nest Harding; Superintendents, Harry 
M. Cramer, and Samuel V. Doll, 
For 1922. 


DR. R. V. SMITH Vice-President 

0. C. WAREHIME Secretary 

GUY K. MOTTER Treasurer 

Board of Managers 

P. L. HARGETT Frederick 


DAVID CRAMER Walkersville 

LEE RANNEBERGER .... Frederick 

DR. R. V. SMITH Frederick 


JOHN T. BEST Frederick 

DR. C. H. CONLEY Frederick 

JOHN W. HUMM Frederick 

G. A. T. SNOUFFER Adamstown 

ABRAM HEMP Jefferson 



Superintendent of Privileges 

H. M. CRAMER Frederick 

Chief Marshal 
J. HARRY GROVE Frederick 

With his wonderful foresight, in 
Older to overcome the prejudice exist- 
ing against the Catholics, although 
they had fought valliently against the 
British in the struggle for liberty in 
1776, Charles Carroll of Carrollton 
joined with the other Catholics in 
sending this letter, showing their 


loyalty to General Washington on his 

election as president of the Unitsd 


"To George Washington, President of 

the U. States: 
"Sir: — We have been long impatient 
to testify our joy and unbounded con- 
fidence, on your being called by a un- 
animous vote, to the first station of 
a country, in which that unanimity 
could not have been obtained, without 
the previous merit of unexampled 
services, of eminent wisdom and un- 
blemished virtue. Our congratula- 
tions have not reached you sooner be- 
cause our scattered situation prevented 
the communication and the collecting 
of those sentiments which animated 
every breast. But the delay has fur- 
nished us with the opportunity, not 
purely of presaging the happiness to 
be expected under your administra- 
tion, but of bearing testimony to that 
which we experience already. It is 
your peculiar talent, in war and in 
peace, to afford security to those who 
commit their protection into your 
hands. In war, you shield them from 
the ravages of armed hostility: in 
peace, you establish public tranquility 
by the justice and moderation not less 
than by the vigor of your government. 
By Example as well as by vigilance, 
you extend the influence of laws on 
the manners of our fellow-citizens. 
You encourage respect for religion, 
and inculcate by words and actions, 
that principle on which the welfare 
of nations so much depends, that a 
superintending Providence governs the 
events of the world, and watches over 
the conduct of men. Your exalted 
maxims and unwearied attention to 
the moral and physical improvement 
of our country, have produced already 
the happiest effects. Under your ad- 
ministration America is animated with 

zeal for the attainment and encour- 
agement of useful literature; she 
improves her agriculture, extends her 
commerce, and acquires with foreign 
nations a dignity unknown to her be- 
fore. From these happy events, in 
which none can feel a warmer interest 
than ourselves, we derive additional 
pleasure in recollecting that you, sir, 
have been the principle instrument to 
effect so rapid a change in our polit- 
ical situation. This prospect of nat- 
ional prosperity is peculiarly pleas- 
ing to us on another account, because 
whilst our country preserves her free- 
dom and independence, we shall have 
a well founded title to claim from her 
justice equal rights of citizenship, as 
well the price of our blood spilt under 
your eyes, and of our common exer- 
tions for her defence, under your aus- 
picious conduct; rights rendered more 
dear to us, by the remembrance of 
former hardships. When we pray for 
the preservation of them, where they 
have been granted, and expect the full 
extension of them from the justice 
of those states which still restrict 
them; when we solicit the protection 
of Heaven over our common country, 
we neither omit, nor can omit rec- 
ommending your preservation to the 
singular care of Divine Providence; 
because we conceive that no human 
means are so available to promote 
the welfare of the United States, as 
the prolongation of your health and 
life, in which are included the energy 
of your example, the wisdom of your 
counsels, and the persuasive eloquence 
of your virtues." 

This eloquent and well deserved tri- 
bute was sicrned by John Carroll, in 
behalf of the Roman Catholic clergy, 
Charles Carroll of CarroUton, Daniel 
Carroll, Thomas Fitzsimmons nnd 
l5ominick LjTich, in behi.lf of the Ro- 
man Catholic laity. 



'^hese little scraps of history 
^^ and tradition I hope will 
be of some value to 
future generations. 



APR 9- 1931 





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